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wich! filled his glass, and, rising with formal politeness, replied, “ Here's Sir Thomas Jerningham, gentlemen!”

Old Poets.

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COURTESY. 'Tis meet a gentle heart should ever show By courtesy, the fruits of true gentility, W bich will hy practice to a habit grow, And make men do the same with great facility'; Likewise the dunghill-blood a man suall know By churlish parts and acts of incivility, Whose nature apt to take each lewd infection Custom confirms, and makes ill in perfection.


GLUTTONY. Your appetites 0 gluttons to content, The sacred breast of Thetis blue, is rent; The air must be dispeopled for your maws, The Phoenix sole can scarce escape your claws.

HUDSON. LOVE. Love is a brain-sick boy, and fierce by kind, A wilful thought wbich reason cannot move,

A Battering sycophant, a murdering thief,

A poisoned choking bait, a ticing grief,
A tyrant in his laws, in speech unknown,
A blindfold guide, a feather in the wind;
A right camelion for change of hue,
A lame-lime-lust, a tempest of the mind.

A breach of charity, all virtue's foe,

A private war, a toilsome web of woe.
A fearful jealousy, a vain desire,
A labyrinth, a pleasing misery,
A shipwreck of man's life, a smokeless fire,
A ship of tears, a lasting lunacy.

A heavy servitude, a dropsy thirst,
A hellish jail, whose captives are accurst.

One loving hour
For many years of

sorrow can dispense. A dram of sweet, is worth a pound of sorrow.


MIND. The mind hath in itself a deity, And in the stretching circle of her eye All things are compass'd, all things present still, Will fram'd to power, doth make us what we

What plague is greater than the grief of mind ?
The grief of mind that eats in every vein;
In every vein that leaves such clods bebind,
Such clods behind as breed sich bitter pain.

So bitter pain that none shall ever find
What plague is greater than the grief of mind.


POLICY. Say military virtues do require A valiant heart, great strength and constancy; The self like gifts in civil policy, Are requisite for such as do aspire To gain renown by counsel for their hire.

LODGE. A clergyman his calling much impairs To ineddle with the politic affairs. STORER

Whoso for fickle fear from virtve shrinks,
Shall in his life embrace no worthy thing,
Nu mortal man the cup of surety drinks.
Fear is more pain than is the pain it fears,
Disarming human minds of native might;
Where each conceit an ugly figure bears,
Which were not evil view'd in reason's light.


Oh blessed letters that combine in one
All ages past, and make one live withal;
By you we do confer with who are gone,
And the dead living unto council call; -
By you the unborn shall have communion
Of what we feel, aud what doth best befall.

Custom the world's judgment doth blind so far,
That virtue is oft arraigued at vice's bar.

SYLVESTER. HEARING. Ears' office is the troubled air to take, Which in their mazes form a sound or noise, Whereof herself doth true distinction make; The wickets of the soul are placed on high, Because all sounds do lightly mount aloft ; And that they may not pierce too violently, They are delay'd with turns and windings oft.

DAVIES. SLANDER. Her face was ugly, and her mouth distort, Foaming with poison round about her gills, In wbich her cursed tongue, full sharp and short, Appear'd like asps' sting, that closely kills Or cruelly does wound, whomso she wills; A distaff in her other hand she had, Upon the which she little spins but spills, And fain to weave false tales and leasings bad To throw among the gods which others had dispread.

SPENSER. MAN. -Tbe milder passions doth show man; For as the leaf doth beautify the tree, The pleasant flowers bedeck the flourishing

spring, Even so in men of greatest reach and power, A mild and piteous thoug kt augments renown.

LODGE. PRIDE. Of grisly Pluto she the daughter was, And sad Proserpina the Queen of Hell; Yet doth she think her peerless worth to pass, That parentage, with pride so doth she swell, And thundering Jove that high in heaven doth

dwell; And wield the world she claimed for her sire : Or if that any else doth Jove excel, For to the highest sbe doth still aspire, Or if aught biguer were, then that doth it desire.

SPENSER -Lofty pride, that dwells In towered courts, is oft in shepherds' cells.

MARLOWE, LOVE OF COUNTRY. Necessity enforceth every wight To love his native seat with all his might. A happy quarrel and a good, For country's cause to spend our dearest blood.



MAN Like as the fatal raven that in his voice Carries the dreadful summons of our deaths, Flies by the fair Arabian spiceries, Her pleasant gardens and delightful parts, Seeming to curse them with his hoarse exclaims; And yet doth stoop with hungry violence Upon a piece of hateful carrion. So wretched man displeased with those delights, Would yield a quickening savour to bis soul, Pursues with eager and unstanched thirst, The greedy longings of his loathsome flesh.

G. PEELE. Man is a little world, and bears the face And picture of the nniversity; All but resembleth God, all but this glass, All but the picture of His majesty. Ban is the little world (so we him call) The world the little God, God the great all.



its head into a snail; half to the bottom S ars fall to fetch fresh light from her rich eyes, of the shell, which it did not quit till it Her bright brow drives the sun to clouds beneath,

had devoured the inhabitant. The grub Her hairs reflex, with red streaks paint the skies, Sweet morn and evening dew falls from her cannot devour one of its victims without breath.

Nash. being soiled with slime; and accordTHE SOUL.

ingly, after every repast, Mr. Rennie The soul a substance and a body is,

observed that it went carefully over its Which God himself doth in the body make,

head, neck, and sides, with its cleaning Which makes the man; or every man from this The nature of a man and name doth take.

instrument, to free them from slime. And ihough the spirit be to the body knit,

Another instance of this remarkable As an apt mean her power to exercise : Which are life, motion, sense, and will and wit, provision occurs in the fern-owl, or Yet she survives, although the body dies. night-jar, popularly called the goatShe is a substance and a real thing,

sucker, from an erroneous notion that Which bath itself an actual working might, Which neither from the senses' power doth

it sucks goats. The bird alluded to has spring,

the middle claw cut into serratures, like Nor from the body's humors tempered right. a saw, or a short-toothed comb. Wilson, She is a vine which doth no propping need, To make her spread herself, or spring upright

the celebrated American ornithologist, She is a star whose beams do not proceed

describes another—the whip-poor-will: From any sun, but from a native light.

he says “ the inner edge of the middle DAVIES.

claw is pectinated, and, from the cir

cumstance of its being frequently found Spirit of Discovery. with small portions of down adhering to

the teeth, is probably employed as a Cleanliness of Animals.

comb, to rid the plumage of its head of

.vermin, this being the principal, and In the Journal of the Royal Institution almost the only part so infested in all (No. I.) we find, under the above head, birds." one of the most interesting contributions Mr. Rennie also quotes another Ame. to Natural History that we have read rican bird similarly provided, and menfor a long time : it is from the popular tions the herons, which have the same pen of Mr. Rennie. One of the in- advantage. Passing over these, we find genious gentleman's illustrations is the more familiar illustrations in the cat and grub of the glow-worm, which is fur- the house-fly, both of whom may frenished with a caudal instrument,” con- quently be seen cleaning themselves with sisting of rays in a circle, one row within the utmost care. “ The chief instruthe other—which rays can be drawn in, ment employed by the cat is her tongue; similarly to the horns of the snail. The but when she wishes to trim the parts rays, it appears, are united by a soft, of her fur which she cannot reach with moist, membrane. “ It is furnished, this, she moistens, with saliva, the soft moreover, in the interior, with a sort of spongy cushions of her feet, and therepocket, of a funnel shape, formed by the with brushes her head, ears, and face, converging rays, into which was collect- occasionally extending one ed whatever dust or impurities were de claws to comb straight any matted hair tached from the body, till it could hold that the foot - cushion cannot bring no more, when, by a vermicular move. smooth, in the same way as she uses ment of the rays, the accumulated pellet her long tusks in the part within her was extruded, and placed with great care reach. in some place where it might be out of “ The chief and most efficient cleaning the way of again soiling the glossy skin instrument of the cat, however, is her of the insect. This skin, if I may so call 'tongue, which is constructed somewhat it, was of a soft, leathery appearance, after the manner of a currycomb, or exhibiting, when magnified, a minute rather of a wonl-card, being beset with delicate dotting, similar to shagreen; numerous horny points, bent downwards but to the naked eye this was not appaa and backwards, and which serve several rent.” The singular instrument (just important purposes, such as lapping described) also assists the animal to milk, and filing minute portions of meat walk, and particularly to maintain a from bones. But what falls chiefly to position against gravity, which its feet be noticed here, is its important use in are ill calculated to effect. Mr. Rennie keeping the fur smooth and clean; and has also established this grub to be a cats are by no means sparing in their carnivorous feeder; whereas De Geer, labour to effect this. The female cat is Dumeril, and Latreille, either thought still more particular with her kittens its food to be vegetables, or only sup- than herself, and always employs a conposed it to be carnivorous. Mr. Rennie, siderable portion of her time in licking however, saw the grub in question thrust their fur smooth.



"It requires the employment of a from above, which enables us to see microscope of considerable power, to clearer an object on the ground, so must observe the very beautiful structure of the projecting hood of this creature the foot of the two-winged flies (Mus- converge the visual rays to a point cida), which still more closely resem- beneath.” bles a currycomb, than the tongue of Upon this Mr. Rennie observes, “ Un the cat does. This structure was first fortunately for this theory, the grubs— minutely investigated by Sir Everard which, being in a state of infancy, are Home and Mr. Bauer, in order to ex. therefore incapable of propagating-ex: plain how these insects can walk upon hibit a no less brilliant light than the a perpendicular glass, and can even sup- perfect insect. De Geer says the light port themselves against gravity. Of the of the grub was paler, but in the one structure of the foot of flies, considered which I had it was not so. He also reas an instrument for cleaning, I have not marked the same light in the nymph hitherto met with any description in state, which he describes as ' very lively books of natural history, though most and brilliant;'. and, in this stage of expeople may have remarked flies to be ever istence, it is still less capable of propaand anon brushing their feet upon one gating than in that of larva. of what another, to rub off the dust, and equally use then,' he aks, is the light displayed assiduous in cleaning their eyes, head, by the glow-worm ? It must serve some and corslet with their fore legs, while purpose yet unknown. The authors they brush their wings with their hind who have spoken of the male glowlegs. In the common blow-fly (Musca worms say positively that they shine in carnaria) there are two rounded combs, the dark as well as the females.' These the inner surface of which is covered plain facts appear completely to extin. with down, to serve the double purpose guish the poetical theory." of a fine brush, and to assist in Torming a vacuum when the creature walks on a

Sharpening a Razor. glass, or on the ceiling of a room. In MR. KNIGHT, President of the Hortisome species of another family (Tipu- cultural Society, has contributed a paper lidæ), there are three such combs on on this subject, which has probably been each foot. It may be remarked, that admitted into the Journal of the Royal the insects in question are pretty thickly Institution, upon the principle set forth covered with hair, and the serratures of in the motto : Illustrans commoda vitæ. the combs are employed to free these The improved apparatus and method from entanglement and from dust. Even are as follow: the hairs on the legs themselves are used “ This consists of a cylindrical bar of in a similar way; for it may be remarked, cast steel, three inches long without its that flies not only brush with the extre- handle, and about one-third of an inch mities of their feet, where the curious in diameter. It is rendered as smooth currycombs are situated, but frequently as it can readily be made with sand, or, employ a great portion of their legs in more properly, glass-paper, applied lonthe same way, particularly for brushing gitudinally; and it is then made perone another.

fectly hard. Before it is used, it must Spiders also are furnished with the be well cleaned, but not brightly polishmeans of similar combing. But we have ed, and its surface must be smeared over quoted enough to stimulate the reader with a mixture of oil and the charcoal to seek the remainder of Mr. Rennie's of wheat straw, which necessarily conpaper.

tains much siliceous earth in a very finely

reduced state. Light of the Glow-worm.

“ In setting a razor, it is my practice The common doctrine respecting the to bring its edge (which must not have light of the glow-worm is that it is a been previously rounded by the operalamp, lit up by the female, to direct the tion of a strop) into contact with the darkling flight of the male. This proves surface of the bar at a greater or less, to be a fallacy. The author of the

Jour- but always at a very acute angle, by nal of a Naturalist, refining upon this raising the back of the razor more or notion, conjectures that the peculiar less, proportionate to the strength which conformation of the head of the male I wish to give to the edge; and I move glow-worm is intended as a converging the razor in a succession of small circles reflector of the light of the female, from heel to point, and back again, “ always beneath him on the earth." without any more pressure than the " As we commonly," he adds, “and weight of the blade gives, till my object with advantage, place our hand over the is attained. If the razor has been probrow, to obstruct the rays of light falling perly ground and prepared, a very fine


edge will be given in a few seconds; ounces of water in an open graduated and it may be renewed again, during a measure, covered only by a very thin very long period, wholly by the same stratum of oil, for upwards of two years, means. I have had the same razor, by without any sensible diminution.” way of experiment, in constant use during more than two years and a half ;

Gunpowder. and no visible portion of its metal has, Tre English sporting gunpowders have within that period, been worn away, long been an object of desire and emu. though the edge has remained as fine as lation in France.

Their great supeI conceive possible ; and I have never, riority for fowling-pieces over the proat any one time, spent a quarter of a duct of the French manufactories is minute in setting it. The excessive indisputable. Unwilling to ascribe this smoothness of the edge of razors thus superiority to any genuine cause, M. set led me to fear that it would be indo, Vergnaud, captain of French artillery, lent, comparatively with the serrated in a little work on fulminating powders, edge given by the strop; but this has lately published, asserts positively, that not in any degree occurred; and there. the English manufacturers of « poudre fore I conceive it to be of a kind admi- de chasse'' are guilty of the “charlatarably adapted for surgical purposes, nisme" of mixing fulminating mercury particularly as any requisite degree of with it. Dr. Ure has, however, proved strength may be given with great preci- the captain's charge to be groundless. sion. Before using a razor after it has The doctor's conclusion is admirable : been set, I simply clean it on the palm of “ The superiority of our sporting gunmy hand, and warm it by dipping it into powders is due to the same cause as the warm water ; but I think the instrument superiority of our cotton fabrics—the recominended operates best when the care of our manufacturers in selecting temperature of the blade has been the best materials, and their skill in compreviously raised by the aid of warm bining them."

All our thin-skinned and strong - Protraction of Vegetable Life in a dry bearded readers will join with us in

state. thanking Mr. Knight for the pains he Ar a recent meeting of the Medicohas taken upon a subject apparently Botanical Society, Mr. Houlton protrifling. Notwithstanding our editorial duced a bulbous root, which was dislabours, we are still thin-skinned. covered in the hand of an Egyptian

mummy, in which it had probably reDestructive Fly.

mained for two thousand years. It gerIn some parts of Africa, the elephant minated on exposure to the atmosphere; and the rhinoceros, in order to protect when placed in earth, it grew with great themselves from flies, roll themselves in rapidity. mud, so as to form an impenetrable

Size for Artists, &c. crust upon their skin when it becomes Dissolve over the fire in a pint of dry. Their most formidable insect pest, according to Bruce, is a fly said to be water, four ounces of Flanders glue and not larger than a common bee, but more

four ounces of white soap; then add terrible to these two animals than the two ounces of powdered alum; stir the

This size lion himself. It has no sting, but in whole, and leave it to cool. sinuates its sucker through the thickest is much used by those who have to skin—the effects of which are such, that colour unsized paper, on which it should the part not only blisters, but frequently be spread cold, with a sponge or pencil. mortifies, and in the end, destroys the

Frozen Potatoes. animal ; but the coating of mud dried In the time of frost, the only precaution over the skin affords them effectual pro- necessary is to keep the potatoes in a tection, and therefore cannot be justly quoted as an instance of their dirty ha perfectly dark place for some days after

the thaw has commenced. In America, bits.—Mr. Rennie.

where they are sometimes frozen as hard Evaporation Prevented.

as stones, they rot if thawed in open

day; but if thawed in darkness, they do MR. GILBERT BURNETT says- -“ To not rot, and lose very little of their naprove the power of oil in preventing the tural odour and properties. evaporation of water, I have kept two

Quassia. * Probably this explains the razor-strop makers recommending a razor to be stropped after using named in honour of a negro, Quassi,

This shrub, a native of Surinam, was before it is put by in its case-thus leavivg it in good coudition. -Ed, M..

who, Stedman observes, was a drunken


doctor, but had discovered the virtue of I was destined to travel. They were the wood in curing the malignant fevers stars that did not think of shining till of that hot, marshy country.

the morning — planets that would scorn Quassia is much used in adulterating to turn pale till daybreak. I read my porter; so that had Quassi lived in this doom in their eyes--they had dressed country, he would probably have taken for my destruction. Seeing that there much of his own physic.

was to be no mercy, I made up my mind for mischief. After bowing to the

multitude – like one who is brought Public Journals. forth to suffer some dreadful sentence

for the benefit of society-(the parallel will not hold good, for í lacked the ne

cessary nightcap-- how I longed for it!) I BEG leave to present my card, and to – I took my seat with a smiling face and solicit the reader's patronage, as a pro- a desponding heart. I was determined fessor of music. Fifty summers and to endure calmly. I was quite patientwinters have passed over my head. I the very personification of an angler have not, however, kept time in the fishing for philosophic consolation. orchestra of life--for life may be aptly Dancing commenced. The company likened to an orchestra, whose best proceeded to take their pleasure in pairs, performance is but an overture, a pro- entering the ark of happiness two and mise of something to come ; a place two; each fop with a female-1 with where the thunder of the drum and the my piano. What a partner !--and to whisper of the flute, the light violin have it for life, too, as appeared at and the heavy violoncello, are by turns length to be my lot. I bore my fate uppermost, and whose most complicated with calmness-nay, with contentment; harmony may be entirely jarred by the particularly as they commenced with error of one solitary fiddler-a Nero, or some show of moderation, and allowed å Napoleon ;- I have not, I say, taken me nearly a minute and a half between part in this performance for half a cen. each quadrille. This playing and purtury, without acquiring a certain de- rying with me, however, was only to gree of experience, and picking up a enable them to devour me at last with considerable number of axioms which I the greater relish. They appeared to believe to be incontrovertible. One of regard me as a mouse instead of a muthese is, that people who go to parties sician. At least it never seemed to enter are more unreasonable than the rest of into the imagination of anybody that I the world; another is, that the man was anything but a part of the instruwho hath “music in his soul" nath ment; a piece of mortal machinery, seldom any mercy in it for the musician; that, when out of order, might be tuned a third is, that gentlemen -- quadrilles or wound up with wine and water. being once started in an assembly-con- The situation of the frog renowned tinue dancing for the rest of their lives, in fable presented itself to my recollecuntil the gout seizes hold of them; and tion, and I felt that their rapture was to that ladies never do sit down after- be my ruin. I relieved my mind in some wards.

degree from the pressure of sorrow, by These reflections have been forced inveighing bitterly against the legislaupon my mind by a circumstance that ture, that, while it has provided such occurred the other evening. I was en- appropriate punishments for housebreakgaged professionally to attend a little ing, suffers heart-breaking to be pracparty where the mistress of the cere- tised with impunity. monies was understood to be an advo- It was now long past midnight, and eate for regular hours, and I accord- they continued to glide and glisten about ingly entertained strong hopes of getting the room, with as much vigour and brilhome by two or three o'clock. When liancy as if they had only just comI entered the room, conceive my dismay menced. I could read in every face at and disappointment at beholding, ranged the termination of a dance, “ to be conbefore me, not less than a dozen of the tinued in our next." Like authors who most indefatigable and determined tor- are paid by the sheet, a conclusion was turers of the fantastic toe that ever with them quite out of the question. danced till seven, drank coffee, and They appeared insensible to fatigue, danced again. There were many others and were evidently disposed to dance on scattered about; but the dreadful dozen for ever. Life in their philosophy seemed that formidable twelve--they were the so short, but it was hardly worth while jury by whom my temper was to be tried to leave off. A quadrille was there pur- the signs of the Zodiac through which suit, their occupation -- the object they

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