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the hope of repayment, either in the considerable city on the lakes of Venice,
same kind or in admiration. Owing to was swallowed up by the sea,
the selfsame cause, moreover, the mass 1218. A great inundation formed
of ignorance which each of us is neces- the gulf of Jahde, so named from the
sitated to hide is much more vast than little river which watered the fertile
the information he can display; and country destroyed by this catastrophe.
hence converse has become a diploma- 1219, 1220, 1221, 1246, and 1251.
tic act, in which weak points are to be Terrible hurricanes separated from the
kept concealed, and strong ones render- continent the present isle of Wieringen,
ed prominent.

and prepared the rupture of the isthmus School Days.

which united northern Holland to the School, say grey-beards, afforded the county of Staveren, in modern Frieshappiest of our days. How wretched

land. and beset with mean cares must have

1277, 1278, 1280, 1287. 'Inundabeen their manhood-how unwarmed by tions overwhelmed the fertile canton of passionate, how uncheered by intellec Reiderland, destroyed the city of Totual enjoyments, when a mere state of rum, fifty towns, villages, and monasthoughtless, and yet neither painless nor

teries, and formed the Dollart; the restraintless gaiety, is marked by them Tiam and the Eche, which watered this as the most regretted portion of exist- little country, disappeared. ence ! Boyhood, 'tis true, hath its

1282. Violent storms burst the isthdreams, its air-built castles ; but these

mus which joined northern Holland to are of puerile stuff, and those of card, Friesland, and formed the Zuyderzee. surely not worth the retrospect of man

1240. An irruption of the sea changed hood. It is only when we advance into considerably the west coast of Schlesyouth, when the flame of the heart wig; many fertile districts were begins to kindle, and when love first gulphed, and the arm of the sea which rises as the day-star of the imagination, separates the isle of Nordstrand from that our hopes and visions begin to as

the continent was much enlarged. sume that brightness, that charm, that

1300, 1500, 1649. Violent storms fervid reality and promise, for all whose raised three-fourths of the island of bitter and inevitable disappointments the Heligoland, mere recollection is sufficient to repay Fortis, the town of Ciparum, in Istria,

In this year, according to

was destroyed by the sea. Che Naturalist.

1303. According to Kant, the sea raised a great part of the island of Rugen, and swallowed up many villages

on the coasts of Pomerania. Chronological Table of the most impor- 1337. An inundation carried away

tant known encroachments made by fourteen villages in the island of Kad-
the Sea, since the Eighth Century zand, in Zealand.
By M. Arien Balbi.

1421. An inundation covered the
A. D. 800. About this period, the sea Bergseweld, destroyed twenty-two vil-
carried off a great part of the soil of lages, and formed the Biesbosch, which
the island of Heligoland, situated be- extends from Gertruydenberg to the
tween the mouths of the Weser and the island of Dordrecht.
Elbe.

1475. The sea carried away a con800—900. During the course of this siderable tract of land situated at the century, many tempests made a consi- mouth of the Humber; many villages derable change in the coast of Brittany ; were destroyed. valleys and villages were swallowed up.

1510. The Baltic Sea forced the 900–950. Violent storms agitated opening at Frisch-Haff, near Pillau, the lakes of Venice, and destroyed the about 3,600 yards broad, and twelve to isles of Ammiano and Constanziaco, fifteen fathoms deep. mentioned in the ancient chronicles. 1530–1532. The sea engulphed the

1044—1309. Terrible irruptions of town of Kortgene in the island of North the Baltic Sea on the coasts of Pomera- Beveland, in Zealand. In the latter nia, made great ravages, and gave rise year, it also raised the east part of the to the popular tales of the submersion isle of S. Beveland, with many villages, of the pretended town of Vineta, whose and the towns of Borselen and Remersexistence is chimerical, notwithstanding walde. the imposing authority of Kant and 1570. A violent tempest carried off other learned men.

half of the village of Scheveningen, 1106. Old Malamocco, then a very N.E. of the Hague.

us.

ENCROACHMENT OF THE SEA.

ORTHODOX DIVINITY.

1625. The sea detached a part of account of the Beast And I have been the peninsula of Dars, in Pomerania, letting My Second Floor at Hall the and formed the isle of Zingst, N. of Rent-And those men of Mr. James are Barth.

Bawling the whole Day Against My 1634.. An irruption of the sea sub- Window, and Continneally taking peomerged the whole island of Nordstrand; ples attention from My Window-And I 1,338 houses, churches, and towns were am quite pestered with Rats and I Am destroyed; 6,408 persons and 50,000 Confident they came from the Exebition head of cattle perished. There only re- -And in Short the Ingury and Nuisance mained of this island, previously so fer- is So Great as almost Impossible to Dest tile and flourishing, three small islets .cribe But to be so Anoyd By such in named Pelworm, Nordstrand, and Listje. Imposter I think is Very Hard-GenMoor.

tlemen your Early Inquiry will 1703-1746. In this period, the sea

Oblige your Servant raised the island of Kadzand more than

T. W 100 fathoms from its dikes.

N. B. And if I mention any thing 1726. A violent tempest changed to Mr. James He ondly Abuses me with the saline of Arraya, in the province the most Uncouth Language. of Cumana, part of Colombia, into a gulf of many leagues in width.

1770-1785. Storms and currents Parker, Bishop of Oxford, being asked hollowed out a canal between the high by an acquaintance what was the best and low parts of the island of Heligo- body of divinity, answered,

« That land, and transformed this island, so which can help a man to keep a coach extensive before the eighth century, into and six horses." two little isles: 1784. A violent tempest formed, ac

CROMWELL. cording to M. Hoff, the lake of Aboukir, The only theatrical representation in Lower Egypt.

which Oliver Cromwell allowed to be 1791–1793. New eruptions of the performed, was a sort of operatic piece; sea destroyed the dikes and carried away called The Cruelty of the Spaniards in other parts of the island of Nordstrand, Peru, and stated in the title-page to be already so much reduced.

represented daily at the Cockpit, in 1893. The sea carried away the Drury Lane, at three in the afternoon, ruins of the Priory of Crail, in Scot- punctually.” The reason assigned for land. - Edinburgh Journal of Natural Cromwell's exclusive permission for this and Geographical Science.

piece was, it strongly reflecting on the

Spaniards, against whom he was supThe Gatherer.

posed at the time to have formed consi“Asnapper-up of unconsidered trifles." derable designs.

E. S.

The Editor of the Court Journal has tredted THE BONASSUS.

us somewhat uncourteously, by copying from Copy of a Letter intended to have been

The Mirror, of July 3, without a single line of

acknowledgment, the Description of His LATE sent to the Annoyance Jury.MAJESTY'S BEDCHAMBER It deserves notice, that

March 28, 1822. in our Memoir of the King, we have been more GENTLEMEN

mindful of our aid from the Court Journal. In

the Bedchamber description we explained the I Am sorry to trouble you exclusiveness of the information, a d the pains but I Am so Anoyd By next Door

taken to obtain it for our columns. Such con. Neighbour the Bonassus and with Beasts ungrateful.

auct, therefore, to say the best of it, appears that I Cannot live in my House--for the stench of the Beast is So Great And

THE LATE KING. their is only A Slight petition Betwixt

A SUPPLEMENTARY SHEET to be published with

our next Number will contain Descriptive the houses and the Beast are continually

Particulars of the Breaking through in to My Diferent Funeral of George XV. Rooms. And I am always loosing my

WITH A LARGE ENGRAVING. lodgers in Consequence of the Beast

No. 437 contains an Engraving of the Royal first A Monkey made Its way in My Bedchamber, with the King's Last Moments. Bedroom next the Jackall came in to Nos. 438 and 439- A copious Memoir of GEORGE the Yard and this last week the people No 440—A large Engraving of the Proclamation in My Second floor have been Alarmed of WILLIAM IV. in the Dead of the Night By Monkey Breaking through in to the Closset and Printed and Published by J LIMBIRD, 143,

Strand, (near Somerset House,) London; sold Are Going to leave in Consequence this

by ERNÈST FLEISCHER, 626, New Market, Being the third lodgers I have lost on Leipsic; and by all Newsmen and Booksellers.

SHAKSPEARB.

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LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION.
No. 442.).
SATURDAY, JULY 24, 1830.

[Price 2d.

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THE REMAINS OF GEORGE IV. LYING IN STATE IN WINDSOR CASTLE.

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VOL. XVI.

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INTERMENT.

FUNERAL OF KING GEORGE ascending the hill in front of the houses
THE FOURTH.

of the Poor Knights, they crossed the In conformity with the intention ex- platforın, down which the procession pressed in No. 437 of The Mirror, it afterwards moved, into a space close to now becomes our duty to present the the Tower . occupied by Sir Jeffrey reader with the details of the splendid Wyattville, where an iron gate opens obsequies of his late Majesty. This we upon the Castle Terrace. Through hope to accomplish in the present and this gate the public passed along the Two succeeding Numbers.

The an

terrace to a temporary staircase, and nexed page, therefore, represents the were thus led by different avenues ceremonial of the Royal Body Lying through the State Apartments; and IN STATE; a Supplementary Sheet, also again crossing the platform in the Upper now publishing, contains a hall - sheet Court, retired by St. George's Gate, to Engraving of the PROCESSION ; and the the left of George the Fourth's Gate; Number to be published on Saturday thus avoiding all contact with those who next will complete our design, with a had not yet witnessed the solemn scene. * View of the INTERIOR of ST. GEORGE's Whoever has paced this magnificent CHAPEL during the CEREMONY of the Terrace, may form some idea of the

The considerate reader effect of passing from its splendid prosneed not be told that the preparation of pect to the gloomy chambers of death. these three engravings has been attended The day was one of unclouded sunshine, with much expense and personal fatigue. and while numbers pressed on to the The requisite sketches were made ex- goal of their melancholy curiosity, not a pressly, in the respective places; the few lingered by the parapet-wall of the first being copied in the State Apartment, Terrace, to enjoy the richly-variegated and subsequently examined ; the Pro- scenery of the subjacent landscape. The cession and Chapel ceremonies sketched grand features of the prospect are too during their progress; and the cano

well known to require quotation ; yet, pies, costumes, and decorative emblems probably, never did

we contemplate them having since been compared and re

with greater interest. We halted to vised by access to the several originals. enjoy the “summer livery” of its smiling

The results are now presented to the meads; the sylvan beauty of its forest
public, with the anticipation of their glades, and verdant portico of woods ;
accuracy being duly appreciated ; in the grey towers of Eton, and the silver,
which case we hope to get more than silent stream of the Thames meandering
“our labour for our pains,” by the en- through the cultured vale; whilst be-
joyment of the further confidence and side us
good opinion of each reader of The Majestic Windsor lifts his princely brow,
Mirror.

In lovely contrast to this glorious view,
The subject of the immediate En-

Calmly magnificent, graving is

To linger on such an occasion, and contrast the never-ending luxuriance of nature, with the frailty and perishable

trappings of art, were, indeed, no un- i The visiters to this part of the cere- seemly association with the memory of mony were divided into two classes : the most illustrious of men. such as were admitted by privilege We turned-and ascending the temtickets from the Lord Chamberlain's porary stairs, passed through a long, office; and the public, who were ad- circuitous, and dimly lamp-lit passage, mitted by the facile passport of decorous the walls and ceiling of which were behaviour. The official order required covered with black cloth, into the King's persons to appear in “decent mourn- Guard Chamber. The transition from ing,” but many whose wardrobe would the sunshine of open day to the sombre not allow this outward woe were ad- hue of these passages was, indeed, painmitted to the royal chamber.

fully sudden, gladdened as had been our The entrance for the ticketed, or pri- eyes with the joyous scene from the vileged, visiters, was by the way of the Terrace. temporary gate opposite the Long Walk, In the King's Guard Chamber, which and up the ascent to George the Fourth's was narrowed into a passage by black Gate, into the great quadrangle. For draperies, stood a number of the Horse the public generally (those admitted Guards. This chamber was lit with without tickets) the course was by wax, in silver sconces, scattered here , Henry the Eighth's Gate, into the and there along the walls, and the dim Lower Court, in which St. George's light from which faintly glanced on the Chapel is situated ; and from thence polished helmets and cuirasses of the

THE LYING IN STATE IN WINDSOR

CASTLE.

The company

soldiers. Thence we entered the Pre- with black crape, flank the apartment sence Chamber, hung with black in the on each side. same way, and lined with Yeomen of The apartment is draped with fine the Guard, their partisans clothed with black cloth; the ceiling with gussets black crape. The lights in this apart- diverging from the centre in the manner ment were rather more numerous than of a marquee, and the walls festooned in the preceding one.

in columns extending from the floor to then came at once into the “King's the ceiling. On each side are two rows Drawing-room”—where the mortal re- of sconces with wax-lights, between mains of George the Fourth were re- which, the insignia of the Star, the posing.

Crown, and the Garter are multiplied The State Apartment was fitted up in small escutcheons with considerable with suitable and solemn grandeur, and taste. our Engraving is from the exact point The light was properly kept down in at which the public entered. In the all the ante-rooms and avenues, so that centre is raised a canopy of rich purple its full effulgence was preserved for the cloth, decorated in front with four small State Apartment, and even there its disEscutcheons of the Royal Arms. Be- tribution was so managed as merely to neath is the Royal Coffin, placed on illuminate the principal parts or objects, trestles, about three feet high, and co- and leave the rest in gloom. Thus the vered with a purple velvet

pall, orna- gorgeousness of the trappings was, to mented on each side by ten escutcheons use a familiar phrase, brought out with of the Royal Arms, and edged with uncommon effect. The richness of the silver, the ornaments at the foot of the purple canopy, the superbness of the coffin being only exposed. On the top coffin and its costly covering, the pall ; of the coffin are placed the Imperial the splendid masses of bright and HamCrown of the United Kingdom, and the ing hues from the golden drapery of the Crown of Hanover, on two large purple Royal Standard, the Crowns, and Hevelvet cushions.* Beneath the coffin in ralds' uniforms--imparted a deathlike front is a large escutcheon of the Arms and spectral paleness to the heads of of England. At the head of the corpse is the household mourners, which had an a Lord of his late Majesty's Bedcham- intensely interesting effect. They stood ber, between two Grooms of the Bed- ' perfectly motionless, and like statues chamber. At the foot stand two Pur- upon a sepulchre. The atmosphere of suivants bareheaded, in their emblazoned the apartment rose at times to a stifling tabards; and on each side are three stu- heat; in short, the minutest details pendous wax - lights, in massive silver added to the sombre character of the gilt candelabra, of the richest chased whole scene, and its oppressive effect workmanship, three feet in height, and was even heightened by the still flame elevated upon black cloth covered pe- and faint smell of the wax-lights. It destals also three feet high. These was the chamber of mortality and mute beautiful candelabra were removed for woe. The public passed through in one this purpose from the Altars of White- continuous stream, from ten in the hall Chapel, the German Chapel of St. morning until four in the afternoon, James's, and St. George's Chapel, They moved along in a slow, stealthy Windsor. "On each side of the coffin pace, the murmur of breathing, or the are also arranged the Gentlemen Ushers rustle of sable suits, being scarcely heard and members of the Band of Gentlemen in any of the avenues of the apartment. Pensioners supporting the Union Ban- The pageant and its paraphernalia rener, and the banners of St. George of minded us of one “ that spake only as a Scotland, of Ireland, of Hanover, and philosopher and natural man,” when he of Brunswick; and pendent beneath saidthe canopy, above the coffin, hangs the Pompa mortis magis terret quam mors

ipsa, richly-embroidered Royal Standard of The pomp of death is more terrible than death England. The Royal Arms are magnificently emblazoned in a lozenge-shaped Through the outer circle of the Enframe above the coffin ; and this es- graving, the public were admitted to cutcheon is illuminated by silver sconces, pass through the apartment. Behind with one wax-light in each. Yeomen this passage is the raised platform, to of the Guard with their halberts covered which persons were admitted by the

Lord Chamberlain's tickets. They en* These were the actual crowns brought from

tered and retired by the grand staircase, the Regalia Office in the Tower of London. which was divided by a railing, to preThey were afterwards returned there; crown placed on the coffin in the vault is of

vent confusion; the company ascending silver gilt.

on one side, and descending by the other.

itself.

the

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