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of chime. The floor is of oak, covered bably recommended by his Majesty's with a carpet of rich crimson, with scroll medical advisers, as the best means of devices in orange.
retarding the progress of the disease. For the original of the annexed En- Towards the end of March his Magraving, our thanks are specially due to jesty discontinued his excursions, and it our ingenious correspondent, Mr. Wil- was announced that he had caught a kinson, the architect, whose taste we beg slight cold, which was probably only a to compliment on the intricate elegance symptom of a disease which continues with which he has finished the original long in the constitution, and is somedrawing.
times imperceptible, even to the most
acute physician. Yet it can hardly be We now proceed to a concise narra- supposed that his Majesty's illness arose tive of
from this, though colds frequently do lay
the foundation of dropsy. His Majesty THE KING'S ILLNESS.
at this time was confined for a short peMedical men know that a tendency to riod to his bedchamber ; but he was dropsy lurks in the constitution, and
soon able again to honour his distinthat it is peculiarly apt to attack consti- guished visiters with his presence at dintutions, in their decline, which have in
About this period also he lost one their earlier days been of a full habit. of the oldest and most attached of his The vessels, less distended by the na
attendants, Sir Edmund Nagle-a loss tural juices, are filled by a serous liquid, which, added to the increase of his infirwhich constantly accumulates in propor- mities, his Majesty severely felt. tion as the tone of the solids is more re
On the last few days of March the laxed and the powers of assimilation in airings in the park were resumed, and the digestive organs are diminished. It it was announced that his Majesty would is very true, however, that extraordinary leave the Castle for London on the 21st and weakening evacuations, as bleeding,
or 22nd of April, to reside for five weeks or the stopping of the natural evacua- in St. James's. tions, as by a sudden chill, will generate In the beginning of April, the visits dropsy. His Majesty was inclined to of one his Majesty's physicians, Sir attribute his illness partly to both these Henry Halford, to the Castle were gecauses-to repeated small bleedings for nerally noticed; but as they were not of an inflammation in the chest during the such frequency or haste as to cause any month of January, and to a cold, which suspicion of immediate danger, the pub-. was the first event that was brought lic forgot that there are some maladies under public notice in connexion with which, though slow in their operation, his illness.
are far more dangerous than the most There is some reason to think that acute diseases. In well-informed quarhis Majesty's medical advisers were ters the nature of the disease had been aware of the nature of the disorder per- understood before; though a certain dehaps as early as January, and that the licacy towards his Majesty prevented the bleedings were in consequence of a new, announcement of it in the papers; but and, it is believed, successful mode of receipts for the cure of asthma and treating inflammatory dropsy: About dropsy became very numerous in the this time a stranger had arrived at Wind- public prints even at an earlier period. sor, who was very importunate to ob- The first severe attack of his Majesty tuin an audience of his Majesty, and appears to have been a spasmodic affecmany speculations were entered into re
tion of the bowels, attended with a slight specting the object of his visit. His hiccup. The proper methods were apname was said to be Newton, and he plied: opening medicines and medicines was known to Sir R. Birnie.
to promote the evacuations were admiIn the beginning of March, it was nistered. Preparations were made to stated that his Majesty took exercise for hold a levee and birth-day court at St. three hours every day, the Great Park, James's, and his Majesty held a court, Windsor, by driving himself in his pony April 7, at Windsor. phaeton to inspect the Royal Lodge im
On April the 8th, in company
with the provements, in which it was his inten. Lord Steward, he rode out in his pony tion to take up his abode on the 1st of phaeton, with several of his attendants June; but on the 1st of June he was on in another phaeton. He visited the his death-bed. The exercise was pros Home Park and private drives by Frog.
* In the annexed Engraving, the furniture of more Lodge, and the improvements at the room is purposely omitted, to give better
the plantations to the Royal Lodge. He effect to the enrichments of the walls and ceiling. + From the Globe newspaper-though some
then proceeded to Virginia Water and wbut abridged.
Belvidere, and returned by China Island,
Sandpit-gate, Queen Ann's Ride, and tendance, who remained all night. It Sheet-street-road, to the Castle, where had now apparently been settled that the he honoured the company with his pre- physicians should relieve each other-an sence at dinner. Lord and Lady Stra- arrangement which implied no immedithaven, and the Bishop of Chichester ate danger, as one physician could not visited his Majesty, with whom they take upon him to issue a bulletin. Accontinued to reside for some time. cordingly no bulletin was issued on Fri.
On April the 11th, the King, accom- day, April the 16th ; and it was merely panied by the Lord Steward, and Lord announced in the Court Circular, that and Lady Strathaven, and the household, the symptoms of his Majesty's disease attended Divine Service in the grand were rather more favourable. His Mamusic room, the Bishop of Chichester jesty also passed a more comfortable officiating.
night than he had before been able to On Monday, the 12th of April, his do, the nature of his disease, which is Majesty again rode out, but in the night seldom attended with fever, or any thing his Majesty's illness increased, and Sir but debility and unfitness for exercise, Henry Halford, according to his usual rendering sleep almost impracticable, practice in such cases, slept at the Cas- and, in fact, dangerous, unless with his tle. He left in the morning, but again head in an extremely elevated position. returned on Tuesday evening. He again But flattering hopes were at this time went to town on Wednesday morning, entertained by his Majesty of a return but returned to Windsor, and as the of strength; and to indulge these hopes, King's illness still increased, he sent for the physicians both left Windsor on SaSir Matthew Tierney at an early hour turday by his desire, but Sir H. Halford on Thursday morning. They immedi- returned in the evening. The treatment ately held a consultation, and issued the of the physicians was what is usual on first bulletin, a few minutes before one, such occasions-promoting the liquid on Thursday, April the 15th. This bul- evacuations; but at the same time letin was as follows:
avoiding to debilitate too much his sys
tem, and endeavouring to restore its tone “ Windsor Castle, April 15. by the various resources which their “ We regret to state that the King skill supplied. On Sunday night it was has had a bilious attack, accompanied by thought necessary that both physicians an embarrassment in breathing. His should remain in attendance on his Ma Majesty, although free from fever, jesty, principally for the purpose of issulanguid and weak.”
ing a joint bulletin on Monday morning. This bulletin has given rise to many This second bulletin was as follows :criticisms, and it must be apparent that either his Majesty himself was ignorant “Windsor Castle, April 19, 1830. of the nature of his disease, and that his “ His Majesty continues to suffer ocphysicians wished to keep him so, or casionally from attacks of embarrass. that his physicians were themselves, in ment of his breathing.” his case, ignorant of the nature of a dis
The physicians had contented themease whose diagnosis is never very dif- selves with endeavouring to mitigate ficult. The former supposition is infi- symptoms, and their treatment producnitely the more probable of the two. ed an apparent improvement; but they This bulletin was addressed partly to could not venture to make themselves the King himself, and partly to the pub- responsible for a total concealment o. lic. It gave the latter to understand his danger. that their sovereign was in danger, while The Duke of Cumberland called that it did not inform his Majesty of what day. Both Sir H. Halford and Sir M. none of his subjects could have desired Tierney returned to town on Monday, him to be informed of—that his doom but the former was at Windsor again in was sealed, and that a few months must
the evening; and on his return next mornterminate his career on earth. To look ing, he had an interview with the Duke on certain death for days beforehand is, of Wellington, in which certain explanaperhaps, the bitterest part of a cri- tions were given. The Duchess of minal's sufferings; but surely no one Gloucester saw his Majesty the same would have inflicted that torture on Ma- day (Tuesday, the 20th), by invitation. jesty for months.' We dispute not the It was now pretty generally underfirmness of George the Fourth ; but this stood that his Majesty's complaint was would have been putting it to an unne- dropsy. No physician was in attendcessary ordeal. Sir H. Halford set out ance during the day. The symptoms from the Castle soon after issuing the were mitigated, and the King himself bulletin, leaving Sir M. Tierney in at- caused, on Thursday morning, a bulletin to be issued, signed by Sir H. hiin pains from which he had before Halford, alone, in the following laconic been free, and at this time his torture terms :
was said to be so great as to have extin“Windsor Castle, April 22, 1830. guished in him all desire of living. The “ The King is better.
symptoms, however, again abated, and “ H. HALFORD.'
the immediate fear of mortification provHis Majesty was able to sign several ed ungrounded. The punctures showed official documents that day. On Friday
a tendency to heal, and the operation, the same favourable appearances conti- of course, was attended with temporary mued, and the Duke of Clarence visited benefit. The symptoms alternated rehis Majesty.
peatedly, and operations were performThe next bulletin was as follows :- ed when necessary; but the danger now
“ Windsor Castle, April 24, 1830. became daily more imminent. “ The King has passed two good
The principal seat of the disease was nights, and continues better.
now stated to be the chest. Less active “ H. HALFORD." medicines were employed as the strength
of the patient declined; but his Majesty It had been found necessary to have was still able to read the public prints recourse to scarification for the removal daily. About the middle of May there of the fluid for the moment, and this ope- was an improvement in the symptoms, ration was performed by Mr. O'Reilly. and his Majesty took some exercise in a
The well-informed were not deceived wheel chair in the picture gallery, The by flattering accounts. Sir H. Halford King suffered less from the asthmatic became uneasy about the responsibility and spasmodic symptoms, but during the which he took upon himself in signing last week of May another unfavourable the bulletins alone, and on Monday turn took place. It was obvious to every morning the two physicians to his Ma- one who understood the nature of his jesty held a consultation, at which it was Majesty's disease, that these repeated determined to issue the following bulle- changes were connected with the operatin:
tions and active remedies which were ( Windsor Castle, April 26, 1830. adopted whenever the symptoms threat“ The state of the King's health con
ened a crisis. The puncturing is not in tinues much the same.
itself a very painful operation, as it con“ His Majesty has passed a good distended skin a very fine needle, which
sists merely in introducing under the night.
“ H. HALFORD.
makes a wound scarcely visible ; but the “ M. Tierney.', inflammation which resulted from the
scarifications produced a local disease, The symptoms were now again be which had equally to be guardeil against, coming unfavourable, and it was deter- as it might have ended in murtification. znined to issue daily bulletins, signed It was understood that setons had been by both physicians.
tried with a partial good effect. On the On April 29, the Lord Chamberlain 5th of June the most alarming announceissued an order deferring the levee and ments were made. Expresses were sent drawing-room, which were to be held off to the members of the Royal Family on the 5th and 7th of May, in celebra- and to the Duke of Wellington, to intion of his Majesty's birth-day. Occa- form them of his immediate danger. The sional gleams of relief occurred in the puncturing was again applied, but with beginning of May, but of very partial sess benefit. On June the 9th his Maconsequences. The physicians had now jesty was so much worse that the phyfound it necessary to discontinue the sicians deliberated on issuing a second more active medicines, and to lay more bulletin; but his Majesty himself decidstress on gentler remedies and diet. The edly opposed it; and, in fact, even at this Duke of Sussex, early in May, sent his period the royal sufferer does not appear Majesty a chair of a peculiar construc- to have considered himself in imminent tion, adapted to the circumstances of danger. His constitution still bore up his case ; and this attention was deeply against the disease, and about the 12th felt by his Majesty. During this period inst. the anxiety which had pervaded Mr. Brodie had performed the opera- all classes, in the expectation of an imtion of puncturing the legs-an opera- mediate demise was in some degree retion which at best only affords temporary moved. It was now generally supposed, relief, and is attended with great dan- that though his Majesty was incurable, ger of mortification. The operations he might live many weeks, and public which his Majesty had now undergone, curiosity partially subsided. His Mathough they prolonged his life, caused jesty's respiration was announced to be easy, and the physicians in their bulle- cells, the sufferings of the royal patient tin said he felt better. It was rumoured, were essentially mitigated. The debility and correctly, that an operation was continued undiminished ; and his Maperformed about this period, or rather jesty, though he partook of cooling and previous to the last amelioration of his refreshing beverages, scarcely employed symptoms. This operation was of a any thing in the shape of sustenance, more serious nature than any before except occasionally a little light farinaperformed. This was in some degree ceous food. denied, but, we are assured, upon insufficient grounds.
LAST MOMENTS. The Globe was the first newspaper to The crisis was now fast approaching ; announce to the public, from those chan- yet the death of the King was not exnels of information which it had all pected till Friday night (the 25th.) The along possessed, being only restrained physicians had, however, been aware by certain considerations of delicacy from that it would probably be sudden, and making full use of them--that “ his the royal sufferer was prepared to reMajesty had a very troublesome cough, ceive the awful summons with resignawith considerable expectoration." It tion and submission. His Majesty's had been known that there was thoracic phrase was, when this intimation was disease as well as dropsy; and it was now given to him a fortnight previous, said that an abscess had burst in the “ God's will be done." Within the chest-a fact which seemed confirmed last week he spoke but little, and in a by the presence of pus in the mucus tone quite faint, and sometimes almost evacuated. As to the relief which his inaudible and inarticulate. To speak so Majesty is said to have received from as to be heard in the chamber appeared diuretics, there is no doubt but they to give him pain, and to require an effort must have been beneficial, and the phy- beyond the remaining strength of his sicians would have been very blamable shattered constitution. Business of any in neglecting them; but according to kind became exceedingly irksome, and some accounts an operation was at this affected his temper. time performed—the expectoration was Late on Thursday there had been also an effect in some measure of medi- some symptoms which indicated a crisis cine, and it was found necessary in or- of His Majesty's disorder : the expectoder to prevent suffocation. It was now rations became more tinged with blood, evident that a crisis was near. The and appearances indicated that a rupture cough was supposed to be dependent of some blood vessel had taken place.
upon the impeded flow of blood The King was himself aware of the inthrough the left side of the heart, by evitable result of these symptoms of his which it was thrown back upon the malady. He was reduced to the lowest lungs, so as to produce congestion.” degree of physical exhaustion; and the “ Considerable portions of the lungs loss of any blood in that condition was, were consolidated (says the Medical he knew, fatal. Gazette,) from the previous attacks of In the course of Friday evening, (the inflammation with which his Majesty 25th) before nine o'clock, the physihas repeatedly been afflicted, and hence cians intimated to the royal patient any additional affection adds greatly to their inability to give him further relief, the difficulty with which the respiratory and their opinion that his last moments organs perform their functions. Had
were rapidly approaching. To this comthe King possessed sufficient strength to munication his Majesty replied “God's have borne the depletion, we believe that will be done !" and in a few moments venesection would have been adopted, after, he asked, “ Where is Chichesbut the debility rendered this altogether ter ?” The Bishop of Chichester was inadmissible, and the speedy superven- instantly summoned to the royal chamtion of copious secretion from the mu- ber, and, at his hands, the dying sovecous membrane of the air passages re- reign received the Sacrament. During lieved the state of congestion, though it the administration of this rite his Majesty unavoidably brought on cough. More was much less troubled by the cough lately the expectoration was mixed with than he had previously been. Towards blood-a very common occurrence in midnight the physicians retired to rest, cases of this description, and dependent upon the impediment to the circulation ing the royal signature were stamped in the
* For the last few days all documents, requirabove-mentioned. The overloaded ves- King's presence, hy Commissioners appointed sels in this manner became relieved, and, for the purpose. Previous to the stamping, his except during the paroxysms of cough- site: latterly the royal patient could scarcely ing, produced by the sputa in the air whisper his assent.
leaving the King under the immediate The body having been thrus removed, care of Sir Wathen Waller, whose was covered with a fine linen sheet, night turn it was to be in waiting, with turned down so as to expose a part of Messrs. Batchelor and Kinnaird, two the bust. In this state the royal corpse Pages of the household. His Majesty was submitted to the view of the was now dozing, though he had slept household, the outdoor servants, their little during the evening, and suffered families and acquaintance. They were much from his cough. His exhaustion freely admitted from about five in the was greatly increased. From eleven till morning until after eight, by which time three o'clock, his Majesty appeared to several hundreds of persons had not only be suffering what is commonly called a seen, but taken by the hand, their derestless sleep. He opened his eyes oc- ceased sovereign. The scene which encasionally ; and when he coughed he ap- sued, is described as very afflicting. peared to suffer more than the usual Many of these persons had lived with pain ; but nothing occurred until three the King for more than a quarter of a o'clock to indicate any particular change. century, and had been attached to him The King then beckoned to Batchelor by the warmest ties of affectionate duty; to change his position in the bed. His and some were observed to shed tears, Majesty for the last two months slept indicating their sense of the loss of a partly in a bed in a raised position, and liberal and indulgent master. It is said partly in a chair of peculiar construc- this exhibition of the royal remains was tion, padded and cushioned, and capable in strict accordance with a wish exof being elevated or turned so as to pressed by his late Majesty on the evenassist any mode of placing the body. ing preceding his dissolution.
The King was in bed when the stroke The stroke of death, it was manifest, of death fell upon him. The page next had fallen lightly on the King. The him instantly proceeded to raise his Ma- features were neither drawn nor disjesty, according to the motion which he torted, but appeared in that serene and signified by his finger. The King was tranquil state which would have induced at once assisted to his chair, and a great the belief that his Majesty still slept, alteration overcast the royal counte- and reminded the beholder that “ sleep nance : the King's eyes became fixed, is elder brother to death.” The King, his lips quivered, and he appeared to be it was observed, looked comparatively sinking into a fainting fit. The physi- well; the cheeks, however, appeared cians were instantly sent for, and the rather sunk, and the abdomen much attendants at once assisted the King raised. with sal volatile, eau de Cologne, and During the afternoon, a shell was such stimulants as were at hand on the completed for the royal corpse, by an table. At this moment his Majesty at- upholsterer in Windsor. The dimentempted to raise his hand to his breast, sions are six feet six inches by two feet faintly ejaculating—“Oh, God! I am six inches. It is composed of Spanish dying !” and after two or three seconds mahogany, filled and trimmed with rich of time, he uttered the following words, white gros de Naples; the windingwhich were his last,“ THIS IS DEATH,
sheet of the same material. his expiring condition barely enabling On the following morning arrived Sir him to announce this fatal sensation, so Astley Cooper, upon whom, as sergeantas to be heard by the page on whose surgeon, the examination and embalmshoulder his Majesty's head had fallen. ing of the Royal Body devolved. Sir The King died exactly at thirteen mi. Astley, accompanied by Sir Henry Halnutes past three o'clock on Saturday ford and Sir Matthew Tierney, Mr. morning. The physicians were not, it Brodie, and Mr. O'Reilley, surgeons, is generally said, in the chamber at the and Mr. Nussey, and certain officers of identical moment: they were the instant pages in immediate attendance, were called in, after, and assisted to place the royal and, in their presence, without the slightest in
dication of suffering, his Majesty calmly expired. corpse on a couch.
The principal persons present were the Bishop
of Chichester, the physicians, the - Marquess * This is the statement in the Times journal. Conyngham, śir Andrew Barnard, Sir William Another, in the Morning Herald, reports the Keppell Sir William Knighton, Sir Wathen words—"Oh! this is not right !- this is death! Walier, Lord Strathaven, and Colonel Thornton ; Oh, God'-I am dying !” to be the last and only and when the physicians had announced that hisdistinct words utiered by the King after he bad Majesty bad ceased to exist, they retired, leaving
The same account the pages in attendance to perform the neces. states-“ From this time his dissolution came on sary attention to the royal corpse, under the so quietly, and so gradualiy, that the physicians superintendence of the physicians.” had some difficulty in ascertaining precisely at † A friend and correspondent, who had the what moment he ceased to exist. In the mean- mournful satisfaction of viewing the roral time, the Bishop of Chichester, and all the prin. corpse, describes its general appearance as we rinal members of the royal household, with the have above stated.
received the Sacrament.