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other picture is the imitation of velvet, de Ville, so unsuccessfully attacked on silk, feathers, and ornaments, so natural. Wednesday, was still held by the Swiss. When lighted up by eight rich lustres, The bands which attacked this point suspended from the ceiling, this room were marshalled and led by the Polyis extremely magnificent. Upon grand technic boys. They captured the place occasions, when splendid civic entertain- after an obstinate resistance ; the dements are given, temporary rooms are fenders were almost wholly cut to formed at the Hôtel de Ville by covering pieces." Again, in an extremely wellin the courts." *
written narrative of “ The Three Days The etymology of the Place de Grève at Paris,” (also in the Spectator,) “ It is thus explained : the word Grève sig- appears that the Hôtel de Ville, which nifies a strand, or shore; the name was the head-quarters of the fight on therefore implies its contiguity to the the 28th, was won and lost more than Seine. Louis VII., by letters patent, once during the day. I have since exdated 1141, ordered that the Place qué amined the scene of conflict. The faGrævia dicitur prope Sequanam, should çade of the Hôtel de Ville, and the front remain open, and without any buildings, of the opposite houses, attest, by many for the convenience of the public, in a ster, the smartness of the engageconsideration of the sum of seventy ment.” All these circumstances conJivres, which he had received from the spire to render the Hôtel de Ville a place citizens, a Burgensibus suis de Gravia. of some interest at the present moment. The Place formerly possessed a hand- We ought to mention that our Ensome fountain, of which Louis XIII. graving is from a Series of Picturesque laid the first stone in 1624, with much Views in “ Paris and its Environs,” now ceremony. It was from this fountain in course of publication. The drawwhich was demolished in 1674, that wine ings have been taken under the direction flowed for the populace at public re- of Mr. A. Pugin, expressly for this joicings.
work; and, by the courtesy of the PubThe Place de Grève has long been the lishers we are thus enabled to represert spot where criminals are executed. The the Hôtel de Ville, in its present state, punishment of death is rare in Paris, save and except the ball“ stars” to and the only mode of inflicting it now which the Parisian correspondent of the allowed by the laws of France is by the Spectator has alluded. guillotine. The first person who suffered here was Marguerite Porette, burnt for heresy in 1310. Allusion is MODE OF FISHING FOR PEARLS
IN THE EAST INDIES. made to this celebrated spot in Prior's humorous song of the Thief and the There are two seasons for pearl-fishing : Cordelier, which begins
the first is in March and April, the last Who has e're been at Paris must needs know the in August and September. At the Grêve,
commencement of the season, there are The fatal retreat of the unfortunate brave.
sometimes 250 barks on the banks. The We have already alluded to the iden- larger barks have two divers, and the tity of the Hôtel de Ville with the re- smaller one.
As soon as they have cast cent struggles. It was one of the places anchor, each diver binds a stone, six attacked by the Parisians early on Wed- inches thick and a foot long, under his nesday the 28th. One of the accounts body, which serves him as ballast, and (the Spectator) says " From the Porte prevents him being driven away by the St. Martin, the mob and boys of the motion of the waves.
They also tie Polytechnic School proceeded to the another stone to one foot, by which they Hôtel de Ville, which was held by a
are speedily sent to the bottom of the band of Swiss; where, after a murder
sea; and as the oysters are usually fasous attack, continued until near night- tened to the rocks, they case their hands fall, the possession remained in the hands with leather mittens, to prevent their of its first occupants. . The assailants being wounded in pulling them violently at one time had possession of the hôtel; off; but this task some perform with an but the Swiss were reinforced by a party iron rake. In the last place, each diver of Lancers, Guards, and Gensdarmes ; carries down with him a large net, tied and they were compelled to relinquish to his neck by a cord, the other end of it. The slaughter in the narrow space, which is fastened to the boat. This net was very great-not less on both sides is to hold the oysters, and the cord is to than ten or twelve hundred fell.” Again, pull up the diver when his bag is full, or on Thursday, “ The first point of attack he wants air. In this equipage he somewas the Place de Grève, where the Hôtel
* By Messrs. Jennings and Chapliu, Cheap* History of Paris, 8vo. vol. ii.
times precipitates himself sixty feet un- silent motion. It is amusing to observe der water; and as he has no time to the trout, during a fine summer evening, lose, he soon arrives at the bottom: then leap up and down the cascade in exultahe begins to run from side to side, tear- tion. I have frequently shot them during ing up all the oysters he meets with, their avocations; and I have taken them and cramming them into his budget. in a net, in large numbers.
At whatever depth the divers are, the The Kettle Wells are two lums, situlight is so great that they easily perceive ated in Bonson's Wood, near Stanmore, what passes in the sea; and to their con- which are not surpassed for Elysian sternation, sometimes discover monstrous beauty. The fall of the water into the fishes, from which all their address in first well is inconsiderable ; but that conthickening the water, &c. will not always tinually empties itself into the lum below, save them; and of all the dangers of the over a smooth precipice of thirty feet. fishing, this is one of the greatest and A continual rumbling noise is heard in most usual.
the latter well, occasioned by the deThe best divers will keep under water scending torrent striking against the op, nearly half an hour, and the rest do not posite rocks. I have frequently bathed stay less than a quarter.
in these delightful places, and have time they hold their breath without the amused myself by sliding a posteriori use of oils, or any other liquors, only down the rock into the Wells. The acquiring the habit by long and early circumference of the last lum is very practice. When they find themselves great, and the effect is greatly heightenexhausting, they pull the rope to which ed by overhanging foliage. T'he stream the bag is fastened, and hold fast by it flows through the wood, and finally with both hands, when those in the bark empties itself in the river Eden. taking the signal, heave them up, and I should add, that these lums bear a unload them of their fish, which is some slight resemblance to a tea-kettle. times five hundred oysters, and some
W. H. H. times not above fifty.
Some of the divers need a moment's respite, to recover breath ; others jump
WINDSOR CASTLE. in again instantly, continuing this violent (To the Editor of the Mirror.) exercise without intermission for several hours.
D. R. I SOMETIME since sent you an account
of moneys expended for the Custom
House and Post Office in London, which THE “LUMS” OF WESTMORE- you inserted at page 13 of your present LAND.
volume; as an addendum to which, the “But Bonson Wood perhaps them all excels, following statement of the amount ex
Both for its scenery and its Kettle Wells ;-
pended on account of the reparation of Into the deep and beauteous lums below."
Windsor Castle may not be uninterestThe Westmoreland Poet. ing to your readers.
It has been as
follows-viz. (To the Editor of the Mirror.)
In 1824 £ 31,237 6 8 A FORMER volume contains a cursory
1825 85,655 7 7 notice of these romantic “lums,
1826 101,446 2 11 they are termed, but, as I am given to
1827 141,609 19 4 think it was a very unbecoming abbre
1828 86,309 26 viation, I am induced to pen a more
To Lady Day 1829 25,988 5 7 faithful history of their beauties. They are formed out of the solid rock (by the
£ 472,246 4 7 incessant motion of the waters), into which the delicious stream pours' from Computed to be due
at Christmas 1829 a sloping cataract. The water is quite further to Midsumtransparent; and though some of these
32,000 0 0 holes are very deep, you may distinctly Estimates for fur
summer 1830.... perceive the bottom, and watch the freak's
ther indispensable 148,796 0 0 of the numerous trouts, which being well
Works fed by the shoals of minnows that are
And for suggested swept in by the floods, are not easily
340,000 0.0 taken by a bait. These lums are always
Improvements seated beneath a rock of gradual de Making a total of .. £1,053,042 4 7 clivity, whose surface is surprisingly smooth--so that, in fact, the stream
J. M. glides over it into the abyss beneath in
The Sketch-Book. (To the Editor of the Mirror.)
RECOLLECTIONS OF A WANDERER, Your correspondent, G. K. who writes
No. III. on the “Sympathy and Antipathy of Plants," inserted in the Mirror, of July
The Story of a Life. 3, has extended his subject to a greater
Awaking with a start, length than he can prove.
The waters heave around me; and on high Ĝ. K. informs us that a female palm Whither I know not; but the hour's
The winds lift up their voices. I depart, will not produce fruit unless it is pro- When Albion's lessening shores could grieve or perly placed by the male tree; he has glad mine eye. not told us what is a proper situation,
Once more upon the waters ! yet once more ! or why it is so indispensably requisite; That knows his rider.
And the waves bound beneath me as a steed
Welcome to their roar! but he has left these points in a glo- Swift be their guidance, wheresoe'er it lead! rious uncertainty. But G. K. is wrong
Though the strain'd mast should quiver as a reed, in his assertion : it is well known to
And the rent canvass fluttering strew the gale,
Still must I on; for I am as a weed, many scientific men, that female palms Flung from the rock, on oceans' foam to sail, do produce fruit, although fruit so pro
Where'er the surge may sweep, the tempest's breatb prevail.
BYRON. duced seldom ripens, nor will they germinate; but this is a common occurrence
Among the survivors of the melancholy with all seed which have not been im- and remarkable shipwreck of the Bonne pregnated by the pollen, or fertilizing Esperance* was a man for whom I felt, dust of the male, because without this I hardly know why, a deep interest. It dust no germ is founded. The experi- has been said, the proper study of ment which I shall relate, occurs in the mankind is man. I certainly consider 47th volume of the Philosophical Trans- the countenance to be the index to the actions, and which I consider quite satis- mind; and there was something in the factory. There was a palm tree in the bronzed, manly face of Arthur Havell garden of the Royal Academy, Berlin, which awakened all my attention : he which flowered and bore fruit for thirty was oppressed with melancholy, and years, but never ripened, and when
seemed to shrink from mankind from planted did not germinate, as the flowers other and stronger causes than those of this female tree were never impreg- that may influence the mere moody nated with the farina of the male, there misanthrope. being no male plant in the garden. At
A losty eminence, composing the terLeipsic, twenty miles from Berlin, was
mination or point of Brynmorre, a mouna male plant of this kind, from which a
tain which ran some miles inland, overbranch of male flowers were produced looked the beautiful bay of Torwich. and suspended over the female palm at A broad natural road, on the level turf, Berlin. This experiment was so suc
ran for several miles along the summit of cessful that this tree produced more
the mountain, terminating in this peak; than a hundred perfectly ripe fruit, and I used often to stroll thither to enjoy from which they had eleven young the vast and splendid landscape spread palms. On repeating the experiment out like a map below me. A singular the next year, it produced above two rock, flanked by a large pile of stonesthousand ripe fruit.
the relics of Druidical times—formed 4. Whether these plants love each other my post; and more than once I found or not, I shall not decide ; it is evident Havell, apparently unconscious of exterthat they were intended by nature to nal objects, seated at this spot. One grow near each other ; but whether she afternoon, in the early part of Septem
The has endowed them with that sublimest ber, we accidentally met there. of passions, I leave to the good sense
day had been unusually fine ;-the sea, of others to determine.
studded with ships, and hardly excited Deptford.
Z. T. V-s.* by a gentle breeze, looked like a vast
plain of molten silver; whilst the de* We have abridged this communication, by clining sun threw the lofty peaks and omitting our correspondent's well-meaning introductory observations. G. K.'s assertion cer
convulsed scenery of the western portainly requires qualification; but we do not con- tion of the coast into fine relief. We sider his statement to be utterly disproved -ED.
were both engaged in watching the movements of a grampus, which often himself. There was, probably, some- were trying its strength before some thing about me that attracted his confi- mighty onset, The vapours in the dence - the moment was an exciting horizon became gradually too much for one ; and he gradually, and with many the sun, and some time before he dispauses, related some passages in the appeared, his lower limb only was visistory of his life. I give it nearly in his ble, glaring out with a frowning and own words:
attracted my attention in the bay. Our “ Ab! cruel wretch'' indignant Damon said:
conversation for some time related to “ Tis plain you wish your elder brother dead.” various topics connected with the sea, • Nay, God forbid !" quoth Tom ; " Not I, sir, till at last it turned insensibly on Havell Those we wish dead, 'tis said, live on for ever." * See Mirror, vol. xii. pp. 403-8.
ominous appearance. “I was born near Linton, in North “A wild roving night, lads !' sung Devon. Though I have not been there out William Luscombe, a neighbour seafor thirty years, yet the recollection of it man, who had also pushed off with his is as vivid and fresh in my memory as boat as we were hoisting our lug-'it on the day when I first left home. My would be more wise, I reckon, if we father was the mate of the Fair Trader, keep close, for yon sky is full of misa Bristol West India brig, and conse- chief.' Would that I had listened to his quently passed little time with us. He advice ! Charley was strongly for rewas the last survivor of a numerous turning ; but, I hardly know why, I family, who had all been, like him, sea- pertinaciously opposed him, and the faring men : all lost their lives at diffe- wind soon carried us out. As we made rent periods by that treacherous ele- way, we almost forgot the cause of disment; and I recollect, when I was pute in the management of the boat. about ten years old, my mother's dis. The sun had not long disappeared before tress at the loss of the Fair Trader, the deepening furrows, the broken swell which was supposed to have foundered and white snowy foam on the sea, exat sea, as neither the brig, nor one of cited by the violence of the wind, which her hands, was ever heard of more. My came in heavy squalls, gave us warning father's death was a sad calamity to us. to return. I never recollect its getting I was the eldest of five brothers, and my dark so suddenly, at the same season, as mother was left without a shilling for on that night. The little boat scudded our support. But our neighbours were gallantly along, cresting the waves like kind; and a brother of hers died about a bird ; and as it now blew a stiffish this time, who left us a half-share in a gale, I put her head about, and reduced fishing-boat, by the aid of which, and our canvass to a few feet: indeed, acmaking nets, we contrived to live. As customed as I had been all my life to I was too young yet to be of much ser- the alternations of a nautical existence, I vice in the boat, they sent me to sea felt the blood mantle in my cheeks when first, as a cabin boy, in a Mediterranean I reflected on the danger I had wilfully trader. The captain took a fancy to brought poor Charley into. He kept me, and taught me navigation ; and I at the helin; and, seated on one of the continued in her till I was eighteen, thwarts, I minded the lug, and occasionwhen she was lost in a gale of wind, ally baled out the water which the boat when inwards off Lundy. I now re- shipped. We cannot now be far from turned home, to assist my family in the shore, Charley,' said I; 'mother will fishery, and found my brother Charley give us a fine row for this night's work, grown as tall and manly as myself. We though.' Before he could answer, we were all blessed with good health ; and became distinctly sensible of the imif we had few comforts, we had few mense masses and tumultuous roar of wants. I well remember the day of my the white breakers, which fell on the return—all the village were delighted to rocky beach with tremendous fury.
A wild and romantic spot is • Let go, Arthur-let go every thing !' Limouth and Linton ; the Valley of shouted Charley. "Oh God! we are Rocks is singularly interesting. My lost !'he exclaimed, as a land squall brothers were all brought up fishermen took us aback, and we instantly went except Tom, who was in an Ilfracombe over, merged in the whirling masses of pilot boat. We had now a boat of our that raging sea.
I instinctively seized own, which we called the Five Brothers, one of the oars, and at the same instant and they used to go to sea with me by a wave cast my brother forcibly against turns. One evening, it was the 18th of I convulsively grasped his hair August-- I remember it well- it was with my left hand. Oh God! save Charley's turn to be with me. The day me, Arthur-oh, my poor mother!'he had been very moist and sultry. The said, as a heavy wave separated ns with sun, which was near going down as we violence. I let go the oar, called on his pushed off in the boat, lit up the land name in agony, making a plunge after and sea with a wild and supernatural him in the dark sea—but he was gone ! glare ; the wind was light, but came in
How I got ashore I know not; sudden and uncertain squalls, as if it but I was found at break of day lying,
bleeding and half senseless, amongst the sunset, and a terrible gale it was ;-the bent which grew a short distance from sky became rapidly overcast, and the high-water mark. The disfigured body storm came like a whirlwind, sweeping of poor Charley had been washed to the every thing before it on its desolating top of the shingles, almost to my feet. course. We were almost thrown on our
“ After this, I pined for some time in beam-ends, and our storm-jib (which, deep melancholy, for I accused myself with a close-reefed main-top-sail, was all of my brother's death. Our cottage the canvass we had out) were completely was situated at the termination of the shivered by the first blast, carrying away valley, cluse under the lee of a bold rock, the top-sail-yard also. I can spare you near the wild sea shore. I have often the description of a storm. We had prerecalled, with a mixture of delight and pared against the danger ; and I should anguish, the mountains, the dark cliffs, have felt little uneasiness, had not a and rocky hollows of the land of my boding and indefinable sensation of evil, youth. The scenery once so loved be- excited probably by the dreadful recolcame insupportable to me; and one lection of the last storm I had been in, night, as we were all sitting at home oppressed me the whole evening. My mending our nets, I told my mother I absence was such, that the ship yawed was resolved to go to sea again, if it several times three or four points from were only for one, voyage. * The Al- her course while I had charge of the mighty's will be done, Arthur,' said she; wheel. It would have been pitchy dark • I am getting old now—but you have had it not been for the lightning, which been a good son to me, so, if you must was fearfully vivid and distinct. We go, I won't be the person to oppose it.' drove on under bare poles, as perfectly On hearing this, my brother William, helpless as man could be supposed to be who had heard with delight my account when opposed to such a power. It was of foreign climes, begged also that he past midnight, and I had fancied the might go with me this one voyage,-she gale was somewhat moderating, when, would still have Harry, and Tom could during a very strong flash of lightning, be sent for to assist him in managing one of the hands roared out-- Ship-aour boat. In short, a nameless impulse head! starboard your helm ! hard-aimpelled me to join the lad's request, starboard there !! I was just coming though contrary to my mother's will; on deck with my brother, when these and I wrote next day to the mate of the words sung in our ears like a deathbrig Ocean, of Bristol, with whom I was knell. The ship was going ten or eleven acquainted, to try to get berths for us knots, lurching heavily in the trough of in her next trip to Newfoundland. I the convulsed and deeply-agitated sea, was successful ; and we sailed in a few which swept her deck clear from stem weeks afterwards for that island. Our to stern. In another minute, before any voyage out was unusually long--we had one on board had time for thought, a a succession of contrary winds, and some rushing, whizzing sound-a deep and passengers on board brought a fever rapid commotion in the waters, was felt with them, which attacked several of by every hand, and a large ship struck the crew, who fell victims to it. Our us, with a loud and terrific crash, on our voyage inwards seemed to compensate weather-bow, with the most tremendous for the former delay. We were getting force, carrying every mast, every stick, in southern latitudes, and had had a suc- clean away. Being checked thus sudcession of favouring winds and clear denly on her course, she recoiled for an skies, so that we made a very rapid run. instant. The Ocean, reeling over till I was at the wheel one afternoon, when her lee-gunwale and deck were many the skipper, who was pacing the quarter- feet under water, gave a violent lurch-adeck, according to his custom, drew my head, which carried us again close to attention to a little mass of clouds, which the other ship. I instantly seized my was just visible in the horizon. It had brother's hand, as we held fast by the first a conical shape, but gradually ex- bulwarks, and instinctively sprung on panded, darkening in its hue every her deck-how I know not to this day. moment. We must make all snug, While in the act of following me, the Havell,' was the experienced remark of Ocean reeled convulsively over, and my Captain Stone, “as sure as we're afloat brother lost his footing : there was one we shall have a gale ere dark.' All hands wild yell of agony sent forth on the wings were now busy in striking the masts, of the storm, and the ship went down taking the royal and top-gallant yards on head foremost, amidst an eddying gulf deck, and making every thing secure. of boiling and hissing waters. The The result justified the skipper's pre- strange sail gathered way--there was a eaution, for a gale did come on about blank before me--I was the only living