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camel and the horse are their com- I'd sooner be within these four damp walks,
With three-fold fetters on me, with the worm, panions and support. The strangers That leaves its slimy trace of wretchedness, who penetrate their wilds have always for my companion, than the pampered wretch been regarded as lawful prizes. Under Who, in his gorgeous tyranny above, the various names of Edomites, Ishmael. Tramples upon a people's rights, and earns ites, Midianites, &c. we find their tribes My body is thy pris'ner, Gesler! Chains in friendly or hostile relations with the May gall my tiesh-may manacle my limbs,
And for a time make me blush to mark nation of Israel, with whom many of the stain they've left upon them : but my mind them acknowledged a kindred. Their Can ne'er be soiled by things like these ! religious worship was chiefly directed to
(He clashes his chains.)
The coward crouches if the treacherous pard the heavenly bodies.- Ibid.
Doth look on him. My spirit will not crouch,
Nor quail before the spotted beast. I feel
There's that within me which doth hold me up,
And prompt 'ine, with a mighty, unseen power, A Parody on “ I'd be a Butterfly." To deeds of future glory.-I am free« ME be a nigger boy, born in de hovel,
Free in this prison bouse! I range at will What plautain da sbade from de suu wha da
The mighty bulwarks of our mountain world. shine;
Over beloved Switzerland I go Me learn to dig wid de spade and de shovel,
With my mind's energy! Me learn to hoe up de cane in a line.
Think ye the spirit requires corporeal furm Me drink my rum, in de calabash oval,
To converse with the spirit ? Are there not Me neber sigh for de brandy and wine;
hours, Me be a nigger boy, born in de hovel,
Hours of pale solitude, when the outer world What plantain da shade from de sun wba da
Is to the inner world a thing as vague shine.
As the obscure and twilight line that bounds Me be a nigger boy,
The dim horizon? for the mind can make,
By its own magic powers, worlds fairer far
(He pauses.) * Me neber run from my massa's plantation, Yea-it must, it must be so !
Wha for me run? me no want for get lick; A beauteous land is passing now before me,
Upon the paradise he leaves behind him!
And there are valleys basking in his beams, He hab de freedorn, dat no good fro me ; Starr'd with white cottages and orange bowers, My massa good man, he gib me plenty,
And vine groves, where the light guitar is swept Me po lobe Willy-force better dan he.
To charm the golden fruitage. - I behold
Lakes blue as morning, where at eve the star Me happy fellow, den wby me want free?" Delights to lave its far-descending rays, Fraser's Magazine. And ancient forests, giant-like, advancing
With towering strides up to the high bill tops :
And ever and anon I hear the sounds,
The mighty sounds of avalanches rolling, David' was the model of an oriental The crash of forests, and the roar of waters. prince, handsome in his person, valiant,
But in the vales the maiden's free voice rings,
And on the hills the bold-eyed mountaineer mild, just, and generous ; humble before Looks proudly up to Heaven; and children his God, and zealous in his honour; a sport lover of music and poetry, himself a
Like swallows on the lea, and ancient sires
Within the trelliced porch serenely sit, poet. Successful in war, he reduced
And grandams read their missals in the sun, beneath his sceptre all the countries Which Austrian banners dare not now obscure. from the borders of Egypt to the moun
I cannot be mistaken--'tis my country!
O Switzerland! and shall it be a dreamtains whence the Euphrates springs. A wild imaginative dream?—No, no! The king of Tyre was his ally ; he had
Thou shalt be free, thy fetters rive in twain; ports on the Red Sea, and the wealth of The voice of prophecy is on me now!
Back roll the volumy clouds—the mighty mists commerce flowed during his reign into That veil the future, roll at my bidding back! Israel. He fortified and adorned Jeru- " Come forth!"-It comes! the Sun of Freedom salem, which he made the seat of go. With its refulgent canopy of clouds, vernment. Glorious prospects of ex- Aud in its radiance Switzerland's banners tended empire, and of the diffusion of sparkle, the pure religion of Israel, and of happy Ten thousand stars upon their spear-points
Helvetic swords its beams are multiplying, times, floated before the mind of the
tremble, prophet - king. ---Cabinet Cyclopædia, Ten thousand voices roll their living thunders. Vol. ix.
And all cry “ Liberty !” It is no dream!
"A Tell--a Tell: they cry.-I come, I come, SCENE FROM THE DELIVERANCE OF Sons of the free, and scorpers of the slave! SWITZERLAND.
Triumphant Vengeance calls—I come, I come!
Thou shalt be free, thy fetters rend asunder, By H. C. Deakin, author of " Portraits of the
Thus as I rend my own!
(He suits the action to the words, and A Prison underneath the Castle of Altorf, dimly
rends his chains.) lighted. —Tell in chains —He paces up and Ab! and they are broken! down for a little time, and then pauses. In: Who comes there? dignantly looking on his fetters, he exclaims (Enter Merta, who rushes into his arms.)
set of people rejoice because there will Prison! it is my palace! my quick thoughts be a gaudy show-a stirring spectacle ; Have made one-Lord of these chains am I,Behold!
because there will be ribbons and coMERTA.
lours, music and processions, broken Broken!
windows and the battles of mobs, to
delight them. These people have no SOLON'S LAWS.
vote, and they have no business which In the third year of the 46th olympiad, the election can efit; nevertheles Solon being archon, the landowners and they have as deep a stake in the matter citizens, debtors and creditors, were in as those who have ; therefore are they open feud. Solon was called upon to not anxious that the most fitting men legislate. His first step was to arrange may be elected ? Absurd ! such anxiety matters between debtor and creditor, could not perhaps be gratified, unless which he accomplished by altering the the exhibition were stripped of its leadstandard, and lowering the rate of in- ing beauties, if not wholly, prevented : terest. He then deprived the nobility they are so far from entertaining it, that of a portion of their former power, by if they were called on to choose between dividing all the people into four classes, the loss of the sights, and the expulsion regulated by property : thus, while he of the very best members, by the election introduced a democracy, founding a new of the very worst, they would prefer the aristocracy. The nobility, as possessors latter. They have their partialities and of the largest properties, as the sole antipathies, but these are minor matters members of the court of Areopagus, as
which must bow to the wish for a conpossessed of the priesthoods, and di- test. rectors of religious ceremonies, still re- Another set of people, who are in tained an ample degree of influence. trade, and whose sight never wanders By the establishment of the Council of from the shrine of profit and loss, reFour Hundred, an annually rotating joice because their business is on the college, he at once gave so many fami- point of receiving “a fillip.” The lies an interest in the new order of mercer sees before him an animated dethings, that there remained no chance mand for ribbons and handkerchiefs at of its being totally subverted. He finally his own prices—the glazier beholds a made all the people swear not to make brilliant harvest of broken windowsany alteration during the next ten years, overwhelming calls for ale, spirits, wine, deeming that period sufficiently long for and post-horses, bewitch the eyes of the habituating them to the new constitu- publican and innkeeper-and silk manution.- Cabinet Cyclopædia, Vol. ix. facturers, glass-makers, brewers, spirit
merchants, &c. &c. are duly sensible of
the approach of an influx of orders. In the south of Europe, as if for a
These people have votes, but they place warning to others to shun the evil, civil them at the disposal of their customers, and religious despotism are still suffered in return for purchases: one votes for by Providence to display their hideous this candidate, because Mrs. So-and-so forms ; but in the New World, the in- will never enter his shop if he do not ; cipient and chaotic state of freedom is another, because Mr. So-and-so protravailing in the birth of a purer and mises him his business for so doing ; more regular order of things. The and a third will not vote, because he “march sublime” of liberty is, we trust,
cannot without losing his sales to cernot to be retarded for ages to come.
tain families. With them the issue of England has led the way in the glorious the election, in regard to the public career; and the last blemish which weal, is a matter not to be thought of; stained her fair fame, and afforded a
for a few extra orders, they would do topic of reproach to her enemies, has their utmost to fill the House of Combeen removed, while her councils were
mons with lunatics and pickpockets. directed by the warrior who so often ple, who, although not in business, still
A third description comprehends peohad led her armies to victory. Esto per- rejoice from motives of personal gain, petuu.- Ibid.
They have votes to sell, and the tardy market once more irradiates the per
spective; they seek dignities and emoluPARLIAMENT is dissolved, and the com- ments for their children ; and the pamunity, speaking of it in the aggregate, trons smile upon them in the distance is in raptures—why ?-because an hour whose favour can be melted by plumpers of amusement, party conflicts, rioting, into the creation of clerks, excisemen, lawlessness, and profit, is at hand. One and butlers, milliners, ladies’-maids, and
PRESENT STATE OF HISTORY.
THE BRITISH NATURALIST :
cooks. If their hopes of profit rise no migration. Birds, blossoms, and buthigher, they see before them a number terflies do not come in expectation of of delectable days, on which they can fine weather ; if they did, the early ones get drunk without cost; kick up rows would show that they see not far into for public good, and break the peace futurity, for they generally come forth under shelter of law. With these peo- only to be destroyed. They come in ple, an election is only desired for the consequence of the good weather which sake such advantages, and it is used precedes their appearance, and they only to gain them: the highest bidder know no more of the future than a stone and most bountiful giver is the man to does. Man knows of to-morrow only be elected ; and the new House of Com- as a rational being ; and were it not that mons may do what it pleases with the he reasons from experience and anaempire.--Blackwood's Magazine. logy, he would have no ground for say
ing that the sun of to-day is to set. The The Naturalist.
early leaf and the early blossom of this spring may be a consequence of the fine weather of last autumn, which ripened the wood or forwarded the bud, and the
early insect may be evidence that the Spring-Summer.
winter has been mild ; but not one of This is a delightful little volume, into these, or any thing.connected with plants which every reader of our Miscellany or animals, taken in itself, throws light may dip with pleasure and profit. Its upon one moment of the future; and precise plan is lucidly explained in the for once to suppose that it does, is to Preface, the author's object being to re- reverse the order of cause and effect, present “ the works of creation in their and put an end to all philosophy—to all natural groups, so as to make “ the pages of a written book have some re- “ And are we to draw no conclusions semblance to those of the book of Na- from the phenomena of plants and aniture.” The present portion of his de- mals, which have been popular prognossign, as the sub-title explains, consists tics of the weather from time immemoof half the year, or two seasons, and rial,-not from the face-washing of the prefixed is “ a very slight general glance cat, or the late roosting of the rook, at the natural history of the year, as which have been signs infallible time out affected by the motions of the earth, the of mind ? No, not a jot from the conchanging actions of the sun and moon. duct of the animals themselves, unless This part is executed with as little tech- we admit that cats and crows have got nicality as is consistent with perspicuity. the keeping and command of the weaTowards the close of this summary, we ther. These actions of theirs, and very find the following sensible observations many (perhaps all) phenomena of plants on predictions of the weather :
and animals are produced by certain ex# There is nothing more common isting states of the weather; and it is than to predict the future state of the for man to apply hiş observation and find season from some single appearance in out by what other states these are folthe early part of it; and yet there is lowed. The cat does not wash her face nothing more unphilosophical or falla- because it is to rain to-morrow; that, cious. An early blossom, an early bee, in the first place, would be throwing or an early swallow, or the early ap- philosophy to the cats ;' and in the next pearance of any other production of place, it would be doing so to marvelnature, is no evidence whatever of the Tously little purpose, inasmuch as, if kind of weather that is to come, though puss were thus informed of the future, the belief that it is so is both very ge- she would only have to wait a day in neral and very obstinate. The appear- order to get a complete washing without ance of these things is the effect of the any labour or trouble. When the cat weather, not the cause; and it is what performs the operation alluded to, it is we may call an external effect, that is, it a proof that the present state of the atdoes not enter into the chain of causa- mosphere affects her skin in a way that tion. The weather of to-day must al- is disagreeable, and the washing is her ways have some influence upon the mode of relief; and, in as far as the cat is weather of to-morrow; but its effect concerned, that is an end of the matter. will not be altered in the smallest tittle, Man, however, may take it up, and if whether it does or does not call out of he finds that in all cases, or in a great the cranny in which it has been hyber- majority of cases, this happens only benated, some wasp, or some swallow fore rain, he is warranted in concluding that was too weak for the autumnal that the state of the atmosphere which impresses this action upon the cat, is the worse ; nor do the monitor sounds also the state which precedes rain ; and of the clock, as they come mattered that in the cases where the rain does not through the trees, at all diminish the follow, there has been a subsequent at- interest, but rather mingle with it the mospheric change which is also worthy melancholy memento, that, fine as it is, of his study.
you can enjoy it but for a time; or the " What it is in this case, and whether more useful one, that you should seize connected with the little action in the the phenomena of every moment for infur of the animal by which electricity struction, according to the mood you can be excited, we shall not inquire; may be in. The freshness, the checkbut in the late roosting of the crows the ered light through the trees, the occause is apparent; they feed upon larvæ casional glimpse of the river dancing in and earth-worms; these, especially the the reflected moonbeam, like living sitlatter, come most abroad in the even- ver, put you in mind that it is not a ings before rain ; and as most animals pond that stagnates and mantles, and gorge themselves, where food is easily scatters miasma and infection, but a found, there is no reason why rooks rolling flood which wafts riches, and should not follow the general law." and scatters fertility and health; the
We are pleased with the author's ob- lights from palace, and villa, and cotservation on the cat-washing prediction, tage, and those joyous sounds which and, in our own special fondness for come ever and anon, to remind you that tracing the plain causes of popular for all that has been done and suffered, effects, we had arrived at nearly the it is ' merry England' still; the dark same conclusion. The electrical excite- shadow of some thick and stately tree ment of the cat's fur and skin seems to that throws you, your path, and all us produced by the peculiar state of the around, into a momentary eclipse, or atmosphere immediately preceding rain; the trailing mark of some limber poplar, and, we doubt not, the frequent coin- as though it were the tail of a comet, cidence gave rise to the popular notion Justreless and flung dark, yet unsubor prediction. Swift, somewhere ac- stantial upon the earth :—But you are in counts for the approbation of a book, no humour to look even at the halfby its author flattering the reader's revealed beauties of one of the richest opinion; but, to prove that our com- districts in the world, rendered doubly mendation is not thus grounded we quote rich by the Rembrandt shades of the another extract of much graphic beauty. greater masses of matter, in contrast The author dates his
with the silver orb,' seen at intervals,
- probably of through the upper sprays and leaves, the district which he thus describes :- or its more retiring reflection from the
“One of the most favourable places water, in the openings among the thick in England for hearing the song of the stems and dark foliage below; for the petty chaps, and, indeed, the songs of nightingale is on the topmost bough in those birds, generally, that frequent the the coppice, and small as he is, his voice richer districts, is the left bank of the is heard as far as that of a muezzin from Thames, from Hampton Court to Rich- the top of a minaret. There he does mond Bridge; and it is not very easy to not sing alone, for in that thicklyimagine a finer treat to the lover of wooded and well-watered districtma disfreshness, and sound, and evening sce- trict which is the land of Goshen to the nery, than a walk (wheels and hoofs insect-discovering birds-he has a rival jar mightily in a concert of birds) be- in every coppice, and, in some places, tween those places on a fine night in almost upon every tree; and as though the end of May; and if moonlight, so the note of each comes to the ear of a much the better. Until the sun be down, listener differently pitched and toned, there is a great deal of noise and chirp- according to the mass of air through ing, but not much music; but when the which its pulsations have to be propaevening softens the air, and the lime gated, the two which are in strife which and the walnut take the lead among the shall win the dame,' or charm her the perfumes of the evening, as you pass most after she is won, are equally loud The lee of them in that gentle motion to each other. No combination of the of the air which wafts sweetness, but letters of the alphabet can give even a does not wave leaves, the song of the notion of the song of the nightingalenight—the real vesper of nature begins; of any of the songs, for he has not only and though broken in upon at times by more notes than any other bird, but has the baying of a watch dog, the bellow. absolutely a cabinet of music; and ing of an ox, the bleating of a sheep, though there be a wonderful melody in or the tinkle of a sheep bell, it is none them all, some are so unlike the others,
" Bank of the Thames ,preface from a
that one could with difficulty believe venient distance, plenty of time to take that they are uttered by the same bird. one's wine comfortably, get a cup of It is vain, however, to attempt des- Ha! where's Tom? 0, I see him cribing the music of that minstrel; those among the strawberries." (Rufus's who are familiar with it, would, of heart sank within him.) “ Can't leave course, laugh at the most laboured de- the little fellow with you to-night, but lineation; and to those who are not, he shall come and spend a month with description is little better
playing you before we los the fine we her : an air to the deaf, or painting a rose-bud nice distance for the boy. As I was to the blind."
saying, time to take our wine and coffee ; We ought to mention that a consider- at half-past eight the stage calls for us, able portion of the volume is occupied and at ten, there we at home. by the natural economy of birds, the Charming distance, isn't it, Betsy, my author considering them “ from their dear ?"- Half-past eight came, and the greater powers of locomotion, the best guests went. I'his won't do, thought animated indexes to the seasons." He Rufus ; but he not only thought it, he does not bow to ill-founded prejudices, said it, and swore it too. That night he or bend to the mere authority of great slept not. names : for example, in the question of The next day (Saturday) he gave the cuckoo and hedge-sparrow, the va- strict charge to the servants that, if any luable authority of Dr. Jenner (in the one should come to dinner, they were Philosophical Transactions,) is not to say the family were all out. The quoted.
order happened to be needless, for no The work is elegantly printed, and one did come, and Rufus began to reillustrated with several well - engraved sume his usual good humour. At eight cuts of British birds.
o'clock a stage-coach drove up to the
gate, and down jumped a little, round, SPIRIT OF THE
red, fat man, with a small portmanteau
in his hand. “ Who--the-devil-isPublic Journals. that, and what can he want?” It was
Mr. Wobble, the underwriter, one of
the pleasantest fellows in the city, THE INCONVENIENCES OF A CONVE
and one whom Mr. Wadd was always
delighted to see--at other people's It was on the fifth of August that the houses. “Ha! Wadd, my boy! Mrs. Wadds took possession of their new
W. I'm yours.
Ha! Miss Jemima ! mansion at Turnham Green. On the Delightful house, I declare- comes up sixth (Friday), as the clock struck five, to all I have heard of it! And the disa and just as they were sitting down to tance! Stage sets you down at the very dinner, the stage-coach stopped at the door, the-very-door. Nice house, indoor. The servant announced the ar- deed, and — Bow, wow, wow - that 'll rival of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Wadd, and never do ; you must chain up that dog Master Tom. Rufus Wadd stood like one to-night, Wadd; I can't sleep in a house transfixed-like his royal namesake, if where there is a dog barking.” you please. “By Jingo, Rufus,' ex- “ Sleep !" echoed Wadd ; “why surely claimed his cousin Bob, “ you are at the you are not come to sleep here?”most convenient distance !-delightful ! « I'm not come to lie awake all night, I Fine afternoon, nothing to do, at half- can tell you that. Ha ! ha! ha! you past three Betsy and I took it into our know my way: I always take the bull heads to come down, no sooner said than by the horns. Ha! ha! ha! first come, done. Capital loin of veal that, upon first served.
Ha! ha! ha! you may my word. "Took little Tom with us,- have the house full to-morrow--Sunday, Tom, my dear, don't be picking the you know—and then Sam Wobble might edges of that tart, they'll give you some come off second best. But don't put presently, -jumped into a Turnham yourselves out of the way; any thing Green coach at the Goose and Gridiron, will do for me; a garret, any thing, only and here we are, just in pudding-time.” let me have a good bed and plenty of There was no parrying this blow; but pillows. I leave that to you, my dear Rufus resolved to avail himself of the Mrs. W. I have a short neck, and inust sweetest vengeance that occurred to sleep with my head high, else I might him : knowing that his visiters were go off suddenly in the night, and a fune. fond of a little of the kidney, he swal- ral in a newly-furnished house would lowed the whole of it himself._" Capi- make such a mess, wouldn't it, Wadd ? tal port this, Rufus. Now see, Betsy, I suppose you have dined ? So have I. my dear, 'tis, as I told you, a most con- I know you are supping-people, so I