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of their own abilities, they deride the amonitions which are given them by their friends, as the timorous suggeftions of age. Too wise to learn, too impatient to deliberate, too forward to be restrained, they plunge, with precipitant indifcretion, into the midst of all the dangers with which life abounds.
V. Sincerity. IT is necessary to recommend to you fincerity and truth.
These are the basis of every virtue. That darkness of character, where we can see no heart; those foldings of art, through which no native affection is allowed to penetrate, present an object unamiable in every season of life, but particularly odious in youth. If, at an age when the heart is warm, when the emotions are strong, and when nature is expected to show herself free and open, you can already smile and deceive, what are we to look for when you shall be longer hackneyed in the ways of mert; when interest thall have completed the ob. duration of your heart, and experience shall have improved you in all the arts of guile ? Diffimulation in youth is the forerunner of perfidy in old age. Its first appearance is the fatal omen of growing depravity and future shame. It degrades parts and learning, obscures the loftre of every accomplishment, and finks you into contempt with God and man. As you value, therefore, the approbation of heaven or the esteem of the world, cultivate the love of truth. In all your proceedings be direct and consistent. Ingenuity and candour poffets the most powerful charm; they bespeak universal favour, and carry an apology for almost every failing. The path of truth is a plain and safe path ; that of falsehood is a perplexing maze. After the first departure from fince- . rity, it is not in your power to stop. One artifice una. voidably leads on to another ; till, as the intricacy of the labyrinth increases, you are left en: angied in your own snare. Deceit discovers a little mind, which stops at temporary expedients, without rising to comprehensive views of conduct It betrays, at the same time, a dastardly fpirit. It is the resource of one who wants courage to avow his designs, or to reft upon liimself. Where. as openness of character displays that generous boldness which ought to distinguish youth. To set out in the world with no other principle than a crafty attention to intereft, betokens one who is destined for creeping through the inferiour walks of life: but to give an early prefe: rence to honour above gain, when they stand in competition ; to despise every advantage which cannot be attained without dishonest arts; to brook no meanness, and to stoop to no dissimulation ; are the indications of a great mind, the presages of future eminence and distinction in life. At the same time, this virtuous sincerity is perfectly consistent with the most prudent vigilance and caution. It is oppofed to curining, not to true wisdom. It is not the fimplicity of a weak and improvident, but the candour of an enlarged and noble mind; of one who scorns deceir, because he accounts it both base and unprofitable; and who seeks no disguise, because he needs none to hide him.
VI. Benevolence and Humanity. Youth is the proper season for cultivating the benevo
lent and humane affections. As a great part of your happiness is to depend on the connections which you form with others, it is of high importance that you acquire betimes the temper and the manners which will render such connections comfortable. Let a sense of justice be the foundation of all your social qualities. In your most early intercourse with the world, and even in your youthful amusements, let no unfairness be found. Engrave on your mind that sacred rule, of “ doing in all things to others according as you with that they should do unto you.” For this end, impress yourselves with a deep sense of tha original and natural equality of men, Whatever advantages of birth or fortune you possess, never display them with an oftentatious superiority. Leave the subordinations of rank, to regulate the inter. course of more advanced years. At present it becomes you to act among your companions as man with man. Remember how unknown to you are the vicissitudes of the world, and how often they, on whom ignorant and contemptous young men once looked down with scorn, have risen to be their superiours in future years. Compassion is au cmjtion of which you ought never to be
afamed. Graceful in youth is the rear of sympathy, and the heart that melts at the tale of wo. Let not cafe and indulgence contract your affections, and wrap you up in felfish enjoyment. Accustom yourselves to think of the distreffes of human life ; of the folitary cottage, the dying parent, and the weeping orphan. Never sport with pain and distress in any of your amusements, nor treat even the meanett insect with wanton cruelty.
VII. Industry and Application. DILIGENCE, industry, and proper improvement of
time, are material duties of the young. purpose are they endowed with the best abilities, if they want activity for exerting them. Unavailing, in this case, will be every direction that can be given them, either for their temporal or spiritual welfare. In youth, the habits of industry are most easily acquired: in youth, the incentives to it are strongest, from ambition and from duty, from emulation and hope, from all the prospects which the beginning of life affords. if, dead to these calls, you already languisha in Nothful inaction, what will be able to quicken the more fuggish current of advancing years? Industry is not only the instrument of improvement, but the foundation of pleasure. Nothing is so opposite to the true enjoyment of life as the relaxed and feeble state of an indolept mind. He who is a stranger to industry may possess, but he cannot enjoy. For it is labour only which gives the relish to pleasure. It is the appointed vehicle of every good to man. It is the indispensable condition of our polfefsing a sound mind in a found body. Sloth is so inconsistent with both, that it is hard to determine whether it be a greater foe to virtue, or to health and happiness. Inactive as it is in igself, its effects are fatally powerful. Though it appear a slowly-flowing stream, yet it undermines all that is ftable and flourithe ing. It not only faps the foundation of every virtue, but pours upon you a deluge of crimes and evils. It is like water, which first putrifies by ftagnation, and then fends up noxious vapours, and fills the atmosphere with death. Fly, therefore, from idleness, as the certain parent both of guilt and of ruin. And under idienels I
include include, not mere inaction only, but all that circle of trifling occupations in which too many faunter away their youth; perpetually engaged in frivolons society, or public amusements ; in the labours of dress, or the oftentation of their persons. Is this the foundation which you lay for future usefulness and esteem? By such accomplishments do you hope to recommend yourselves to the thinking part of the world, and to answer the ex. pectation of your friends and your country ! -Amusements youth requires; it were vain, it were cruel, to prohibit them. But, though allowable as the relaxation, they are most culpable as the business, of the young, For they then become the gulph of time and the poison of the mind. They foment bad passions. They weaken the manly powers. They link the native vigour of youth into contemptible effeminacy.
VIII. Proper Employment of Time. REDEEMING your time from such dangerous waste,
seek to fill it with employments which you may review with satisfaction. The acquisition of knowledge is one of the most honourable occupations of youth. The desire of it discovers a liberal mind, and is connected with many accomplishments and many virtues. But, though your train of life should not lead you to study, the course of education always furnishes proper employments to a well-disposed mind. Whatever you pursue, be emulous to excel. Generous ambition, and sensibility to praise, are, especially at your age, among the marks of virtue, Think not that any affluence of fortune, or any elevation of rank, exempts you from the duties of application and industry. Industry is the law of our being; it is the demand of nature, of reason, and of God, .Re. member always, that the years which now pass over your heads leave permanent memorials behind thein. From your thoughtless minds they may escape; but they remain in the remembrance of God. They form an im. portant part of the register of your life. They will hereafter bear testimony, either for or against you, at that day, when, for all your actions, but particularly for the employments of youth, you must give an account to God.-Whether your future course is destined to be Jong or short, after this manner it should commence ; and, if it continue to be thus conducted, its conclusion, at what time foever it arrives, will not be inglorious or unhappy.
IX. The true Patriot, ANDREw Doria of Genoa, the greatest sea-captain of the
age he lived in, fet his country free from the yoke of France. Beloved by his fellow-citizens, and fupported by the Emperor Charles V. it was in his power to assume sovereignty without the least ftruggle. But he preferred the virtuous satisfaction of giving liberty to his countrymen. He declared in public assembly, that the happiness of seeing them once more rettored to liberty, was to him a full reward for all his services : that he claimed no pre-eminence above his equals, but remite ted to them absolutely to settle a proper form of government. Doria's magnanimity put an end to factions that had long vexed the state; and a form of government was established with great unanimity, the same,that, with very little alteration, fublists at present. Doria lived to a greatage, beloved and honoured by his countrymen; and, without ever making a single step out of his rank as a private citizen, he retained to his dying hour great in. fluence in the republic. Power, founded on love and gratitude, was to him more pleasant than what is founded on fovereignty. His memory is reverenced by the Genoese ; and, in their histories and public monuments, there is bestowed on him the most honourable of all titles -FATHER of his COUNTRY, and RESTORER of its LIBERTY.
X. On Contentment, CONTENTMENT produced, in fome measure, all those
effects which the alchymist usually ascribes to what he calls the philosopher's Stone'; and if it does not bring richeś, it does the same thing by banishing the desire of them. If it cannot remove the disquietudes arising out of a man's mind, body, or fortune, it makes him easy under them. It has indeed a kindly influence on the foul of man, in respect of every being to whom he stands related. It extinguishes all murmur, repining, and in