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Α Ρ Ρ Ε Ν DI X.
P A R T I.
CONCISE PASSAGES, EXEMPLIFYING CERTAIN PARTICY
LARS, ON THE PROPER EXPRESSION OF WHICA THE MOM DULATION AND MANAGEMENT OF THE VOICE IN READ ING AND SPEAKING PRINCIPALLY DEPEND.
1. Examples of ANTITHESIS ; or the opposition of Words
or Sentimients. 1. THE manner of speaking is as important as the
Chesterfield. 2. Cowards die many times ; the valiant never tale of death but once,
Shakespeare. 3. Temperance, by fortifying the mind and body, leads 'to happiness : intemperance, by enervating the mind and body, ends generally in misery.
Art of Thinking 4. Title and ancestry render a good man more illustrious ; but an ill one more contemptible. Vice is in. famous, though in a prince; and virtue honourable, though in a peasant.
Spectator. 5. Almost every object that attracts our notice, has its bright and its dark side. He who habituates himself jo look at the difpleafing fide, will four his difpofition, and, consequently, impair bis happiness; while he who conitantly beholds it on the bright fide, insensibly meliorates his temper, and, in 'conlequence of it, improves his own happiness, and the happiness of all around him.
World. 6. A wise man endeavours to fhine in himself; a fool to outthine others. The former is humbled by the sense
of his own infirmities; the latter is lifted up by the discevery of those which he observes in otliers. The wise man considers what he wants ; and the fool what he abounds in. The wise man is happy, when he gains his own approbatjon; and the fool, when he recommends himself ia the applause of those about him.
Spotator. 7. Where opportunities of exercise are wanting, temperance may in a great measure supply its place. If exercise throws off all superfluities, temperance prevents them; if exercise clears the vessels, temperance neither fatiates nor overftrains the ni ; if exercile raises proper fernients in the humours, and promotes the circulation of the blood, temperance gives nature her full play, and enables her to exert herself in all her force and vigour ; if exercise dilipates a growing distemper, temperanee starves it.
Spectator. 8. I have always preferred cheerfulnefs to mirth. The latter I consider as an act, the former as a habit of the mind. Mirth is short and tranfient, cheerfulness fixed and permanent. Those are often raised into the greateft tranlports of mirth, who are subject to the greatest depreffions of melancholy: on the contrary, cheerfulness
, though it does not give the mind such an exquisite gladnels, prevents us from falling into any depihs of sorrow.Mirth is like a flash of lightning, that breaks through a gloom of clouds, and glitters for a moment; cheerful-ness keeps up a kind of day-light in the inind, and fills it with a steady and perpetual serenity: Spectator.
9. At the same time that I think discretion the most useful talent a man can be master of, I look upon cunning to be the acconiplishment of little, mean, ungene. rous minds. Discretion points out the noblest ends 10 us, and pursues the most proper and laudable methods of attaining thein ; cunning has only private selfie aims, and sticks at nothing which may make them fucceed: discretion has large and extended view's, and, like a well-formed eye, commands a whole horizon; cunning js a kind of short-sightedness, that discovers the minutelt objects which are near at hand, but is not able to dilo cero things at a pistance. .
Spectator. 10. Nothing
ro. Nothing is more amiable than true modesty, and nothing more contemptible than the false. · The one guards virtue ; the other betrays it. True' modesty is afhamed to do any thing that is repugnant to the rules of right reason ; false modesty is ashamed to do any thing that is, opposite to the humour of the company. True modesty avoids every thing that is criminal ; false modesty, every thing that is unfashionable. The latter is only a general undetermined instinct ; the former is that instinct, limited and circumscribed by the rules of prudence and religion.
Spectator. 11. How different is the view of past life, in the man who is grown old in knowledge and wisdom, from that of him who is grown old in ignorance and folly! The latter is like the owner of a barren country, that fills kis eye with the prospect of naked hills and plains, which produce nothing either profitable or orpamental : the former, beholds a beautiful and spacious landscape, divided into delightful gardens, green meadows, fruitful fields; and can scarce
cast his eye on a single spot of his possessions, that is not covered with some beautiful plant or flower.
Spectator. 12. As there is a worldly happiness, which God perceives to be no other than disguised misery ; as there are worldly honours, which, in his estimation, are reproach: so there is a worldly wisdom, which, in his fight, is fool. ilhnefs. Of this worldly wisdom the characters are given in the scriptures, and placed in contrast with those of the wisdom which is from above. The one, is the wisdom of the crafty ; the other, that of the upright: the one, terminates in selfishness; the other, in charity : the one is full of strife and bitter envying; the other, of mercy and good fruits.
Blair. 13. True honour, though it be a different principle from religion, is that which produces the same effects. The lines of action, though drawn from diiferent parts, terminate in the same point. Religion embraces virtue, as it is enjoined by the laws of God; honour, as it is graceful and ornamental to human nature. The religious man fears, the man of honour scorns, to do an ill umphs !
action. The latter confiders vice as something that is beneath him ; the former, as something that is offensive to the Divine Being : the one, as what is unbeconing; the other, as what is forbidden.
Guardian. 14. Where is the man that possesses, or indeed can be required to possess, greater abilities in war than Pompey? One who has fought more pitched battles than others have maintained personal disputes ! carried on more wars than others have acquired knowledge of by reading ! reduced more provir.ces than others have aspired to even in thought! whose youth was trained to the profession of arms, not by precepts derived from others, but by the higheft offices of command ; not by personal mistakes in war, but by a train of important vi&tories; not by a series of campaigns, but by a succeffion of tri
Cicero. 15. Two principles in human nature reign, Self-love to urge, and reason to restrain : Nor this a good, nor that a bad we call; Each works its end-to move or govern all.
16. In point of fermons, 'tis confeft Our English clergy make the best ; But this appears, we must confess, Not from the pulpit, but the press. They manage, with disjointed skill, The matter
well, the manner ill ; And, what feems paradox at firft, They make the best, and preach the worst.
Byram. 17. Know, Nature's children all divide her care: The fur that warms a monarch, warm'd a bear. While man exclaims, “ See all things for my use !" * See man for mine !" replies a pamper'd goose : And just as short of reason he muft fall, Who thinks all made for one, not one for all.
18. O thou goddess,
Pope. (Their royal blood enchaf’d) as the rud't wind That by the top doth take the mountain-pine And make him stoop to the vale.
Shakespeare. 19. True eafe, in writing, comes from art, not chance; As those move easiest who have learn’d to dance. 'Tis not enough no harshness gives offence ; The found must seem an echo to the senfe. ! Soft is the strain, when zephyr gently blows, And the smooth stream in smoother numbers flows: But when loud surges lath the founding shore, The hoarse rough verse should like the torrent roar. When Ajax strives some rock's vast weight to throw, The line, too, labours, and the words move Now: Not so when swift Camilla fcours the plain, Flies o'er th' unbending corn, and skims along the main, mo. Good name, in man and woman,
Pope. Is the immediate jewel of their souls. Who steals my purse, steals trash : 'tis something, no
thing; 'Twas mine, 'tis his, and has been slave to thousands. But he that filches from me my good name, Robs me of that, which not enriches him, And makes me poor indeed.
Shakespeare. II. Examples of ENUMERATION ; or the mentioning of
Particulars. I. I
CONSIDER a human soul without education like
marble in the quarry · which shows none of its inherent beauties, till the skill of the polither fetches out the colours, makes the surface shine, and discovers every ornamental cloud, spot, and vein, that runs through the body of it.
Spectator. 2. The subject of a discourse being opened, explaina ed, and confirmed ; that is to say, the speaker, having gained the attention and judgment of his audience ; he must proceed to complete his conquest over the passions; such as, imagination, admiration, surprise, hope, joy, love, fear, grief, anger. Now, he must begin to exert himself: here it is, that a fine genius may display itself, in the use of amplification, enumeration, interrogation,