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Give the vengeance
due To the valiant crew. Behold! how they toss their torches on high,
How they point to the Persian abodes,
And glitt'ring temples of their hostile gods! The princes applaud, with a furious joy ; And the king feiz'd a flambeau, with zeal to destroy :
Thais led the way,
To light him to his prey;
Thus, long ago,
And founding lyre,
At last, divine Cicilia came,
Inventress of the vocal frame.
Enlarg'd the former narrow bounds,
And added length to folemn founds, With Nature's mother-wit, and arts unknown before. Let old Timotheus yield the prize,
Or both divide the crown : He rais'd a mortal to the skies;
She drew an angel down.
PART PART II.
LESSONS IN SPEAKING
ELOQUENCE OF THE PULPIT.
I. On Truth and Integrity. TRUTH and integrity have all the advantages of appearanceand many more. If the show of
any thing be good for any thing, I am sure the reality is better; for why does any man dissemble, or seem to be that which he is not, but because he thinks it good to have the qualities he pretends to ? for, to counterfeit and dissemble, is to put on the appearance of some real excellency. Now, the best way for a man to seem to be any thing, is really to be what he would seem to be. Besides, it is often as troublesome to support the pretence of a good quality, as to have it ; and if a man have it not, it is most likely he will be discovered to want it; and then all his labour to seem to have it is loft. There is something unnatural in painting, which a skil. ful eye will easily discern from native beauty and complexion.
It is hard to personate and act a part long; for, where truth is not at the bottom, nature will always be endea. vouring to return, and will betray herself at one time or other. Therefore, if any man think it convenient to seen good, let him be fu indeed; and then bis goodness will appear to every one's fatisfaction: for truth is con. vincing, and carries its own light and evidence along with it, and will not only commend us to every man's
conscience, but, which is much more, to God, who learcheth our hearts. So that, upon all accounts, fin. cerity is true wisdon. Particularly, as to the affairs of this world, integrity hath many advantages over all the artificial modes of diflimulation and deceit. It is much the plainer and easier, much the safer and more secure way of dealing in the world; it hath less of trouble and difficulty, of entanglement and perplexity, of danger and hazard, in it; it is the shortest and nearest way to our end, carrying us thither in a straight line ; and will hold out, and last longest. The arts of deceit and cunning continually grow weaker and less effe&tual and serviceable to those that practise them : whereas integrity gains strength by use; and the more and longer any man practiseth i', the greater service it does him, by confirming his reputation, and encouraging those with whom he hath to do to repose the greatest confidence in him ; which is an unspeakable advantage in business and the affairs of life.
A differnbler must always be upon his guard, and watch himself carefully that he do not contradict bis own pretensions; for he acts an unnatural part, and therefore must put a comtimual force and restraint upon hinfelf: wliereas he that acts sincerely, hath the easiest talk in the world ; because he follows nature, and so is put to no tronble and care about his words and actions ; he needs not invent any pretences beforehand, nor make excuseś afterwards for any thing he hath laid or done. But insincerity is very troublesome to manage.
A Lypocrite hath so many things to attend to, as make his life a very perplexed and intricate thing. A liar hath need of a good memory, left' he contradiet at one time what he said.at another. But truth is always confiftent with itself, and needs nothing to help it out; it is always near åt hand, and fits upon our lips, and is ready to drop out before we are aware ; whereas a lie is troublefome, and one trick needs a great niany more to make it good.
Add to all this, that sincerity is the most compendions wisdom, and an excellent instrument for the speedy dispatch of business. It creates confidence in those we lave to deal with, fases the labour of many inquiries,
and brings things to an issue in a few words. It is like travelling in a plain beaten road, which commonly brings å man sooner to his journey's end than by ways, in which men often lose the inselves. In a word, whatever convenience may be thought to be in falsehood and diffimulation, it is loon over ; but the inconvenience of it is perpetual, because it brings a man under an everlasting jealousy and suspicion, so that he is not believed when he speaks truth, nor trusted when perhaps he means honestly. When a man hath once forfeited the reputation of his integrity, nothing will then serve his turn, neither truth nor falsehood.
Indeed, if a man were only to deal in the world for a ? day, and should never have occasion to converse more with mankind, never more need their good opinion or good word, it were then no great matter (as far as tespects the affairs of this world) if he spent his reputation-all at once, and ventured it at one throw. he be to continue in the world, and would have the ad. vantage of reputation whilft he is in it, let him make use of sincerity in all his words and actions; for nothing but this will hold out to the end. All other arts will fail ; but truth and integrity will carry a man through, and : bear him out to the lait.
II. On Doing as we would be Dóne unto.. HUMAN laws are often fo numerous as to escape our *
memories ; fo darkly sometimes, and inconsistently. worded, as to puzzle our understandings.; and they are not unfrequently rendered still more obfcure by the nice distinctions and subtile reasonings of those who profess to clear them : so that, under thele several disadvantages, they lose much of their force and- influence; and, in fome cases, -raise more difputes than, perhaps, they determine. But here is a law, attended with none of these inconveniences; the groffest minds can scarce misapprehend it; the weakest memories are capable of retaining itu: no perplexing comment can easily cloud it ; the authority of no man's glofs upon earth can (if we are but fincere) Iway us to make a wrong construction of it. What is said of all the gospel precepts by the evangelical prophet, is more eminently true of this : “ It is an :
high-way; and the wayfaring man, though a fool, shall not err therein.".
It is not enough that a rule, which is to be of general vse, is suited to all capacities, so that, wherever it. is represented to the mind, it is presently agreed to; it mult allo be apt to other itself to our thoughts, and lie ready for prefent use, upon all exigencies and occasions. And such, reinarkably such, is that which our Lord here: recommends to us. We can scarce be so far surprised by any immediate necessity of acting, as not to have time for a short recourse to it, room for a fudden glance as it were upon it, in our minds; where it reits and sparkles always, like the Urim and Thummim on the breast of Aaron. There is no occasion for us to go in search of it to the oracles of law, dead or living ; to the code or. pandects; to the volumes of divines or moralists: we need look no further than ourselves for it: for (to use. the appolite expressions of Moles), “ This commandment which I command thee this day, is not hidden from thee, neither is it far off. It is not in heaven, that thou fhouldīt say, Who shall go up for us to heaven, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? Nej. ther is it beyond the sea, that thou shouldīt say, Who Shall go over the sea for us, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it? But the word is very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that thou mayeft. do it.”
It is, moreover, a precept particularly fitted for practice; as it involves in the very notion of it a motive stirring us up to do what it enjoins. Other moral, maxims propose naked truths to the understanding, which operate often but faintly and flowly on the will and paffions, the two active principles of the mind of man: but : it is the peculiar character of this, that it addrefseth it. felf equally to all these powers ; impares both light and heat to us; and, at the same time that it informs us cer• tainly and clearly what we are to do, excites us allo, in the most tender and moving manner to the performance of it. We can often see our neighbour's misfortune, without a sensible degree of concern; which yet wecannot forbear expressing, when we have once made his condition our own, and determined the meature of our obligation