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Commotion strange, in all enjoyments else
Superior and unmov’d, here only weak
Against the charm of beauty's pow'rful glance.
Or nature fail'd in me, and left some part
Not proof enough such object to sustain,
Or from my side subducting, took perhaps
More than enough ; at least on her hestow'd
Too much of ornament, in outward show
Elaborate, of inward less exact.
For well I understand in the prime end
Of nature her th' inferior, in the mind
And inward faculties, which most excel,
In outward also her resembling less
His image who made both, and less expressing
The character of that doininion given
O'er other creatures ; yet when I approach
Her loveliness, so absolute she seems
And in herself complete, so well to know
Her own, that what she wills to do or say,
Seems wisest, virtuousest, discreetest, best;
All higher knowledge in her presence falls
Degraded, wisdom in discourse with her



537. -at least on her bestow'd Were left for haste unfinish'd, judg.

ment scant, Too much of ornament, in oul

Capacity not rais'd to apprehend, ward show

Or value what is best Elabrale, of inward less

In choice, but oftest to affect the erart.]

wrong? The poet has enlarged upon the

547. same sentiment in his Samson

--so absolute] So fiAgonistes.

nished, so perfect, so complete,

as it is said in the next line, and Is it for that such outward ornament

as the word is explained in the

And so Was lavish'd on their sex, that in. note upon ver. 421. ward gifts

absolved is used vii. 94.


Loses discountenanc'd, and like folly shows;
Authority and reason on her wait,
As one intended first, not after made
Occasionally ; and to consummate all,
Greatness of mind, and nobleness their seat
Build in her loveliest, and create an awe
About her, as a guard angelic plac'd.

To whom the angel with contracted brow. 560
Accuse not nature, she hath done her part ;
Do thou but thine, and be not diffident
Of wisdom, she deserts thee not, if thou
Dismiss not her, when most thou need’st her nigh,
By attributing overmuch to things

565 Less excellent, as thou thyself perceiv’st. For what admir'st thou, what transports thee so, An outside ? fair no doubt, and worthy well Thy cherishing, thy honouring, and thy love, Not thy subjection : weigh with her thyself; 570 Then value: oft-times nothing profits more Than self esteem, grounded on just and right

560. To whom the angel with distant discoveries, brings about contracted brow.] These senti. that fatal event which is the ments of love in our first parent subject of the

poem. Addison. gave the angel such an insight 568. —and worthy well into human nature, that he Thy cherishing, thy honouring, seems apprehensive of the evils und thy lore,] which might befal the species He maketh use of these three in general, as well as Adam in words agreeably to Scripture. particular, from the excess of So ought men to love their wives, this passion. He therefore for- as their own bodies : he that lovtifies him against it by timelyeth his wife, loveth himself: for admonitions; which very art- no man ever yet hated his own fully prepare the mind of the flesh, but nourisheth and cherishreader for the occurrences of the eth it. Eph. v. 28, 29. Giving next bool where the weakness, honour unto the wife, 1 Pet. of which Adam here gives such iii. 7.


Well manag'd; of that skill the more thou know'st,
The more she will acknowledge thee her head,
And to realities yield all her shows :

Made so adorn for thy delight the more,
So awful, that with honour thou may’st love
Thy mate, who sees when thou art seen least wise.
But if the sense of touch whereby mankind
Is propagated seem such dear delight
Beyond all other, think the same vouchsaf'd
To cattle and each beast; which would not be
To them made common and divulg'd, if ought
Therein enjoy'd were worthy to subdue
The soul of man, or passion in him move.
What higher in her society thou find'st
Attractive, human, rational, love still;
In loving thou dost well, in passion not,
Wherein true love consists not; love refines


576. Made so adorn &c.] These

transported I behold, verses contain a beautiful and Transported touch. instructive account of the end for which God bestowed on Eve


-love refines so much of ornament and awful- The thoughts, and heart enness. But two such participles

larges, &c.) as made adorned would have So Spenser, to whom our author sounded very oddly together; seems to allude by his manner and therefore he has coined an

of expression. adjective adorn, as the Italians have adonno for adornalo. And

Such is the pow'r of that sweet pas

sion, in like manner he uses fledge for

That it all sordid baseness doth fledged, iii. 627. vii. 420. And

expel, derole for devoted, ix. 901. And And the refined mind doch newly there are other instances of his


Unto a fairer form. changing the participle into an

Spenser's Hymn of Love. adjective. 579. But if the sense of touch

Ne suffereth it thought of ungentle&c.] Answering to what Adam had said before,

Erer to creep into his noble breast; VOL. II.




The thoughts, and heart enlarges, hath his seat
In rea’son, and is judicious, is the scale
By which to heav'nly love thou may’st ascend,
Not sunk in carnal pleasure, for which cause
Among the beasts no mate for thee was found.

To whom thus half abash'd Adam replied.


de 456

But to the highest and the worthiest spaces of philosophy; but Lifteth it up that else would lowly

chiefly to the divine volumes fall.

of Plato, and his equal XenoFaery Queen, b, iii. cant. 5. st. 2.

“phon: where if I should tell See also b. iii. cant. 1. st. 1. ye what I learnt of chastity But there is no doubt, I think, " and love, I mean that which to be made, that both these ad- “ is truly so," fc. Apol. for mired poets had in view the Smectymn. p. 111. vol. i. edit. refined theory of love of the 1738. Thyer. divine Plato, and that Milton in 591. -and is judicious,] To particular in what he says here be judicious means here to choose had his eye more especially upon proper qualities in Eve for the the following passage, where the object of love; to love her only scale, by which we must ascend to for what is truly amiable : not heavenly love, is both mentioned for the sense of louch whereby and described. Txto

yao mankind is propagated, ver. 579, το ορθως επι τα ερωτικα ιεναι, η υπ' &c. ; but for what Adam found αλλα αγεσθαι, αρχομενον απο των δε higher in her society, human and των καλων εκείνου ένεκα του καλου, ταlional, ver. 586. &c. Pearce.

επανιεται ώσπερ επαναβαθμους 595. To whom thus half χρωμενον απο ενος επι δυο, και απο abash'd Adam replied.] Adam's dvetv éto FANTA TA rande capeztah, discourse, which follows the και απο των καλών σωμάτων επι τα gentle rebuke he received from καλα επιτηδευματα, και

the angel, shews that his love, καλων επιτηδευματων επι τα καλα however violent it might appeceenuste Es' HY ATO TWO poze@mulatwy pear, was still founded in reaεπ' εκείνο το μαθημα τελευτηση, ο εσιν son, and consequently not im8x a118 1 Avt8 6x51v8 78 xuds deze proper for Paradise. Addison. θημα, και γνω αυτο τελευτων και xador. Plat. Conviv. p. 211. tom.

To whom thus half abash'd Adam 3. Edit. Serrani. This is the

replied. more probable from what Mil. This verse might have been ton says in the account which turned otherwise, he gives of himself.

“ Thus

To whom thus Adam half abash'd “ from the laureat fraternity of

replied, poets, riper years, and the and many perhaps will think or ceaseless round of study and that it runs smoother thus. But

reading, led me to the shady let the reader consider again,

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Neither her outside form’d so fair, nor ought
In procreation common to all kinds
(Though higher of the genial bed by far,
And with mysterious reverence I deem)
So much delights me, as those graceful acts,
Those thousand decencies that daily flow
From all her words and actions mix'd with love
And sweet compliance, which declare unfeign'd
Union of mind, or in us both one soul;
Harmony to behold in wedded pair
More grateful than harmonious sound to th' ear.
Yet these subject not; I to thee disclose
What inward thence I feel, not therefore foild,
Who meet with various objects, from the sense
Variously representing ; yet still free

Approve the best, and follow what I approve.
To love thou blam’st me not, for love thou say’st
Leads up to heav'n, is both the way and guide ;
Bear with me then, if lawful what I ask ;
Love not the heav'nly spi'rits, and how their love 615

whether the verse

as it is in

615. Love not the heav'nly Milton does not better express spi'rits, &c.] By studying the the shame and modest confusion reveries of the Platonic writers, of Adam.

Milton contracted a theory con598. Though higher of the ge- cerning chastity and the purity nial bed by far,] The genial bed, of love, in the contemplation of so Horace, Ep. i. i. 87. lectus which, like other visionaries, he genialis. And with mysterious indulged his imagination with tererence I deem. He had ap- ideal refinements, and with plied this epithet to marriage pleasing but unmeaning notions before in iv. 750.

of excellence and perfection.

Plato's sentimental or metaphyHail wedded love, mysterious law.

sical love he seems to have ap

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