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As in his presence, ever to observe
His providence, and on him sole depend,
Merciful over all his works, with good

Still overcoming evil, and by small
Accomplishing great things, by things deem'd weak
Subverting worldly strong, and worldly wise
By simply meek; that suffering for truth's sake
Is fortitude to highest victory,

And to the faithful death the gate of life ;
Taught this by his example whom I now
Acknowledge my Redeemer ever blest.

To whom thus also th' Angel last replied.
This having learn'd, thou hast attain'd the sum
Of wisdom ; hope no high'er, though all the stars
Thou knew'st by name, and all th' ethereal pow'rs,
All secrets of the deep, all Nature's works,
Or works of God in heav'n, air, earth, or sea,
And all the riches of this world enjoy’dst,
And all the rule, one empire ; only add



568. Subverting worldly strong, 574. To whom thus also th' &c.] 1 Cor. i. 27. God hath angel last replied.] This is the chosen the foolish things of the last speech of the angel, as the world to confound the wise ; and foregoing one was the last speech God hath chosen the weak things of Adam; and they are both of the world to confound the things introduced in the same manner. which are mighty. And so in It was said before, the rest there is the sense of - thus Adam last replied: Scripture, if not the very words. and here it is said again, As to obey is best, 1 Sam. xv. 22. Behold to obey is better than sa

-thus also th' angel last replied. crifice. And on him sole depend, This repetition is not below our 1 Pet. v. 7. Casting all your care

notice. upon him, for he careth for you. 581. -only add &c.] See And merciful over all his works, 2 Pet. i. 5. &c. And besides this, Psal. cxlv. 9. His mercies are giving all diligence, add to your over all his works, &c.

faith, virtue ; und to virtue, know



Deeds to thy knowledge answerable, add faith,
Add virtue, patience, temperance, add love,
By name to come call’d charity, the soul
Of all the rest : then wilt thou not be loath
To leave this Paradise, but shalt possess
A Paradise within thee, happier far.
Let us descend now therefore from this top
Of speculation ; for the hour precise
Exacts our parting hence ; and see the guards,
By me incamp'd on yonder hill, expect
Their motion, at whose front a flaming sword,
In signal of remove, waves fiercely round;
We may no longer stay : go, waken Eve;
Her also I with gentle dreams have calm’d
Portending good, and all her spi'rits compos’d
To meek submission : thou at season fit
Let her with thee partake what thou hast heard,
Chiefly what may concern her faith to know,


ledge; and to knowledge, temper- seers and watchmen, speculatores, ance; and to temperance, pa- of specula Latin, a watch-tower; tience; and to patience, godliness: Son of Man, I have made thee a and to godliness, brotherly kind- watchman unto the house of Isness; and to brotherly kindness, rael, Ezek. iii. 17. more exactly charity. A text_that the reader described chap. xxxij. 3, 4, 5, may have the pleasure of seeing 6,7. Hume. excellently explained and illus- So Par. Reg. iv. 236. This trated in a most ingenious dis- specular mount. Richardson. course by Mr. Warburton.

Specula and speculator are 588. - from this top used in this sense by the Latin

Of speculation ;] From this visionary height, from this hill of prophecy and

Præceps aerii specula de montis in

undas prediction. Speculation, a watch

Deferar. Virg. Eclog. viii, 59. ing on a tower or high place, thence a discovery, therefore See also Statius, 2 Sylv. ii. 3. applied to the prophets in the and Silius Italicus, vii. 521. sacred page,

who are called Dunster.


The great deliverance by her seed to come

600 (For by the Woman's seed) on all mankind : That ye may live, which will be many days, Both in one faith unanimous though sad, With cause for evils past, yet much more cheer'd With meditation on the happy end.

605 He ended, and they both descend the hill; Descended, Adam to the bow'r where Eve Lay sleeping ran before, but found her wak’d; And thus with words not sad she him receiv’d.

Whence thou return'st, and whither went'st, I know; For God is also' in sleep, and dreams advise, 611 Which he hath sent propitious, some great good Presaging, since with sorrow' and heart's distress Wearied I fell asleep: but now lead on

608. but found her wak'd ;] sure and satisfaction. The folThere is some inconsistence be- lowing lines, which conclude the tween this and what is said in poem, rise in a most glorious the argument to this book, which blaze of poetical images and exwas written afterwards. There pressions. Addison. it is said that Adam wakens 611. For God is also in sleep, Eve, but here that he found her and dreams advise,) Is also in waked.

sleep, and admonishes by dreams 609. And thus with words not as well as by visions, according sad she him receiv'd.] Milton's to Numb. xii. 6. If there be a poem ends very nobly. The prophet among you, I the Lord last speeches of Adam and the will make myself known unto him archangel are full of moral and in a vision, and I will speak unto instructive sentiments. The him in a dream. And thus Homer, sleep that fell upon Eve, and Iliad. i. 63. Kel yag ' the effects it had in quieting the Acos eso. Nam et somnium quodisorders of her mind, produce que ab Jove est. And the apthe same kind of consolation in plication is very elegant in this the reader, who cannot peruse place, as Adam's was a vision, the last beautiful speech, which and Eve's a dream, and God is ascribed to the mother of was in the one as well as in the mankind, without a secret plea- other.


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In me is no delay ; with thee to go,

615 Is to stay here; without thee here to stay, Is to go hence unwilling ; thou to me Art all things under heav'n, all places thou, Who for my wilful crime art banish'd hence. This further consolation yet secure I carry hence; though all by me is lost, Such favour I unworthy am vouchsaf'd, By me the promis'd Seed shall all restore.

So spake our mother Eve, and Adam heard Well pleas'd, but answer'd not ; for now too nigh 625 Th' archangel stood, and from the other hill To their fix'd station, all in bright array The Cherubim descended; on the ground Gliding meteorous, as evening mist

me mora

615. In me is no delay;] In Our poet observes the to getto,

non erit ulla. Virg. the decorum to the last degree, Ecl. ii. 52.

making our first parents such 616. Is to stay here ; &c.] She perfect patterns of modesty, as is now come to that temper of to forbear their endearments, mind, as to think it Paradise, though but in words, at the anwherever her husband is, as the gel's approach. Hume. angel had taught her before, xi. 629. Gliding meteorous,] He290.

liodorus in his Ethiopics acThy going is not lonely; with thee quaints us, that the motion of

the gods differs from that of goes Thy husband; him to follow thou mortals, as the former do not art bound;

stir their feet, nor proceed step Where he abides, think there thy by step, but slide over the sur

native soil. So that the author makes wo

face of the earth by an uniform

swimming of the whole body. man's Paradise to be in company The reader may observe with with her husband, but man's to how poetical a description Mil. be in himself, ver. 587.

ton has attributed the same kind A Paradise within thee, happier far. of motion to the angels who 625. -for now too nigh were to take possession of ParaTh' archangel stood,]

dise. Addison.



Ris’n from a river o'er the marish glides,
And gathers ground fast at the lab’rer's heel
Homeward returning. High in front advanc'd
The brandish'd sword of God before them blaz'd
Fierce as a comet; which with torrid heat,
And vapour as the Lybian air adust,
Began to parch that temp’rate clime; whereat
In either hand the hast’ning angel caught
Our ling’ring parents, and to th’ eastern gate
Led them direct, and down the cliff as fast
To the subjected plain ; then disappear’d.
They looking back, all th' eastern side beheld
Of Paradise, so late their happy seat,


630. —marish] An old word for greatest poets, whom any counmarsh, of the French marais, try or any time has produced. and of the Latin mariscus, rushes 635. And vapour] Hor. Epod. commonly growing there. The iii. 15. word occurs in 1 Maccab. ix. 42. they turned again to the marish of

Nec tantus unquam siderum insedit

vapor Jordan ; and again, ver. 45. the Siticulosæ Apuliæ. marish likewise and wood. We meet with it too in Shakespeare, 637. In either hand &c.] The i Henry VI. act i. as Mr. Pope author helped his invention in and Mr. Warburton rightly read the following passage, by rethe passage,

flecting on the behaviour of the Our isle be made a marish of salt angel, who in holy writ has the

conduct of Lot and his family.

The circumstances drawn from And throughout the course of that relation are very gracefully our remarks we have been the made use of on this occasion. more willing to explain and Addison. illustrate our author by similar 641. They looking back, &c.] expressions and sentiments in The scene which our first parents Shakespeare, not only because are surprised with, upon their Milton was a great reader and looking back on Paradise, wonadmirer of his works, but also derfully strikes the reader's imabecause we conceive Shakespeare gination, as nothing can be more and Milton to be two of the natural than the tears they shed most extraordinary geniuses and on that occasion. Addison.


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