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Not in his shape celestial, but as man
Clad to meet man ; over his lucid arms
A military vest of purple flow'd,
Livelier than Melibean, or the grain
Of Sarra, worn by kings and heroes old
In time of truce; Iris had dipt the woof;
His starry helm unbuckled shew'd him prime
In manhood where youth ended; by his side
As in a glist'ring zodiac hung the sword,
Satan's dire dread, and in his hand the spear.

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actors whom he introduces, has Sarrano indormiat ostro. employed Michael in the expul

Hume. sion of our first parents from 244. Iris had dipl the woof ;] Paradise. The archangel on this occasion neither appears in had said before, that it was

A most poetical expression. He his proper shape, nor in that

livelier than the' Melibaan familiar manner with which Ra

grain, or than that of Sarra; phael the sociable spirit enter it excelled the most precious tained the father of mankind before the fall. His person, his Tris herself had given the colour,

purple : but now he says that post, and behaviour are suitable the most beautiful colours being, to a spirit of the highest rank, in the rainbow; nay Iris had and exquisitely described in the dipt the very woof

. He had befollowing passage. Addison.

fore made use of a like expres242. Livelier than Melibean,] sion in the Mask. The attendOf a livelier colour and richer

ant spirit says, dye than any made at Melibæa, a city of Thessaly, famous for a

-But I must first put off fish called ostrum, there caught

These my sky robes spun out of Iris'

2000f and used in dying the noblest purple.

248. -and in his hand the

spear.) The construction of this, -Quam plurima circum

and the former part of the pePurpura Mæandro duplici Melibæ a cucurrit. Virg. Æn. v. 251. riod, is indeed thus: By his side

hung the sword, and the spear in Or the grain of Sarra, or the dye his hand. It is common with of Tyre, named Sarru of Sar, the ancients for the verb not to the Phænician name of a fish be applicable to all the members there taken, whose blood made of the period. So here hung the purple colour. Georg. ii. may be restrained to the sword 506.

only. There is another like in

250

Adam bow'd low; he kingly from his state
Inclin'd not, but his coming thus declar’d.

Adam, Heav'n's high behest no preface needs :
Sufficient that thy pray’rs are heard, and Death,
Then due by sentence when thou didst transgress,
Defeated of his seisure many days
Giv'n thee of grace, wherein thou may’st repent,
And one bad act with many deeds well done
May'st cover: well may then thy Lord appeas'd
Redeem thee quite from Death's rapacious claim ;
But longer in this Paradise to dwell
Permits not; to remove thee I am come,
And send thee from the garden forth to till

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stance, iv. 509. pines agrees to mission to a dream, the dream desire only. Markland on Sta- delivers it exactly in the same tius's Sylv. i. i. 79. gives several words to Agamemnon, and Againstances of this in the ancients.

memnon repeats it a third time Richardson.

to the council, though it be a 261. And send thee from the tautology of five or six verses

garden forth to till together. But in the passage The ground whence thou wast before us, here is all the beauty tuken, filter soil.]

and simplicity of Homer, withIt is after the manner of Homer, out any of his faults. Here are that the angel is here made to only two lines repeated out of deliver the order he had received one speech, and a third out of in the very words he had re- another; ver. 48. and here again ceived it. Homer's exactness ver. 259. is so great in this kind, that

But longer in this Paradise to dwell. sometimes I know not whether it is not rather a fault. He ob- And it is a decree pronounced serves this method not only when solemnly by the Almighty, and orders are given by a superior certainly it would not have bepower, but also when messages come the angel, who was sent are sent between equals. Nay to put it in execution, to deliver in the heat and hurry of a battle it in any other words than those a man delivers a message word of the Almighty. And let me for word as he received it: and add, that it was the more proper sometimes a thing is repeated so and necessary to repeat the often that it becomes almost words in this place, as the catedious. Jupiter delivers a com- tastrophe of the poem depends

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The ground whence thou wast taken, fitter soil.

He added not, for Adam at the news
Heart-struck with chilling gripe of sorrow stood,
That all his senses bound; Eve, who unseen
Yet all had heard, with audible lament
Discover'd soon the place of her retire.

O unexpected stroke, worse than of Death!
Must I thus leave thee, Paradise ? thus leave
Thee, native soil, these happy walks and shades,
Fit haunt of Gods ? where I had hope to spend,
Quiet though sad, the respite of that day
That must be mortal to us both. O flowers,
That never will in other climate grow,
My early visitation, and my last
At even, which I bred up with tender hand
From the first opening bud, and gave ye names,
Who now shall rear ye to the sun, or rank

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so much upon them, and by great exactness through the them the fate of Man is deter- whole poem. Thyer. mined, and Paradise is lost.

268. O unexpected stroke, &c.) 263. He added not, for Adam Eve's complaint upon hearing at the news &c.] How natu- that she was to be removed from rally and justly does Milton here the garden of Paradise, is wondescribe the different effects of derfully beautiful: the sentigrief upon our first parents! ments are not only proper to Mr. Addison has already re- the subject, but have something marked upon the beauty and in them particularly soft and propriety of Eve's complaint, womanish. Addison. but I think there is an addi 270. —native soil,] Natale sotional beauty to be observed lum, as the Latins say, when one considers the fine con

Nescio qua natale solum dulcedine trast which there is betwixt that tangit and Adam's sorrow, which was

Humanos animos. silent and thoughtful, as Eve's Paradise was the native place of was loud and hasty, both con Eve, but Adam was formed out sistent with the different cha- of the dust of the ground, and racters of the sexes, which Mil was afterwards brought into ton has indeed kept up with Paradise.

Your tribes, and water from th' ambrosial fount?
Thee lastly, nuptial bow'r, by me adorn’d

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With what to sight or smell was sweet, from thee
How shall 1 part, and whither wander down
Into a lower world, to this obscure
And wild ? how shall we breathe in other air
Less pure, accustom’d to immortal fruits ?

285 Whom thus the Angel interrupted mild. Lament not, Eve, but patiently resign What justly thou hast lost ; nor set thy heart, Thus over-fond, on that which is not thine; Thy going is not lonely; with thee goes

290 Thy husband; him to follow thou art bound; Where he abides, think there thy native soil.

Adam by this from the cold sudden damp Recovering, and his scatter'd spi'rits return’d, To Michael thus his humble words address'd.

295 Celestial, whether among the Thrones, or nam’d Of them the high’est, for such of shape may seem

296. Celestial, whether &c.] the twenty-second book of the Adam's speech abounds with lliad, where the sentiments are thoughts, which are equally excellently adapted to the difmoving, but of a more mascu ferent characters of the father line and elevated turn. Nothing and mother.

And this, says can be conceived more sublime Mr. Pope, puts me in mind of and poetical than the following a judicious stroke in Milton, passage in it,

with regard to the several cha

racters of Adam and Eve. When This most afflicts me, that departing the angel is driving them both hence &c.

Addison.

out of Paradise, Adam grieves

that he must leave a place where There is the same propriety in he had conversed with God and these speeches of Adam and his angels; but Eve laments Eve, as the critics have ob- that she shall never more beserved in the speeches of Priam hold the fine flowers of Eden : and Hecuba to dissuade Hector here Adam mourns like a man, from fighting with Achilles, in and Eve like a woman.

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Prince above princes, gently hast thou told
Thy message, which might else in telling wound,
And in performing end us; what besides
Of sorrow and dejection and despair
Our frailty can sustain, thy tidings bring,
Departure from this happy place, our sweet
Recess, and only consolation left
Familiar to our eyes, all places else
Inhospitable’ appear and desolate,
Nor knowing us nor known: and if by prayer
Incessant I could hope to change the will
Of him who all things can, I would not cease
To
weary
him with

my

assiduous cries :
But pray’r against his absolute decree
No more avails than breath against the wind,
Blown stifling back on him that breathes it forth :
Therefore to his great bidding I submit.
This most afflicts me, that departing hence,
As from his face I shall be hid, depriv'd
His blessed count'nance; here I could frequent
With worship place by place where he vouchsafd
Presence divine, and to my sons relate,
On this mount he appear’d, under this tree

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315

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320. On this mount he appeard, stood, this was his stature, and &c.] This has been observed thus he went habited, and 0 to be very like what our author happy this house that harboured has written in another place, him, and that cold stone whereon due allowance being made for he resteil, this village wherein the difference of person and he wrought such a miracle, and subject.“ With less fervency that pavement bedewed with the

was studied what St. Paul or warm effusion of his last blood, “ St. John had written, than that sprouted up into eternal

was listened to one that could roses to crown his martyrdom." say, here he taught, here he Of Prelatical Episcopacy, p. 34.

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