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Before the Father's throne: them the glad Son
Presenting, thus to intercede began.

See, Father, what first fruits on earth are sprung
From thy implanted grace in Man, these sighs
And pray’rs, which in this golden censer, mix'd
With incense, I thy Priest before thee bring,
Fruits of more pleasing savour from thy seed
Sown with contrition in his heart, than those
Which his own hand manuring all the trees
Of Paradise could have produc'd, ere fallin
From innocence. Now therefore bend thine ear
To supplication, hear his sighs though mute ;
Unskilful with what words to pray, let me
Interpret for him, me his advocate
And propitiation ; all his works on me
Good or not good ingraft, my merit those
Shall perfect, and for these my death shall
Accept me, and in me from these receive
The smell of peace toward mankind; let him live
Before thee reconcil'd, at least his days
Number'd, though sad, till death, his doom, (which I 40




Compare Milton's Sonnet xiv. he passage is this, Let me interpret is speaking of good works and for him unskilful with what words alms.

to pray for himself, me his advoFaith-clad them o'er with purple words of St. John, 1 Ep. ii. 1,

cate and propitiation, the very beams And azure wings, that up they flew 2. We have an advocate with the so drest

Father, Jesus Christ the righteous, And spake the truth of thee on glo. and he is the propitiation for our rious themes

sins. Before the Judge.

T. Warton.

38. The smell of peace tow'ard

mankind;] The peace offering 83. - -me his advocate is frequently called an offering of And propitiation ;]

a sweet savour unto the Lord. So The construction of the whole Levit. iii. 5. Heylin.



To mitigate thus plead, not to reverse,)
To better life shall yield him, where with me
All my redeem?d may dwell in joy and bliss,
Made one with me as I with thee am one.

To whom the Father, without cloud, serene.
All thy request for Man, accepted Son,
Obtain ; all thy request was my decree :
But longer in that Paradise to dwell,
The law I gave to nature him forbids :
Those pure immortal elements that know
No gross, no unharmonious mixture foul,
Eject him tainted now, and purge him off
As a distemper, gross to air as gross,
And mortal food, as may dispose him best
For dissolution wrought by sin, that first
Distemper'd all things, and of incorrupt
Corrupted. I at first with two fair gifts
Created him endow'd, with happiness
And immortality: that fondly lost,
This other serv'd but to eternize woe;
Till I provided death ; so death becomes
His final remedy, and after life
Tried in sharp tribulation, and refin’d
By faith and faithful works, to second life,




44. Made one with me Gross is to be joined in conwith thee am one.] That they all struction with him and not with may be one, as thou Father art in distemper; and therefore the me, and I in thee : and the glory comma after distemper should be which thou gavest me, I have carefully preserved, as in Milgiven them ;

that they may be one, ton's own editions, and not be even us we are one. John xvii. placed after distemper gross, as in 21, 22.

Dr. Bentley's edition. 53. -gross to air as gross,]



Wak’d in the renovation of the just,
Resigns him up with heav'n and earth renew'd.
But let us call to synod all the blest
Through heav'n's wide bounds ; from them I will not

My judgments, how with mankind I proceed,
As how with peccant angels late they saw,
And in their state, though firm, stood more confirm’d.

He ended, and the Son gave signal high
To the bright minister that watch’d; he blew
His trumpet, heard in Oreb since perhaps
When God descended, and perhaps once more :
To sound at general doom. Th' angelic blast
Fill'd all the regions : from their blissful bowers
Of amarantine shade, fountain or spring,
By the waters of life, where'er they sat
In fellowships of joy, the sons of light
Hasted, resorting to the summons high,
And took their seats; till from his throne supreme



74. His trumpet heard in Oreb presented to be standing, or fallsince perhaps &c.] For the law ing down before the throne of was given on mount Oreb with God; because they are genethe noise of the trumpet, Exod. rally employed there in acts of XX. 18. and at the general judg- praise and adoration. But here ment, according to St. Paul, they are introduced in another 1 Thess. iv. 16. the Lord shall character, called to synod, like descend from heaven with a grand council, or to be as it shout, with the voice of the arch. were assessors with the Almighty, angel, and with the trump of God.

when he was to pronounce his 78. Of amarantine shade,] See decree on fallen man: and thereiii. 353. and the note there. fore the poet very properly says,

82. And took their seats ;] In they took their seats. And thus Rev. iv. 4. and xi. 16. the four our Saviour tells the Apostles, and twenty elders are described they shall sit upon twelve thrones as sitting on seats round the as his assessors, judging the twelve throne. Pearce.

tribes of Israel. Matt. xix. 28. The angels are generally re- Greenwood,



Th’ Almighty thus pronounc'd his sovran will.

O sons, like one of us Man is become
To know both good and evil, since his taste
Of that defended fruit; but let him boast
His knowledge of good lost, and evil got,
Happier, had it suffic'd him to have known
Good by itself, and evil not at all.
He sorrows now, repents, and prays contrite,
My motions in him ; longer than they move,
His heart I know, how variable and vain
Self-left. Lest therefore his now bolder hand
Reach also of the tree of life, and eat,
And live for ever, dream at least to live
For ever, to remove him I decree,
And send him from the garden forth to till
The ground whence he was taken, fitter soil.

Michael, this my behest have thou in charge,


84. O sons, &c.] The assem- tree of life, und eat and live for bling of all the angels of heaven, ever; Therefore the Lord God to hear the solemn decree passed sent him forth from the garden of upon Man, is represented in Eden, to till the ground from very lively ideas. The Al. whence he was taken. So he drove mighty is here described as re- out the Man: and he placed at membering mercy in the midst the east of the garden of Eden of judgment, and commanding cherubims and a flaming sword, Michael to deliver his message which turned every way, to keep in the mildest terms, lest the the way of the tree of life. spirit of Man, which was already 86. of that defended fruit;] broken with the sense of his Forbidden fruit, from defendre guilt and misery, should fail (French) to forbid; so used by before him. Addison.

Chaucer, This whole speech is founded upon the following passage in Ge

Where can you say in any manner

age nesis iii. 22, 23, 24. And the Lord

That ever God defended marriage ? God said, Behold the Man is be

Hume and Richardson. come as one of us, to know good and evil: And now lest he put 99. Michael, this my behest forth his hand, und tuke also of the have thou in charge, Our au


Take to thee from among the Cherubim

100 Thy choice of flaming warriors, lest the Fiend, Or in behalf of Man, or to invade Vacant possession, some new trouble raise : Haste thee, and from the Paradise of God Without remorse drive out the sinful pair,

105 From hallow'd groud th’ unholy, and denounce To them and to their progeny from thence Perpetual banishment. Yet lest they faint At the sad sentence rigorously urg'd, For I behold them soften'd and with tears Bewailing their excess, all terror hide. If patiently thy bidding they obey, Dismiss them not disconsolate ; reveal To Adam what shall come in future days, As I shall thee inlighten ; intermix My covenant in the Woman's seed renew'd ; So send them forth, though sorrowing, yet in

peace : And on the east side of the garden place, Where entrance up from Eden easiest climbs, Cherubic watch, and of a sword the flame Wide-waving, all approach far off to fright,



thor has with great judgmenting our first parents, and even singled out Michael to receive while he is ordering Michael to this charge. It would not have drive them out of Paradise, orbeen so proper for the sociable ders him at the same time to spirit Raphael to have executed hide all terror ; and for the same this order : but as Michael was reason he chooses to speak of the principal angel employed in their offence in the softest mandriving the rebel angels out of ner, calling it only an excess, a heaven, so he was the most pro- going beyond the bounds of per to expel our first parents too their duty, by the same metaout of Paradise.

phor as sin is often called trans111. Bewailing their excess,) gression. God is here represented as pity

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