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Some better shroud, some better warmth to cherish
Our lips benumn'd, ere this diurnal star
Leave cold the night, how we his gather'd beams 1070
Reflected, may with matter sere foment
Or by collision of two bodies grind
The air attrite to fire, as late the clouds

sere.

And again,

das,

1068. Some better shroud,] wise by Spenser in his ShepSpenser frequently uses shroud herd's Calendar, ecl. ii. for shelter :

His top was bald, and wasted with But trembling fear still to and fro

worms, did fly,

His honour decay'd, his branches And found no place where safe he

shroud him might. Faery Queen, b. ii. c. vii. st. 22.

How falls it then that this faded oak, And so Milton, Comus, 316, and

Whose body is sere, whose branches Par. Reg. iv. 419. Dunster.

broke. 1069. -ere this diurnal star Leave cold the night,]

And by our author in his LyciThe diurnal star is the star of day, the sun, as in Lycidas,

with ivy never sere. So sinks the day star in the ocean 1072. Or by collision of two bed:

bodies grind So that this is spoken as if it The air attrite to fire, as late was now day, whereas it was

the clouds &c.] night a little before. See ver. Our poet had Lucretius here in 846. And after Leave cold the mind, and plainly alludes to his night there should be only a account of the origin of fire, v. comma as in Milton's own edi. 1091. tions, and not a colon as in Dr.

Fulmen detulit in terras mortalibus Bentley's; for how we his ga

ignem thered beams &c. still refers to Primitus: inde omnis flammarum which bids us seek.

diditur ardor.

Multa videmus enim cælestibus incita · 1071. - with matter sere fo

flammis ment,] Sere Engos (Greek) dry:

Fulgere, quum cæli donavit plaga according to Virgil's exact description, Æn. i. 175.

Now for the rise of fire : swift thunSuscepitque ignem foliis, atque arida der thrown circúm

From broken sulphurous clouds first Nutrimenta dedit, rapuitque in fo. brought it down; mite flammam.

For many things take fire, when Hume.

lightning flies,

And sulphurous vapours fill the lower I find the word sere used like

skies; &c.

Creech.'

vapores, &c.

Justling or push'd with winds rude in their shock
Tine the slant lightning, whose thwart flame driv’n down
Kindles the

gummy
bark of fir or pine,

1076
And sends a comfortable heat from far,
Which might supply the sun : such fire to use,
And what may else be remedy or cure
To evils which our own misdeeds have wrought, 1080
He will instruct us praying, and of grace
Beseeching him, so as we need not fear
To pass commodiously this life, sustain'd
By him with many comforts, till we end
In dust, our final rest and native home.
What better can we do, than to the place
Repairing where he judg'd us, prostrate fall
Before him reverent, and there confess
Humbly our faults, and pardon beg, with tears
Watering the ground, and with our sighs the air 1090
Frequenting, sent from hearts contrite, in sign
Of sorrow' unfeign'd, and humiliation meek?
Undoubtedly he will relent and turn

1085

1075. Tine the slant lightning,] assurance in the poet, that what To tine is derived from the Saxon was once well said will bear retynan to light, to kindle ; from peating: and has the true air whence also we have the word both of simplicity and grandeur, tinder.

Bentley. 1092.-and humiliation meek ?] Dr. Bentley believes that MilI believe he gave it,

ton gave it meet : but I believe

not. He seems to think that and humiliation meet :

meek humiliation is tautology; and so in the last verse. But but humiliation here is not hunote that the last seven verses, mility: it is the act of humbling being a repetition of the former, themselves before God. We mood and tense only of the verbs have meek submission in xii. 597, changed, is an imitation of Ho- Pearce. mer and Virgil; and shews an

From his displeasure ; in whose look serene,
When angry most he seem'd and most severe, 1095
What else but favour, grace, and mercy shone?

So spake our father penitent, nor Eve
Felt less remorse : they forthwith to the place
Repairing where he judg'd them, prostrate fell
Before him reverent, and both confess'd
Humbly their faults, and pardon begg'd, with tears
Watering the ground, and with their sighs the air
Frequenting, sent from hearts contrite, in sign
Of sorrow' unfeign’d, and humiliation meek,

1100

PARADISE LOST.

BOOK XI.

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