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More to the part sinister, from me drawn,
888. To my just number found.] suppose, procured Euripides the The just number of ribs in a man name of the Woman-hater. Ariis twenty-four, twelve on each osto however hath ventured upon side, though sometimes there the same in Rodomont's invechave been found those who have tive against women. Orlando had thirteen, as Galen says, and Furioso, cant. xxvii. st. 120, very rarely some who have had
Perche fatto non ha l'alma Natura but eleven, as Tho. Bartholinus, Che senza te potesse nascer l'huomo, a famous physician, observed, in Come s'inesta per umana cura, a lusty strong man whom he dis. L'un sopra l'altro il pero, il sorbo,
e'l pomo? sected in the year 1657, who had but eleven on one side, and Why did not Nature rather so proa small appearance of a twelfth vide on the other. Hist. Anatom. et
Without your help, that man of man
might come, Medic. Centur. 5. c. 1. But
And one be grafted on another's some writers have been of opi side, nion, that Adam had thirteen ribs As are the apples with the pear and on the left side, and that out of plome ? Hurrington, st. 97. the thirteenth rib God formed Nor are similar examples wantEve: and it is to this opinion ing among our English authors. that Milton here alludes, and Sir Thomas Brown, in the second makes Adam say, It was well if part of his Religio Medici, sect 9. this rib was thrown out, as super- has something very curious to numerary to his just number.
which no doubt 888. - why did God, &c.] Milton had read, that work This thought was originally of having been first published in Euripides, who makes Hippo. the year 1642, about twentylytus in like manner expostulate five years before Paradise Lost. with Jupiter for not creating Shakespeare makes Posthumus man without women. See Hip- cry out in resentment of Imopol. 616.
gen's behaviour, Cymbeline, act Ω Ζευ, τι δε κιβδηλον ανθρωπους κακον,
ii. which we are sure that our Γυναικας, εις φως ηλι8 κατωκισας ;
author had read, Ει γαρ βρoτειον ηθελες σπειραι γενος, ,
γυναικων κρην παρασχεσθαι Is there no way for men to be, but Todt &c.
Must be half-workers ? And Jason is made to talk in the And the complaints which Adam same strain in the Medea, 573.
makes of the disasters of love χρην γαρ αλλοθεν ποθης βροτος may be compared with what Taidas Tizvoda, Onav 8' 8x uvas 7905, Shakespeare's Lysander says
Ούτω δ' αν εκ ην εδεν ανθρωπους κακον. . in the Midsummer Night's And such sentiments as these, we Dream, act i.
Creator wise, that peopled highest heaven
He added not, and from her turn’d; but Eve
The course of true love never did speech had not ended where run smooth ;
these lines begin. The sense is But eitber it was different in blood. Or else misgraffed in respect of quite complete without them; years,
and they seem much fitter for a Or else it stood upon the choice of digressional observation of the friends,
author's, such as his panegyric Or if there were a sympathy in
on marriage, &c. than to be put choice, War, death, or sickness did lay siege into the mouth of Adam, who to it, &c.
could not very naturally be sup
posed at that time to foresee so 898.
--for either very circumstantially the inconHe neter shall
find out fit mate, veniences attending our strait &c.] I have often thought, it conjunction with this ser, as he was great pity that Adam's expresses it. Thyer.
Not so repuls'd, with tears that ceas'd not flowing, 910
Forsake me not thus, Adam, witness Heaven
916. -and unneeting but perhaps the author put one have offended,] Spenser, Faery in opposition to both; bolh joinQueen, b. i. cant. ii. st. 45. ing one enmity. As all unwceting of that well she 926. Against a foe by doom knew.
express assign'd us,] For it was
Thyer. part of the sentence pronounced 925. one enmity] There upon the Serpent, Gen. ii. 15. is something not improbable in I will put enmity between thee Dr. Bentley's reading,
and the woman, and between thy both joining
seed and her seed. As join'd in injuries, in enmily: VOL. II.
There with my cries importune Heav'n, that all
She ended weeping, and her lowly plight,
936. Me, me only, just object] to meet him at a friend's whom The repetition of me me here is he often visited, and there fell like what we took notice of in prostrate before him, imploring iii. 236. and like that in Virgil's forgiveness and reconciliation. Æn. ix. 427.
It is not to be doubted (says
Mr. Fenton) but an interview Me, me, adsum qui feci, in me convertite ferrum:
of that nature, so little expected, and like Abigail's speech, to and perhaps the impressions it
must wonderfully affect him : David, 1 Sam. xxv. 24. Upon made on his imagination. conme, my Lord, upon me let this tributed much to the painting iniquity be. Dr. Bentley would of that pathetic scene in Paradise read,
Lost, in which Eve addresseth Me, only me, just object of his ire : herself to Adam for pardon and but as the repetition is highly peace. At the intercession of pathetic, Mr. Upton thinks the his friends who were present, trochaic following the spondee after a short reluctance, he gemakes the pathos more percep. nerously sacrificed all his retible.
sentment to her tears: 940. ---soon his heart relented]
--soon his heart relented This seems to have been drawn
Tow'ards her, his life so late and from a domestic scene. Mil.
sole delight, ton's wife soon after marriage
Now at his feet submissive in diswent to visit her friends in Oxfordshire, and refused to Mr. Thyer thus farther enlarges return at the time appointed: upon the same subject. “This he often solicited her, but in picture of Eve's distress, her vain; she declared her resolu “ submissive tender address to tion not to cohabit with him “ her husband, and his generous any more. Upon this he wrote “ reconcilement to her, are exhis Doctrine and Discipline of tremely beautiful, I had alDivorce; and to shew that he “ most said beyond any thing was in earnest, was actually “ in the whole poem; and that treating about a second mar “ reader must have a very sour riage, when the wife contrived “and unfriendly turn of mind,
Tow’ards her, his life so late and sole delight,
945 And thus with peaceful words uprais'd her soon.
Unwary', and too desirous, as before,
953 Thy frailty and infirmer sex forgiven, To me committed and by me expos’d. But rise, let us no more contend, nor blame
« whose heart does not relent honourablest things,-and have “ with Adam's, and melt into a “ in himself the experience and “ sympathizing commiseration practice of all that which is " towards the mother of man praiseworthy: of the truth of “ kind; so well has our author " which observation he himself « here followed Horace's ad “ is, I think, a shining instance “ vice,
“ in this charming scene now -Si vis me flere, dolendum est “ before us, since there is little Primùm ipsi tibi,
“ room to doubt but that the Art. Poet, 102.
particular beauties of it are “ Milton with great depth of “owing to an interview of the
judgment observes in his “ same nature which he had “Apology for Smectymnuus, that “ with his own wife, and that “ he who would not be frustrate " he is only here describing “ of his hope to write well in
" those tender and generous “ laudable things, ought himself “sentiments, which he then “ to be a true poem, that is, a “ felt and experienced." composition of the best and