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management of the artillery dur- it, they remained firmly in their ing the whole fiege. A thousand post unul day-break, when a Indians were to be employed in picquet of the 79th regiment came the operation.
to their relief, and falling upon the The second body, consisting of right Aank of the Indians, thefe Indians, and of a trong detach, barbarians fled, were pursued, ment from the Spanish garrison, and routed, with the loss of three were to attack a cherch, which lay hundred men. near the sea, covered a flank of the It is somewhat remarkable, that army, and had been of great con. the Afiatic Indians of the penin. fequence for protecting the be- fula of Malacca, and, in general, fiegers in their approaches, both of all their islands, should differ against the enemy's fire and the in- fo extremely from the Chinefe, undation. An attack had been and every other nation of the made, as we have before related, eastern continent. The former are upon this post, and they thought it as distinguished for their fierce vaof importance enough to justify a lour, and for a fingular contempt second. These designs were not of death, as the latter have always ill conceived, and they were exe:
been for their cowardice, and the cuted with fufficient resolution. foftness and effeminacy of their
About three hours before day on manners. In our wars on the Inthe fourth of October, the Indians dian continent, the European troops marched out upon the first attack. were almost the only object of atThey were much encouraged by tention. In our attack upon the the inceffant fall of rain, which Philippines, the natives were, at they flattered themselves would least, to be equally dreaded. In have rendered our fire arms useless. this fally, had their discipline or As forthemselves, they had nothing arms been at all equal to their to apprehend, habituated as they arength and ferocity, the issue of were to the accidents of that clithe event had been very doubtfuk mate, and armed only with bows Even armed as they were, they and lances. Their approach was boldly rushed on the very muzzles favoured by a great number of of our pieces; on every repulse thick buses, that grew upon the they repeated their assaults with rce fide of a rivulet, which they pailed doubled fury; and died at length, in the night. By keeping clofe to like wild beasts, gnawing the them, they eluded the vigilance of bayonets of their enemies. the patroles, and fell unexpectedly, The second attack, which began and with infinite violence, upon just as they had been defeated in the quarters of the seamen, Al- the former, appeared at first, in a though surprised and assaulted in manner, more favourable to the the night, when they could discern hopes of the Spaniards. The body nothing of the enemy, but the fury of seapoys, which defended the of his attack, they maintained their church, which was the object of ground with steadiness, and repel- this attack, not being endowed led the enemy. Prudently satisfied with the resolution, which diftinwith this advantage,and not risque- guishes our English Seamen, were ing it by an attempt to improve eafiiy diflodged, and driven from
their post. The enemy, as soon spirit, as it was wholly uninformed as they had seized the church, im- . by any true military kill. mediately climbed to the top, and Our commander, not finding from thence poured down a storm any desire of capitulating in the of fire on our people who were enemy, prepared, without
6th of posted behind it, and who now lay delay, and with the most
Oct. entirely exposed to their fot. In judicious arrangements, for this disadvantageous, position, the the storm. All our troops were European soldiers maintained them- gradually and privately aftembled selves with resolution and patience, in proper posts, so as to give the until a detachment with ten field enemy no alarm or notice of the pieces came to their relief. The design; whilft the batteries kept a Spaniards were at length driven off continual fire, in order to clear with the loss of 70 men : nor were every part of the works, from we freed from this resolute attack whence we might apprehend any without loss on our side, a brave moleftation. This fire had so good officer having fallen, and forty men an effeet, that a body of Spaniards being killed or wounded in the who had begun to assemble on the encounter.
bastion, which was the object of This was the enemy's last effort, the attack, were dispersed by the They were now confined to the explosion of some shells. walls. Discouraged by their fre The English took immediate quent and bloody repulses, the advantage of this event. By the greatest part of the Indians re- fignal of a general discharge of turned home. The fire of the their artillery and mortars, and batteries, which had been a little under the cover of a thick smoke, interrupted by these attacks, re which blew directly upon the town, commenced with greater spirit, and they rushed on to the assault. Sixty with a more decisive effect than volunteers of different corps led ever ; so that the next day the ene- the way, supported by the grenamy's cannon were all silenced, and diers of the 79th re, inint. A the breach appeared practicable. body of pioneers to clear the
Any other people but the Spa- breach, and, if necessary, to make niards of this garrison, in these lodgments, followed; a battalion circumstances, would have imme- of seamen advanced next, supportdiately prepared a capitulation, ed by two grand divisions of the when no law of honour, because 79th regiment; the troops of the no prospect of success, required a East India company closed the further defence; at least, if they rear. had desperately resolved on the last Disposed in this excellent order; extremity, they would have made led by oficers in whom they had such works, and posted their men the utmost confidence, and ani. in such a manner, as to have made mated lay the prospect of a speedy the first attempt to form as des conclusion of their lahours, they perate on our side, as this too late mounted the breach with amazing defence was on theirs. But their spirit and rapidity. The Spaniards resolution was only a sullen ohlti-dispersed in a moment; the Britiib Dacy, uninspired by a true military troops advanced with little refiit.
ance into the city, and compleated properties, and the adminiftration the conqueft. Ân hundred Spa- of their domestic government. A niards and Indians posted in a guard ransom of a million fterling párhouse refused quarter, and were chased these terms *. And thus cut to pieces. Three hundred Great Britain, after a fiege, fhørt more, who endeavoured to escape indeed in the duration, but conover a deep and rapid river, were fiderable for its difficulties and drowned in the attempt. The go- hardships, became possessed of this vernor retired into the citadel; but important place. They found as that place was not tenable, he here every refreshment 'fit to refoon surrendered at discretion. In cruit the troops after their fatigues, Auenced by a generosity familiar and abundance of all stores necer, to our commanders, and willing to sary to refit the squadron. The preserve so noble a city from de- surrender of Manila comprehended îtruction, general Draper and the that not only of the whole 'coun. admiral, though able to command try, of which it is the capital, but every thing, admitted the inhabi- of al} those numerous and valutants to a capitulation, by which able islands which are its depenthey enjoyed their liberties, lives, dencies.
CH A P. III.
Two frigates sent after the Acapulco galleon. Disappointed. Fall in
with that from Manila. She is taken. Advanıages from the conquej?
of the Philippines. General Draper returns. During the fiege, admiral Cor- rapidity of a counter current, the
nish received intelligence by the was drove among shallows, and capture of an advice-hip, that her chace not only became uncerthe galleon from Acapulco was ar- tain, but the frigate herself was in rived at the streights which form the utmost danger of being loft. the entrance into the Archipelago In this condition she was obliged of the Philippines. This intel- to cast anchor. But by ftrcnuous ligence was not to be neglected. exertion and dexterous manageThe acquisition of so rich a prize ment the foon escaped the danger, muft greatly enhance the value of got under sail, orertook the galleon, a conquest, and not a little com- and began a hot engagement with pensate the disadvantage of a re- her, which continued for two pulse. Two ships of the squadron, hours. Fortune seemed again unthe Panther man of war and the certain. The Argo was io une
Argo frigate, were therefore qually matched and so roughly reOa.
immediately dispatched af- ceived by the Spaniard, that he ter her.
was obliged to delilt from the enIn twenty-six days, the Argo gagement, and to bring to, in ordiscovered in the cvening a fail, der to repair the damage the had which they did not doubt to be the suffered. same they looked for. But just as In this pause of action the curthe approached her object, by the rent slackened ; the Panther came
under a circumstance not very tember, their battery of cannon usual in our modern wars. It
under fail, with the galleon in was not compleated until the gå fight, and about nine the next of October, and on the 6th they morning got up to her. It was were masters of the city. In this mot until he had battered her for enterprize the number of troops two hours, within half musket employed was small, the seafon of fhot, that the struck.
operation rainy and tempestuous, The English were surprised to the communication between the find so obftinate a resistance, with land and sea forces always difso little activity of opposition. In ficult, frequently hazardous, and her first engagement with the Argo, fometimes impracticable; and our this galleon mounted only fix guns, little army surrounded and harthough the was pierced for fixty. rassed, and as it were besieged itShe had but thirteen in her engage- felf, by numerous bodies of Indiment with the Panther; but the ans, who, though undisciplined and was a huge vessel, she lay like ill armed, yet, by a daring resoa mountain in the water, and lution and contempt of death, bethe Spaniards trusted entirely to came not only troublesome, but the exceffive thickness of her fides, formidable. not altogether without reafon; for With regard to the value of the the fhot made no impression up- acquisition, a territory fell into our on any part, except her upper hands, consisting of fourteen conworks.
siderable islands, which from their Another, and more disagreeable extent, fertility, and convenience subject of surprise, occurred upon of commerce, furnished the matethe striking of the enemy. They rials of a great kingdom. By then discovered that this vessel was this acquisition, joined to our not the American galleon, but former successes, we secured all that from Manila bound to Aca- the avenues of the Spanish trade, pulco. She had proceeded a con- and interrupted all the commufiderable way on her voyage, but nications between the parts of their meeting with a hard gale of wind vast but unconnected empire. The in the great South Sea, she was conquest of the Havannah had cut dismafted, and obliged to put back off, in a great measure, the interto refit. Though the captors were course of their wealthy contidisappointed in the treasure they nental colonies with Europe. The expected, their capture, however, reduction of the Philippines exproved a prize of immense value. cluded them from Alia; and from Her cargo was computed to be, both they were liable to be further in rich merchandize, worth more and most essentially offended, if than half a million.
it had been our true interest to Through the whole of this vic- have continued longer a torious war, there was scarcely any which the calamities of mankind conquest more advantageous in its loudly called upon us to put an felf, nor more honourablyatchieved, end to. The plunder taken was than that of the Philippines. The far more than sufficient to indemBritish forces effected their landing nify the charges of the expedibefore Manila on the 24th of Sep- tion;
a third part.
amounted to upwards of a million bined ; and that there is no depart. and a half ; of which the East In- ment of life to which the cultivation dia company, on whom the charge of the mind by ftudy is foreign ; of the enterprize in a great mea- that, in most cases, it contributes fare lay, were, by contract, as we to the effect, and in all, to the have already mentioned, to have luftre of the services which we
render our country. That nothing might be wanting This was the last of our conto the brilliancy of this conqueft, quests ; and the nation, already the voyage home was attended with in full enjoyment of the sweets of as favourable a fortune as the peace, had ftill the satisfaction to operations of the Gege. The ex- receive from the remotest parts of press left Manila on the 12th of the globe, the news of victories, November, and arrived in London which augment her honour and the 4th of April following. One her riches. There never had been could not have allowed, in ordi- a period more fortunate to Great nary reckoning, fo little time for Britain. She had conquered in the mere voyage, as this long the course of this war a tract of voyage and this great conquest continent of immense extent. Her were both accomplished in. Ge. American territory approached to neral Draper arrived as soon as his the borders of Afia; it came very express, and jointly with the admi- near the frontiers of the Ruflian ral, was honoured with the thanks and Chinese dominions ; and it of his country:
may one day become as powerful The college in which this meri- as either of these empires. She torious oficer was bred, and of had conquered twenty-five islands, which at the time of this acqui- all of them distinguishable for fition he was a member, had the their magnitude, their riches, or fatisfaction of being graced with the importance of their situation. the crophies of his victory. The She had won by sea and land, in general desired, and the king con- the course of this war, twelve fented, that the colours taken at battles ; she had reduced nine forManila, should be hung up in their tified cities and towns, and near chapel. There could not be a forty forts and castles ; he had fner object in fuch a place, before destroyed or taken above an hunthe eyes of the rising generation. dred ships of war from her eneThey might learn from thence mies; and acquired at least ten how letters and arms may be com millions in plunder.
CH A P. IV.
Private expedition against Buenos Ayres. Sqaadron arrives in the
Rio de la Plata. Change their plan. · They attack Nova Colonia. The ship Clive takes fore. The greatest part of the crew perifh. The Squadron returns. ONE expedition alone, and that cess during the last year of the