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U.C. B.C. V.H.

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26

39

C. Cæsar Augustus VIII., T. Statilius

Taurus (Coss.)
Death of Cornelius Gallus.
Propertius (according to Mr. Fynes

Clinton) twenty-five years old.

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C. Cæsar Augustus IX., M. Junius

Silanus (Coss.) Augustus wages war against the Can- Carm. II. vi. 2. tabrians.

Dion. LIII. 25. Horace completes his fortieth year. Carm. II. iv. 23. Temple of Janus closed. Virgil | Heyne in Vit.

finished his Georgics.

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M. Lollius, Q. Æmilius Lepidus (Coss.)
Augustus sets out for the East.

Carm. III. v. (?) Horace completes his forty-fourth year Ep. 1. XX. 27.

in December.

U.C. B.C. V.H.

734

735

20 45 M. Appuleius, P. Silius Nerva (Coss.)

Voyage of Virgil to the East, according Carm. I. iii. (?)

to Donatus. Armenia subdued. Phraates humbled. Ep. 1. xii. 27. Restoration of the standards of Crassus. Ep. 1. xviii. 56.

Agrippa finally defeats the Cantabrians. Carm. IV. xv. 6. 19 46 C. Sentius Saturninus, Q. Lucretius Ep. 1. xii. 26.

(Coss.)
Publication of First Book of Epistles

Dion. LIV.
(Bentley); Franke places it in the

1 Death of Virgil.

Donatus in Vit. 47 P. Cornelius Lentulus, Cn. Cornelius

Lentulus (Coss.)
Death of Tibullus, soon after that of Domit. Mars. Ele-
Virgil.

gia. Ovid Tr. IV.

X. 41-50.
17 C. Furnius, C. Junius Silanus (Coss.)

Ludi Seculares.
Carmen Seculare of Horace.
The Æneid intrusted to the care of

Varius and Tucca.

year before.

736 18

737

48

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L. Domitius Ahenobarbus, P. Cornelius

Scipio (Coss.)
M. Livius Drusus Libo, L. Calpurnius

Piso (Coss.)
The Vindelici and Rhæti subdued by Carm. IV. 4.

Tiberius and Drusus.
War with the Sicambri, Dion. Liv. 20.
Horace completes his fiftieth year. Carm. iv. ii. 36, xiv.
The Fourteenth Ode of the Fourth

[51. Book written, fifteen years after the Carm. iv. i. 6. taking of Alexandria.

Carm. iv. xiv. 37. Death of Orbilius, nearly one hundred

years old.

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M. Licin. Crassus, Cn. Cornelius Len

tulus Augur (Coss.)
Tib. Claudius Nero, P. Quintilius Va-

rus (Coss.) Augustus returns from Gaul. Pu cation of the Fourth Book of Odes.

U.c. B.C. V.H.

742

12

743

744

IO

53

M. Valerius Messala, P. Sulpicius

Quirinus (Coss.)
Drusus in Germany.
Death of Agrippa.
During these later years of Horace, he

writes the Second Book of Epistles,

and that de A. P. to the Pisos.
II 54 Q. Ælius Tubero, Paullus Fabius

Maximus (Coss.)

Drusus in Germany.
55 Jul. Antonius, Q. Fabius Maximus

Africanus (Coss.)

Augustus in Gaul.
9 56 Nero Claudius Drusus, T. Quinctius

Crispinus Volcatius (Coss.)
Death of Drusus.

End of the History of Livy.
8
57 C. Martius Censorinus, C. Asinius

Dion. Liv. 36.

745

746

Gallus (Coss.)
Augustus assumes the Empire the third

time.
Death of Mæcenas.
Death of Horace, Nov. 27, having

nearly completed his fifty-seventh
year.

Dion. LV. 7

Q. HORATII FLACCI

CAR MI NU M

LIBER PRIMUS.

MÆCENAS.

CARMEN I.

AD MAECENATEM.

MAECENAS atavis edite regibus,
O et praesidium et dulce decus meum :
Sunt quos curriculo pulverem Olympicum
Collegisse juvat, metaque fervidis
Evitata rotis, palmaque nobilis
Terrarum dominos evehit ad deos.
Hunc, si mobilium turba Quiritium
Certat tergeminis tollere honoribus ;
Illum, si proprio condidit horreo
Quidquid de Libycis verritur areis,

B

Gaudentem patrios findere sarculo
Agros, Attalicis conditionibus
Nunquam dimoveas, ut trabe Cypria
Myrtoum pavidus nauta secet mare.
Luctantem Icariis fluctibus Africum
Mercator metuens, otium et oppidi
Laudat rura sui ; mox reficit rates
Quassas, indocilis pauperiem pati.
Est qui nec veteris pocula Massici,
Nec partem solido demere de die
Spernit, nunc viridi membra sub arbuto
Stratus, nunc ad aquae lene caput sacrae.
Multos castra juvant et lituo tubae
Permixtus sonitus, bellaque matribus
Detestata. Manet sub Jove frigido
Venator tenerae conjugis immemor,
Seu visa est catulis cerva fidelibus,
Seu rupit teretes Marsus aper plagas.
Me doctarum hederae praemia frontium
Dis miscent superis ; me gelidum nemus
Nympharumque leves cum Satyris chori
Secernunt populo, si neque tibias
Euterpe cohibet, nec Polyhymnia
Lesboum refugit tendere barbiton.
Quodsi me lyricis vatibus inseres,
Sublimi feriam sidera vertice.

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