Page images
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]

hæc falsa, ficta, et scandalosa verba, ss. * Scotchman, that had been put into Newgate

About this time I went daily to the prisons, to upon suspicion of carrying away sir Edmundperform those offices of charity I was obliged bury Godfrey's body, and lay there 13 weeks to; and on Thursday January 9, (1678.) I 6 and 3 days in great misery, got out : I went to dined in Newgate, in the room called the Cas- see him, and found him a sad spectacle, having lle, on the master debtors side; and about four “the flesh worn away, and great holes in both in the afternoon I came down into the Lodge, bis legs, by the weight of his irons; and having with five women, of which three were protes- 'been chained so long double, that he could not

tants; and we all beard terrible groans and • stand upright: He told me much of his hard * squeeks, which came out of the dungeon called ' and cruel usage, as that he had been squeezed

the Condemned Hole: I asked Harris the turn- ' and hasped into a thing like a trough in a dun"key what doleful cry it was; he said it was a geon under ground, which put bim to inexwoman in labour; I bid him put us into the pressible torment, insomuch that he swooned; room to her, and we would help ber; but he and that a person in the habit of a minister drove us away very rudely, both out of the stood by all the while; that a duke beat him, • lodge, and from the door. We went behind pulled him by the hair, and set a drawn sword • the gate, and there listened, and soon found to bis breast three times, and swore he would

that it was the voice of a strong man in tor- run him through ; and another great lord bad •ture, and heard, as we thought, between his laid down a heap of gold, and told him it was groans, the winding up of some engine. These 500l. ; that he should have it all, and be taken

cries stopped the passengers under the gate; ' into the aforesaid duke's house, if he would ' and we six went to the Turner's shop without confess what they would have him: And one F. • the gate, and stood there, amazed with the ' a vintner, that lives at the sign of the Valle horror and dread of what we beard; when one Moon in Ch—S--, by whose contrivance

of the officers of the prison came out in great he was accused, took bim aside, and hid him • haste, seeming to run from the noise : One of name some person, and say they employed him

us caught hold of him, saying, Oh! what are tu take up the dead body in Somerset-yard, and they doing in the prison ? Officer. I dare not 'gave bim money for so duing; that it he would * tell you, mistress. Cell. It is a man upon the do this, both F. and be should have money "rack, I will lay my life on it. Offic. It is some- enough. He also told ine, that he was kept 'thing like it. Cellier. Who is it, Praunce? · from Thursday till Sunday without victuals or 'Offic. Pray, Madam, do not ask me, for I dare drink, having his hands every night chained be

not tell you; but it is that I am not able to • hind him; and being all this time locked to a hear any longer; pray let me go. With that staple, which was driven into the floor, with a • he ran away lowards Holbourn as fast as he chain not above a yard long ; that in this great 'could. We heard these groans perfectly to the extremity he was forced to drink his own water;

end of the Old-Bailey: They continued till pear and that the gaoler beat his wife because she 67 of the clock; and then a person in the habit brought victuals, and prayed be might have it

, of a minister, of a middle stature, grey-haired, and threw milk on the ground, and bid ber be • accompanied with two other men, went into gone, and not look at him.' Et in altera parte • the lodge; the prisoners were locked up, and ejusdem libelli continent inter al') hæc falsa

, the outward door of the lodge also, at which I ficta et scandalosa verba sequentia: ss. My set a person to stand and observe what she arraignment, which, in confidence of my own

could; and a prisoner loaded with irons was innocency, I continually pressed for; not but • brought into the lodge, and examined a long that I knew the danger, as to this life, of en"time; and the prisoners that came down as countering the devil in the worst of his instru. ' low as they could, heard the person examined, ments, which are perjurers encouraged to that • with great vehemency say often, I know no- • degree, as that profligated wretch, quendam • thing of it; I am innocent; he forced me to Thomam Dangerfield testem product ex parte * bely myself; what would you bave me say? Dom. Regis contra præd' Elizabetham Cellier, • will you murder me because I will not bely my- pro alta proditione innuendo) was, and bas • self and others ? Several other such like ex- been since bis being exposed to the world in • pressious they heard spoken, as by une in great his true colours, both ai mine and another's

agony. About four of the clock the next morn- trial. Et in altera parte ejusdem libelli con*ing the prisoners, that lay in a place about the tinentur hæc falsa, ficta, ex scandalosa verba • Hole, heard the same cry again two hours, and sequen': ss. • Nor have I since received any on Saturday morning again; and about eight of thing towards my losses, or the least civility the clock that morning, a person I employed from any of them, whilst Dangerfield,'prædic:

to spy out the truth of this attair, did see the Thomam Dangerfield iterum innuendo when . turnkeys carry a bed into the Hole : she asked made • who it was for; they told her it was forrogueries, was visited by and froin persons of

a prisoner for apparent recorded • Praunce, who was gone mad, and had torn bis considerable quality, with great sums of gold • bed in pieces. That night thic examiners came and silver, to encourage him in the new villa

again, and Praunce was led away to the Press- nies he bad undertaken), not against me aluse;

yard.' This, and many things of like nature, but persons, in whose safety all good men (.is • inade me very inquisitive to know what passed, well protestants as others) in the three kirik' in the prison. Soon after this Francis Corral a doins are concerned' Ei in altera parte ejus

[ocr errors]


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


dem libelli, vocat A postscript to the im- testify the truth of more than I have written,

partial reader,' continent' hæc falsa, ficta, et persons that are above being made the scandalosa verba sequentia : ss. “And when- · hangman's bounds for weekly pensions, or any • soever his majesty pleases to make it as safe other considerations whatsoever.' In malum « and honourable to speak truth, as it is appa- et perniciosissimum exemplum omn' alivr'in • rent it bath been gainful and meritorious to do tali casu delinquin' contra pacem dict' Dom • the contrary, there will not want witnesses to Regis, coron', et dignitat' suas.

271. Proceedings against the Five Popish Lords, viz. the Earl of

Powis, Lord Viscount STAFFORD, Lord PETRE, Lord ARUN-
DEL of WARDOUR, and Lord BELLASYSE, for High Treason:
Together with the Trial of Lord Viscount STAFFORD: 30
CHARLES II.- 1 Jac. II. A.D. 1678-1685.

[Of these five Lords, only one (Stafford) was brought to trial. The Proceedings

against the others are nevertheless interesting and instructive in many respects; it is therefore thought proper not to omit them: and as those Proceedings are intimately connected with the Trial of Lord Stafford, arose out of the same transaction, and upon one prosecution, the whole are incorporated into one article, in order to avoid the many repetitions or references which would be inevitable if the Cases were separated.] HOUSE OF LORDS, October 25, 1678.

That his lordship would render himself to the

Lord Chief Justice. THE lord viscount Stafford acquainted the After some debate of this business, the fur. House, That he was informed that there was a ther consideration was put off until to-morrow. warrant issued out, from the Lord Chief Jus

October 26. tice of England, to apprehend him; which be thought fit to acquaint their lordships with, Bellasis having all lis papers seized by virtue

The House being informed, That the lord and submitted himself to their lordships' judy- of the Lord Chief Justice's warrant, lie desires ment. The Lord Chief Justice, being present, was and brought into this House. Which was or

that the said papers may be sealed up in a bag, commanded to give the House an account of dered. And the like Order to be for all the the business : Who said, That last night about 9 o'clock, warrant from the Lord Chief Justice.

lords wbo are apprehended by virtue of the he received a letter from the Speaker of the House of Cominons, dated from the Speaker's tice, That he heard of a warrant issued out

The lord Petre, being in the House, took nochair, to come to the House of Commons about against him by the Lord Chief Justice of Enga business of great concernment. he attended the House of Commons; where land; and he desired to know the cause of it. the Speaker told him, That the House of Com Hereupon the House directed the Lord Chanmons had received accusations of High Trea- the Lord Chief Justice gave the House yestera

cellor to acquaint his lordship what account son against Five Lords and some gentlemen, and desired him to issue out his warrants for day, and upon what grounds he issued out his their apprehension. The persons were, the warrant for apprehending him and several other

llis, lordship withearl of Powis, viscount Stafford, the 'lord Jords, for High Treason. Arundel of Wardour, the lord Petre, and the drew himself; and the House made these Or

ders following: lord Bellasis; and, upon this, he issued out his warrants for their apprehension; baving taken “ Ordered, by the Lords spiritual and temthe examination of Titus Oates upon oath : poral in parliament asseinbled, that the gentle. That the earl of Powis and the lord Arundel man usher of the black rod attending this were brought to bion this morning, in custody ; House, do forthwith take the lord Petre into his and he advised them to render themselves to custody, and carry him in safety to the Tower the Gatehouse, where now they are.

of London, for treason wherewith he is charged, Upon this, the examination of Oates was there to remain tili he shall be discharged bolya read; whereby it did appear, that the lord vis- due course of law; and this to be a sufficient count Stafford was charged to be in a conspi- warrant on that behalf. racy of treason against the king.

“ To sir Edward Carteret, gentleThe lord viscount Stafford denied the fact; man usher of the black rod atand after this withdrew.

tending this House, his deputy And after a while the House was informed, and deputies." VOL. VII.

4 ]

“ Ordered, by the Lords spiritual and tem- heard of any such design or intention, either poral in parliament assembled, That the con directly or indirectly : He totally denies

, that stable of his majesty's Tower of London, or his be ever knew or heard of any commissions for deputy, do receive the body of the lord Petre, raising an army, or any intent or design of for treason wberewith he is charged, and keep raising an army, till of late that he beard so, him io safe custody within the said Tower, till when he was examined by the Lords: He ut: he shall be discharged by due course of law; terly denies, that he ever designed or endes. and this shall be a sufficient warrant on that voured to change the religion established in behalf.

this kingdon, or to intruduce Popery; bat “To the constable of his majesty's

confesses, he did endeavour to have this par. Tower of London, his deputy

liament dissolved, and by that means to gain a and deputies, and every of

liberty of conscience; which he thought this them."

parliament would never grant : And said, He October 29.

observed every sessions of parliament the growth

of Popery complained of, notwithstanding all The llouse being informed, That the lord their endeavours against it; and believed the Bellasis, now a prisoner in the prison of the Catbolic religion to be the true one, and the King's Bench, by warrant of the Lord Chief Protestant the false ; and therefore only proJustice of England, for treason, is so ill, that posed a toleration, as concluding, that if the he cannot without danger be removed : 'It is Catholic religion stood upon equal ground, it ordered, That sir Charles Scarborough be, and would prevail : And says, He did endeavour is hereby, appointed to go and visit the said lord to get 300,000l. from France; hoping that Bellasis, and give this House an account to- thereby his majesty might be prevailed on to morrow morning in what condition of health he dissolve this parliament, rather than wait for an finds him.

uncertain sum : And says, there was not three Ordered, That his majesty be humbly de- men in England acquainted with these his de sired froin this House, that the lord Bellasis, signs, or with his correspondence; but that the now a prisoner in the prison of the King's duke of York was acquainted with them; and Bench, by warrant of the Lord Chief Justice of he believes he communicated them to my lord England, for treason, being, as is informed, so Arundel of Wardour: And said, He concluded ilt that he cannot be removed, may have a it most probable to have money from France guard set on bim there ; and that notice be for dissolving this parliament; 'in regard the taken of the names of all such persons as shall confederacy against France was chiefly sep come to visit his lordship there.

ported and held together by the countenance

and expectation they had from this parliaOctober 30.

ment. This day Dr. Scarborough gave the House had in France, was by some letters of nets


The first correspondency, he says, which be an account : That he did visit the lord Bellasis which he wrote to sir Wm. Throgmorton, about this morning, and finds him in good health; the time of the siege of Mastreicht; any news and that his lordship is ready to be removed, being welcome at a siege; and by that way the as their lordships shall think fit. do attend his majesty, humbly to desire him death of La Ferrier, which was about the Ordered, That the Lords with white staves correspondency between him and La Ferrier

was introduced : and says, That upon the from this House, that the lord viscount de time that the French king possessed himself of Stafford, and the lord Bellasis, and col. Roper French Counte (which, he takes it, was the and his son, and Mr. Ratcliffe, being prisoners year after the siege of Mastreicht) be sent in the prison of the King's Bench, by warrant narrative to La Chaise, to give him an account of the Lord Chief Justice of England, for trea- of the transactions that had passed betwixt La son, may be removed, to remain prisoners in Ferrier and him; but after that wrote not above his majesty's Tower of London.

three or four letiers to La Chaise ; and that then House or Commons, October 30, 1678.

the correspondency betwixt them ceased.

He also said, That he had kept a corresponMr. Sacheverell reports, from the committee dency with the pope's nuncio at Bruxells

; which by Order of the House was appointed to which correspondency was first introduced b; take the examination of Mr. Coleman, That a proposition that Faiher Patrick brought from the committee went to Newgate : and laying the nuncio there into England, of a great som before Mr. Coleman his present danger; and of money that should be giveu by the pope ! that he could have no hopes to escape it

, but the king of England, if the catholics here in by a full and plain discovery of his whole know- England might bave some favour, answerable ledge of the conspiracy; Mr. Coleman without to it: but the proposition being so confused any particular questions put to him, said to the that they did not understand it, he was sent effect following:

by the duke of York to the nuncio at Bruxells, As to any design against the king's person; to understand the proposition. or for the taking away of his life ; or the les- And he says, when he came to Bruxells, sening of his power, he totally denies any know the nuncio told him, He had no authority from ledge of it, or that he ever did design it, or ever the court of Rome to make any such proposi

[ocr errors]

against him,

tion; but did it as a private person, and not by
order from the court of Rome: but says, That

House of LORDS, October 31.
the nuncio, being then to go to Rome, promised Whereas William lord Petre stands commit-
Mr. Coleman to do what service there he could ted by this house to the Tower of London, for
in that business : but says, he hath not held any Treason, wherewith he is charged: It is this
correspondency with the nuncio this three or four day ordered, That the constable of the said
years; nor with any other person, so as to Tower, bis deputy and deputies, do take care
manage an affair : chat perhaps might touch that the said lord Petre be kept close prisoner,
upon the business in some letters.

and not suffered to come to the other prisoners, He says, The cypber marked with the pro- nor to have the use of pen, ink or paper, till vincial's mark, was the cypher betwixt himn further order. and St. German; and that he always wrote 10 the provincial in plain words, and not in cy. House of COMMONS, November 1. pher; and that there was another cypher betwixt him and Blankart, who was secretary to

Resolved, &c. That this house would proceed M. Rovigney; but that was only upon smali by way of Impeachment against the lord concerns, and not upon any thing of this na

Arundel of Wardour. ture.

Ordered, That a committee be appointed to And Mr. Coleman being then asked by the prepare and draw up Articles of Impeachment committee, whether he knew of any other sum of money that was proposed or treated on; be answered, that he believed there was money

HOUSE OF Lords, November 8. proposed, to keep the king of England from

The Lord Treasurer reported,' That himself joining with the confederates against France; and the other lords went yesterday, according but does not know of any money paid. to their lordships order, to examine some of

Ordered, That Mr. Richardson, keeper of the prisoners in the Tower. And the first they the prison of Newgate, be fortbaith sent for to bad before them was sir John Gage, who owns attend this bouse.

the examinations which was taken of him, by Mr. Secretary Williamson acquaints the house sir Thomas Stringer, to be upon oath ; and that that in pursuance of the order of the house, the the paper which they shewed him (which was members of this house which are of his majes- put into their hands by sir Thomas Stringer) was ty's privy council, had attended his majesty: | a copy of his said examination. But he denies and that his majesty was pleased to signify, that that he was examined by the Lord Chief Jusall the papers and writings relating to the plot tice; or that he ever received any letter or should be communicated to the house : and cominission whatsoever from Mr. Oates ; or that orders were given pursuant to his majesty's what he knew any thing of any plot against his command.

majesty's service, or against the governinent. Ordered, That the papers relating to the plot * Sir Williain Goring was before them next; now under examination, be delivered to the who likewise denied any kind of knowledge of committee apoiited to translate Mr. Coleman's those things which he was accused of, or that letters : And that col. Birch, sir William-track- he knew any such man as Mr. Oates. Jand, sir Cyrill Wych, sir Tho. Moinpesson, “ They then sent for the lord Arundel of sir John Coventry, lord Clifford, Mr. Devereux, Wardour ; whom they first examined as to his sir John Haniner, sir John Reresby, sir being privy to Mr. Coleman's going to Brussells, John Waerden, sir Ed. Mansel, Mr. Hall, to the pope's nuncio ; and urged to him, “ That lord Allington, sir Rich. Temple, be alued the letters to Coleman, from the nuncio, did to che committee: And they are to meet this give a caution, that none should be trusted afternoon ; and to sit de die in diem, until with the business, but bis royal highness and they shall have perfected the matters to them the lord Arundel.' Yet his lordship did absoreferred : And they are impowered to send for lutely deny that he knew any thing of the persons, papers, and records.

transaction between Coleman and the said Mr. Richardson, Keeper of the prison of nuncio, or of Coleman's errand into Flanders ; Newgate, being called in, to give an account, but said, “ It was likely he took his leave of him What persons have had any communication before he went.' with Mr. Coleman, since his commitment ; he “ His lordship did own, Coleman was twice acquainted the house, That there had not been with him that day Coleman's papers were any person admitted to come to, or converse seized ; that the first time they discoursed of with Mr. Coleman, since his iinprisonment, ex. indifferent matters ; the last time (which was cept his servant, to know what he wanted, and about six in the evening) Coleman spoke of bis wife, by virtue of an order from the privy his papers being seized; and that thereupon his council : And that he himself was present lordship advised him to follow his papers, and whilst she was with bim ; and that she did not render himself. deliver bim any thing; and that she was not Being asked, his lordship further declared, permitted to discourse to bim avy thing of news, He never saw Mr. Oates in his life ; and aor any thing relating to the plot now under ex- that he never was at Mr. Langhorn's chamber amination, besides the committees appointed but once, and never saw him but that time, by each house of parliament to examine him. and that he never did any business for him ;

and that he was so far from having any ac- į the horrid design against bis majesty's person quaintance with Mr. Langhorn's sons, that he and government, “That their lordsbips have did not know that Mr. Langhorn was married, perused all the papers and writings of the earl until he lately asked the question. And as for of Powis, now a prisoner in the Tower; which, bis lordship’s receiving any patent, commission, being seized, were, by order of this house, or any power from foreigners, he saith, He brought and delivered into the custody of the never did, but hath a patent for count of the clerk of the parliainents; and find not any empire, and for the place of master of the papers or writings in the least relating to the borse to her late majesty the queen mother ; said horrid design, they being papers merely of and never had


private concern : “ His lordship further declared, “That he It is thereupon ordered, by the Lords spiritual had never anything to do with any Jesuit ; ; and temporal in parliament assembled, That but that he knows most of those that are in the said papers and writings may be delivered prison.'

to the earl of Powis, or such person or persons “ The lord Petre was the last that their lord- as his lordship shall appoint to receive the ships examined ; and they acquainted his lord same; .and für so doing, this shall be a sufiship with Mr. Oates's deposition against him, cient warrant. “ That he had received a commission for lieutenant General, from Mr. Oates, in Mr. Lang

December 5. horn's chamber, in the presence of Mr. Lang- A Message was brought froin the House of worih; and that Mr. Langworth gave his lord- Commons, by Mr. Wharton, &c. ship joy thereupon.” All which his lordship " That the Commons of England in parliadid utterly deny ; or that lie knew Mr. Oates, ment assembled, having received information of or had ever seen him; or that he ever saw Mr. divers traiterous practices and designs of a Langhorn, or was at his chamber, or knew where great peer of this house, Henry lord Arunde his chamber was.' His lordship did indeed of Wardour, have commanded him to impeach acknowledge, ‘That he knew Langworth ; and the said Henry lord Arundel of Warder, of that he had lately heard that Mr. Oates had treason, and other high cricies and misde been at his house; but that he never heard of meanors; and he did here, in their names, and bis name until Michaelmas eve last, when his in the names of all the Commons of England, lordship's house was searched for Mr. Lang- impeach the said Henry lord Arundell of Warworth.

der, of treason, and high crimes and mis And as for his offering any thing to persons deineanors. They have further commanded that should change to the Romish religion ; his bim to acquaint your lordships, That they will Jordship doth absoluiely olisown it : As also that in convenient time exhibit to your lordships the ever he had any commerce with Mr. Coleman Articles of ibe Charge against him.." about any matter of business.

A Message was brought from the Commons, “ This is the sum of what their lordships had by Mr. Maynard and others : to acquaint the house with; besides an humble “ That the Commons of England in parliasupplication of the said lords, which they desired ment assembled, baving received insorination their lordships would acquaint the house with, of divers traiterous practices and designs of a in regard they cannot petition the house, being great peer of this house, William earl of Powie debarred from the use of pen, ink, and paper; have cominanded him to impeach the said Wil which is, That this house would be pleased to liam earl of Powis of treason, and other high remit their close imprisonment; and that tbey crimes and misdemeanors; and he did here, in might be permitted to walk in the Tower, for their names, and in the names of all the Comtheir health, wbich is in danger by their present mons of England, impeach the said William close restraint,"

earl of Powis of ireason, and high crimes and

misdemeanors. They have further commandNovember 22.

ed him to acquaint your lordships, That they Ordered, by the Lords spiritual and temporal lordships the articles of the charge against him."

will within convenient time exhibit to you! in parliament' assembled, That the lords committees appointed to examine persons and

A Message was brought from the Commons, papers concerning the horrid design against his by Mr. Thynn,

&c. majesty's person and government be, and are

“ That the Commons of England in parliahereby, einpowered to peruse all the papers

ment assembled, having received information and writings of the earl of Powis, lord Arundel of divers traiterous practices and designs of a of Wardour, and lord Bellasis, prisoners in the great peer of this house, John lord Bellasis

, Tower, which, being seized, are now in the cus

have commanded him to impeach the said body of the clerk of the parliaments; and to

John lord Bellasis of treason, and other give the House an account ihereof,

high crimes and misdemeanors; and he did

here, in their names, and in the panes of November 26.

all the Commons of England, impeach the

said John lord Bellasis of treason, and high Upon report made by the earl of Essex, crimes and misdemeanors. They have further from the lords committees appointed to exa- commanded him to acquaint your lordships, mine persons and papers for the discovery of That they will within convenient time exhibit

« PreviousContinue »