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• king and royal family, were persecuted, the offices of charity I was obliged to; and on • king himself
murdered, the bishops and church Thursday, January the 9th (1678.) I dined in destroyed, the whole loyal party, merely for Newgate in the room called the Castle, on the • being so, oppressed and ruined; and all, as • master's side debtors, and about four in the • was pretended by the authors of these vile afternoon I came down into the Lodge with
lainies, for their being papists and idolaters, • five women, of which three were protestants, the constant character given by them to the and we all heard terrible groans and squeaks, king and his friends to make them ndious, which came out of the dungeon called the they assuming to themselves only the name of Condemned Hole. I asked Harris the turn
protestants, and making that the glorious title key what doleful cry it was; he said it was a • by which they pretended right to all things: woman in labour. I bid him put us into the
These sorts of proceeding, as I grew in under- room to her, and we would help her. But • standing, produced in me more and more hor- 'he drove us away very rudely, both out of the • ror of the party that committed them, and lodge and from the door. We went behind
put me on enquiry into that religion to which the gate and there listened, and soon found • they pretended the greatest antipathy; where- that it was the voice of a strong man in tor
in, I thank God, my innate loyalty not only ture, and heard as we thought between his confirmed, but encouraged me. And let groans the wioding up of some engine, calumny say what it will, I never heard from • These cries stopped the passengers under the any papists, as they call them, priest nor Jay- | 'gate, and we six went to the turner's shop man, but that they and I, and all true catho- without the gate, and stood there amazed lic's owe our lives to the defence of our lawful with the horror and dread of what we heard ;
king, which our present sovereign Charles 2, when one of the officers of the prison came • is, whom God long and happily preserve so. out in great haste, seeming to run from the . These sorts of doctrines agreeing to my pub-noise. One of us catched hold of him, say• lic morals, and no way, as ever I was taugh!, ing, Oh! what are they doing in the prison ? • contradicting my private ones, commending at Officer. I dare not tell you, mistress. "It is a
the same time to me charity and devotion ; I man upon the rack: I'll lay my hfe on it,
without any scruple have hitherto followed, Officer. It is something like it. Cellier. Who • glorying to myself to be in communion with is it, Prance? Officer. Pray, madam, do not • those who were the humble instruments of ' ask me, for I dare not tell you. But it is that • his majesty's happy preservation from the I am not able to hear any longer. Pray let • fatal battle at Worcester; and who, though 'me go. With that he ran away towards Hole -poor, no temptation could invite to betray born as fast as he could. We heard these - him to those who by a pretended protestant groans perfectly to the end of the Old Bailey. • principle sought bis innocent blood. These • They continued till near seven o'clock, and • truths, I hope, may satisfy an indifferent per- then a person in the habit of a minister, of • sou in my first change ; nor can they wonder middle siature, grey-haired, accompanied with • at my continuance therein, that notwithstand- ' two other men, went into the lodge. The + ing the lorrid crimes of treason and murder prisoners were locked up, and the outward
laid to the charge of some persons, considera- door of the lodge also, at which I set a person
ble for their quality and fortunes in that party: to stand, and observe what she could, and a • For, when I reflected who were the witnesses, prisoner loaded with irons was brought into • and what unlikely things they deposed, and The lodge, and examined a long time. And • observed that many of the chiefest sticklers • the prisoners that came down as low as they ..for the Plot were those, or the sons of those, could, heard the person examined with greaľ s that acted the principal parts in the last vehemency say often, I know nothing of it, I 6.tragedly, which history told me too had the am innocent, he forced me to belie myself prologue of a pretended Popish Plot; I say, • What would you have me say? Will you
these things made me doubtful of the whole; murder me because I will not belie myself and . and the more I searched for truth, the more I others ? Several other such like expressions . doubted that the old enemies of the crown . they heard spoken as by one in great agony. ' were again at work for its destruction. Il About 4 o'clock next morning, the prisoners ' being fully contirmed in this, thought it my that lay in a place above the Hole heard the
duty through all sorts of hazards, to relieve same cry again two hours, and on Saturday
the poor imprisoned catholics, who in great morning again ; and about 8 o'clock that • numbers were locked up in gaols, starving for morning a person I employed to spy out the • want of bread: And this I did some months truth of that affair, did see the turnkeys car'before I ever saw the ceuntess of Powis, orrying a bed into the Ilole. She asked who it
any of those honourable persons that were ac- was for; they told her it was for Prance who 'cused, or receiving of one penny of their was gone mad, and had tore his bed in pieces. • money directly or indirectly, till about the That night the examiners came again, and " latter end of January (1678.') And in ano. after an hour's conference Prance was led ther part of the said Libel are contained these away to the Press-Yard.
This and many false, feigned and scandalous words and things of the like nature, made me very infigures following; to wit, • About this time I quisitive to know what passed in the prison, 6.went daily to the prisons lu perform those "Soon after this Francis Corral a coachman,
that had been put into Newgate opon suspi- ' Protestants as others in the three kingdom, icion of carrying away sir Edmundbury God. are concerned.' And in another part of the • frey's budy, and lay there thirteen weeks and said Libel called, ' A Postscript to the impar• three days in great misery, got out. I went tial readers,' are contained these false, feign" to see him, and found him a sad spectacle, ed, and scandalous words following, to wit
, • having the flesh worn away, and great holes * And whensoever his majesty pleases to make
in both his legs by the weight of his irons, and it as safe and honourable, as it is apparent it • having been chained so long double, that he • hath been gainful and meritorious to do the 'could not stand upright ; he told me inuch of contrary; there will not want witnesses to
his hard and cruel usage, as that he had been testify the truth of inore than I have written, • squeezed and basped into a thing like a . and persons that are above being made the • trough, in a dungeon under ground; which hangman's hounds for weekly pensions, or ' put him to inexpressible torment, insomuch any other considerations whatsoever ;' to the • that he swooned, and that a person in the evil and dangerous example of all others in the
habit of a minister stood by all the wbile. like case offending, and against the peace of • That a duke beat him, pulled him by the our sovereign lord the king, his crown and dig • hair, and set his drawn sword to bis breast nity. Upon this indictment she hath been ar
three times, and swore he would run him raigned, and thereunto bath pleaded, Not ! through; and another great lord laid down a Guilty, and for her trial hath pui herself upon
heap of gold, and told him it was 500l. and the country, which country, you are; so your • that he should have it all, and be taken into issue is to try whether she be Guilty of this of
. the aforesaid duke's house, if he would con- fence in manner and form wherein she stands • fess what they would have him; and one F. indicted, or Not Guilly. If you find her Guilty, • a vintner, that lives at the sign of the Half- you are to say so; and if you find her No • Moon in Ch-si- hy whose contrivance he was Guilty, you are to say so, and no more, and • accused, took him aside, and bid bim name hear your evidence. * some person, and say, they employed hiin to take up the dead body in Somerset-Yard, and
Then Robert Dormer, esq. of Lincolu's-Inn, gave him money for so doing; that if he would opened the indictment thus: • do this, both F. and he should have money Mr. Dormer, Nay it please your lordship, • enough. He also told me, that he was kept and you gentlemen of the jury: Elizabeth Cel. • from Thursday till Sunday without victuals or lier, the gentlewoman at the bar, the wife of • drink, having his hands every night chained Peter Cellier of the parish of St. Clement• behind him, and being all this time locked to Danes in the county of Middlesex, gentleman, • a staple which was driven into the floor, with stands indicted of being the author and pub• a chain not above a yard long: That in this lisher of a Libel, intituled, “ Malice defeated
, 'great extremity he was forced to drink his or a brief Relation of the Accusation and De
own water; and that the jailor beat his wife liverance of Elizabeth Cellier.” You hare * because she brought victuals, and prayed that beard the indictment read, wherein some • he might have it, and threw milk on the clauses of this Libel are recited in the words
ground, and bid her begone, and not look at they were written, and in Mrs. Cellier's own • him.' And in another part of the said Libel
, words, and in other words I will not undertake is contained, amongst other things, these false, to repeat them to you.-Gentlemen, this is a feigned, and scandalous words and figures fol- Libel so complicated and general, that within lowing, to wit, • My arraignment (which in this buok are contained as inany libels of sever contidence of my own innocency, i continu. ral natures, and against different persons and
ally pressed for) not but that I knew the dan- orders of men, as there are paragraphs ; his 'ger, as to this life, of encountering the devil majesty, the Protestant religion, our laws, ga in the worst of his instruments, which are vernment, magistrates, counsellors of state,
perjurors encouraged to that degree as that courts of judicature, the king's evidence, and * profligated wretch' (meaning Thomas Dan- the public justice nf this kingdom are all asgerfeld, produced as a witness against her for persed and defamed, by the virulency and maHigh Treason) " was, and hath been since his lice of this woman's pen.-She haih charged
being exposed to the world in his true colour, upon the principles of our religion, the murder • both at mine and another's trial.' And in of his late majesty, and the greatest impieties another part of the said Libel are contained that ever were committed. She accuseth all these false, feigned and scandalous words and that bave done their duties, or been active in figures following, Nor have I since received the discovery of the present Popish Plot, to be • any thing towards my losses, or the least civi. enemies of the crown, and to be acting over lity from any of them, whilst Dangerfeld' again the tragedy of our late civil war. She (meaning the said Thomas Dangerfield) when chargeth our laws with cruelties, as inbuman * made a prisoner for apparent recorded rogue- as they are false, in permitting prisoners to
ries, was visited by and from persons of con- starve under their confinement, in admitting of • siderable quality, with great sums of gold and racks and tortures to be used, and that for the • silver, to encourage him in the new villanies
worst purposes, thereby to extort perjuries and "he bad undertaken, not against me alone, but false evidences against the innocent; to which persons in whose safety all good men, as well she would make persous of the best quality of
our mobility, magistracy and clergy, privies and me there was another little sheet to be allded parties. She libels the king's evidences under to it; and if any gentleman pleased to send it the characters of the devil's instruments, and into the country, that might be put up in a the hangman's hounds; and defames his ma- | letter to send by the post. jesty's government, in saying, it is not safe to Cellier. May I ask him a question? speak truth, but meritorious and gainful to do Bar. Weston. Tell me your question, and I the contrary. She will appear to you to be so will ask it. criminal, that nothing can aggravate ber of
Cellier. I desire to know if I said any more, fences, unless the impudence of the delinquent, than, you may have a book, or there is a book. who hath set her naine to alınost every page And who asked for a book? of this scandalous Libel; and since the in- Bar. Weston. Did she say any more than, dictment hatb been depending, owned, pub- you may have a book, or, this is the book that lisbed, and put a value on herself for being the I have published? author of so excellent a book.--To the indict- Penny. When I got the book and paid for ment she bath pleaded Not Guilty; if the king's it, I turned about again and asked her if it was evidence prove the charge, you are to find her her own? she told me it was; and more than Guilty.
that, if occasion were, she could have put Baron Weston. Gentlemen, the charge is
more in it. but this : First, she is charged with the setting
Bar. Wesion. Why, Mrs. Cellier, you did forti ibis book; in the next place, there are
not deny this book yesterday; for you may reseveral clauses in tbat book whic she is parti
member when you did say you wanted your cularly charged with. Now that which the
witnesses, and if you could but have time to evidence will prove, must be, first, that the bring them, you would prove the truth of it: book was owned by her, and published by her ;
we told you you had nothing to prove on this and then, that these particulars charged in the issue of Not Guilty, but that somebody else did indictment, were in the book; and then you
publish the book, and you did not. You will receive the directions of the Court, of what owned you writ it yourself every word with Dalure the proofs are. Go on to the evidence,
your own hand. that is your work, fall to your proof.
Cellier. My lord, if I was a foolish vain wo
inan, and did seem to speak some vain words Mr. Dormer. My lord, we will call our wit- | about myself which I did not understand the
Williain Downing, John Penny, and consequence of, I hope a word vainly spoke by Robert Stevens. Who appeared and were sworn. me shall not be brought against me to convict
Mr. Dormer. Will. Downing, Do you tell my me of a crime. lord and the jury what you know of the print- Bar. Weston. Mrs. Cellier, you do not seem ing of this libel (shew him the libel), and who so negligent about yourself, that we may not brought the sheets to the press.
believe what you say of yourself. Downing. My lord, about the 22d er 23d Cellier. But vaio foolish words spoke in that of August
nature, I hope shall be no evidence against Baron Weston. Begin with Penny first. Pray what say you to chat book ?
Bar. Weston. But, however, it is proved Mr. Penny. My lord, I was bid to buy a against you. book of that gentlewoman, and I did so. I Cellier. Did I say I writ it? asked for ber by her name.
Penny. You told me that was your book, Bar. Weston. By what name?
Cellier. I told you? pray, my lord, put one Penny. Mrs. Cellier.
question to him upon the oath he hath taken: Bar. Weslor. Is that the gentlewoman? did I say any more, than it was mine, and I
Penny. Yes, that is the gentlewoman. And sold it? not that I writ it, or was the author she caine out to me, and asked what my errand of it? was? I told her it was to have a book: that Bar. Weston. Mrs. Cellier, this is a book you may have, said she, if you please. Madam, that is intitled with your name, and sold by said I, what is the price? two shillings, said yourself. Now in any one's judgment, this is she. Cannot I bave them cheaper, said I, no, both an owning of the book, and publishing of said she, I sell them to shopkeepers for 18 the book. When you sold it, you gave it out shillings a dozen, and I must not sell them as your book, and it hath in the title page your under here. With that she fetched me a book, name as the author of it. and I gave her two shillings, and when she had Cellier. My lord, if I could have produced done, she gave me another little paper.
my witnesses, I could have made my defence ; Bar. Weston. That is not in issue, nor your they have been at several places for them, question now. Did you ask her for the book they have been all about town, and severaf sbe published and set out?
ways, at sir Joseph Sheldon's, and a great many Penny. Yes; and she did acknowledge that other places, and can find none of them. was her book.
Bar. Weston. To what purpose should your Bar. Weston. What! sbe did own the book witnesses come? she sold you to be hers?
Cellier. I should with them have made my Penny. This is the book I have in my hand, defence. and I marked every sheet of it; and she told Bar. Weston. If you would have said to us
yesterday, that you had witnesses to prove that Penny. My intention was, for fear sbe sbould any one else writ the book, we would have put have given me some other book, to know wheoff the trial. But you said you writ it every ther it was writ by ber or no. word of it yourself and so owned the issue : Cellier. My lord, I am not to be judged by But now yju pretend you want witnesses; to his meaning ; but by his question and my anwhat purpose would you have them come?
Cellier. It is not the honour of the bench, Att. Gen. Did she tell you she sold more of my lord, to give evidence; and I hope you them? will not take that advantage of my vain Penny. I turned about when I bad the book words.
and said I, can I have, if occasion be, any Bar. Weston. It is the honour of the bench more? She said she had but four or five hunto repeat what you say; when you ask time to dred left, and in a few days she should have put off your trial, and the court gives you di- more. rection to what purpose witnesses may be used, Att. Gen. You told us, she told you what and you renounce that, and take the fact upon sbe sold them for by the dozen. yourself.
Penny. Yes, 18s. the dozen to the shopCellier. But I hope that is no evidence.
keepers. Bar. Weston. Ii' was spoke openly in the Bar. Weston. Then set up Downing. (Whicb court, every body beard it.
was done.] Pray look upon that bock and the Cellier. I am surprized, and have no wit- title of it." [Which be did.] Have you exa
mined that book? Bar. Weston. It is easy to pretend that you Mr. Downing. Sir, I printed part of it. want witnesses; but to what purpose would Bar. Weston. But have you examined that you have them?
very pamphlet? Cellier. My lord, I hope you will please to Downing. Yes, I know it very well. remember he'swears, I only said it was mine, Bar. Weston. Did you priot part of it? not that I was the author.
Downing. Yes, I did. Att. Gen. (Sir Creswell Levinz). If you sold Bar. Weston. Who brought it to you to be it, that is a publishing in law, and is within the printed ? indictment.
Downing. Mrs. Cellier. Cellier. But he did not say I writ it.
Bar. IV'eston. She herself? Bar. Weston. Pray, Mrs. Cellier, do not Downing. My lord, about the 22d of August trust yourself upon that: for he said, after lie a messenger came to me from Mrs. Cellier, to had it, he asked you, is this your book? you tell me she had something to be printed ; and said, yes, it is my book; and if I had been she sent for me to her huuse, and I went to her aware, I could have put a great deal more in it house in Arundel-buildings. She told me she than I have done.
had a book to print, and it was her own case. Cellier. But I did not say I writ it,
I told her I was a stranger to her concerns ; if Penny. You said, if it were to be writ again, there was nothing in it that was offensive, I you could put more in it.
would print it. She told me there was noCellier. 'I said it was my book; and so it thing but the truth, and I might safely do it. was, because it was in my possession ; but not She said, she had been publicly and wrongfully that I writ it. This is my fan, but it does not abused, and was resolved to publish her case, follow that I made it.
and would make the world sensible of the wrong Bar. Weston. But the question was concern- she had sustained. I was apt, upon the plausiing the author of the book.
bleness of her discourse, to believe her; and Cellier. He did ask me no such question. so I agreed with her to have 10s. a ream fur Did you ask me if I was the author?
printing, and I was to print four ream of every Penny. No, I did not.
sheet. And having printed half the book, the Bar. Weston. But what did you ask her? messenger found it a-printing at my house,
Penny. I asked her, whether it were her and having thus found out the press, be carried book?
it before the secretary sir Leoline Jenkins, who Bar. Weston. And did she own it?
granted a warrant to bring us both before him ; Penny. Yes, she did.
and having taken our examinations, we were Cellier. So it was mine in possession. bound to appear before the privy council, as
Bar. Weston. Did you mean by your ques- soon as notice should be given us of it: And tion, Whether that book was her's in property being discharged by the council
, we were bound or she were the author and publisher of it? to appear the first day of next term in the Penny. I would know whether it was her's King's bench ; Since which time she hath print
ed the other half of her book at some other Bar. Weston. But what was your intention in place. And whereas she promised to indemnity asking? Was it whether she, or any other per- me from all trouble and charge, when I came son made it?
to pay the clerk of the council his fees, she rePenny. I don't know who made it, she told fused to pay them for me, and told me I had me it was her's..
betrayed her; and so notwithstanding her proBar. Weston. But what was your meaning mise, I was obliged to pay the fees myself at ip it?
Mr. Dormer. Pray, sir, who was it corrected Bar. I'eston. Was it several bands? the sheets?
Slevens. I saw but one part of the copy, and, Downing. Sir, they were brought to her. that was all of one hand, but not her's, I
Mr. Dormer. Did she read them and correct believe. She said she kept a man to write it, them?
and she had several other things to write to be Downing. Yes, she looked over them.
Bar. Weston. Pray tell me how far it was Bar. Weston. Did she ever before affirm her. you printed of the book ?
self to be the author of the book? Downing. It was to folio 22.
Stevens. She did (if it please you) before the Bar. Weston. All the clauses in the indict. secretary and before the council; and said she ment are contained in those pages.
would answer it. And I have seen her likewise Mr. Clare. All but the last in the postscript. sell several of thein several days. Bar. Weston. Have you read it over since ? Mr. Dormer. Did she deliver any of these Downing. So far, my lord, I did print. books that you know of?
Bar. Weston. You take it upon your oath, that Stevens. I have seen her deliver them out to the 22d folio of that book that was given in several times before me myself, she can't deny evidence, was printed by you by her direction. it. Downing. Yes, I do.
Bar. Weston. Compare the book with the in. Bar. Weston. Then set up Stevens. [Which dictment. was done.)
Mr. Dormer. Swear Mr. Fowler. [Which Mr. Stevens. May it please your lordship, I was done.? saw this book a printing at Mr. Downing's, and Bar. Weston. What is that Fowler? reading some passages in it, I asked him, Mr. Mr. Dormer. Shew bim the book, if you
Downing, do you know what you do? He said please. [Wirich was done.] Did you buy any it is a truth: Then I asked himn who he did it of those books of Mrs. Cellier? for; be said he did it for Mrs. Cellier. I bid him Fowler, I bought two of them. I went to have a care that lie did no more than what he her house, and told her I had a letter froin a could justify; He desired me that I would not friend out of Oxfordsbire, that desired me to hurt him, and I was loche to do a poor man wrong, buy two of her books. but away I went to the secretary; but I asked Mr. Dormer. Is that the same in your hand ? him before, what was become of the sheets ? Fowler. It is the same, as I believe. Some He said he carried them to Mrs. Cellier; said friends came to my house, and told me they had I, did she bring you the copy? Said he, she seen me notoriously in print; so I came to her sent it sometimes by one inessenger, somie- and told her I had a letter out of Oxfordshire for tines by another, for she sent several: And a book or two of her's. Sir, says she, I will fetch when I came to her, she did tell me it was ber you one presently; she comes again with them. book, and that she kept a man to write it, and Madamn, says I, I believe you have forgotten she dictated it to another that sat by her; and me. she often owned it was ber book, and she the Cellier. I know you not; I never saw. you author of it.
in my life before. Cellier. I never said so in my life.
Fowler. No, I believe not; but yet you could Stevens. Mrs. Cellier, by ihe same token put me in your book. when you sent for bail you had occasion to Bar. Weston. Why, what is your name? write a pote, and I saiv you write it, and said, Fowler. My name is Fowler. I now find it is none of your hand-writing, by Bar. Weston. Where do you live. the difference between the note and the copy: Fowler. At the Half-Moon Tavern in Cheapsaid she, I know that well enough ; but I keep side, wben I am at home. a man in the house to write it, and I dictated Cillier. Your pame is not in the book. to him, and he wrote. And I have seen there Mr. Clare. Tbere is one F. that keeps the one Grange and one Sing; but Grange hath Half-Moon tavern in Cheapside. come to me several times about her's aud other .Bar. Wesion. You swear you had two books business, and she did tell me, she did dictate the of her? book to that man, and paid him for writing it. Fowler. Yes. Madam says I, I see you are Says she, I am up very early every morning full of business ; so I paid 4s. for them, aud and preparing and dictating things for the press. away I came. She hath put out iwo sheets since, and this day Mr. Dormer. Then you had no discourse at one o'clock she hath invited the Mercuries with her farther who was the author, had you? and the Hawkers to come and receive a new Fowler. No, not a syllable farther. I had pamphlet.
only occasion to get a couple of books; for Bar. Weston. Do you know her handwriting? some persons of quality had been at my house, Slevens. I have not that note by me. and told me my name was in it, and wene Bar. Weston. Did you see the copy? pleased to joke with me about it, as particularly Stevens. Some part of it I did see.
Mr. Henry Killegrew came one day to my house Bar. Weston. Was any part of it her hand and called me into the room, says he, you are writing?
notoriously in print, and known to be company Stevens. No, I believe it was none of her for a great duke, and great lords; you shall hand.
drink a glass of wine pow with me, and so dell