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Christ. And I do declare upon my salvation I wish I could offer up to thee, O God, the that I never did, nor do know any Catholic, sacrifices of just Abel, Lot, Job, and all other that ever was or is the least guilty, either by sacrifices that ever did gratefully ascend up in thought, word, or deed, by any plot or other thy sight; that thou being pleased by the sight wise, to bave any design tir concurrence to kill of them, thou mightst look no more upon my his sacred majesty, or rebel against bis king sins: For if thou wilt observe iniquities, who dom, whom God long preserve with his subjects shall endure? let therefore thy mercy hide thy in alí happiness in this world, and crown bim face from my sins, but let not the rigour of thy in the world to come with eternal glory. justice cast me away from thy presence; cast
And now it remains, that with all the powers me not away from thy face, and thy holy spirit and forces of my soul, I make my address to take not from me, but turn away thy face from God for mercy ere I appear before him for sin, and blot out all mine iniquities, and I will judgment; and you, dear friends, here present, offer my body as a sacrifice to thee by death to who believe in one holy Catbolic Church, and appease thy just anger. Communion of Saiurs, be pleased in charity to I own my sins, and I own your mercies. make the same address to God with me, and You gave me faith to know and believe what for me, that we may obtain true sorrow and was the will of you my heavenly master, but I repentance for all our sins, and a merciful for- acknowledge my fault, that although I knew giveness ; and first let us wish' from the bottom your will, I did not fulfil it, and therefore I of our hearts, that we could express and make ought to be beaten with many stripes, because good our sorrow, as David did, Psal. cxix. you foretold me, that many are the stripes of a
Whilst rivers of waters run down our eyes like sinner; but be pleased, dear Lord, also to re• his, because we have not kept according to member, that in the same place you promised • our faith God's commands;" for which had we that notwithstanding this, yet mercy should enthat fountain of tears which tbe prophet wish compass him that hopes; you have given your ed for, we ought spend it all; we ough with divine hope, vouchsafe to let this bope defend Jeremy, Lam. iii. 48. 49. to weep till our me; and although I know I have not made eyes, as his, failed, and as his eye with tears good use of hope, and hope not well used, of afflicted, as he saith his heart, so ought ours to which I am guilty, makes a sinner defer repentdo, because we have made so ill use of that ance, and so puts in danger to fall into prefaith, hope, and charity, which God hath be sumption by long neglect, yet the last hour of stowed upoo us.
calling being not yet past, and your mercy beBut forasmuch as tears now at this present, ing above all your works, I hope and humbly and in these circumstances of rash censuring beg to be partaker with those who were accepttimes, tears, I say, from me, might seem to ed at the last hour. some, either the off-spring of fear to die, which I humbly acknowledge with thanks, O graGod forbid I should have in so good a cause as my cious God, that you gave me charity as your religion; or lest others might judge my tears livery, in which I always ought to have appearmight fall by reason of some other guilt, of ed in your sight, and never to have been divestwhich I am free and innocent, I have endea- ed of it; but how oft have I been spoiled, voured to stop the course of tears, and instead through iny own fault, of this garment? how of drops of water from my eyes, I will spend oft have I, by descending to Jericho, instead the drops of blood from every sorrowful vein of of going up to Jerusalem; how oft, I say, bave my heart, and my whole body, that God may I been robbed of this garment of charity? even please to wash away the sins of all my life past, as often as I have preferred any sublunary oband I wish each drop an ocean for myself and ject, and the love of that before the love of all the world, because I have nothing now left you, and before your goodness, which is above more than wishes, which I beseech thee, O all goodness, and the object of all beatitude. gracious God, of thy mercy to accept of; and if Vouchsafe again, O gracious Lord, to resyou will vouchsafe to accept of wishes to supply tore in mercy to me this nuptial vestment, ere the deeds, by wishes I offer up all that is good I dare appear at the supper of the Lamb. to you, that ever you gave to any since the Make me, o beavenly Father, a penitential world's creation ; I offer up David's broken prodigal, and then I shall have put on me again heart, together with my own, that so like him, this best robe of charity. after my repentance, I may become a man ac- This I beg from the bottom of my soul for cording to your own heart. I offer up the sighs his dear sake, who was divested of his garof Magdalen, and wish I could make such use ments out of charity, that I might be invested of them as she did to sob out my sins. I wish in his charity, who also suffered his garments her repentant arms, that I may lay fast bold to be divided, that he might purchase grace, at the feet of thee my gracious God.
that we might never be divided from the unity I wish I had the longanimity of all the holy of his faith and church, but rather willingly confessors.
suffer for his sake the separation of our lives I wish I had the sufferings of all thy constant from our bodies, the separation of our bodies martyrs.
from our souls, and the separation of our boI wish I had the lamps of all thy sacred dies into its quarters, that we may the more virgins, that I might offer all to thee that in perfectly by ihese sufferings and separations them was pleasant in thy sighi.
from ourselves be united to him.
Therefore in the faithful communion and my soul may live for ever, and love in thee my perfect union of the sufferings of all saints that God and dear Redeemer, Amen. Sweet Jesus, ever have been, or now are, or ever will be, in | Amen. the union of the most sacred merits of the life, passions and death of God and man, my dear
It appears from the following, that in the Redeemer and Saviour Christ, I offer myself willingly to what I am now to suffer, begging preceding month of July another priest had
been executed at Chester. by all that is good in heaven and in earth, remissions of sins for niyself and all the world, The Speech of Mr. William PLESSINGTON, particularly for all that may appear to have
who was Executed at Chester (for being a been my enemies in the concern of my life, as
Priest of the Church of Rome) July 19, witness, jury, judge, and others, whom I do not
1679. esteem as enemies, but as the best of friends; I heartily forgive them, and beg the best of “ Dear Countrymen ; I am here to be exeblessings for them all, as being the cause of cuted, neither for theft, murder, nor any thing sending me sooner than otherwise I might have against the law of God, nor any fact or doctrine gone, to the happy state of hope for the other inconsistent with monarchy or civil government, world. Whither, before I go, I humbly beg I suppose several now present heard my trial pardon of all in this world, for whatever in the last Assizes, and can testify that nothing thoughts, words or deeds I have committed to was laid to my charge but priest-hood, and I offend them, or omitted to do for them, by am sure that you will find that priest-hood is which any thing might have been mended in neither against the law of God nor monarchy, them, or myself, I beseech God to bless thein all. or civil government. If you will consult either
I beseech God to bless also all my friends, the Old or New-Testament, (for it is the basis spiritual and temporal; all benefactors; and of religion) for no priest no religion, St. Paul all by whom I have received good or evil, by tells us in Hebrews, the 7, and 12. The priestwords, deeds, or desires.
hood being changed, there is made also of neI beseech God to bless all those of whom cessity a change of the law, and consequently I ever had care or charge spiritually or tempo- the priest-hood being abolished, the law and rally.
religion is quite gone. But I know it will be I beseech God bless his boly catholic church, said, that a priest ordained by authority deand our chief bishop thereof, with all other rived from the See of Rome, is by the law of bishops, priests and clergy.
the nation to die as a traitor, but if that be so I beseech God bless this nation, and unite what must become of all the clergy-men of the all amongst themselves and to God, in true Church of England, for the first protestant Faith, Hope and Charity.
bishops had their ordination from those of the I beseech God to bless his majesty's privy Church of Rome, or none at all, as appears' by council, and make all the secrets of their hearts their own writers, so that ordination comes and their desires such, as that both Charles our derivatively to those now living.–As in the king on earth, and God our great king in hea- primitive times, Christians were esteemed ren and earth, may be served, pleased and traitors; and suffered as such by national laws, honoured by them, that men and angels may so are the priests of the Roman Church, here rejoice at it now, and be public witness of it at esteemed and suffer as such. But as Christhe last great day, al the great and last council tianity then was not against the law of God, table, where every secret shall be laid open,' monarchy, civil policy, so now there is not Luke 12, as Solomon saith, Eccles. ult. • when any one point of the Roman Catholic faith, (of • God will bring into judgment every secret which faith I am) that is inconsistent there., thing, whether it be good or cvil.'
with, as is evident by induction in each several I beseech God to bless the parliament now point.—That the pope bath power to depose or elect, and be so present with them when they give license to murder princes, is no point of sit to judge and discuss the causes of this na- our belief. And I protest in the sight of God tion, they may imitate the assembly of those and the court of heaven, that I am absolutely that are to sit upon the twelve thrones at the innocent of the Plot so much discoursed of, and Jast great assembly, that they may now judge abhor such bloody and damnable designs, and or determinate of things no otherwise than they although it be 9 weeks since I was sentenced hope or fear then to be judged themselves, and to die, there is not any thing of that laid to my determined of to all eternity.
charge, so that I may well take comfort in St. I beseech God to bless all that suffer in this Peter's words, 1 Pet. 14, 15, 16. Let none of persecution, and let the blessing esprest in the you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as 126th Psalın light upon them speedily, that an evil doer, or as a busy body in other men's God turning their captivity, all mouths may be matters, yet if any man suffer as a Christian filled with joys, and tongues with singings. let him not be ashamed or sorry.' I have de Convert, O Lord, our captivity, as streams in served a worse death, for though I have been a the south, that those who now sow in tears, faithful and true subject to my king, I have may reap in joy; and for this temporal death, been a grievous sinner' against God; thieves O blessed Trinity, give me eternal life ; let my and robbers that rob on high-ways, would have body die to the world for the love of thee, that served God in a greater perfection than I have
done, bad they received so many favours and said mass at the time and place he mentioned graces from him as I have.-But as there was and I verily think that be never spoke to me, never sinner who truly repented and heartily or I to him, or saw each other but at the called to Jesus for mercy, to whom he did not Assizes week; the third witness Robert Wood shew mercy; so I hope by the merits of his was suddenly killed, but of the dead why should passion, he will have mercy on me, who am I speak? These were all the witnesses against heartily sorry that ever I offended him.-Bear me, unless those that only declared what they witness good hearers, that I profess that I un- heard from others. I bearcily and freely fordoubtedly and firmly believe all the Articles of give all that have been or are any way instru. the Roman Catholic faith, and for the truth of mental to my death, and heartily desire that any of them, (by the assistance of God) I am those that are living may heartily repent.-God willing to die, and I had rather die than doubt bless the king and the royal family, and grant of any point of faith, taught by our holy his majesty a prosperous reign here and a crown mother the Roman Catholic Church.-In what of glory hereafter, God grant peace to the subcondition Margaret Plat one of the chiefest wit-jects, and that they live and die in true Faith, nesses against ine was before, and after she was Hope, and Charity. That which remains is, with me, let her nearest relations declare.- that I recoinmend sayself to the mercy of my George Massey, another witness' swore falsly, Jesus by whose merits I hope for mercy, 0 Jesu when he swore, I gave him the Sacrament, and be to me a Jesus.”
258. The 'Trial of Thomas Knox and John Lane, at the King's
Bench, for a Misdemeanor :* 31 CHARLES II. A.D. 1679. On Tuesday the 25th day of November, 1679, | Westminster, in the county of Middlesex, laat the King's bench-bar at Westminster, Tho bourer, and John Lane of the same parish and mas Knox and John Lane were tried for the county, labourer, for that whereas Edward misdemeanor and offence hereinafter in the Coleman, William Ireland, and John Grove, Iodictment expressed ; which trial was in man- and other false traitors against our sovereign ner following:
lord Charles 2. by the grace of God of England, · Proclamation being made in usual manner Scotlaud, France, and Ireland, king, defender for information, and the defendants called to of the faith, &c. to the jurors aforesaid untheir challenges, the jury were sworn, whose known, the 24th day of April, in the 30th names follow.
year of the reign of our said sovereign lord Sir John Kirk, Thomas Harriot, Henry John the king, at the parish of St. Margaret's, Westson, Siuion Middleton, Hugh Squire, Francis minster, in the county of Middlesex, traiterDorrington, John Roberts, Rainisford Water- ously amongst themselves had conspired, conhouse, Thomas Earsby, Joseph Radcliffe, James sulted, and agreed, to bring and put to death Supple, Richard Cooper.
and destruction our said sovereign lord the king, Who being numbered, the clerk of the crown and war against our said sovereign lord the charged them with the indictment thus : king within this kingdom of England to stir up,
Cl. of Cr. Gentlemen, You of the jury that and the religion in the said kingdom of Engare sworn, hearken to your charge ; you shall land, rightly and by the laws of the said kingunderstaod that the defendants stand indicted dom established, to the superstition of the by the oaths of twelve honest and lawful men Romish church to change and alter, and the goof the county of Middlesex, by the names of vernment of the said kingdom of England to Thomas Knox of the parish of St. Margaret's, subvert; for which their said most wicked trea,
sons, and traiterous conspiracies, consultations, * Published in the next year, under the title and agreements, the said Edward Coleman, of "The Trial and Conviction of Thomas Knox Williain Ireland, and John Grove, in due manand John Lane, for a Conspiracy to defame and ner and according to the laws of this kingdom of scandalize Dr. Oates and Mr. Bedloe; thereby England, were afterwards attainted, and unto discredit their evidence about the Horrid derwent the pain of death for the same. And Popish Plot:
at the King's-Bench-bar at West- whereas William earl of Powis, William visminster, on Tuesday the 25th of November, count Stafford, John lord Bellasis, Henry lord 1679. Before the Right Hon, Sir William Aruudel of Wardor, William lord Petre, and Scroggs, knt. Lord Chief Justice, and the other sir Henry Titchbourn, bart. the 30th day of Judges of that Court. Where, upon full evi- November; in the soth year of the reign of dence, they were found Guilty of the offence our said sovereign lord the king aforesaid, at aforesaid. London: Printed for Robert Paw- the parish of St. Margaret's Westminster, lett, at the Bible in Chaucery lane, near Fleet. aforesaid, in the county of Middlesex aforesaid, street, 1680."
of the treasons aforesaid were lawfully accused, • I do appoint Robert Pawlett to print the and thereupon, according to due form of law, • Trial of Thomas Knox and Johu Lane, and were committed to the Tower of London, being Jet no other person presume to print the same.' the prison of our said sovereign Lord ihe king, WILLIAM SCROGGS.
there safely to be kept to answer for the treae
sons aforesaid; whereupon they the said Wil- and William Bedlow, against them the said William earl of Powis, William viscount Stafford, liam earl of Powis, William viscount Stafford, John lord Bellasis, Henry lord Arundel of War- William lord Petre, John lord Bellasis, and dor, and William lord Petre, were in parlia- Henry lord Arundel
, for our said sovereign ment impeached by the Commons in the same lord the king, to be given, falsly, maliciously, parliament assembled. And whereas Thomas subtilly, and advisedly, did write and cause to earl of Danby afterwards to wit the said soth be written three letters, and those letters, so day of November, in the 30th year afore- written, falsly, craftily, unlawfully, and adsaid, at the parish aforesaid, in the county afore-visedly, did direct and cause to be delivered to said, of certain treasons and other misdemea- bimself the said Thomas Knox, by which said nors was lawfully accused, and thereupon, ac- letters falsly, craftily, and deceitfully, it was cording to due form of law, was committed to declared, That they the said John Lane and the said Tower of London, there to be safely William Osborne were greatly troubled in their kept to answer for the treasons and misdemea consciences by reason of certain things which nors aforesaid, of which said creasons and mis- they well knew, and had concealed concerning demeanors be the said Thomas earl of Danby the unjust contrivances of the said Titus Oates is impeached in parliament, by the Commons and William Bedlow, in accusing the said Thoin the same parliament assembled, that they the mas earl of Danby, to be guilty of the treasons said Thomas Knox and John Lane, well know- and other misdemeanors aforesaid, and that ing the said William earl of Powis, William the said Titus Oates was a person of a wicked viscount Stafford, John lord Bellasis, Henry and vicious life, and made an assault upon the lord Arundel of Wardour, William lord Petre, said John Lane, and with the said Joho Lane and Thomas earl of Danby, to be accused of to commit that detestable sin called sodomy the treasons and misdemeanors aforesaid; and before that time had endeavoured. And that they the said Thomas Knox and John Lane, he the said Thomas Knox, the sooner and more being devilishly affected towards our said so- effectually to persuade the said John Lane and sovereign lord the king, their supreme and na William Osborn falsly to accuse the said tural lord, and devising, and with all their Titus Oates and William Bedlow, that they the strength intending the peace and tranquility of said Titus Oates and Williaın Bedlow unjustly, this kingdom of England to disturb, and to hin- / and against all truth, bad accused the said der and stifle the discovery of the said treasons, Thomas earl of Danby, of the treasons and ty the said William earl of Powis, William other misdemeanors aforesaid, and so to affirm viscount Stafford, John lord Bellasis, Henry against the evidence of our said sovereign lord lord Arundel, and William lord Petre, as afore the king, upon the trial of the said Thomas said supposed to be committed, and, as much earl of Danby, for the treasons and other misas in them lay to elude the due course of law, derneanors aforesaid, to be had afterwards, to and the prosecution of Justice against the said wit, the said 30th day of April, in the 31st year William earl of Powis, William viscount Staf- of the reign of our said sovereign lord the king ford, William lord Petre, John lord Bellasis, aforesaaid, at the parish aforesaid, in the sir Henry Tichbourn, and Thomas earl of county aforesaid, falsly, advisedly, corruptly, Danby to retard, they the said Thomas Knox and against the duty of his allegiance, unlawand John Lane, afterwards, to wit, the 30th day fully gave to the said John Lane and William of April, in the 31st year of the reign of our Osborn, divers great sums of money, and also said sovereign lord the king, at the parish afore- further falsly, advisedly, corruptly, and against said, in the couoty aforesaid, falsly, malicious- the duty of his allegiance, the day and year ly and unlawfully did consult and agree among aforesaid, at the parish aforesaid, in the county themselves, Titus Oates clerk, and William aforesaid, did promise unto the said John Lane Bedlow gentleman, who informations of the and William Osborn, that they the said Jolin treasons aforesaid had given, and whom they Lane and William Osborn, within a certain the said Thomas Knox and John Lane, the day time, by the said Thomas Knox to the said and year aforesaid, well knew to have given in- John Lane and William Osborn propounded, formation of the treasons aforesaid against them divers other great sums of money, and other the said William earl of Powis, William vis- great rewards therefore should have and re. count Stafford, John lord Bellasis, Henry lord ceive, against the duty of their allegiance, to Arundel, and Wiliam lord Petre, to scandalize the great retarding, obstructing and suppressing and upon the trial of the said William earl of of justice, in manifest contempt of the laws Powis, William viscount Stafford, John lord of this kingdom of England, to the evil and perBellasis, Henry lord Arundel, and William nicious example of all others in the like case lord Perre, to represent them to be persons of offending, and against the peace of our said evil conversation, and witnessses not deserving sovereign lord the king, his crown and dignity. credit. And that he the said Thomas Knox To this indictment, the said Thomas Knox and afterwards, to wit, the said 30th day of April, John Lane, by their attorney, pleaded that in the 31st year aforesaid, at the parish afore- they are Not Guilty, nor either of them is said, in the county aforesaid, in the names, and Guilty of the offence aforesaid, and further with the consent and agreement of the said withal put themselves upon the country, and John Lane, and one William Osborn, to dis- the king's attorney likewise. And your charge grace the information of the said Titus Oates is to enquire if they are Guilty or Not Guilty."
Cl. of Cr. Make an O yes.
to this matter : that there hath been an horrid Crier. O yes ! if any one will give evidence and abominable conspiracy against the king, on the behalf of our sovereign lord the king, the nation, the religion, and the law, appears against Thomas Knox and John Lane, of the (my lord) by the proceedings in parliament, misdemeanors and offence whereof they stand wherein the Lords and the Cominons have indicted, let them come forth and give their several times jointly declared so, and I think, evidence.
it is so public that no body will doubt there is Mr. Trenchard. May it please your lordship, such a thing; who is guilty, that is another and you gentlemen of the jury, Thomas Knox and Joun Lane stand indicted for a great and L. C. J. This court must take notice of that, high misdemeanor, and the indictment sets because some have been tried, convicted, and forth, that whereas Coleman, Ireland, Pick- condemned for it by this court. ering, and Grove, and other false traitors did Serj. Maynard. Your lordship says right. conspire to destroy the king, and change the But my lord, the first discovery of this conspireligion established by law, to levy war against racy came from a single person, one that stood our sovereign lord the king, and to introduce single and discouraged a long time, and that popery, and for these treasons were convicted, there were endeavours to discourage his further attainted, and executed; and further sets forth, discovery, that will appear. My lord, when it that the lord Powis, lord Arundel of Wardor, stood so, it happened that sir Edmundbury and others, were accused of the said treasons, Godfrey had taken bis examination, and these and were committed to the Tower, and after things will be material in the end of the cause. wards were impeached for the same by the Sir E. Godfrey having taken the examination Commons in parliament assembled; as also of Oates, then the rendeavour was to suppress that Thomas earl of Danby was impeached of this examination that he had taken, and that by high-treason and other misdemeanors; that the no less a wickedness ihan the barbarous murder defendants knowing Mr. Oates and Mr. Bed- of that honest gentleman, whom you all knew; low had given information of these treasons, to and they not only took away his life, but they stifle the evidence, and to scandalize them, did did strive to baffle and defame him, when he falsly conspire to represent them as wicked was dead, and that will appear too, and is persons, and men of no credit. And the in- public and known. My lord, all this while stood dictment further sets forth, that the defendant Dates single ; it fell out by the mercy of God, Knox, with the agreement of Lane, and one that a further discovery was made by Bedlow, Osborn, did cause several letters to be writ, in he was examined, aud it is publicly known, which it was contrived to accuse the said Oates and public justice bath gone upon it.—The and Bedlow, that they had conspired falsly to next attempt was to corrupt the testimony of accuse the said earl of Danby, and that (ates Bedlow with bribes and rewards, and by other was a person of a vicious conversation, and had ways; and the person that transacted it, Reada design to attempt an assault upon the personing, is attainted of it, • Scelere tutandum est of the said Lane, with an intention to commit scelus,' when men have invented and designed that detestable sin of sodomy; the better to any great wickedness, they are forced to enter effect which wicked designs, the said Knox upon others to cover and conceal the former, gave several sums of money to Osborn and My lord, it proceeded now, and comes to that Lane, and had offered great rewards unto which will be the question this day. Having them. To this indictment they have pleaded gone all these ways, now they return again, to Not Guilty, and you are to try whether they see if they can disgrace and baffle the evidence are Guilty or Not, of this misdemeanor. Oates and Bedlow bad given, and the way to Then sir John Maynard, the king's eldest foul offences, especially Dr. Qates; and that
that is by disparaging and scandalizing them with serjeant at law, pursued the charge thus:
was thus, (as we shall prove to your lordship) Serj. Maynard. May it please your lord- | Lane had been a servant with Oates, and the ship, and you gentlemen of the jury; this cause other was one of the like condition, and he was is of great consequence; and, my lord, I desire tampered with to accuse Dr. Oates of that the jury to observe, that their question this day horrid sin of sodomy, and I think if he were is not to enquire whether the lords or the other such an one, little credit were to be given to persons accused and impeached in parliament such a man. This was the design they were to are Guilty or Not ; but the question before accomplish. And we shall prove to you, in them, is, Whether the persons that stand here order to it, there were letters written (and conindicted, are guilty of wicked and vile endea- trived by Knox indeed) written by Osborn who vours to discountenance and suppress the evi- is not now before you, but a contrivance of dence, and scandalize their persons, who were them all. And, my lord, there must be a preto give evidence against these lords; we are tence ; for in truth these persons had been exnot to give evidence against the lords, but amined, and had charged him with this offence, against these persons.
but upon further examination they had rea L. C. J. (Sir Wm. Scroggs) You are right, nounced their discovery. brother.
L. C. J. Had they all given evidence? Or Serj. Maynard. Gentlemen, something I who did ? must observe to you, that is an inducement Serj. Maynard. No, my lord, pardon me, I