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believeth not shall be damned; which she did s the like questions of the old man, the former read; and this witness being then present, and witness, to all which they were both very unwilI saying the same then before him, I suppose, ling to answer; for which some of the rude from this text, be accused me that I should say, people curst' the old man for an old doating he would be damned, because I repeated, and fellow, and were as much vexed at the young shewed them our Saviours words, as they apa woinan, because she was so dejected, that sbe pear in that place of Scripture.
could not speak, but looked like one that was I having thus answered all the testiinonies this balf dead, as some of the people said in anger witness could bring in against me, I referred she was so. The judge perceiving in what conmyself to his lordship, and all the bench to dition she was, said aloud, What men are these judge whether any thing this witness had said priests that have such power over people, that against me, would make me guilty: the judge they are not able to speak against them; he said but little to it, but called for the next wit- therefore bid them remember they were in the ness (who was father to this first) who was presence of God, and were bound in conscience so much grieved at the proceedings of his un. to speak the truth of what they had heard or gracious son that he could not forbear to shed seen ; so at last they owned that I had read in tears all the time that his son produced such the bible, ayd other books to them, and that accusations against me; so that he appeared they had contest what troubled them, and had more witness against his son's ungodliness, than received something like a waser from me, and a witness against me: yet the judge asked him that they had believed what I had read to them; many questions, whether he had ever heard, yet they hoth declared publicly, that I did not seen, or known any such or such things of or bid them come to confession, or take the wafer from me: to all which questions he answered or bread; and when they took it that I did no, he knew nothing against me; so that the not tell them it was the sacrament, neither did judge seeing he shewed so much kindness, he they know whether it was or no: by all which is asked him what he was ? He answered, a ca. appeared according to the letter of the law, tholic; whereupon the judge bade him go away, and in conscience, that none of these testimosaying, he was too much my friend, and there- nies were of sufficient force to make me guilty. fore he would not accept of him as a witness, A man's life is not to be taken away upon sure but called the third. This witness was an old mises, or possibilities, that this might be the man, and very deaf, who was forced to come communion, as well as other holy bread. For against me by a warrant, swore against bis will: the law requires, that it must be proved that the judge asked him several questions, whether there was an administration of the sacrament he heard me say any prayers; he answered, yes, by one that had taken orders from a foreiga but he could not well understand or hear what power; of taking orders there was not the least they were, because he was so deaf; he asked them accusation mentioned against me by any of the whether they were English or Latin? he ans- witnesses, much less could it be proved, no nos wered, he could not well tell, he thought it was so much that I pretended to give the sacrament both; and I think, it might be neither, for any more than it might be holy water, or holy ought he could hear, he was so very deaf: then bread, as I desired my lord to consider; nei. he asked him what cloaths I had on? he ans- ther was it the wearing of a surplice that could wered, he could not well tell; I had something prove I said mass; for priests never wear sur. on that was white, a surplice he thought; and plices at mass : and if a man's tearing a sure the judge was willing to suppose this to be a plice at prayer, prove him a priest, then all the priest's habit at mass, or when he gave the sa- singing-boys in every Protestant Cathedral crament; but I told his lordship, that this could Church, and in all other churches in christenbe no proof of any such matter, because, all dom, all those boys, though but of ten or twelve over the world, among Catholics, such garments years of age, must be by consequence all powere worn by thousands in time of prayer, who pish priests; and all Jews who constantly in sye never were, nor will be priests, as is well known nagogues put on a white garmentlike a surplice, to those that have been travellers : and I told as I and all travellers have seen them do when his lordship, that if he pleased to call for them we have gone to see them pray: all these Jews there may be several travellers, of several sects must be Rumish Priests: --Out of all which it and opinions present in the hall, that would be evidently appears that none of these testimosufficient witnesses as well of this, as of the nies the witnesses brought against me, were any holy bread and water, wbich the other witness way concluding according to justice to make as well as this old man said I had given them, me guilty of being a priest. which they suppose to be the sacrament; but As for my reading the bible to them, or in the judge would call for none, but called for satisfying them in what they doubted, or bidding the fourth witness. This witness was a young them say their prayers, and particularly the woman, who was also by violence forced to Lord's prayer, which the last two witnesses to.d come and swear what she had heard, seen or the judge I had done, and the like (he fearing known concerning me about the matter in questo answer to all the questions he asked them) tion. The judge asked ber whether I had to these I answered, that I own I had done so; taught her any thing, whether she had been at whereupon the judge said, that out of this it confession or communion, what I said to her, appeared, that I had taken upou me the priest's what penance I gave her; and he asked also office. I told him, that with his leave I would shew how it did no ways follow ; Por, out of this no priest, may and ought to do the same. I it only followed, that I had done the duty of a having pleaded these things for myself, the judge good christian, and every man in the like cir. was pleased to tell me, I had a nimble tongue, cumstances is bound as a christian to do the and wit, and that by chose discourses I strove like that I had done. I told bim, that they, to make the jury attend more to my pleading doubting of such things, and desiring me to , for myself, than to the witnesses arguments shew them if such places were in the bible, or against me: to which I replied, I spoke nothing not, and desiring to know what I did believe of but truth, which I ought to do to defend anyself those points, and the reasons why I believed Against my enemies, therefore I hoped his lordthein, I turned to such places in the bible, and ship would not be offended: but if I have exceedread it to them, and bid them read the same ed (as bis lordship said I did) because I hindered themselves, which they did, and so were sa-l him from speaking, I humbly crared his pardon, usfied. And I told my Lord, for what I had done and hoped I should obtain it, being my conI had the scripture warrant, and scripture com- cerns and reasons to plead, as I did, were of no mand also to do it, and so had every christian less consequence than life and death. command to do the like; for the scripture com- But for all this the judge told the jury, that mands all to be ready to give an answer to they were to consider the accusations of the every inan concerning the reason of the hope witnesses against me, as having done such and which is within us, and this I had done to them, such things which priests use to do ; neither or to any other that bad asked me as they did. was it necessary that the witnesses should But I told my Lord withal, that I knowing the prope me to have taken orders from foreign statute of persuasion, bad always so much re- power, and so to prove me positively to be a gard to that, when any would discourse with priest ; for that (they not having seen me take me concerning my faith, or their's, I told them, orders) they could not do, but it was sufficient that (being there was such a statule as the sta- they had seen me do such things, by which it tute of persuasion) though I was bound to give might be presumed it was so. Whereupon I them an account of my faith and hope, if for answered, that there was never a proof yet conscience sake they asked me, yet I told them alledged, that did or could make that appear I would not incur the penalty of that statute by or be sufficient to conclude me to be so, and using any force or persuasion against their con. therefore I was no more guilty than many sciences; for violent forcing of consciences thousands, of whom all these things alledged was against the law of God; yet I told them against me might be verified, who never were what I did believe, and shewed them the places nor would be priests, as I had sufficiently of scripture on which my faith was grounded, shewed, why therefore should they be thought according as they desired me to do for them, sufficient to conclude against me. I therefore and then I would leave it to God and their own desired the judge, before he sent out the jury, consciences; and if they did not believe those he would give me leave to speak a word or two texts, I bad no more to say to them; and if to thein. He answered no, he would not. I they did believe them, they best knew before then desired his lordship would give me leave God and their consciences what they had to do; to speak again to bim before them, ere they so that it was not my persuasion, but God and went out ; to which he assented : I therefore their souls salvation that was to determine them desired his lordship to give me leave to asks in the belief of what they read in the bible: this question of him, which the jury might hear, and I bade them bear witness that I told then Suppose all the proofs which had been by all thus, if in case we should ever be called in the witnesses brought against me, were to be question before any judge; and thus I have alledged against the jury, or some of them, so discoursed, as several would bear witness for that if the arguments were judged by them to me. I told his lordship this was true, and so be of force or concluding, some of those of the did those witnesses; for, they declared pub- jury should lose part of their estates and credit, licly what I said was true, whereupon I did ap- and being in some danger of their lives, who of peal to my lord, if I was not innocent in this all the jury on whom this peril were like to fall, point; and as for my bidding them say their would judge those arguments alledged against prayers, or when they desired to ease their me, sufficient to condeinn them to the loss of minds by declaring what troubled them, I de- part of their estates, or part of their credit sired to clear myself by asking my lord, with with some danger of their lives? I therefore his leave, what nation or sect in the world ought desired it mighi be considered, that my all lay not, and did not counsel and wish their neigh- at stake, all my concerns in the world ; credit bours in their troubles to ease themselves by and life not only in some danger, but certainly prayer to God; and much more every good to be condemned, if those arguments brought christian ought, when he uuderstood that his in by them against me should be judged to be brother had acted the prodigal son, offended of force. Therefore I desired they would deal his Heavenly Father, and therefore was troubled by me as if it were their own case, according as in conscience, vught, I say, to persvade him I had proposed it to them, and so I shuuld give to return by repentance, and beg mercy of our no further trouble in speaking, being it was not Father which is in heaven : I having done no judged fit I should say any more (as 1 bad demore but this, have only one a pious christian sired) to the jury. duty to my neigbbours, which any man, though I had only one favour more to beg of the
the atle" judge, answered, That the jury had
judge before they went out, which was, that to me, and the like, being these are things done his lordship would read a paper before them as well by those that were no priests, as by which I had ready, whereby I could prove, priests ; according to the judge's own opinion, that the first and chiefest witness against me, these actions ought not to have been judged which was Rogers, ought not in justice to be ad-sufficient proofs against me, no more than such mitted as a competent witness against me, actions were judged sufficient against other as the writing I offered the judge would shew ; gentlemen; although I did not alledge this to which writing I gave to the judge, and be read ihe judge, yet it was sufficient he knew it, and it over privately to himself, and seeing the hand might, if lie had pleased, done with me accordof liiin ihat wrote it at the bottom, who offered ingly, though he did not, but sending the jury to swear for me against Rogers, the judge out, sent me from the bar. asked where this witness for me was, and why I being afterward called again to the bar, I had him not ready? I answered he was bard and it being declared unto me, that the jury loy in the prison for debt, if he pleased to send had found me guilty, the bill was read against for him; but the judge would not send for him. me ; and then I was asked what I had to say I then desired the juilge that at least I or any for myself, why I should not die, that I might else here present, might read my paper pub-speak before the sentence of death past against licly, that all might know it was true, that I me. To which I answered, I only desired to had such a sutiicient witness for me against know for what I was to die ; for I have shewed Rogers; but the judge neither would let me, that all things alledged against me beretofore, nor any else read it openly, but however I made were insufficient to prove me a priest, or take bold to tell publicly all the contents of the away my life. paper, wbich were word for word as the witness wrote it with his own hand and name found me guilty, and that now there was no at the bottom ; thus
more to be said concerning the proof, but that “Memorandum, That upon the 12th of De- I was to be condemned as a priest. cember last past, or thereabouts, came three
To which I replied, That though the jury had men to the castle of Worcester, and as they found me Guilty, yet I was still innocent from came up the stairs, Rogers desires one of them any guilt of death, and with his lordship's perto call for one Mr. Johnson, and see if he mission I would prove it
. He asked me how? would answer to that name or not; and en
I answered, thus; I had not been out of Engtering into the room, he asked where was Mr. land, to take any orders from foreign power Johnson, and wbich was he, though he was at
since the king's restoration to his crow!), neither that time present in the room, and none else England ; therefore if I were a priest, I was so
had I any opportunity to take any orders in but one man and myself drinking at the door, before his majesty came into England: but and in my conscience knew him not.
whatever I had done before the king caine into (In witness to this I will lay down my oath.) England, cannot make me now Guilty, sapHENRY HOLLAND." posing I had transgressed the law before, be
cause his majesty before his return, put out By this it may appear, that if the judge would several proclamations, that none should ever let my witness appear to have sworn, I might be troubled for their religion, or consciencehave cast Rogers, the chief witness against me; sake; and since his coining into England, be and why it was not granted, let all that hear it had done the saine by several proclamations : judge. However, I still contiuued to plead, and what was yet more, not long since, had set that all proofs alledged against me were insuffi-forth bis declaration, that every one should cient, which I can make appear even in the freely practise his own religion of what sect or judge's own opinion, though I did not tell hin persuasion soever, which declaration, if I were so; for you must know, that before in his cir- a priest, I might safely rely on, as well as all curt, though witnesses swore against a gentle others. To which the judge replied, where man (whom they would have proved a priest) had I the seal to that declaration? I answered, that they saw him marry people and baptize, I never questioned but that a subject might which are the actions of a priest, yet the judge take his king's word declared in his public prodeclared, that because these actions might be clamation without his seal. The judge andone by such as were no priests, as well as by swered, However if I were a priest now in priests, as it appeared, because justices of the England, I was guilty. I repliedThat suppospeace married people in Cromwell's tiine, and ing I bad formerly taken orders before the any man or woman might at some times king came to England, I could not altogether christen children ; therefore such common ac- degrade myself, or be otherwise now, than'what tions, as he declared, could not prove the ac- I was ordained then; therefore if I were a cused gentleman to be a priest for doing them, priest, I cannot now be guilty for it, because and thereupon the judge freed him.
all that ever was done before the king's restorWhereupon I infer, That all the actions the ation, in what respect soever, was all forgiven witnesses swear they saw me do, as wearing a and blotied out by the king's general pardon to surplice, giving the water, exhorting to prayer, all subjects, even to those who had a hand in shewing points out of the Bible, hearing others the death of his roval Father, and so the Ca. grievances, which they of themselves declared tholics for their religion were not excluded out of the general pardon ; wherefore I told his I told them, I was as ready by God's grace to lordship I was not guilty.
die to-morrow, as I had been to receive the Whereupon he told me I was guilty, and pre- scntence of death to day, and as willingly as if sumed far to plead so resolutely, and with such I had a grant of the greatest dukedom: so we coofidence before him and all ihe Bench. sate talking half an hour, and I returned to
I craved his pardon for my fault, but de- the prison, there to remain, as long as it pleased sired his lordship to consider, that I was bid God and the king, whom God long preserve io speak if I had any thing to say for myself, be- all happiness. fore the sentence of death past against me, and There was another objection which I forgot therefore I had reason to plead home, since to put in, until I had finished the former writhis was the last time I was like to speak for ting, and it was an objection which the judge my life in this world, which I hope his lordslip was pleased to put against me himself, and it and the bench would consider; but if notwith- was that I had changed my name, and went standing so many proclamations, grants for in several places by several names. liberty of conscience, and his majesty's general To which I answered, the reason was, bepardon to all who had relied on them, if all this cause in Cromwell's time, in the great troubles, would not secure me, but my believing those our family suffered much, my father was imprithings had caused me to err, and my error must soned and a fellow prisoner with sir Thomas Ashcause me to lose my life, I had no more to say. con, both confined together, wbich sir Thomas
So the judge sat down, and pronounced is now one of his majesty's admirals of the fieet. against me the sentence of death, That I should And for my own part, I going beyond sea to be drawn, hanged, and quartered, disbowelled, travel, I changed my name ; and then coming my intrails burnt, my head cut off, my body to into England again before the king's re-toration, be cai in fur quarters, and my quarters to I was glad to conceal enyself, and go by several be at the king's disposal.
names, as many others of the king's loyal subWhich sentence being pronounced, I bowed, jects did, the better to be able to do bis maand said aloud, Thanks be to God, God save jesty the best service I could, which accordthe king; and I beseech God to bless your ing to my small ability, I did endeavour both lordship, and all this honorable Bench. before and since the king came into England,
The judge replied, You have spoken very like a dutiful subject, and like the rest of our well, I do not intend you shall die, at least not family who all endeavoured to serve his ma. for the present, until I know the king's further jesty for I have two brothers served him, the pleasure.
one a volunteer at sea in sir William Reeves I was not, I thank God for it, troubled with ship, which sir William was killed in the last any disturbing thoughts either against the judge engagement with the Dutch ; and the other for bis sentence, nor the jury that gave in such brother had a coinmand under his royal higha verdict, nor against any of the witnesses; for ness the duke of York at land: therefore I hope I was then of the same mind, as by God's the changing of my name on such an occasion grace I ever shall be, esteeming them all the as I did, could not be imputed as a guilt upon best friends to me in all they did or said that me, nor speak me other than a dutiful subject; ever I had in my life, or ever shall have, except which I could have made further appear beupon the like occasion. And I was, I thank fore the bench, but I did not judge it conveniGod, so present with myself, whilst the judge ent to say any inore to the judge there in pubpronounced the sentence to deliver me io lic. But before his lordship went out of Wordeath, that without any concern for any thing cester, I presented him with a petition, to acin this world, I did actually at the same time quaint bis lordship, that I having had the honour offer myself and the world in God.
to kiss his majesty's hand, before his restoraAfter the judge was gone from the bench to tion, in the Low-Countries ; as also I have had the other end of the hall
, I stayed with the the honour to be one of those whom his majesty keeper in the hall, where several Protestant was pleased to grace with being entertained gentlemen, and others, who had heard my by us, his then best subjects ; his majesty was trial, carne to me, though strangers, and told pleased to make us a gracious promise, that me how sorry they were for ine. To whom, when it should please God to restore him to his with thanks, I replied, that I was troubled they crown, we should not live so in banishment as should grieve for me, or my condition, who was then we did. Of this in my prtition I did acjoyful for it myself; for I told them I had pro quaint the judge, and beseeched him that he fessed this faith and religion all my life-time, would be pleased, by declaring this to the king, which I was as sure to be true, as I was sure to endeavour to obtain some gracious favour of the truth of God's word on which it was from his majesty for me, my condition now grounded, and therefore in it I deposed my being such, that I could never have greater soul, and eternal life and happiness ; and need to be partaker of his gracious promise and therefore should 'I fear to lose my temporal life clemency. for this faith, whereon my eternal life depends, The judge promised me he would make an I were worse than an inhdol; and whosoever address to bis majesty for me in this behalf, should prefer the life of their bodies before which whether he hath done or no, I wish some their faith, their religion, or conscience, they body may put him in mind to do it for me. I were worse than heathens. For iny own part do not here mention the place where in parti.
cular, nor the other persons to whom bis ma- will not believe the church let him be as a jesty made that promise, if you remember, you heathen and publican. kaow I did tell you, with several other particu
This faith must be established so in every lar circumstances, which I need not here make one, because Christ said, He would send the any further mention of.
Holy Ghost, and be will shew us, or them,
what to do. This is the rule of faith: This The Last Sperca of Mr. Francis Johnson, faith was published at Rome. And St. Pauf
Priest, of the order of St. Francis, who writing to the Christians there, rejoiceth that was executed (as a Priest only) at Worces- their faith was renowned in the whole world. ter, upon the 22d of August, A. D. 1679. Which he spake, for the most part upon
• Go ye therefore, baptizing all nations in the
name of the Father. And this is the faith I the ladder, immediately before his execu- confess and believe in, and which I die for. tion, (but being interrupted) and that which he did speak, being taken by an un- which is hope. I hope I shall have such re
I come now to speak of the second virtue, skilful scribe, was printed by the halves, ward, that neither eye hatb seen, nor ear and so imperfect, that it was in some places heard, nor can it enter into the heart of man
To correct that abuse this to conceive.' Those that have hope, sball be which he spake is published by a friend.
as Mount Sion, that shall not be removed ; Almighty God, out of his infinite goodness those that have firin hope, there is nothing can to this world, through the merits of his San disturb them; as David saith, · God is round Christ Jesus, ordained or made choice of three about those that do hope in him, as the virtues whereby we must walk, which are these, mountains are round about Hierusalem.' viz. Faith, Hope, and Charity. First, by virtue I come to the third virtue, and that is cha. of faith, we are to believe all things that are rity. It is true, now this body of mine in this done in this world; Secondly, by virtue of shipwreck is full of sio, but when that shipHope, we are to believe and hope for all things wreck is over, I shall come to ivherit that rock in another world. And the reason why Chris. that shall never fail. Now welcome shipwreck tians do believe this hope, is to bring and con- that makes the body suffer, but brings the soul duct them to salvation in the other world. to that haven which is joyful. And if we hope in God, we cannot but believe Now many there be that talk much of chaGod: for with the mouth confession is made, rity, few understand it, and fewer that practise but with the heart (and through faith) we must This is the greatest virtue, 1 Cor. xii. believe unto salvation; so that faith is not to be. Though ye speak with tongues of men and trodden under foot, or to be hid under a bushel, angels, and have not charity, it availeth nobut to be set upon a candlestick, Luke 12. thing.' So then we ought to have love and • Whosoever doth confess me before inen, him charity, or else it prevaileth nothing. • will I confess before the angels of God;' and It is expected I should say something of the therefore all are bound to believe that there is Plot. As to this, I shall declare two points of but one faith; and if but one faith, then but faith. one christian faith. There is but one faith, First, I believe that all are bound to obey one Lord, one baptism; if it be so, how can this the king's laws. stand with so many sectaries as there are? If Secondly, I do declare, that those that do there be but one faith, how can this be? break the law in word, or any action, or that
I believe the creed of St, Athanasius, (which do act any thing against bis majesty's life, that is in your common prayer-book) there it is said, is a sin unto damnation, as much as it was a sin . that whosoever will be saved, it is necessary in Judas to betray Christ, • before all things that he hold the Catholic An oath is a taking God to witness, and is « faith; and that if he keep not that faith whole as much as if he took his life and justice to 6 and undefiled, he shall perish everlastingly.' stake. So that he who takes a false oath, is And as St. James saith, Jam. ii. 10. · He that guilty of destroying the life of God and his jus. • keepeth the whole law, and yet offendeth in tice, and of his own damnation. And if I were
one point is guilty of all;' so they that believe, but guilty of this, I do declare, that all the sin must be all of the same faith. And that this ought of damnation would fall upon me, because I to be done, I appeal to all the saints that are denied the truth, and so struck at God by my gone before, of whom it is said, “ that their faith sin, in denying the truth; that is one damnawas such, as by it they stopt the mouths of lions, tion. they turned the edge of the sword, and caused A second damnation is, that if any man know the fire to cease that it should not burn ; of an evil against bis majesty, his kingdom and so they were oppressed they wandered about nation, and to hide and not discover it, he shall « in sheeps-cloathing and goats cloathing,' Heb, answer for those mischiefs that come thereby ; xi. Therefore I say there must be an unity of so that a man would bave made and committed faith.
as many sins, as there be men in England that I desire all Catholics to consider this, that had suffered. it is better to be reviled by man now in this A third damuation is to die in this lie and world, than be reviled by God in the world to with this perjury in his mouth; whereby he
Mat. xvi. it is said the Catholic church loses beaven and all its enjoyments, and dies is built upon a rock. And Mat. xviii. he who in greater sins than the devils themselves,