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priest that ever I saw or met with. And thanks tants blood as wine, and these priests thirst be to God we have a preaching ministry, and after it ; • Tantum religio potuit suadere ulothe free use of the Scriptures allowed amongst rum?' us, which they are not permitted to have. Mr. Coleman, in one of liis letters, speaks of

And atier this I wonder, that a man, who hath routing out our religion and party;' And he teen bred up in the Protestant religion (as I is in the right, for they cau never root out the bare reason to believe that you Mr. Coleman | Protestant religion, but they must kill the Protisebesa,) for (if I ain not misioformed) your testants. Dut let bion and then know, if ever fruas a ninister in Suffolk; for such an They shall endeavour to bring popery in, hy de. cte to depart from it, is an evidence against stroying of the king, they shall tind, that the FU's, to prore the Indictment. I must make a papists will thereby bring destruction upon diwrence be:neen us, and those who have themselves, so that nol a inan of them would been always educated that way, and so are escape- Ne Catulus quidem relinquendus.? winter the prepassession of their education, | Our execution shall be as quick as their gunwhich is a discult thing to be overcome. powder, but more effectual. And so, gentle

And I do assure you, there are but two men, I shall leave it to you, to consider, what dags, that I know of, can make one do it, his Letters prove him guilty of directly, and arerest, or gross ignorance. No man of un- what by consequence; What he plainly would erstanding, but for by-ends, would have left bave done, and then, how he would have done lus religion to be a Papist. And for you, Mr. it; And whether you think bis fiery zeal had Colemaa, wao are a man of reason and sub- so much cold blood in it, as to spare any thy, I must tell you (to bring this to your others ? For the other part of the Ėvidence, si) ucn this account, that it could not be which is by the testimony of the present witOk.sciec?, I cannot think it to be conscience. nesses, you have heard them. I will not de

Y cor cousion was your conscience, and your tain you longer now, the day is going out.
Secrety's place your bait.

Mr. J. Jones. You must find the prisoner For such inen (I say) as have been bred up guilty, or bring in two persons perjured. in the Protestant religion, and left it, I can L. C. J. Gentlemen, If your consultation Eardly presume that they do it out of con- shall be long, then you must lie by it all night, scuce, coless they do it upon a mighty search, and we will take your verdict to-morrow Dot leaning upon their own understanding and morning. If it will not be long, I am content abilities, not liearing of one side alone. Con- to stay a sile. science is a tender thing, conscience will trem- Jury. My lord, we shall be short. ble shen it leaves the religion it has been bred J. TVyld. We do nos speak to you to make is, and its sincerity is shown by being tearful, mere häste, or loss, but to take a full consultalest it should be in the wrong. No man may tion, and your own time; There is the death pretend to conscience traly, that takes uint all of a man at the stake, and make not too much courses imaginable to know the right, before baste. We do not speak it on that account. Le lets his religion slip from him.

The Jury went from the bar, and returned. Have we so soon forgot our reverence to the Court. Are you all agreed of your verdict? late king, and the pious advice he left us? A Jury. Yes. king that was truly a Defender of the Faith, not Court. Who shall speak for you? only by his title, but by bis abilities and writings. Jury. The foreman. A Ling, who understood the Protestant religion Court. Edward Coleman, hold up thy hand? so well, that he was able to defend it against Court. Is Edward Coleman Guilty of the any of the cardinals of Rome. And when he high-treason whereof he stands indicted, or kdew it so thorougbly, and died so eminently Not Guilty !-Jury. Guilty, my lord. for it, I will leave this characteristical note, Court. What goods, chattels, &c. That whosoever after that departs froio his judg- Prisoner. You were pleased to say to the jury, medt, had need have a very good one of his that they must either bring me in Guilty, or Own, to bear him out,

two persons perjured; I am a dying man, and I do acknowledge, many of the popish | upon my death, and expectation of salvation, priests formerly were learned men, and nay be declare, That I never saw these two gentlemen, sa sull, beyond the seas : but I could never excepting Mr. Oates, but once in all any life, jet meet with any here, that had other learning and ihat was at the council table. of ability but artificial only, to delude weak L. C. J. Mr. Coleman, your own papers women, and weaker men. They have, indeed, are enough to condemn you. ways of conversion, and conviction, by en- Court. Capt. Richardson, you must bring lightening our understandings with a faggot, Mr. Coleman hither again to-morrow moroing and by the powerful and irresistible arguments to receive his Sentence. of a dagger: But these are such wicked solecisms in their religion, that they seem to have The Day following, being November the 28th, left them neither natural sepse, nor natural

Mr. Coleman was brought to the Bar, to conscience, not natural sense, by their ab

receive bis Sentence, and the Court promardity, in so unreasonable a belief, as of the

ceeded thereupon as followeth : Wine turned into blood : Not natural con- L. C. J. Ask him what he can say for himscience, by their cruelty, who make the Protes- self: Make silence, crier.

Cl. of Cr. Edward Coleman, hold up thy council (and I believe the king hiinself rememhand. Thou hast been indicted of high trea- bers it) when I was examined, that he did not son, thou hast thereunto pleaded Not Guilty; know me, that he knew nothing of me, so that thou hast put thyself upon God and thy coun- here is tivo things against this witness that can try, which country bath found thee Guilty; hardly happen again.– My circumstances are What canst thou say for thyself, wherefore extraordinary, and it is a great providence, and judgment of death should not be given against I think your lordship and the whole world will thee, and an execution awarded according to look upon it as such, if for any crimes i hat are law?

in my papers, if there be any mercy to be shewMr. Coleman. May it please you, my lord, ed me by the king's gracious act of pardon, I I have this to say for mysell; As for my papers, humbly beg that I may have it. I hunbly bope," (setting aside Oral Testimony) L. C. J. None. that I should not have been found guilty of Coleman. If none, I do humbly submit; but any crime in them, but what the act of grace I do huinbly hope with subunission, that those would have pardoned, and I hope I shall have papers would not have been found treasonable the benefit of that; The evidence against me, papers. namely Oral, I do humbly beg that you would L. C. J. Those letters of yours, Mr. Colebe pleased to give me a little time toʻshew you, man, were since the act of pardon; your papers how impossible it is that those testimonies bear date 1674, 1675, and there hath been no should be true; For that testimony of Mr. act since. But as for what you say concerning Oates in August, my man, that is now either in Mr. Oates, you say it in vain now, Mr. Colethe court or ball, hath gotten a book that is man, for the jnry bath given in their verdict, able to make it appear, that I was out of town and it is not now to be said, for after that rate from the 15th of August to the 31st of August we shall bave no end of any man's trial; but late at niglit.

for your satisfaction, Mr. Coleman, to the best L. C. J. That will not do, Mr. Coleman. of my remembrance, Mr. Oates was positive

Coleman. I do humbly offer this, for this only as to the month of August, he thought it reason; because Mr. Oates, in all his other evi- might be about tbe 21st day, or about Bartholodences, was so punetval, as to distinguish be- mew fair time; but he was absolute in nothing tween Old Stile and New, he never missed the but the month. month, hardly the week, and otientimes put the Coltman. Ile was punctual in all his other tery day; for his testimony that he gave against evidences, but in this he was not; and when I Ine, was, that it was the 21st of August, was examined at the council table, he said he

L. C.J. He thought so, but lie was not po- knew little of me. sitive, but only as to the month.

L. C. J. Ile charged you positively for havColeman. He was certain it was the latter ing held conspiracy to poisov the king; and end of August, and that about Bartholomew that there was 10,0001. to be paid for it, and tide.

afterwards there was 5,090l, more to be added; L. C. J. He conceived so, he thought so. and be positively charges you to be the person

Coleman. Now if I was always out of town that amongst all the conspirators was reputed from the 15th day of August, to the 31st late at to pay the 5,0001. night, it is then impossible, my lord, that should Coleman. He said it after such a fashion. be a true testimony. Your lordship was pleased L. C. J. He said it after such a fashion that to observe, that it would much onervate any sir Robert Southweli and sir Thomas Doleman man's testimony, to the whole, if he could be satisfied us that he did the thing, and that proved false in any one thing. I have further plainly to his understanding; and what say you in this matter to say, besides my man's testi- he said? mony, the king hath, since I have been seized Coleman. That he did not know me. on, seized on my papers and my book of ac- L. C. J. Neither of them say so, that he counts, where I used punctually to set down said he did not know you, they deny it. where I spent my money; and if it doth not Coleman. Ile said so, upon my death. appear by that book that I was all those days L. C. J. It is in vain to dispute it further, and times, and several other days in August, there must be an end. to be out of town, I desire no favour. You Crier, make o Yes! Our sovereign lord the cannot suppose, my lord, nor the world be king doth straitly charge and command all perlieve, that I prepared that book for this purpose sons to keep silence while Judgment is given in this matter ; and I can make it appear by upon the prisoner convict, upon pain of impriothers, if I had time; but I only offer this to sonment, your lordship, that seeing Mr. Oates did name L. C. J. You are found guilty, Mr. Coleso many particulars and circumstances, it is man, of high treason, and the crimes are sevevery strange, that he should fail in a particular ral that you are found guilty of. You are found of such importance as about killing the king; guilty of conspiring the death of the king ; you and no man living of common sense would think are likewise found guilty of endeavouring to or believe that I should speak about such a subvert the Protestant religion as it is by law thing in company that I did not well know, and establishers, and to bring in popery, and this by this to be done frequently and oftentimes, as he the aid and assistance of foreign powers. And asserts it; when Oates seemed to the king and I would not have you, Mr. Coleman, in your Jast apprehension of things, to go out of the stop your mouth, till they have stopped your world with a mistake, if I could help it; that is, breath, and I doubt you will find that to be the I would not have you think, that though you event.' I think it becomes you as a man, and as only seem to disavow the matter of the death a christian, to do all that is now in your power, of the king, that therefore you should think since you cannot be a hite, to make yourself as yourself an innocent man. ou are not iono- clean as you can, and to fit yourself for another cent, I am sure; for it is apparent by that world, where you will see how vain all resoluwhich cannot deceive, that you are guilty of ions of obstinacy, of concealment, and all that contriving and conspiring the destruction of the sort of bravery which perhaps may be instilled Protestant religion, and to bring in Popery, and by some men, will prove. They will not then that by the aid and assistance of foreign powers, serve to lessen, but they will add to your fault. and this no man cau free you in the least froin. It concerns us no farther than for your own good, And saw, that if it should be true, that you and do as God shall direct yvo; for the truth is, woulu disavow, that you had not an actual band there are persuasions and inducements in your in the contrivance of the king's death (which church to such kind of resolutions and such kind two witnesses have sworn positively against of actions, which you are led into by false you: Tat he that will subvert the Protestant principles and false doctrines (and so you will rel; fiere, and bring in consequently a fo- find when you come once to experiment it, as reis' amboer, does an act in derogation of the shortly you will) tbat bardly the religion of a C*•**t, and a diminution of the hing's title and Turk would own. But wben Christians by any Sten rope, and endeavours to bring a foc violent bloody act attempt to propagate religion, reign tomirion both over our consciences and they abuse both their disciples and religion too,


And if any man shall endeavour to and change that way that Christ himself taught subrrt our re'izion to bring in that, though be us to follow him by. It was not by blood or citi not actually contrive to do it by the death violence; by no single man's undertaking to disof the sing, or it may be not by the death of any | turb and to alter governments; to make hurly0.e laai. yet shiatsoever follows upon that burlies, and all the inischiefs that attend such contrince, be is guilty of; insomuch it is things as these are. {ataily to be reared, that though you meant For a church to persuade men even to the unit io bring it in by the way of dissolving of committing of the highest violences under a partaments, orly liberty of conscience, and pretence of doing God good service, loohs not suchki it vi ioniceat ways as you thought; (in my opinion like religion, but design ; like yet if solcthose means should not have proved an engine, not a holy institution; artificial as efectoai, and worse should have been taken a clock, which follows not the sun but the set(though by others of your confederates) för to ter ; goes not according to the bible, but the go through with the work, as we have great priesi, whose interpretations serve their par. reason to be eve there would, you are guilty ticular ends, and those private advantages of ali that blood that would have followed. wbich true religion, would scorn, and natural But still you say you did not design that religion itself would not endure. I have, Mr. thing; but to tell you, he that doch a Coleman, said thus much to you as you are a siutui and unlawful act, must answer, and is cliristian, and as I am one, and I do it out of liable busit to God and man, for all the con- great charity and compassion, and with great sequences that attend it, therefore I say you sense and sorrow that you should be misled to ought not to think yourself innocent. Ii is these great otiences under pretence of religion. pussible you may be penitent, and nothing re- But seeing you have but a little time, I would nalos but that. And as I think in your church bave you niake use of it to your best advanyou al'on of a thing called attrition, if you can- tage ; for I tell you, that though death may be not with our church have contrition, which is talked of at a distance in a brave beroic way, a sorrow proceeding from love, pray make use yet when a man once comes to the minute, of attrition, which is a sorrow arising from fear. I death is a very serious thing; then you will For you may assure yourself, there are but a consider how trißing all plots and contrivances few inoments betwixt you and a vast eternity are, and to how little purpose is all your con. where will be no dallying, no arts to be used, cealments. I only offer these things to your therefore think on all the good you can do in thoughts, and perhaps they may better go down this liule space of time that is left you ; all is at such a time as this is than at another; and lile enough to wipe off (besides your private if they have no effect upon you, I hope they and secret offences) even your public ones. I will have some as to my own particular, in that do know that confession is very much owned in I have done my good will. I do reinember your church, and you do well in it; but as your you once more, that in this matter you be not ofence is public, sı) should your confession be; deluded with any fantastic hopes and expectaand it will do you more service than all your tions of a pardott, for the truth is, Mr. Colewuricolar confessious. Were I in your case, man, you will be deceived ; therefore set your there should be nothing at the bottom of my heart at rest, for we are at this time in such disheart that I would not disclose. Perchance orders, and the people sn continually alarmed you may be deluded with the fund hopes of either with secret murders, or some outrages having your sentence respited. Trust 'not to and violences that are this day on foot, that , Ms. Coleman. You may be flattered to though the king, who is full of mercy almost

to a fult, yet if he should be inclined that way to the Church of Rome, no not one, but to be I verily believe both Houses would interpose saved; it I am out oi' the way, I ain out of the between that and you. I speak this to shake way, as to the next world as well as this; I have otfall vain hopes from you; for I tell you, I noiling but a sincere conscience, and I desire verily believe they would nut you should have to follow it as I ought. I do confess I am any iwig to hold by to deceive you: so that now guilty of many crimes, and I am afraid all of you may look upon it, there is nothing will, as are guilty in some measure, or some failings save you, for you will assuredly die as now you and infirmities; but in matters of this nature live, and that very suddenly. Io which I have that I now stand condemned for, though I do ing discharged my conscience to you as a not at all con plain of the court; for I do conchristian, I will now proceed to pronounce Sen- fess I have had all the fair play imaginable, and tence against you, and do my duty as a judge. I have nothing at all to say against it; but I

You shall return to prison, from thence to say as to any one act of mine, so far as acts be drawn to the place of execution, where you require intention to make them acts, as all bushall be banged by the neck, and be cut down inan acts do, I am as innocent of any crime alive, your bowels burnt before your face, and that I now stand charged as guilty of, as when your quarters severed, and your body disposed I was first born. of as the king thinks fit; and so the Lord have L. C. J. That is not possible. mercy upon your soul.

Colemun. With submission, I do not say inColeman. "My lord, I huinbly thank your nucent as to any crime in going against any lordship, and I do admire your charity, that act of parliament, then it is a crime to bear you would be pleased to give me this adinirable inass, or to do any act that they prohibit; but counsel, and I will follow it as well as I can, for atending and endeavoung to bring in that and I beg your lordship to hear me what I am religion by the aid and assistance of the king going to say: Your lordship, most christian. france, I never intended cor meant hy that like, hath observed risely, ibat con.ession is aid and assistance, any force in the world, but extremely necessary to a dying man, and I do such aids and assistances as might procure us so tov; but that contession your lordship I liberty of conscie?ce. My lord, if in what I suppose means, is of a guilty evil conscience have said nobody believes ine, I must be conin any of these points that I ain condenmed tent; if any do believe me, then I have wiped for, : 0f maliciously contriving,' &c. If I off those scandalous thoughts and abominable thought I had any such guilt, I shouid as crimes, that, &c. and then I have paid a little suredly think myself damned now I am going debt to truth.. ont of the world by concealing them, in spite of L. C. J. One word more, and I have done. all pardons or indulgences, or any act that the I am sorry, Mr. Coleman, that I have not Pope or the Church of lione could do for me, charity enough to believe the words of a dying as I believe any one article of faith. Therefore man; for I will tell you what sticks with me pray hear the words of a dying man; I have very much: I cannot be persuaded, and nomade a resolution, I thank God, not to tell a body can, but that your Correspondence and lie, no not a single lie, not to save my life. I Negociations did continue longer than the Lete hope God will not so far leave me as to let me ters that we have found, that is, after 1675. do it; and I do renounce all manner of mercy Now if you had come and shown us your Books that God can sbew me, if I have not told the and Letters, which would have spoke for themHouse of Commons, or offered it to the House selves, I should have thought then that you of Commons, all that I know in my whole heart had dealt plainly and sincerely, and it would towarıl this business; and I never in all my life have been a mighty motive to have believed either made any proposition, or received any the rest; for certainly your correspondence proposition, or knew or heard directly or in- held even to the time of your apprehension, directly of any proposition towards the sup- and you have not discovered so much as one planting or invading the king's live, crown or paper, but what was found unknown to you, dignity, or to inake any invasion or disturbance and against your will. to introduce any new government, or to bring Coleman. Upon the words of a dying man, in popery by any violence or force in the world; and upon the expectation I have of salvation, if I have, my lord, been mistaken in my me- I tell your lordship, that there is not a book nor thod, as I will not say but I might have been; a paper in the world that I have laid aside for if two men differ, one must be mistaken; voluntarily. therefore possibly I might be of an opinion, L. C. J. No, perhaps you have burnt them. that popery might come in if liberty of con- Coleman. Not by the living God. science had been granted ; and perhaps all L. C. J. I hope, Mr. Coleman, you will not Christians are bound to wish all people of that say no manner of way. religion that they profess thenselves, if they Colunian. For my correspondence these two are in earnest: I will not dispute those ills that last years past, I have given an account of your lordship may imagine to be in the Church every letter; hut those that were common let. of Rome; if I thought ihere was any in them, I ters, and those books that were in my house, would be sure to be none of it. I have no de- what became of them I know not; they were sign, my lord, at all in religion but to be saved; common letters that I used to write every day, and I had no manner of invitation to invite que a common journal wbat past at home and

abreat. Ng men they writ them out of that done with caution and prudence. Remember book

that the Plot is on foot, and I do not know L.C.J. What became of those letters? what arts the priests have, and what tricks

Colarar. I had no letters about ibis busi they use; and iherefore have a care that no Dess, but what I have declared to the House of papers, nor any such thing, be sent from him. Commons, that is, letters froin St. Germans, Coleman. I do not design it, I am sure. which I owned th the House of Cominons; and L. C. J. But for the company of his wife I had no methodical correspondence, and I and his near friends; or any thing in that kind, never valued them nor regarded them, but as that may be for bis eternal good, and as much they came I destroyed them.

for his present satisfaction that he can receive I. C. J. I remember the last letter that is now in ihe condition that he is in, let him liure giren in evider.ce against you, discrivers what it; but do it with care and caution. Digbly hopes there was, that ihe time was now Capt. Richardson. What, for them to be cone wherein that pestilent beresy, that bath privaie alone ? domineered in this northern part of the world, L. C. J. Ilis wife, only shie, God forbid else. should be extirpated; and that there never was Norshall you he denied any Protestant minister. greater tropes of it since our queen Mary's Colrmon. But shall not my cousin Colenian reigo. Pray, Mr. Coleman, was that the con- have liberty to come to me? cluding letter in this affair?

L. C. J. Yes, with Mr. Richardson. Coleman. Give me leave to say it upon the Coleman. Or his servant; because it is a word of a dying man, I have not one letter, &c. great trouble for him to attend always.

L. C. J. What though you burnt your lei- L. C. J. If it be his servant, or any he shall ters, you may recollect the contents.

appoint, it is all one. Mr. Ricbardson, use Colorar. I bad none since

bim as reasonally as may be, considering the L. C. J. Between God and your conscience condition he is in. be it, I bare oiher apprehensions; and you Cler. Cr. Have a care of your prisoner. deserre your Sentence upon you for your offences, that visibly appear out of your own On Tuesday the 3d of December following, papers, that you do not, and cannot deny. Edward Coleman was drawn on a sledge from

Coleras. I am satistied. But seeing my Newgate to Tyburn; and being come thither, tine is but shori, may I not be permitted to he declared that he had been a Roman Cathobare some immediare friends, and my poor lic for many years, and that he thanked Gud wife to bare her freedom to speak with me, be died in that religion, and he did not think and stay with me that little time that I have, that religion at all prejudicial to the king and that I might speak something to her in order government. to ber living and my dying?

The Sheriff told him, if he had any thing to L.C. J. You say well, and it is a hard case say by way of confession or contrition, be might is deny it; but I jell you what bardens, my proceed, otherwise it was not seasonable for beart, the insolencies of your party (the Roman bim to go on with such like expressions. Being Catholics I mean) that they every day offer, asked if he knew any thing of the murder of sbich is indeed a proof of their Plot, that they sir Edmund. Godfrey, he declared upon the are so bold and impudent, and such secret words of a dying man, he knew not any thing marders committed by them, as would harden of it, for that he was a prisoner at that time. any man's heart to do the common favours of Then after some private prayers and ejaculajustice and charity, that to mankind are usually tions to himself, ibe sentence was executed. done : they are so bold and insolent, that I He had been made to believe, that he should think it is not to be endured in a Protestant have a pardon, which he depended on with so kingdon; but for my own particular, I think much assurance, that a little before he was it is a very hard thing for to deny a man the turned off, finding himself deceived, he was company of his wife, and big friends, so it be heard to say, “ There is no faith in man.'

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