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With me by thy holy spirit, and not to forsake to have been written by the earl of Roscommon, Mein this great time of trial,

as als« of the grounds upon which it was writO my dearest Jesus ! who upon thy cross didst ten; and therefore hopes that your majesty suffer

will not permit your petitioner's life to be taken Thirst, for the perfecting the work of my re- away, before that be clearly understood.deinprion.

That your petitioner having, in obedience to Behold I now thirst to be with thee, blessed be your majesty's particular cominand, made a Thy name that thou art pleased to give me this full, clear and sincere discovery of all those tbirst.

estates which your majesty commanded him to O my Jesus, who upon thy cross didst consum- discover, humbly offers unto your majesty's mate

merciful consideration, the protestation and Thy life for the love of me, blessed be thy declaration by your petitioner hereunto anName, that thou permittest me to consummate nexed; by which he no way intends to reflect My life for thee in thy service.

upon your majesty's justice, or the justice of O my dearest Jesus, into thy hands I commend the judges or jury by whom he was tried : and - my spirit.

humbly begs, that the same may not be interThe several Circumstances of the Passion of preted to intend any such reflection. And

that our Lord accompanying my Death, by which

your majesty will please to consider, that he voucbsafes to grace me, a poor Sinner, and be condemned, since it is not many years past,

it is not impossible for an innocent person to to refresh my memory, in relation to his blessed that three persons were executed, and hanged Merits.

in chains, being condemned for the murder of 1. To be judged by a public sentence. one, who appeared afterwards to be living ; 2. To die the most ignominious of all deaths. and this without any just cause of reflection 3. By the hands of the public executioner. upon the justice of your majesty, or of their 4. As an enemy to Cæsar and the government. judges or jury.--That your petitioner humbly 5. To die hanging on a tree.

begs leave to hope, that when your majesty 6. To be stript of all my clothes.

shall have considered his said Declaration, 7. To bave all my blood entirely shed, by em- you will, out of the abundance of your natural bowelling and quartering.

inclinations to mercy, either vouchsafe to give 8. With a public declaring my death to be ne- him his pardon, so as to enable him to spend cessary for the people.

the remainder of his life, in the service of your 9. The multitude shouting, Crucify, Crucify. majesty, and his country; or at least, give him 10. The people rejoicing at this sentence and leave to live, though it be abroad, and in perdeath.

petual banishment, he having fully obeyed 11. Occasioned by false witnesses.

your majesty's commands, in discovering every 12. The witnesses induced by malice and re-thing within his knowledge, which hath been wards.

required to be by him discovered; and the

case of your petitioner being singular, as not To the King's most Excellent Majesty. The having above any one witness to any one par

Humble Petition of Richard LANG- ticular matter of fact given in evidence against HORN, a Prisoner condemned in the Gaol him, as the judges can inform your majesty. of Newgate.

Your majesty's petitioner therefore humbly

casts himself at your majesty's feet, humbly Hombly sheweth; That your majesty's peti- imploring your royal mercy; and that you

will tioner, with all gratitude of heart and soul be graciously pleased to give bim his life, that imaginable, humbly thanks your majesty for he may spend it wholly in praying for your mayour mercy, in giving him life until Monday jesty's long and happy life, reign and govern next.—That your petitioner is wholly ignorant ment. And your petitioner, as in duty bound, of the substance of that letter mentioned in shall daily pray for your most sacred majesty, your majesty's order of council, of the 3d inst. &c.


The following, among other Articles concerning these People, were

published at the Time : The maio drift and scope of these so noto. they might rather have been thought Apostates rious malefactors speeches, was to wipe away from their order, and detectors of the religion the contamination of that guilt, which brought they so zealously professed upon the ladder, them all to be the public spectacles of condign thai valiant champions in the Romish militant punishment; wherein they observe all the same church. Had they been such weak and pusil. method of appealing to leaven, denying the lanimous combatants with death, as not stredoctrine and maxims of their order, and then inuously to deny what they were so fairly conpraying for the king and themselves. All which victed of; they would have been deprived of oaths and protestations, had shey been true, those glorious crowus of martyrdom which were VOL, VIJ,

2 M

assured them by him, whora they call the only not see hiin at Venice, &c. Many more ex. Lord of all the world, the only vice God, the amples might be brought out of the same, and only emperor, the only king, the most holy several other printed authors; neither are the Pope. They thought it was much better to equivocations of Tresbam, Garnet, and others make but one skip from the cart to Jacob's unknown to ourselves, as those of Richcome ladder, and so to mount directly up to Heaven, are in France, who affirmed, That he never than to be condemned with an ignominious heard the last deceased Henry, called tyrant load of truth, and penitent confessions of the by any of his subjects, though he bad heard facts they committed, to the whips and scourges Henry Valois, the last murdered king often so of a tedious purgatory; else it would seem reviled. So that it may be well said to be the strange to the world, that in the midst of those Jesuits moito, solemn protestations which they made to that God, to whom their souls were taking such a

Jura, perjura, secretum prodere noli.

Swear and forswearspeedy flight, as they pretended, should so

But the main secret to betray forbear. boldly deny what so many grand seigniors of jesuitism have so stifly maintained to all the Thus while they pretend to renounce and world. Nor did this leash and brace of their detest equivocation, mental reservations, and disciples, shew themselves such mild receders dispensations; reason itself must needs persoacie froin their principles, who durst so confidently us that men principled and educated by such inadventure to beard the laws and statutes of a structors, are guarded with a good Salvo, for sovereign prince, within bis own dominions; those very equivocations which they seemed to ipso fucto; malefactors and rebels to his ma- abjure. jesty, when they first set foot upon his shore. No less, if not more apparent is the fallacy

As for their renouncing all equivocations of their disowning and disavowing that dismal and mental reservations, which is the ground doctrine, of killing kings and princes. upon which they all tread, that will signify 10- To which purpose Gawen fell short in affirm. thing, when we consider the nature and quality ing, that only Mariana the Spaniard was the upof a true Jesuit, which is, tenaciously to hold holder of that dreadful opinion : witness the and adhere to the dictates and positions of writings and approbations of Stapletou and their superiors, as believing what they teach to Garnet; and the apology of Jacob Clements, be all inspiration. Now their heavenly doc- in some part reciied in the oration to the kiog trine is no more than this; that it is lawful for of France, against the readınission of the Jethem, not only to deny and conceal the truth, suits into that kingdom. Commulet and Guigbut also piously and religiously to affirm, to nardus, by whom that bloody act of Jacub Cleswear by, and invoke God and their salvation ments, who murdered Henry the 3rd of France, to attest those things which they know to be was called the gift of the Holy Ghost, as is assuredly untrue. Thus Toletus, both a Jesuit averrd in the forementioned oration to Henry and Cardinal, l. 4, of his instructious to the the 4th. And who so wicked among us, saith priesis, c. 21. If it be a secret crime concern- the same oration, as not to see, that if Jacob ing which any one is examined, he may make Clements had not deeply drank of the Jesuits use of equivocation. As for example, if I be poison, he would ever have thought of killing asked wliether I did such a thing or no? I may his lord and master. The warlike prowess and answer, No: with this reservation to myselt; renown of llenry the 4th, could not defend I did not now do it.

him from the treachery of a bejesuited enthuGregory de Valentia asserts the same: If siast, who confessed tħat he had sucked all his the question, saith be, be pot fit to be answer king-killing malice from their diabolical oratory. ed, though you be upon your oath, yet shall And so far was Mariana from being the sole supno perjury be cominitted, though the party porter of this doctrine, that Francis de Verone swear contrary to the intent of the judge; such wrote in the defence of Chastell, who bad a one does neither lie, nor taka tie name of stabbed Henry the 4th, and John Guret and God in vain, a hen it is for bis own preserva- John Hay were both banished out of France, tion.

for publicly teaching their disciples the vicious Andreas Eudemon Johannes is another of precepts of early treason. the same stainp.

Nor is there any thing more horrid among all Martin Azpilcueta, of Navarre; proves equi- the butcheries of the beathen sacrificers, than vocation to be lawful, from the example of St. the ceremony, which ihe Jesuits use, at the conPrancis, who being asked by certain ofiicers, secration of the person and the dagger, which whether such a murderer did not run such they design for a royal massacre. For the ina way? Put his hands into tris sleeves, and crieri, tended executioner is brought into a private he did not pass this way: mcaning, that he did room, where the dagger, carefully wrapt up in a not fly through his sleeves.

fair linnen cloth, and sheathed in an ivory The forementioned cardinal Inletis also sheath enamel'd with sereral strange characters, affirms, That if a priest be asked by the ma- with an Agnus Dei appendant, is at liberty to gistrate, whether he saw such a one at any dazzle the murderer's eyes. Then the weapon iimeHe may auster, No, for he did not see heing drawn, is sprinkled with holy water, him that he should tell the magistrate; or he adorned with a rosary of coral beads, and so did not see him in a beatifical Aision, or I din delivered with these words. Chosen son of God receive the sword of Jeptha, the sword of of Bohemia, for being common disturbers of Sampson, the sword of David with which he the public peace ; out of Moravia and Huncut off Goliah's head, &c. go and be prudently garia for the same cause ; out of Transylvania, courageous. Then falling on their knees, they for being almost the ruin of that country's mumble forth this dismal exorcism ; Cherubims and out of the Low Countries for their contiand serapbims, ye thrones and powers, ye holy nual inisdemeanors; and lastly, this may be angels all descend, and bill this blessed vessel also added, that Ferdinand king of Sweden with perpetual glory ; daily offer to bim the was expelled his kingdom, for endeavouring to crown of the blessed virgin Mary, the holy Pa- obrain their readmission after they had been triarchs and Martyrs; For he is now your own, ejected by his subjects. and no longer belongs to us. Then they bring As for father Harcourt, let it not seem him to the altar, and shewing him the picture strange, for I find they were all alike in haste of Jacob Clements, Strengthen, O Lord, they to reach heaven before sun-set, that he should cry, this thy arm the instrument of thy revenge. pretend so much ignorance of the plot. For. Let all the saiuts arise and give place to him. the reason is plain; he was resolved to visit St. An invention of men worse than devils, enough Peter in the Jesuits livery, and to let them see to amaze heaven itself ; which shews that the he was true blue : wbile his own letter under words of dying men are not always oracles, when his own hand, written into the country to give they go about to palliate embodyed villany. notice of sir Edmundbury Godfrey's death, three Nor was Mariana's book exploded, as Gawen hours after his murder ; and publicly to be avers ; but it is true that care was taken by seen, puts a most cruel slur upon his late prothe Jesuits to suppress both Mariana and others, tested batred of mental reservation and equifor he was not alone, meerly out of necessity, vocation. and to divert the storm that threatened them Now as for their prayers for their judges, and froin the court of France. And thus the world the discoverers of their treason, in my judg. may see the folly of that vain compliment ; ment they might have spared them. For why That a whole order should suffer for the rashness should they be so zealous to pray for them, of one man.

when they would not so much as beg one tear As little cause there is for us to heliere, That from those that were not of their own profesthe whole catholic world should be the Jesuits ad- sion? They were no prayers of charity, but ravocate. At least the whole catholic world has ther the curses of their malice, while they lataken a very ill cause in hand, to defend an boured to scandal the justice of such mosc order that has so ill behaved itself as to be ex- eminent judges, the impartiality of so sound a pelled out of France for murder; out of Eng- jury, and the fidelity of such witnesses, wbo bavland for high treason; froin Venice, almost in ing so highly merited of the whole bation, bare the sight of Rome itself, for their insufferable rendered the sufferers more remarkable in their i ambition, and designs of bloody revenge ; out ends than in all the progress of their lives before,

An Answer to the Reflections on the Five Jesuits Speeches; or,

General Rules of Christian Charity. Together with the Speech

of Henry IV. King of France in behalf of the Jesuits. Por purposes best known to the divine wisdom, mansions prepared by their loving redeemer in God has been pleased to suffer amongst men, the kingdom of the God of love : of this sort same who never had inclination to goodness, of spirit must he certainly be, who was author generosity, or any the least moral virtue: such of the preamble and postscript printed with the true children of him who was a liar from the Jesuits speeches : for were it likely that men beginning, cannot endure any other man should should be so infatuated by the principles of any be esteemed pious, just, or true ; of such our religion, as to die with expeciation of reward blessed Saviour speaks Matt. 11. 18. These from him they call the God of truth, when they diabolical nalures combat religion as their most invoked him with their last breath as witness to mortal enemy, in what shape soever they meet a lie, could it be possible, I say, that men should it: if it appear in severe mortified devotion, arrive at such madness. Yet ouglat poor limitthen it is called by them madness, as of St. John ed and undiscerning men leave them to the Baptist, Behold a man that has a devil; if it judgment of the great, wise, just and all-seeing comes drest in the charming shape of love and God to punish them as they deserve: but no- . sociable conversation : then, as the blessed thing is more certain than this truth, that the Jesus, beheld a drunkard and a wine bibber, a God of truth hates falsetood above all things; friend of publicans and sinners; such children and therefore when provoked both by that, of perdition, full of envy, malice and all ungud- and the utmost contempt of bis divine majesty, bness, are ever busy and taking more pains to by being invoked to be a witness to a lie, he serve the kingdom of darkness, and compleat. will above all crimes punish such contempts with ing their full measure of wickedness, than the bis utmost vengeance : and is it possible, but best of saints do to arrive at those blessed that all men of all religions, who believe at all

the immortality of the soul, should also believe produce some authority from popish doctors, this truth as certainly as they must bekeve there that should not only allow equivocation lawful is a divinity, which gave their souls that immor-but dying in a lye meritorious : for as for his lality. Yet dares this uncharitable author, as calling them in the close of that paragraph ipso if he were the great Searcher of Hearts, accuse funclo rebels and malefactors when they first five persons, pretending, as he says, to dig- arrived, that can be po proof against ibem, nified orders of religion and sanctity, together since the same argument holds against christiwith the perfections of noble learning, which anity itself propagated by the apostles and their usually betters men, to break through all the followers contrary to the laws of nations then in impalements of divinity and morality, and with force: and to which all persons pretending to a terrible lie to take their ultimate farewells, make converts may readily reply in the words merely for the vanity of imposing a belief of of the Apostle forbid by the Jews to preach any martyrdom, and to insinuate their heresy into more in the name of Jesus, Whether it be beithe credulous and unstable : Oh! most ridicu- ter to obey God or man, judge ye. Jous conception, unlikely indeed to bear so great I do not undertake to vindicate the religion sway with the living as the last words would do these men died in, much less the opinions or of the most notorious malefactors, much less extravagancies of some doctors of it, the laws theirs who by a continued series of good life forbidding the one; and the Romish Church and modest behaviour had spent their time, (as itself the other; I will therefore only say it is they thought,) in their service of God, living no more just to tax the whole society with the some of them to a great age, without being ac- heterodox opinion of two or three men, than it cused of any crime against human society, would be to accuse Protestant Religion with until this the worst of crimes which was sworn king-killing principies, from the practices of some against them, but that single one of designing called so in the murder of K. Charles the first; the murder of God's Vicegerent their anointed and from the multitude of sermons and other king, if true, was enough to make black a conti- discourses printed in commendation and vindinued life of virtue, longer than Methusalem ; cation of that detestable villany : but because but they with their last breaths deny their guilt, our author refers much to the oration made to and others upon the bible swear it, these are Henry the fourth of France, I will only by way but four, and they were but five, those were of reply, insert that great king's answer to it, persons who had dedicated themselves wholly mentioned by Mr. Gavan, wbich was in these io the service of God in the way they, at least, words : believed true; three of these are men by their The Speech of Henry IV. King of France own confessions guilty of many foul and noto

in behalf of the JESUITS. rious crimes, not yet giving the least testimony to the world of their conversions by a good life, 1. “ The care you shew of me and my kingall of them of indigent and desperate fortunes, dom is grateful to me; albeit you seem oot to which they have well amended by their pre- have thoroughly weighed the things you demand, tended discoveries; which true or false, it con- nor are you, as yet, so well acquainted with my cerns them as to their well being here to make thoughts, as I ain with yours. good; the others can bave no henefit by their 2. You deem the weal of my kingdom to conattestation, (but if false) the eternal damnation sist in the proposition you have made; and you of their souls; a bribe no man would be fond tell me it is a matter ibat deserves to be most of. Now if this be seriously considered on both carefully deliberated. And I tell you, you have sides, will it not be enough to sway with the said nothing which I have not most carefully most partial standers by, at least to suspend his weighed and most diligently examined by myself opinion of the truth until it shall be revealed these eight or nine years. either in this world or the next by the Almigh- 3. You take yourselves for men of great unLy God, to whom they have on both sides ap- derstanding and experience in the common pealed, and who alone sees truth through all wealth. But believe me, I know as well as you disguises.

all that hath been in controversy in this matter. But not to suffer all the dirt to stick, the ma- 4. First of all you object to the Fathers of licious pen of this author has thrown on their the society, the assembly of Poissy ;* but with(at worst but doubtfu!) inemories, we will slightly out cause. For if there had been at that place consider the strength of his arguments, avoiding others like many of them, the Catholic Cause all offences to the magistrate and the laws we would have had a more bappy success. Therelive under, by whom supposing this (scarce pro- fore that which you turn to their dispraise, any bable) evidence against them true, they were just umpire will attribute to their virtue. But most unjustly condemned.

that which I most wonder at your judgments His preamble and first paragraph of his Post- for, is, that so preposterously you condemn the script, tends only to persuade us that these 5 society of ambition, whereas the Fathers of the dying men did hope by their damnable lyes to society, with a constant submission, have ever escape purgatory and leave it on their left hand refused all honour and preferment, as well ecand at once skip from the cart to Jacob's ladder mount directly up to heaven; which no man in * The Clergy held an assembly at Poissy anno his right wits can believe, excepe their accusers 1561, in which the society was allowed of, and will swear they told cheni so, or that he would admitted, though not fully.

clesiasựical as political: and which is more, they great numbers frequented the Fathers. Yea bind themselves by vow not only not to aspire to many departed the realm, and forsook their honours, but even to refuse the same when they country to study in the Society's Schools; nor are freely offered unto them. Consider their could your decrees or threats stop them. whole course of life, and you shall find that all 10. You say the Fathers joined themselves to their ambition is to labour for to help all, and the League, that is not to be imputed to their that without any pretence of interest or gain. fault, but to the iniquity of the tiines. But They value pot the expences of their own pains, this I persuade myselt, apon the assurance I so they may profit many.

have of the integrity of their consciences, that 5. But you call to question the very name they will become such towards me, as it beof the Society of Jesus, and for that you hoveth them, who, mindful of benefits, desire tax them. But see with what reason, for if they to shew themselves most grateful. must be blamed for that holy name, what shall 11. Now some of you impose on the Fathers we say for those religious persons who take a new crime, and peradventure as yet unbeard their name from the most blessed Trinity ? and of, saying, that they draw to their order young your daughters here at Paris; what will you men of the most forwardness and best dispothink of them that call theinselves Daughters of sitions An unpardonable crime; yet I praise God? Finally how will you censure my knights, them and esteem them particularly for this that who are called of the Holy Ghost ? Truly I do you condemn. Do not we, though in a difnot more dislike them that take their name ferent matter, do the selfsame? A captain from Christ, than any other.

that is to raise soldiers, does he not cull out 6. You object the divines of Sorbon con- the choicest, and leave the meanest and least demned she Jesuits. I do not deny it. But hopeful? In your parliament, when you choose they condemned them being innocent, unknown, a new court, or fill up an old, do you prefer and unheard. For this I call to witness, those the unlearnedest, and least apt for business? If very divines themselves, who now admit them, the Jesuits put unlearned masters in their whom their predecessors banished, and honour schools, or in their churches ignorant preachers, them whom they contemved ; nay they praise would you not with reason blame them? What now and extoll those that were condemned, and offence is it that the Jesuits should provide the suck not to take them for their directors, and fittést they can, both for church and schools. masters, in all kind of learning.

12. That slander which concerns the Jesuits 7. You tell me Jesuits bave hitherto remain treasure, is as false as common. Go visit all the ed in France only by connivance. Here I ac-colleges in France, search all their treasures, knowledge, and reverence the divine provi- sum altogether, and you will scarce find dence, that hath reserved this honour for me, twelve, or at most 15,000 crowns. I know not yet achieved by others, that I should és well how poor and slender furniture and protablish in this realm the Society of Jesus, which vision was both at Lyons and Bourges. Neverhitherto hath had no settled abode in France. theless 30 or 40 persons were to be fed in each My predecessors have received the society, I of those colleges; whereas their yearly revewill patronize and preserve them.

nues was scarcely sufficient for eight masters. 8. Peradventure you will turn to the Jesuits 13. The vow of obedience with which they discredit, that for which you ought to praise tie themselves to the pope doth not oblige and honour them : the University of Paris ear them to be more faithful to externes, than to us. nestly and openly opposed them. And what, Neither is there in that vow any thing contrary I pray, was the cause of this opposition ? All to the oath which they will swear unto me. was, that the Fathers did not only equal others They will attempt nothing (I am sure) against in learning and industry, but also went far be their prince. That vow to the pope, bindeth yond them. A clear testimony of this is the great them to go to barbarous and savage nations number of youths that frequented the Fathers that they may reduce them to the Catholic Schools, where (together with learning) they church. The whole world testifieth that the learnt virtue. But to stop this opposition, Í remotest regions of the Indies, together with will make a decree that the universities of infinite heretics, have been by their pains and Paris shall no more oppose them. And this learned endeavours brought to Christ's told. I you will be glad of.

remember I have often said, that if the labour 9. But you will tell me, that the ablest of of the Spanish Father be so profitable for Spain, your parliament got not their learning of the why should not France with reason expect the Jesuits, this I will not much gainsay. For the same? Is that kingdom more fortunate and ablest of you, as they excel in learning so they Nourishing than this? Spain is loved by the exceed in years. These got their learning in Spaniards, and why should the French' hate foreign nations, before the society set foot in their native soil ? France. Orbers did not so, and so I am cer- 14. But as you are wont to say, those men tain they think and speak otherwise. And seek to be admitted into provinces and kingwhat need they speak? the matter itself speaks. doms what way soever they can. Pray you is We ourselves saw how at the departure of the this an offence? It is the custom of all that society out of France, all the muses seemed to follow the instinct of nature. I myself, by depart

. Our University was desert and mourn what ineans I could, sought to get my crown. ed: those came seldom at it, who before in Howsoever we cannot admire the Fathers con

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