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map, could do for the service of his majesty. | life might be saved, though to be spent in And that if there were any such plot, as is af- banishment; and to the end that I might firmed by Oates and Bedlow,and that any person do all that in me lay, to express and declare now charged therewith, had knowledge there my innocency, I did, to that Petition, annex of, and should be required, as I had been, to this following Declaration, and Protestation, viz. discover what he knoirs for the saviug of bis life, he would hardly be induced to make such
I do solemnly and sincerely in the presence discovery, in case my life should be taken away,
of Almighty God, profess, testify, and declare,
as followeth : That is to say, after my so free discovery of all that was within my knowledge to be discovered, was in obedi- 1. That I do believe, and own my most graence to so great a command delivered out of cious sovereign lord the king's majesty, king my hands. However I rested satisfied, that in Charles 2, to be my true and lawful sovereign
life should be taken away for the crime king, in the same sense and latitude, to all infor which I stand condemned, and after my tents and purposes, as in the oath commonly obedience given to his majesty's commands, called, “the oath of allegiance, his said majesty in making the said discovery, I should die with is expressed to be king of this realm of England. this great comfort, That I should have a double anartyrdom. First, as dying perfectly innocent
II. That I do in my soul believe, that neither of the crime for which I should lose
the pope, nor any prince, potentate, or foreign my
life. And secondly, as choosing rather to die, than authority, nor the people of England, nor any to sin against my God, and my neighbour, by authority out of this kingdom, or within the charging others falsely, and becoming guilty of same,
hath or have any right to dispossess his their blood, and of the ruin of their families, said majesty of the crown and government of by accusing them of a crime, of which my
England, or to depose bin therefrom, for any own conscience must bear me witness, that I
cause, or pretended cause whatsoever ; or to did never know them, or any of them Guilty; give licence to ime, or to any other of bis mabut on the contrary, believe them to be per is majesty, or to take away his life, or to do
jesty's subjects whatsoever, to bear arms against fectly innocent. Whereas if I had on the other side denied myself to have known any
bim any bodily harm; or to disturb the governthing of those estates, which I was required to
ment of this kinydom, as it is now established discover, I must have sinned against the God by law; or to alter, or go about to alter the of truth, by affirming a lye. And if confes
said government, or the religion now established sing, that I had knowledge of such estates, I
in England, by any way of force. should rather have chosen to die, than to have III. That I neither am, nor ever was at any made a discovery of such my knowledge for the time guilty, so much as in my most secret saving of my life, I should have appeared, iu thoughts, of any treason, or misprision of some sort at least, guilty of my own blood, treason whatsoever. through my obstinacy. Upon the delivering of this discovery, and
IV. That I do believe, that if I did know, the reading of it in the council, the lord vis
or should know of any treason, or treasonable count Halifax produced a letter written to him design that was, or is intended, or should be in(as his lordship affirined) from the earl of Ros- tended against his said majesty, or the governcommon from Bruxels, in which letter the
ment of this his majesty's kingdom, or for the said Earl taking notice, that he bad heard of alteration by force, advice or oti erwise, of the my being reprieved, affirmed bimself to be
said government, or of the religion now esmuch satisfied, that my life should be saved ;
tablished in this kingdom, and should conceal, and gave this reason, that my life might be
and not discover the same to his said majesty, useful to the public, or to the like effect. These
or his majesty's council or ministers, or some of words were taken to my great disadvantage,
them, that such concealment would be to me and to import, as if the earl of Roscommon
a sin unto death, and eternal damnation. did know, that I was able to make a discovery And I do solemnly, in the presence of God, of the plot. And though the words might well profess, testify and declare, that as I hope for bear a more kind sense, and did not, without salvation, or expect any benefit by the blood forçing, so much as incline to that unkind in. and passion of Jesus Christ, I do make this deterpretation; yet upon the reading of that claration and every part thereof, in the plain letter, my discovery was rejected, after hav- and ordinary sense of the words, wherein the ing been publicly read, and ordered to be same stands written, as they are commonly unsent unto me by a clerk of the council, and derstood by English Protestants, and the potice to be given to me, that by an order of courts of justice of England, without any evacouncil, I was reprieved only until the 14th sion, or equivocation, or delusion, or mental day of July; and that if before that day I did reservation whatsoever. And without any disnot make a discovery of the plot, I was to exo pensation, or pardon, or absolution already pect no farther mercy.
granted to me, for this or any other purpose, My friends were more astonished at this by the Pope or any other authority or person order than myself was, and being now in this whatsoever, or without any hope of any such condition, I presumed yet once more, to ad- dispensation. And without thinking or believe dress a Petition, in which I prayed, that my ing that I am, or can be acquitted before God
or man, or absolved of this declaration, or any ment, the verdict, which was solely grounded part thereof, although the Pope, or any other upon the evidence of Mr. Oates and Mr. Bedperson or persons, or power whatsoever, should low, be of greater force to a good and charitable dispense with or annul the same, or declare that conscience to pronounce nie Guilty, than the it was or is null or void from the beginning. several other motives which I have here repre
sented, will be found to pronounce me innoThis, with my Petition, was presented to his cent? majesty in council, on Thursday the 10th of It will no way concern me as to my own July instant; and after the reading of my Pe- particular, whether the world shall adjudge me tition, my said protestation agd declaratia.innocent, or not; it is sufficient for me, that was, as I am informed, begun to be read, but my conscience doth with great joy and peace when the person that read the same, came to acquit me. And that the God of all truth, my read that part of it in which I aver my inno. dearest Jesus, who is truth itself, doth know cency, he was not, as I am informed, permitted me to be innocent. And that the consciences to read farther; and it was declared, That I of those most unhappy men, Mr. Oates and was to expect no farther mercy, unless I would Mr. Bedlow, will at the last day, when the semake a discovery of the plot, which, God is my crets of all hearts shall be made inanifest, be witness, I cannot do, because I know nothing compelled to the glory of God and their own of it directly or indirectly.
shame, to proclaim me innocent. I beseech And now having related all the particular Almighty God to give those miserable men a circumstances of my case, so far as my memory true and sincere repentance for the sin which can recollect them; and made such protesta- they bave committed, and by which they have tions and declarations as is before mentioned, drawn upon themselves the guilt of my innuI shall only recommend to be considered by all cent hlood. impartial judgments, those solemn and serious I do here profess myself to die a member of protestations which were made by those others, the holy Catholic and Apostolic Church, of who have lost their lives already upon the evi- which, the bishop of Rome is the supreme visidence given against them by the same Mr. ble head of goveroment on earth, as the sucOates and Mr. Bedlow, and pray that it may cessor of the holy apostle St. Peter. And of be doly weighed, Whether the solemn oaths which Church our blessed Lord Jesus is the suand protestations of sober men, made by then preme invisible head, of influence to guide, goimmediately before their respective deaths, and vero and direct the same by bis Holy Spirit. this protestation of mine before mentioned, And I do take my religion to be the sole cause made at a time, when my confession and dis- of my being the object of the inalice of my covery of a plot or treason against my king (in enemies, who are the causers of my death. case I had been privy unto, or known such plot If what I here say be any ways disbelieved or treason) would not only have saved my life, because of my religion, I humbly recommeod it and secured me a pardou; but would also have to the consideration of sober men, wbether entitled me unto, and, in all probability, put such disbelief upon this ground, be not, me into the full possession of preferinents and 1. To cast a reproach and blemish upon the advantages, greater than I ever, I thank my honour and reputation of all our most pious God, coveted: Be not more considerable to ancestors, and our whole nation, who lived and move a belief of my innocency, than the eyi-died before the 20th year of king Henry 8, and dence given against me by iny accusers before who did all live and die in the saine faithi, and mentioned, to move a belief of my guilt? It is members of the same Church, of which by said, it is not upon the bare oaths of those two God's grace I am now a member, though unwitnesses, but upon the verdict of the twelve worthy. jurors, that I am found Guilty. I am sure that 2. To cast a like reproach upon all the every judicious person, who understands our princes, states and people of the world, who proceedings in our law of England, in all cases are members of the same Church, . of this nature, doth know and can answer, 3. To give a just occasion to the same that the verdict of the 12 jurors is ground- princes, states and people, never to give credit ed wholly upon the evidence given by the wit- to any thing affirmed or sworn by any English Desses. The jurors belief of the witnesses pro- Protestant; and consequently, duced and sworn to give evidence against me, 4. To lay a foundation for the total destroywas the foundation of their verdict, and justi- ing of all trade, as well as conversation, with all fies ther in law; and the verdict given by the those princes, states and people. jurors, doth in law justify the judgment given We must learn to do unto others, as we by the judges, for the taking away of my beliet. I would have others do unto us. And it is not a And I beseech God that the same rule of law, good answer to say, that this disbelief is only inay, at the great and terrible day of judgment, in relation to the Jesuiis, and those who make acquit as well the jurors, who gave that verdict, use of themı? For there is scarce any prince of as the judges who gave that judgment, from all this religion now living, who doth not make use guilt of my blood. But I must again refer it to of a Jesuit for his ghostly father; which will the consciences of all unbiassed, judicious and likewise be a clear, evidence, that those princes good men, whether in Christian charity, the (known to all the world not to be fools or madmotives of credibility founded upon such judg- men) have not an opinion, that the doctrines
and principles of the Jesuits, are any ways per- Whilst in the mean time
Of which they swore me guilty.
II. these murders being committed under the solemn species and formalities of public justice ; ) A death of dishonour in the when it is well known, that Clement and Ravilo | Vain opinion of the world, lac were only two private villains, who were
O happy news! disowned by all the world. Nor do there want
My Jesus calls me by this sentence, authors who call themselves, and are reputed
To bear his cross, and follow bim. to be Protestants, who, in their public writings, The judge declares my death necessary justify these two murders of queen Mary and
For the king, and for his people; king Charles 1. Nay, there may, peradven- | The people shout and cry out, ture, be found more authors, reputed Protes
Crucify, crucify. tants, who justify the people to have a power Hath set before me his example,
He who was perfect innocency, to depose and take away the lives of kings; He opened
not his mouth, than there are found authors, reputed to be Catholics, who assert the Pope to have power He forgave, and prayed for his enemies.
He justified not himself, lo depose princes. Yet, God forbid, that I should call these positions or opinions, the doc
O what happiness trines of the church of England; I impute these To be dignified with so many circumstances
Of the death of Jesus ! actions to the passions of wicked and ambitious men; and these doctrines, to those only who
III. write or own them; and certainly the same It is told me I must die, charity cannot, without sin, be denied to us by O sweet and happy news! all sober judgments. But if this justice be de- Rejoice, O my soul, nied unto me, and those of my religion, I be. For thou hast no cause for fear, seech God to pardon such as are so uncharita- | Thy Jesus hath died for thee; ble; and I do most heartily and from my soul, He hath paid a ransom for thee; forgive those who want this charity, as I do the He hath bought thee with his life; before-named Mr. Qates and Mr. Bedlow, He hath satisfied for thy sins ; and all others who are any ways guilty of my He hath purchased Paradise for thee; death, or of my not obtaining my pardon, or of He hath adopted thee his brother ; rejoicing at the shedding of my innocent blood; He hath adupted thee the Son of his Father. and all who have done me any injury whatso- He hath cleansed thee by his blood; ever, Sweet Jesus forgive them, they know not He hath given thee his body for thy security; what they do.
Upon his cross he declared thee son of his July 12, 1679. RICHARD Langhorn.
mother; The AFFECTIONS of my Soul, after Judgment
And he now gives thee his cross to bear, given against me in a Court of Justice, As an evidence that thou art one of his. upon the Evidence of False Witnesses,
It is told me I must die, It is told me I must die
O happy news! Ignominiously,
Be glad, O my soul, By the hand of the executioner :
And rejoice in Jesus thy Saviour. O happy news !
If he intended thy perdition, I see myself honoured with the livery of Jesus, Woulel he bave laid down his life for thee? I receive the judgment of death
Would he have expected thee with so much As an eneiny to Cæsar,
patience, As designing the death of my king, And given thee so long a time for penance? And the depriving him of
Would he have called thee with so much love, His crown,
And illuminated thee with the lights of his His government.
Would he have drawn thee with so great force,
It is told me I must die,
To the place of my rest ;
To the land of the living; Would be have given thee bis own cross,
To the haven of security ; And given thee shoulders to bear it with pa- | To the kingdom of peace; tience ?
To the palace of my God;
To the nuptials of the Lamb;
To sit at the table of my king;
To feed on the bread of angels; O happy news!
To see what no eye hath seen; Come on, my dearest soul,
To hear what no ear hath heard; Bebold thy Jesus calls thee,
To enjoy what the heart of man cannot coixHe prayed for thee upon his cross,
prebend. There he extended bis arms to receive thee ;
It is told me I must die,
O news of joy !
Let us go, my soul, I am content, There he opened his beart to give thee en
I joyfully renounce this life, trance; There he gave up his life, to purchase life for and render it back to him that gave it me;
I remit my spirit into his hands; thee.
I recommend my soul and body to my Jesus ; VI.
I accept this death most willingly,
And offer it with the merits of Jesus,
As a satisfaction for my many sins.
I believe every thing that he hath revealed ; Earth for Heaven,
I hope for every thing that he hath promised; My earthly prison for a liberty of joy ;
I acknowledge and know my own nothingness; My banishment for my country prepared i am willing to die
I give him all that I can call my own;
For his glory, I must pass
For his love,
Out of gratitude for his favours,
And to satisfy his justice.
I am willing to die for him, as he died for me. I must leave what I possess on earth,
I am willing to die,
To see my Jesus, To possess my God;
To love my Jesus, To enjoy my Jesus;
To bless my Jesus, To converse with angels and saints.
And to sing his praises to all eternity. I must go to fill My spirit with a plenitude of light;
Come on, my soul, let us goʻand rejoice, My will with a fulness of peace ;
He, who by his grace, hath enabled thec to
know My memory with a collection of all good; My senses with a satiety of pleasures.
Thy own miseries,
And bis mercies. I must go where I shall find
He who hath enabled thee All things which I can desire,
To detest thyself, Nothing that I can fear.
And to rely on him, I shall no more want any good,
Commands thee to shake off all fear; God shall be unto me all in all,
It is not for any thing in thee,
That he enables thee to these acts,
Or that he loves thee, and will save thee;
He doib it because he is God,
Perfect love, and perfect goodness.
O Father of mercy, I sball do more be subject to sin;
Behold thy child, who hath been a prodigal; I shall no more be in danger of being damned. Who, having wasted all bis goods, Bat from henceforth
And spent his time in vanity, I shall see, and I shall live ;
*Drawn by thy grace and love, I shall praise, and I shall bless ;
Is now returning to thy house, And this I shall always do,
And humbly begs for pardon at thy hands. Witbout ever being weary
Alas! Of doing what I always am to do.
I have lived as without reason,
Since first I had the use of reason ;
Into thy hands, O Jesus,
Acts of Resignation, Thanksgiving, Faith, I deserve not the title of thy son,
Hope, and Love. Or to have admittance into thy bouse.
Blessed Jesus, who art the way, the truth, And though I am wholly innocent
And the life, behold I do most willingly Of the crime for which I am sentenced now to Take up and bear my cross, as thou bast die,
Commanded me, and do give thee most humble Yet from thy hands I have deserved a death to Thanks, that thou art pleased to dignify All eternity.
My death with so many circumstances of But thou hast made me know,
Thy most sacred passion, as thou art pleased That thou canst not cease to be a Father, To bestow on it. For my baving often ceased to comport myself I firmly believe, O my Jesus, whatsoever As thy child
Thou hast proposed unto me by thy holy CaThou canst not lose thy goodness,
tholic By my having often forgotten my gratitude; And Apostolic church; because thou hast Thou canst not forget to be a father of mercy,
spoken it, By my having become a child of misery. Blessed be thy name, that by thy grace I have
Lived in this faith, and that thou hast pleased
To think me worthy to die for it.
On thee, O my Jesus, I profess wholly and
solely Have pity on the most wretched of all thy To rely, and to hope in thee, and in thy blood 'children;
With so much love shed for me, by which I I was lost, but by thy mercy am now found? I was dead, but by thy grace am now raised Firmly confide, that thou wilt save me, again;
Though most unworthy, I love thee, O my Jesus,
For thyself, and beg that thou wilt increase I was gone astray after vanity,
That love in me; I am sorry, O my God, from But am now ready to appear before thee. O my Father,
Heart and soul, that I have at any time sinned Come now in mercy and receive thy child; Give him the kiss of peace;
Against thee, and this, as I hope by thy grace,
for Remit unto him all bis sins;
The love of thee,
Several Acts of my Soul, upon the last Words Permit him to have a place at thy feast ;
of our blessed Jesus. And forgive all those who are guilty of his I do from my heart, O my Jesus, pardon all my death.
Enemies, and particul:ırly those upon whose XII.
false O Jesu,
And untrue testimonies, I am adjudged to die The comforter of the afflicted ;
for The refuge of the oppressed;
Crimes, of which thou, my Jesus know est, and The redeemer of the captives;
their The hope of the distressed;
Consciences at dreadful day of judgment Behold I address unto thee,
Must testify that I am wholly innocent, Father Who never drivest any from thee,
Forgive thear, they know not what they do. Who approach unto thee with Faith, Hope and Behold, O my Jesus, I am now coming unto Love.
thee, My heart tells thee,
Confirin it unto my soul by thy holy spirit, that That it buros with a desire to see thee,
This day I shall be with thee in Paradise. And that for that end it is impatient to die. O Lamb of God, who upon thy cross didst Come sweet Jesu,
adopt me Come quickly,
In the person of St. John, to be the son of thy Draw my soul from this prison;
Blessed mother, and before whose throne thy Recal me from this banishment;
holy Conduct me to my dear country;
Saints now offer the incense of prayer for thy Bebold the just expect me ;
Servants upon earth, mercifully receive those My friends reach out their arms towards me. Prayers which are addressed to thee, for me the O how beautiful are thy tabernacles ! O bow admirable is the palace!
Unworthy of thy creatures. O what content shall I have with thee! O blessed Jesus, who upon thy cross wert What happiness in thy company!
pleased I die with a desire to die.
To suffer an abandonment, to the end I might Come blessed Jesus,
Not be abandoned by thy Father at my death. And receive my spirit,
Blessed be tby name, that thou art pleased to Which languisbeth to be with thee;