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State Trials.

244. 'The Trial* of EDWARD COLEMan,t at the King's-Bench, for

High Treason : 30 CHARLES II. A. D. 1678. On Wednesday the 27th of November, 1678, prisoner at the bar, let them come forth, and Mr. Coleman, having been arraigned the Sa- they shall be heard, for the prisoner stands at turday before for High-Treason, was brought the bar upon his deliverance. to the King's-bench bar, to receive his trial, Cl. of Cr. Crier, make an ( yes. and the Court proceeded thereupon, as fol- Crier. O yes ! You good men that are imlowetb:

panoelled to enquire between our sovereign Cl. of Cr. Crier, make proclamation. lord the king, and Edward Coleman prisoner

Crier. O yes! Our sovereign lord the king at the bar, answer to your names. does strictly charge and command all manner Cl. of Cr. Edward Coleman, hold up thy of persons to keep silence upon pain of impri- hand. These good men that are now called, sonment. If any one can inform our sovereign and herë appear, are those which are to pass lord the king, the king's serjeant, or the king's between you and our sovereign lord the king, attorney-general, or this inquest now to be ta. upon your life or death; if you challenge any ken, of any treason, murder, felony, or any of them, you must speak as they come to the other misdemeanoor committed or done by the book to be sworn, and before they are sworn.

From a pamphlet, entitled ; " The Trial the art of managing controversies, chiefly that of Edward Coleman, gent. for conspiring the great one of the authority of the church, better Deatb of the King, and the Subversion of the than any of their priests. He was a bold man, Government of England, and the Protestant resolved to raise himse which he did by deReligion: who upon full evidence was found dicating bimself wholly to the Jesuits : And so Guilty of High Treason, and received Sentence he was raised by them. He had a great easi. accordingly, on Thursday, November 28, 1678. ness in writing in several languages; and writ London, printed for Robert Pawlet at the many long letters, and was the chief corresBible in Chancery-lane near Fleet-street, 1678. pondeot the party had in England. He lived November 28, 1678. I do appoint Robert at a vast expence. And talked in so positive Pawlet to print the Trial of Edward Cole- a manner, that it looked like one who knew he man: And that no other person presume to was well supported. I soon saw into his temprint the saine. WM. SCROGGS."

per; and I warned the duke of it: For I + See the Introduction to the Trials for looked on him as a man much liker co spoil the Popish Plot, vol. 6, p. 1101. Barnet's business, than to carry it on dexterously. He Hist. of his Own Time, vol. 1, p. 393, thus got into the confidence of P. Ferrier the king introduces Coleman : “ The duchess of York of France's confessor ; and tried to get into had one put about her to be her secretary, the same pitch of confidence with P. de la Coleman; who became so active in the affairs Chaise, who succeeded him in that post. He of the party, and ended his life so unfortunate- went about every where, even to the jails ly, that since I had much conversation with among the criminals, to make proselytes. He him, his circumstances may deserve that his dealt much both in the giving and taking of character should be given, though bis person bribes.” See more of him, p. 392, et seg. of did oot. I was told, he was a clergyman's son: the same volume. His name occurs in the But he was early catched by the Jesuits, and Piéces Historiques, annexed to the Euvres de bred many years among tbem. He understood | Louis xiv, VOL. VII.


The prisoner challenging none, the Court kingdom, being in the universal parts thereof proceeded, and the Jury were sworn, viz. sir well established and ordained, and to levy war Reginald Forster, bart.; sir Charles Lee; Ed. against our said sovereign lord the king, within ward Wilford, esq.; John Bathurst, esq. ibis realm of England: And to accomplish and Joshua Galliard, esq. ; John Bifield, esq. ; Si- fulfil these his most wicked treasons, and traimon Middleton, esq. ; Heory Johnson, esq. ; torous designs and imaginations aforesaid, the Charles Umfrevile, esq.; Thomas Johnson, said Edward Coleman afterwards, that is to esq.; Thomas Eaglesfield, esq.; Wm. Bohee, say, the 29th day of September, in the 27th esq.

year of the reign of our said lord the king, ac Cl. of Cr. Crier, make an O yes.

the parish of St. Margaret's Westminster aforeCrier. O yes ! Our sovereign lord the king said, in the county of Middlesex aforesaid, dues strictly charge and command all manner falsely, deceitfully and traitorously composed, of persons to keep silence upon pain of impri- contrived, and writ two letters, to be sent to sonment.

one M. La Chaise, then servant and confessor Cl. of Cr. Edward Coleman, hold up thy of Lewis the French king, to desire, procure, hand. You Gentlemen of the Jury that are and obtain, for the said Edward Coleman, and Dow sworn, look upon the prisoner, and hearken other false traitors against our said sovereiga to his charge. You shall understand, that the lord the king, the aid, assistance, and adherence prisoner stands indicted by the name of Ed- of the said French king, to alter the true reliward Coleman, late of the parish of St. Marga- gion in this kingdom established, to the supera ret's Westminster in the county of Middlesex, stition of the Church of Rome, and to subvert gcnt. for that he as a false traitor against our the government of this kingdom of England : inost illustrious, serene, and most excellent And afterwards, that is to say, the said 29th prince Charles, by the grace of God of Eng- day of September in the year aforesaid, at the land, Scotland, France, and Ireland king, de parish of St. Margaret's Westminster, in the fender of the faith, &c. and his natural lord; county of Middlesex aforesaid, the said Edward having not the fear of God in his heart, nor, Coleman falsely, traitorously and maliciously, duly weighing bis allegiance, but being moved composed and writ two other letters, to be and seduced by the instigation of the devil, his sent to the said M. La Chaise, then servant and cordial love and true duty, and natural obedi. confessor to the said French king, to the inence, (which true and lawful subjects of our cent that he the said M. La Chaise should in. said lord the king ought to bear towards him, treat, procure, and obtain for the said Edward and by law ought to have) altogether withdraw Coleman and other false traiturs against our ing, and with all his strength intending, the sovereign lord the king, aid, assistance, and peace and common tranquillity of this kingdom adherence of the said French king, to alter the of England to disturb, and the true worsbip of true religion in this kingdom of England estabGod within the kingdom of England practised, lished, to the superstition of the Church of and by law established, to overthrox, and se- Rome, and to subvert the goverument of this dition and rebellion within this realm of Eng. kingdoin of England: And that the said Edo land to move, stir up and procure; and the ward Coleman, in further prosecution of his cordial love and true duty and allegiance, treason and traitorous imaginations and inten which true and lawful subjects of our sovereign tions, as aforesaid, afterwards, viz. the 29th lord the king towards their sovereign bear, and day of September, in the 27th year of the reigo by law ought to bave, altogether to withdraw, of our said sovereign lord king Charles, of Eng. forsake, and extinguish; and our said sovereign land, &c. the said several letters, from the said lord the king to death and final destruction to parish of St. Margaret's Westminster, in the bring and put, the 29th day of September, in county of Middlesex aforesaid, falsely, malicithe 27th year of the reign of our said sovereign ously and traitorously, did send to the said M. lord Charles the 2nd, of England, Scotland, La Chaise, into parts beyond the seas, there to France and Ireland king, defender of the faith, be delivered to him : And that the said Ed&c. at the parish of St. Margaret's Westminster ward Coleman, afterwards, viz. the 1st day of aforesaid, in the county aforesaid, falsely, ma. December, in the 27th year of our said soveliciously and traitorously proposed, compassed, reign lord the king, at the said parish of St. imagined and intended, to stir up, and raise se Margaret's Westminster, in the county of Middition and rebellion within the kingdom of dlesex aforesaid, did receive from the said M. England, and to procure and cause a miserable La Chaise one letter, in answer to one of the destruction ainong the subjects of our said lord said letters first mentioned, and written by him the king, and wholly to deprive, depose, deject the said Edward Coleman to the said N. La and disinherit our said sovereign lord the king, Chaise; which said letter in answer as aforeof his royal state, title, power, and rule of his said, falsely, maliciously, and traitorously rekingdom of England, and to bring and put our ceived, the day and year aforesaid, at the suid sovereign lord the king to final death and parish of St. Margaret's Westminster aforesaid, destruction, and to overthrow and change the the said Edward Coleman did falsely, traitorgovernment of the kingdom of Kingland, and to ously, and maliciously read over and peruse; alter the sincere and true religion of God, in And that the said Edward Coleman, the letter this kingdom by law established; and wbólly so as aforesaid, by him in answer to the said Lo subrert and destroy the state of the whole letter received into his custody and possession,

the day and year last mentioned, at the parish time since: If you find him not guilty, you are of St. Margaret's Westminster aforesaid, in to say so, and no more, and hear your evithe county of Middlesex aforesaid, did falsely, dence. maliciously, and traitorously detain, conceal Crier. If any oue will give evidence on the and keep. By which letter the said M. La behalf of our sovereign lord the king, against Chaise, the day and year last mentioned, at the Edward Coleman the prisoner at the bar, let. parish of St. Margaret's Westminster, in the him come forth, and he shall be heard; for the county of Middlesex aforesaid, did signify and prisoner now stands at the bar upon his delipromise to the said Edward Coleman, to ob- verance. taia for the said Edward Coleman, and other Mr. Recorder. (Sir George Jefferies.) May false traitors against our sovereign lord the it please you, my Lord, and you gentlemen of king, aid, assistance and adherence from the the jury; Mr. Edward Coleman, now the prisaid French king: And that the said Edward soner at the bar, stands indicted for high treaColeman afterwards, viz. the 10th day of De- son, and the indictment sets fortb that the said cember, in the 27th year of the reign of our Edward Coleman, endeavouring to subvert the said sovereign lord the king, at the parish of St. protestant religion, and to change and alter Margaret's Westminster, in the county of Mid- the same ; and likewise to stir up rebellion and dlesex aforesaid, his wicked treasons and trai- sedition amongst the king's liege people, and torous designs and proposals as aforesaid did also to kill the king; did on the 29th of Sep. tell and declare to one M. Ravigni, envoy-ex. tember in the 27th year of the reign of our sotraordinary from the French king to our most vereign lord the king, at the parish of St. serene and sovereign lord king Charles, &c. in Margaret's, Westmioster, in this county, comthe county aforesaid residing, and did falsely, pose and write two several letters to one M. La maliciously, and traitoroasly inove and excite Chaise, that was then servant and confessor the said envoy-extraordinary to partake in his to the French king, and this was to procure treason; and the sooner to fulfil and complete the French king's aid and assistance to him his traitorous designs, and wicked imaginalions and other trajtors, to alter the religion practisand intentions, the said Edward Coleman af ed, and by law established here in England, terwards, viz. the 10th day of December in the to the Romish superstition. The Indictinent 27th year of the reign of our sovereign lord sets forth likewise, That on the same day he king Charles tbe second of England, &c. afore- did write and compose two other letters to the said, at the parish of St. Margaret's Westmin- same gentlemarł, that was servant and conster, in the county of Middlesex aforesaid, did fessor to the said king, to prevail with him to advisedly, maliciously, deceitfully, and traitor- procure the French king's assistance to alter ously compose aud write three other letters to the religion in this kingdom established to the be sent to one sir William Throckmorton, kt. Romish religion. The Indictment sets further then a subject of our said sovereign lord' the forth, that he caused these two letters to be king of this kingdom of England, and residing sent beyond seas. And it also sets forth, that in France, in parts beyond the seas, viz. at the on the 10th of December, the same month, he parish of St. Margaret's Westminster, in the did receive a letter from the gentleman that county of Middlesex aforesaid, to solicit she was the consessor, in answer to one of the said M. La Chaise to procure and obtain of the former letters, and in that letter aid and assistsaid French king, aid, assistance and adherence ance from the French king was promised; and as aforesaid, and the said letters last mention that he did traitorously conceal that letter. ed, afterwards, viz. the day and year last My Lord, the Indictment sets out further, that named as aforesaid, from the said parish of St. on the 10th day of the same month, he did reMargaret's Westminster, in the county of Mid- veal his treasons and traitorous conspiracies to dlesex aforesaid, did falsely and traitorously one Monsieur Ravigni, who was envoy from send, and cause to be delivered to the said sir the French king to his majesty of Great-BriWilliam Throckmorton in France aforesaid, tain. And his Indictment declares, he afteragainst his true allegiance, and against the wards did write three letters more to sir William peace of our sovereign lord the king that Throckmorton, then residing in France, to now is, his crown and dignity, and against the procure the French king's assistance to the alform of the statute in that case made and pro- teration

of the religion practised here in Engvided.

laud. Of these several offences he stands here Cl. of Cr. Upon this Indictment he hath indicted. been arraigned, and hath pleaded thereunto To this he hath pleaded Not Guilty. If we Not Guilty; and for his trial he puts himself prove these, or either of them in the Indictspon God and his country: which country you ment, you ought to find him guilty. are. Your charge is to enquire, whether he be Serj. Maynard. May it please your lordguilty of the high-treason whereof he stands ship, and you gentlemen of the jury: This is a indicted, or not guilty. If you find him guil- case of great coucernment. Gentlemen, the ty, you are to inquire what goods and chatiels, prisoner at the bar stands indicted for no less lands and tenements he had at the time when than an intention and endeavour to murder the high-treason was committed, or at any the king; for an endeavour and attempt to

change the government of the nation, so well .See East's Plens of the Crown, c. 2, s. 58. settled and instituted, and to bring us all to

ruin and slaughter of one another; and for an | but the heads of things) sent to Windsor to endeavour to alter the Protestant religion, and murder the king : this gentleman received and to introduce instead of it the Romish supersti- disbursed money about this business, and one tion, and Popery.

Ashby a Jesuit here had instructions from him · This is the charge in general, of the Indict- to prosecute the design, and to treat with • inent. We will proceed unto particulars, physician to poison the king. This the priwhereby it may appear, and whereupon be soner approved of, and contributed to it. endeavoureth to accomplish his ends. One or There were cominissions, as I take it, delivered two letters written to M. La Chaise (he is a from Ferryer, or by his hand, that came from foreigner, and we have nothing lo say to him, foreign powers. Sir Henry Titchbourne was being coufessor to the French king) it was to another that received and delivered comexcite and stir him up to procure aid and as- missions. Pompone the French gentleman, he sistance (and you know what aid and assistance maintains intelligence with him about this bus · means) from a foreign prince, arms, and other siness, the titular archbisliop of Dublin. levies. We charge him with it, that he did re- There is Cardinal Norfolk, by him he had ceive this letter, ay, and received an answer accession to the Pope. There was likewise with a promise, that he should have assistance. the Pope's Nuncio (I do not open the transHe writ other letters to sir William Thruck- actions of these instructions); these partimorton, who traitorously conspired with bim, culars will be made out, not only by witness and had intelligence from time to time from vida voce, and not single only, but by letters of him. This is the charge in the Indictment; this Mr. Coleman's own writing. But I offer To which he hath pleaded, Not Guilty. We that to the consideration of the jury. will go on in our evidence : I shall, but more Mr. Oates was the first man, that we hear generally, open our method, that we intend to of, that discovered this treason; he was the iake. For it may seem strange, and is not rea- single man that discovered so many active sonably to be imagined, that a private gentle agents in su great a treason as this was, and it man, as the prisoner at the bar is, should have needed to be well seconded; but he being such vast and great designs as this, to alter found to be but single, the boldness and cou. religion, destroy the governinent, ay, and de rage of these complotters in it grew great stroy the subjects too in a great measure. thereupon. We know what followed; the But it is not himself alone, but he employs damnable murder of that gentleman, in exehimself for foreign assistance, great confedera. cution of his office, so hellishly contrived, and cies and combinations with the subjects of that the endearours that were used to hide it, every king, many of whom he did pervert.

body knows : how many stories were told to In the course of the Evidence I shall not bidé that abominable murder, how many lies open the particulars : (Mr. Attorney, I think, there were about it, but it could not be supo will do that by and by) those that we have oc- pressed. The nation is awakened out of sleep, casion to speak of, and shall in proof mention and it concerns us now to look about us. But to you, will be these : La Chaise, the French all this while Mr. Coleman thought himself king's present coufessor, we have mentioned : sale, walked in the fields, goes abroad, jeabefore bim there was one Father Ferryer, with lousy increasing, and he himself still secure. whom he held correspondence. That Ferryer The letters that are produced go but to soine being removed by death, the prisoner bad an part of the year 1675: from 1675 onto 1678 employment here amongst us, by which he all lies in the dark, we have no certain proof of gave La Chaise instructions bow to proceed. it; but we apprehend he had intelligence until This gentleman is the great contriver and 1678; that there were the same persons conplotter, which gives him instructions how to tinuing here, and his company increasing here: proceed. He doth give him an account by bat this I speak but as probable, (but very exway of narrative, how all things had stood ceeding probable) that there was other pas

former treaties and negociations, how buo sages of intelligence between this person and sinesses were contrived, and how far they were other confederates. gone; this he diligently and accurately gives an It seems, my lord, that this Coleman was account of. This (my lord) doth discover and aware that he was concerned: but God blinded delineate, what hath' been done before until and infatuated bim, and took away bis reason. 1674. My lord, there was likewise sir Wm. It is no question but he carried away some of Throckmorton and some others, that are Eng. those papers; those that were left behind, and lishmen 100, there are none of them but what are produced, he forgot and neglected; and were first Protestants ; but when they once re- by chat (my lord) those which are produced, nounced their religion, no wonder they should are evidence against him at this time. Surely renounce their nation, and their prince too. he thought we were in such a condition, that He was gone begond the seas, several letters had eyes and could not see, and ears that could past between them, and all to promote, and en- not hear, and understandings without undercourage, and accomplish this design. My lord, standing : for he was bold, and walked abroad, there is likewise a consult of Jesuits used too, and that until this prosecution was made upon where, in express words, they designed to mur- him, he endeavoured to murder the king, der the king, or contrived and advised upon it. change the government, make an alteration of

My Lord, there were four Irishmen (I open religion, and destruction of Prutestants, as well!


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