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add met tell me.
Nr. Atkins, who says he is
rideg bere to prove, that he
2T, it was their interest to
- visa know what, if you swear
would walk out into the other room. And at with bim in it; be gave me eight or nine days
1.*IVE S, I cannot ere ! the window, wbich is next the door that is to to consider of it, and I should have a great re
1 the office, he and I stood talking together. ward, if I would join with them. I heard of
is a masit, as near as you After we had discoursed a little about the plot, him no more for a considerable while, and then he told me, that sir E. Godfrey had very much I met him at the Three Cans or the Six Cans,
mart what day it was; it injured his master; and if be lived would be. Holbor:1, and renewing his discourse, he told
ne dam in October, as I the ruis. f himn. And thereupon I have heard me, if I would not agree with them to help to
: that his master was questioned in the House of murder bim, yet if I would conceal it, I should
:rt rabout the time of Commons, asked him whether he were a par- have 1001. brought to my chamber; but if I
goter into Holland. liament man, thinking that might be the occa- did reveal it, I should not outlive it. L. C. J. This Child said ?
ins. I cannot positively sion of their questioning him : Nu, said he. But then he went off from what we were then C. Alkins. Yes, my lord. discoursing, and he desired ine to be secret, L. C. J. Who were them were to be with 3 127 reward offered to and went on upon that account in several par- you, captain Atkins, do
know? ticulars, that I cannot now exactly remember. C. Atkins. I do not know, my Lord, he did
sed by Child.
12 res the reward to be And as we were talking he broke off his dis- not tell me who they were. course short, and asked me if I knew Mr. L. C. J. Pray tell us again : What was the Child : What Child ? said I, He that I used to first discourse you had with Mr. San. Atkins? meet at the Three Tobacco-Pipes? Said he, It C. Atkins. I came to borrow a little money
is, o lord, because it seems a is that Child that you recommended to me : of him, and it was at the great window in the For I had recommended such a one to him to great room above stairs, the very window next
mit be engaged in this busibe purser of a ship, by the means of one Owen. the office where the prisoner writes, and there Said he, Is be a man that is stout, or to be he began his discourse. We were talking of this trusted with a secret? Said I, As to bis plot that was discovered, and something about
aparty concerned ; for those valour I know nothing of it, but he has a very Coleman, but the particulars I cannot rememgood character. Then said he, When you see ber, and then he fell into discourse about Sir him send him to my master; but as for myself, Edmundbury Godfrey. I desire not to have him ask for ine when he L. C. J. What discourse was it? comes thither. I could not meet Child that C. Atkins. Thay he had injured his master, night, but I did the next night; and so lie said and if he lived, he would ruin him. I asked he would go thither. And afterwards I met him whether he was a member of the House of him again, and he said he had been there, and Commons, because I knew his master had been falling into discourse, he would have engaged ibere questioned for his religion. No, said he ; me to join in the murder of a man.
but then he went off from that, wbich lie was L. Č. J. What did Child say to you? What then talking of, which was concerning the Plot is Mr. Atkins's master's name?
and sir Edmundbury Godfrey, and asked, if I C. Atkins. Mr. Pepys.
knew where there was a stout man, and partiL.C. J. What Mr. Pepys of the Navy? cularly enquired about Child, and bid me send C. Atkins. Yes, my Lord.
him to his master. L. C. J. Had Child been with hiin?
L. C. J. Did he fear Sir Edmundbury GodC. Atkins. My Lord, he told me so.
frey would ruin his master, by discovering some-
C. Atkins. I understood so.
L. C. J. And wbat did he talk of killing any ny brief. I desire, before they
L. C. J. Then all that he said to you was, to me; I told him there was a shed in the back that Sir Edmundbury Godfrey had very much part of the house that was private enough ; injured his master, and if he lived would ruin and thither we went; and I sat with my back hin; and then asked, if you knew a man to the bouse, and be with his to the garden. that would be stout and secret, and bid you And as soon as the master of the house had send him to his master, but not ask for him. brought a pot of ale, he fell into discourse, and S. Atkins. Pray, Mr. Atkins, will you tell told me he believed, that by reason of the what time that discourse was? necessity of my fortune, and the troubles I lay C. Alkins. I cannot tell that exactly. It under, and my want of money, I would under- was two days before Sir John Williams went take a business that might relieve my wants. I into the country. It was about the time of replied, any thing that was honourable I would the duchess her going beyond sea. undertake, or that became a gentleman; but to S. Atkins. Was there no body by when we rob on the bighway, or any thing of that na- had that discourse? ture, that was base, I would not do it. lie C. Alkins. There was another in a study
See the murder was, lo wit, answered me that it was a thing of greater mo- hard by, I cannot tell exactly who. ment than that; he told me it was the killing S. Atkins. Do you know liis name when you
in Lamunduary Codfrey; for of a man. I immediately utterly denied to join hear it? Was it Mr. Lewis?
berty of the body. And for 7
eresima burder, and it is
that the proger was aiding
are too bold with the
bold. My Lord, this is a L. Bard brings from below. I ale would give an account wheprober or no.
And so the boy was sistent Expressions of Mr. At
Mt. Ward for bringing der vrede, I perceive it was a misne body else. We will pro.
32 Praca Winnington.) We Seite upon the evidence to prove w ryght out for a stout man, bad lisand one be thought was y te bid bin send him to bis tout tan, Child, would have en
C. Alkins. I think it was so, I cannot ex
Then Mr. Bedlow was sworn. ectly tell.
L. C. J. What day was it, as near as you Resorder. Pray, sir, will you tell my lord can?
and the jury, whether you were in the room C. Atkins. I cannot say what day it was; it where the body lay, and in what company you was about seven or eight days in October, as I
saw it? can remeinber.
Bedlow. Your lordship had an account yesL. C. J. You say it was about the time of terday, how Le Faire came to acquaint me, the Duchess her going over into Holland. that such an one was murdered, and that they
C. Atkins. I think so. I cannot positively intended so and so to dispose of the body. remember,
When I came to meet him at Somerset-house, Sol. Gen. Had you any reward offered to I asked hön who were to be concerned in caryou for killing of a man?
rying biin off. He told me, it was a gentleman, C. Atkins. Yes, I had by Child.
one Mr. Fatkins. I thought it might have been S. Atkins. By whom was the reward to be this gentleman (pointing to captain Atkins paid?
whom I had known several years since, and so C. Atkins. He did not tell me.
I enquired no further, but reinembered he told Att. Gen. Now, my lord, because it seems a me so; and when I came into the room, there strange thing, that Mr. Atkins, who says he is was a great many there and some of them their a Protestant, should be engaged in this busi- faces I did see, I asked a young gentleman ness, we have a witness here to prove, that he whether his name was not Aikius, and he said hath been seen often at Somerset-house at Yes; then I asked him, if he were Mr. Pepys's Mass, and so be is a party concerned ; for those clerk, He answered Yes, and added, I have that are of that party, it was their interest to seen you often at my master's bonse. There cut him of. And that is this boy. (Pointing was a very little light, and the man was one I to a boy that was then brought in.]
was not acquainted with, though I had been L.C. J. How old are you, child ?
often at the house, but could never meet with Bey. About seventeen.
him, and yet the man said,' he had seen me Just. Wild. Do you know what, if you swear
often there :' So that it is hard for me to swear false, will become of you?
that this is he. Aod now I am upon one genBoy. I will not swear false.
tleman's life, I would not be guilıy of a falsJustice Wild. What, if you do swear false, hood to take away another's. I do not rewill becoine of you?
member that he was such a person as the priBory. I shall be damned,
soner is; as far as I can remember he had Att. Gen. He is as like to speak truth as ano- more manly face than he hath, and a ther.
beard. 3. Atkins. What religion are you of, boy? L. C. J. You do well to be cautious, Mr. Boy. A Protestant,
Bedlow. S. Atkins. Do you know me?
Justice Wild. Pray, what store of people Boy. No.
were there? Justice Wild. Sir, you are too bold with the Bedlow. I beliere there were seven or eight. witnesses.
Soine there were that I knew. L.C. J. Swear him.
LC.J. Who were those ? Att. Gen. Pray hold. My Lord, this is a Bedlow, Le Faire and Praunce. I remem. witness that Mr. Ward brings from below. I ber very well, I asked Mr. Atkins this question, have bim not in my brief. I desire, before they are you Mr. Pepys's clerk? He said yes : I skear him, that he would give an account whes have seen you often at my master's house. ther he knows the prisoner or no.
L. C. J. And that was all the discourse you Bey. No I do not. [And so the boy was had with him ? carried off, with some expressions of Mr. At- Bedlow. Yes, for I was but a very little while torney's displeasure to Mr. Ward for bringing there. him in.)
L. C. J. But you caunot charge the prisoner Recorder, My lord, I perceive it was a mis. to be him? take; it was soude body else. We will pro. Bedlow. I do think he had a more manly ceed to otber evidence.
face than the prisoner has, and a beard. Sol. Gen. (Sir Francis Winnington.) We L. C. J. So you think it rather was not be, bave hitherto gone upon the evidence có prove than it was he? that Mr. Atkins, sought out for a stout man, Bedlow. I cannot say it was he? nor I could and when he had found one he thought was not at first. I did not know but it might be for his purpose, he bid him send him to bis some one that did assume bis person to put master. This stout man, Child, would have engaged the other witness in a murder ; and it is Justice Wild. Mr. Bedlow, pray let me ask very probable what that murder was, lo wit, you one question. Did you never know of any the murder of sir Edmundbury Godfrey; for design to murder Sir E. Godfrey, till Le Faire we sball prove that the prisoner was aiding spoke to you to carry him off? and assisting to carry off the body. And for Bedlow. I knew not till I saw him mordered. this we call Mr. Bedlow,
They told me I should help to carry off the YOL. VII.
ise that day, which I de
Ba , my lord, this Es geh, ubo is a protestant, 12, I desire him to de y reared a protestant, or do; 7:25 Here 50 or Do? Fe de breed
, sir? end op in the protestant
late father and mother pro22 hrd, they were so, and I rel 1,9, declare whether I was - Tistant, but wherber I was se our school? az ord, be was always a proamalvas one too. et svery much in that. : Faere is this Mount Horeb? tan Padding-lane, at one Mr.
hare you any thing more, 4zy lord, I have no more to nat defence the prisoner makes. 2. Mr. Atkins, you bave liberty surd, and Gentlemen of the
213] STATE TRIALS, 31 Charles 11. 1679.-Trial of Samuel Atkins, (244 body of one that was murdered, but I could not these two years; but there having been some imagine whom.
friendship between us, I had a mind to see L.C. J. But you knew that they were to him, and sent a particular friend to desire him murder a man?
to appoint a meeting. Bedlow. Yes, my lord, but I knew not whom. L.C. J. When?
Justice Wild. But you were appointed to Walton. Ac Mount Horeb. insinuate yourself into sir E. Godfrey's acquain- Att. Gen. My lord doth not ask where, but tance ?
when, at what time? Bedlow. Yes, my lord.
Walton. At two of the clock.
Walton. The 12th of October.
Bedlow. Yes, against some persons, and Walton. I will tell you my reason, my lord. there were none such.
When I heard that this gentleman was in this Recorder. Now, if your lordship pleases, I unhappy affair, I said, How much better had it desire Mr. Bedlow to let us know, whether he been for him to have been in my company, that did ask the person that said he was Mr. Atkins I might have vouched for bim? 'But you (pointany other questions?
ing to the prisoner) did appoint, you know, sir, Bedlow. No, I did not,
to meet me. And I took cognizance of this Recorder. How came you to ask him no affair speaking to a particular friend. other questions, but only whether be were Mr. Ļ. C. J. How long after this? Pepys's clerk ?
Walton. When the tidings were, he was Bedlow. Because I never heard of any of taken prisoner. that name, but he and this gentleman (pointing Att. Gen. A great while agone my lord, to captain Atkins), whom I know very well, L. C. J. How long after sir E. Godfrey was and I could not tell but it might be he. murdered?
L. C. J Here is the thing. Le Faire told Att. Gen. About a fortnight. him one Atkins should help him to carry the L.C.J. Was there a dinner bespoke ? body off, and when he came into the room, Walton. I bespoke one for him; he knew that person told him his name was Mr. Atkins, nothing of it. and then he asked if he were Mr. Pepys's clerk Att. Gen. Did he appoint to be there that for he could not tell but that it was Charles day? Atkins.
Wallon. Yes, he did. I think he will not Recorder. We have another reason, my lord, deny it. for the asking that question. Pray what dis- Ått. Gen. Did you send a messenger to him? course had you about any commission ?
Walton. Yes, I did.
Recorder. What did he tell you besides? he appointed at two o'clock; and he bespoke a
Sol. Gen. Did you ever hear of any other use it thus. I desire to know of him, when
was the message sent? How long before that Bedlow. No, none at all. And the same tes- day? or was it the day before? timony I give now, I gave at the first. And Walton. It was a week before. my lord, I could not he positive before the Alt. Gen. What day before? lords of the committee, and I cannot be posi- Walton. It was a week before. tive now.
Att. Gen. Can you remember what day? Alt. Gen. Indeed he was never positive at Walton. I do not, for I had no dissatisfacthe first. Now, my lord, if you please, we will tion because he did not come. call a witness to prove, that that day, when this S. Atkins. Will your lordship give me leave was supposed to be done, Mr. Samuel Atkins ) to ask him one question ? I own, sir, you sent had bespoke a diuner at Mount Horeb, but he to me by a school-fellow, about a week before, had some other business, and did not come, and desired me to appoint a day to meet you, and lost the price of a good dinner. Pray and I appointed this day, and that for this reaswear Thomas Walton. [Which was done.] son; I knew my master would be then out of
Recorder. Pray, sir, what can you say? town, and so I thought I could conveniently
Walton. As to the body of the cause, I have meet you; but it being ten days before, I ennothing to say. I have not seen Mr, Atkins tirely forgot it ; but can prove by several wit
int! in my defence proceed a vards God and towards towards God (before whom a presence I must appear, and sh protest my innocence as to mun me, in that I shall deI what is true: And towards at bent place, because I intend Erth all the respect and sub
& becomes a prisoner. My man, Mr. Atkins who hath mation against me, is a man est from perishing, I suppose limself ; 1 petitioned, solicited Are instrumental in getting him Llen fact which I shall by and
And though this, my lord, may je by and by
you mistake, Mr. Atkins, he diel at all, for he saith no s le bath been discoursing with edit, and you said sir Edmund
tery moch injured your
you desired to know if he and with a stout man; and asked To MeChild, and bid him send sk; and he said afterwards, he and would have engaged him A seder. All which is nothing to
any such dis
bes, or had not, it is no heel w labour your defence as
et before God Almighty,
deBa mhal say you to Mr.
nesses where I did dine that day, which I de- | Będlow's testimony; Did you see the body of sire may be called. But now, my lord, this sir E. Godfrey at SomersetHouse? gentleman is upon bis oath, who is a protestant, S. Atkins. No my lord; I am so far from and was my school-master, I desire him to de- that, that in all my life I was never in the house. clare wbether I was bred a protestant, or no; L. C. J. Then call a couple of witnesses to and bether my friends were so or no? prove where you were that Monday night, the L. C. J. How was he bred, sir ?
14th of October, and you need not trouble Walton. He was bred up in the protestant yourself any further. religion, my lord.
S. Atkins. There is captain Vittles, and his L. C. J. Were his father and mother pro- whole company. testants ?
L. C. J. Can any of these say where you Walton. Yes, my lord, tbey were so, and I were the 14th of October ? If they can, a koow them very well.
couple of them is enough. Who is this? S. Atkins, Pray, sir, declare whether I was Atkins. This is the captain, my lord. not only bred a protestant, but whether I was L. C.J. What is your name? not so also when I left your school?
Capt. Vittles. My name is Vittles. Walton. Yes, my lord, he was always a pro- L. C. J. Do you know Mr. Atkins the pritestant, and a very zealous one too. LC.J. There is very much in that.
Vittles. Yes, very well. Justice Wild. Where is this Mount Horeb? L. C. J. How long have you known him? Recorder. It is in Pudding-lane, at one Mr.
Vittles. These 14 years. Appleby's.
L. C. J. Can you tell where he was the 14th L. C. J. Well, have you any thing more, of October ? Mr. Attorney?
Vittles. I can tell by several circumstances, Att. Gea. No, my lord, I have no more to that your lordship shall understand, that I do say, till I hear what defence the prisoner makes. remember the day.
L. C. J. Then, Mr. Atkins, you bave liberty L. C. J. Why, you cannot tell what day of to defend yourself.
the week it was? S. Atkins. My lord, and Gentlemen of the Viltles. Yes, I can, it was of a Monday. Jury, I hope I shall in my defence proceed L. C. J. Where was he on a Monday? very inoffensively towards God and towards Vittles. The king was pleased to command this Court. First, towards God (before whom me to go to Antwerp, to carry over some offiI am, in whose presence I must appear, and cers of the king's to the garrison ; I returned before whom I can protest my innocence as to back the 6th of October, which was Sunday. what is charged upon me), in that I shall de- Justice Jones. How come you to remember clare nothing but what is true: And towards the days so exactly? this Court in the next place, because I intend L. Č.J. Mariners are very exact and punc. to deliver myself with all the respect and sub-tual ; they keep accounts of every day, and mission to it that becomes a prisoner. My have journals of all passages. lord, this gentleman, Mr. Atkins who hath Vittles. Ay, my lord, and I have it here is brought this accusation against me, is a man my pocket: The 6th day I arrived at Greenwhoin I have kept from perishing, I suppose wich, which was sabbath day, and that day I he will own it himself; I petitioned, solicited would not come ashore, but I let it alone for him, and was instrumental in getting him while Monday, which was the 7th day; then out of prison, for a fact which I shall by and my lord I went and appeared, and gave an acby tell you. And though this, my lord, may count to the Secretary of what I had done, seem against me, yet by and by
according to my instructions, to see whether he L. C. J. Hold, you mistake, Mr. Atkins, he bad any further service to command ine. At does you no mischief at all, for he saith no present the Secretary told me, No, ; so I told more than that he hath been discoursing with him I would go down to the Yatch, and wait you about the plot, and you said sir Edmund- bis majesty's commands; and there I staid till bury Godfrey bad very much injured your Thursday; and on Friday the Secretary, I master; and that you desired to know if he think, was going out of town to Newmarket, and were acquainted with a stout man; and asked so I could receive no orders from bim, but was particularly of Mr. Child, and bid him send to stay till he came back. On the Monday folLim to your master; and be said afterwards, he lowing I came up about eleven of the clock, Lad been there, and would have engaged him and I met with Mr. Atkins at the office lie had to joig in a murder. All which is nothing to at his master's the Secretary's; said I, I am glad the purpose.
you are at home ; and, said he, I am glad you s. Atkins. But I never had any such dis- are not gone, for there are a couple of gentlecourse with him my lord.
women that desire to see a yatch, and if you L. C. J. If you had, or had not, it is no will
go down I will come down too, and bring matter : you need not labour your defence as down my friends by and hy : Said I, I am glad to any thing he says.
I am in a way to serve you, and you shall be s. Atkins. I protest before God Almighty, welcome to what I bave. So I disappointed I know nothing of it.
two or three friends that I had appointed to Justice Dolben. But what say you to Mr. meet at Billingsgate, that I might get my boat
ready. When I came aboard, I ordered my men 'Bedlow. Yes, very sober, my lord.
Vitiles. Ay, and drink to us too, my lord.
Tribbett. To Billingsgale. honour, I stayed an bour longer; and, said I, L. C. J. What time of night came you if he doth noi come in balf an hour, I will go there? a-shore and I was ready to go, when I saw a Tribbett. At half past eleven. boat at a distance, and then said, I will stay for L.C. J. What time did you carry him from I believe that is the boat; and it proved so. the yatch? It was two of the clock wheniny lord went Tribbet. It was about half an hour past ten away, and it was then half an hour past four, o'clock. or thereabouts. So when he came a-board bis L. C. J. What day of the week was it? two friends came a-board with him, and went Tribbelt. It was on a Monday. down into the cabin, ånd drank a glass of L. C. J. Well, you need not trouble yourwine, such as we had; and the wine being good selves and jast come from beyond seas, we drank till Att. Gen. My lord, in this matter, it is in seven of the clock, and I would not let them vain to contend in a fact that is plain. But I go. . Then said he, I will not keep the boat would desire (because some perhaps will make upon charge here. No, you need not, said I, ao ill use of it) that they would please to take my boat shall see you a-shore. So he dischar- notice, here is no disproving the king's evidence. ged the boat, which was, I say, about seven For Mr. Bedlow did not at first, nor doth he o'clock, and so about eight or nine o'clock we now, charge him directly to be the man : so had drunk till we were a little warm ; and the that whoever reports, That the king's evidence wine drinking pretty fresh, and being with our is disproved, will raise a very false rumour. friends, we did drink freely, till it was indeed un- L. C. J. No, no; it is so much otherwise, seasonable : I must beg your iurdships pardon, that for all he hath said herein, he is the more but su it was; and at half an hour pasi ten, i to be credited in his testimony; and Mr. Atordered my men to go off with the boat of tour kins needed not to make any defence, but must oars, that belonged to the yatch, and that have come off without any, opon w bal Mr. Bedwould go much swifter than any other boats, low says for him. and I put him into the boat very much fuddled. Att. Gen. So likewise for the first man, all Now, my lord, away goes he, with four of iny that he says consists together, and may be true, men (they are were), and I ordered them, pray, and yet Mr. Atkios innocent. said I, put a-shore Mr. Atkins and his friends L. C. J. So it may. where they will go a-shore. So I went to sleep Att. Gen. I desire the company may not go when he was gone ; and the next day in the away with a mistake, as if the king's evidence morning, when the boat came aboard, said I, were disproved. where did you put a-shore Mr. Atkins and the L. C.'J. Not in a tittle. two gentlewomen? At Billingsgate, said they. Att. Gen. Then I have done, my lord. Why so, said I ? Which way would they get L. C. J. No, I will tell you how it did arise. home? for I knew Mr. Atkins was very inuch It arose from the jealousy of the murder of sir in drink. Why, said they, the tide was so strong E. Godfrey, and persons were willing to lay at the bridge, that we could not get through hold on any opportunity to find it out. And with our boat. Now it flowed that same night Mr. Bedlow was told such a man should be his till twelve minutes past ten; so that it must fellow to help him to carry away the body; and he near half an hour past ten when they went hearing of such a name, thought it possible it away.
might be such a one; and he owning himself to Justice Wild. What, it flowed there at past bear that name, and to be Mr. Pepys's clerk, ten?
when he gave in his information, the people, Vitlles. Yes, it did.
who were put into such alarms as these, were L. C. J. Mr. Bedlow, what time of the very ready' to catch at it. Therefore no body night was it that you were at Somerset-house ? was to blame for pursuing Bedlow's evidence. Bedlow. It was betwixt nine and ten. He said nothing then, but what he says now, L. C. J. He was on shipboard then. and that is nothing at all positive, which is all
Justice Wild. He was very sober, that you true, and yet Mr. Atkins doth appear to be a spoke withal, was not he?
very innocent man in this matter,
Trial of David LEY wandaff), at Monmo (HARLES II. A. D. 167 Varek, 1679, the assizes begaı
y Robert Atkins being soli tory of gentlemen was re ter, and called, against severa plated and Mr. Price excepted ses soch tbey conceived migh Perhalenge not known before de listen the marquis of Worces rasis of Wentwood, upon a riot
, and others would hav Das sage of that grand-jury, th 2st2 tben positively said, It wa te ist ustal to challenge out of
i est a jury was sworn, and a de arte Eliz
. and preferred to th - Sat evening, being Friday, I wa
that bill, to which I pleade
on up against me, upon th
! The sent day, about ten of th uraz, the judge came from th
ht, dat ai the crown side, an
tane being brought to th de proclamation for silence hele and death might be impar lade my challenges ; present) Weeker bar was called, which wa shallenge without bindrance; b.
uudallenge, the judge tellin
and daree; but out of tha mis own suggestion, who ha the up the judge as being hi
yang at his right hand, diver
y ale to the crown bar, an