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to the whole asse
We bord, I am reas
BIDET, I am to 2. 20 it is time me
priest will have you, and in such actions as gion, unless you disturb ours; and therefore,
such a man must be killed; for it must be
[Then the Jury withdrew to consider of
space returned if you think that you have any power of your own whilst you continue in their persuasion.
again.) I know some will ascribe all to conscience Cl.of Cr. Gentlemen, answer to your names. that guides them, and that even these mischiels Sir William Roberts. are but the effects of their religious obedience ; Sir William Roberts. Here. And so the but they are indeed the consequeuces of the rest.
Cl. of Cr. Gentlemen, are you all agreed of zelas directed b blindness of their obedience. I wonder how any man can have the face, thus to disorder a your verdict ?-Omnes. Yes. whole nation, and yet pretend conscience for it. Cl. of Cr. Who shall say for you? Let no man tell me, O, sir, we desire none of Omnes. Our foreman. these miscbiefs you talk of; what, not if reli- Cl. of Cr. Robert Green, hold up thy hand gion requires it, or if the pope says it does? (which he did). Look upon the prisoner; how hath not the council of Lateran decreed that say you, is Robert Green Guilty of the felony every popish prince ought to root out heresy and murder whereof he stands indicted, or Not upon pain of damnation you must : can you Guilty ? go and tell the pope how far you will believe, or Foreman. Guilty. what you ought to do? You may as well tell Cl. of Cr. What goods or chattels, lands or me, that if he were once with us, and had the tenements ? power he once had, be would leave us to our- Foreman. None, to our knowledge. seives and that if he had the same ability, he Cl. of Cr. Henry Berry, bold up thy hand would not have the same tyranny. And therefore all the Roman Catholic gen- say you, is Henry Berry Gurity of the felonya Cleak of the Crow
(which he did). Look upon the prisoner. How tlemen in England would do very well to con- and murder whereof he stands indicted, or Not
se na cestom, dr. Watersider, how much it concerns christianity not to Guilty? give offence; and if they cannot at this time Foreinan. Guilty. live in a Protestant kingdom with security to Cl. of Cr. What goods or chattels, lands or their neighbours, but cause such fears and dan- tenements ? gers, and that for conscience sake, let them Foreman. None, to our knowledge. keep their consciences but leave the kingdom. Cl. of Cr. Lawrence Hill, hold up thy hand If they say, why should not we stay here, while (which he did). How say you, is Lawrence Hill we do no mischief? Alas, that is not in your Guilty of the felony and murder whereof he power. You cannot be quiet in your own reli- stands indicted, or Not Guilty ?
a Richardson, fous iz tomorrow. And
et gun to the bar, i bizice ; and the Cou
parere being convict
i kippaint your lord
te their conviction, OL
all know that, my
lord; I think they always plead in custody of Cl. of Cr. What goods or chattels, lands or the marshal. tenements ?
Justice Wild. But this seems a very barForeman. None, to our knowledge. barous thing, to take their clothes off their
Cl.of Cr. Hearken to your verdict, as the backs. Court ha:h recorded it. You say that Robert Justice Dulber. It doth so, brother, and they Green is Guilty of the felony and murder must be restored. whereof he stands indicted. You say that L C. J. Yes, yes, you must restore them, Henry Berry is Guilty of the felony and murder Ashby. They shall be, my lord. whereof he stands indicted. You say that Law- Recorder. I pray your Judgment. rence Hill is Guilty of the felony and murder L. C. J. Ask them what they can say to hinwhereof he stands indicted; and that neither der Judginent. they nor any of them, had any goods or chat- Cl. of Cr. Robert Green, bold up thy hand teis, lands or tenements, at the time of the fe- (which he did). Thou hast been indicted of loay committed, or at any time since, to your felony and murder, thou hast been thereupon knowledge. And so you say all,
arraigned, thou hast pleaded thereunto Not Onnes. Yes.
Guilty, and for thy trial thou hast put thyself L. C. J. Gentlemen, you have found the upon God and thy Country, which Country ane verdict that I would have found if I had hath found thee Guilty ; what hast thou to say been one with you; and if it were the last word for thyself, why the Court should not proceed I were to speak in this world, I should have pro- to give judgment of death upon thee, and award. nounced thein Guilty.
execution according to the law? At which words the whole assembly gave a
Captain Richardson. What have you to say
for yourself? great shout of applause.
Green. I declare to all the world, that I Att. Gen. Will your lordships please to give
am as innocent of the thing charged upon me, Jadgment this evening? I know it is not usual as the child that is in the mother's womb. the same day.
I die innocent, I do not care for death. I go Justice Wild. My lord, I am realy. to my Saviour, and I desire all that hear me to
L. C. J. No, brother, I am to sit at Nisi pray for me. I never saw the man to my Prius thus afternoon, and it is time we broke up knowledge, alive or dead. the Court.
Cl. of Cr. Henry Berry, hold up thy hand Cl. of Cr. Captain Richardson, you shall have (which he did). Thou hast been indicted of a rule to bring them to-morrow. And then the felony and murder, &c. what canst thou say, Court broke up.
&c. On Tuesday, the 11th of February, the Pri
Berry. I do declare, I am not guilty of any soners were brought again to the bar, in order thing in the world of this.
L. C.J. We do not expect much from you, to receive their Sentence; and the Court proseeded thus :
and it is no great matter; for your confession
will do us little good, but only for yourselves. Recorder. My lord, as I was directed by Mr. We regard' it not otherwise, because the evi Attorney, these prisoners being convicted of dence was so plain, that all mankind is satisfimurder, I do, for the king, pray Judgment upon ed, there is no scruple in the thing; and we them; but I must first acquaint your lordship, know you have either downright denials, or evathu immediately after their conviction, one of sions, or equivocating terms for every thing; the officers, a tipstaff, pretending it was his fee, yet in plain-dealing, every one that heard your took their clothes off their backs.
trial bath great satisfaction; and for my own L. C. J. Who is that officer?
particular, I have great satisfaction that you Recorder. One Ashby.
are every one of you guilty. L. C. J. Call him. Why do you offer to Cl. of Cr. Lawrence Hill, hold up thy hand meddle with these meu's clothes ?
(which he did). Thou hast been indicted of Ashby. It hath been an ancient custom this felony and inurder, &c. what canst thou say, 40 years, some of us have koown it, that the ' &c. marshal hath the upper garment of all prisoners Hill. I have nothing to say for myself, but tried at this har.
chat God Alınighty knows my innocence. L.C. J. (Speaking to a Clerk of the Crown Cl. of Cr. Crier, make an O Yes. Office). Is there any such custom, Mr. Water- Crier. O Yes! Our sovereign lord the king house?
doth strictly charge and command all manner Waterhouse. No, my lord, not that I know of persons to keep silence, whilst Judgment is
giving upon the prisoners convicted, upon pain L. C. J. Here is Mr. Waterhouse, that hath of imprisonment; peace about the Court. toonn the practice of the Court this three-score
Then Mr. Justice Wild, who, as second judge years, says there is no such thing. Either se.
in that Court, pronounced the Sentence in all store them their clothes, or we will take some other course with you. Are they in your cus
criminal matters, except High Treason, spoke tody, pray?
to the prisoners thus: Justice Dollen. I do not know that, my Justice Wild. You that are the prisoners at
tant, yon bare uime 29,90 zs 0! it, to make
337* from one thing; and
topition of those Glemts, that have put
ktor I Lare so much "Askese itey made it a 4'4 wuju:table upon
moto, for the law of ided to poner order heasondes so that thought
casable, yet in you Tsina an borrid oce. And ed it as such, I then prei wurse to make your Sa Dust pass under an.
of roan, and that erud before the Judge of
And thereve, if by this ge: that fatore judgment, "Eome to thank God that vou men Lere on earth. There& pe to spend every minute atet adnotledgment of all
pertatis sode so went be feer ome alter. One on
dzes say for the conmis.
923) STATE TRIALS, 31 CHARLES II. 1679.-Trial of Green, Berry, and Hill, (224
Had such a thing as this been acted by us Pro-
testants in any Popish country in the world, I Justice Wild. But though I am of another doubt there would scarce bave been one of us persuasion than you, and know you have no left alive. They would not have taken this charity for me, yet I have charity for you. course that hath been taken with you, to admit And if I shall say any thing, it is out of a zeal- us to a fair trial; no, they would have made ous affection I have for your souls; God knows their own hands their avengers : but, God be I speak it upon no other grounds; though the praised, we are of another religion, and of anoffence be horrid, yet I commiserate your per other persoasion. We leave vengeance to God, sons.
and, under him, to the magistrate who For the nature of your offence, it is murder : beareth not the sword in vain, as you now • He that sheds man's blood, by man shall his find. blood be shed; for in the image of God If I could abstract folly from wickedness, created he him.' So saith God to Noahı
, intimat certainly it was one of the greatest pieces of ing and declaring thereby, that the intention of folly and sottishness in the world ; for what God Almighty, in the making of that law, was could be your end in it? did you think that all the preservation of mankind; and that he will the magistrates in England were lodged in sir not admit or suffer his image to be defaced or E. Godfrey? that, if he were taken out of the destroyed. If it shall be accounted treason way, there were not men of spirit and cou. against earthly princes to deface their images, rage, as faithful and diligent as he was ? is it not much more treason against the great trouble not yourselves, nor let those of your God of heaven and earth, to deface his image, persuasion trouble themselves, there are a nuwho is the “ King of kings, and Lord of lords?' merous company of magistrates in this king. The greatness of this sin struck such a damp dom, that will do the saine thing, and act in and horror upon the soul of Cain, that it made it, and execute their offices with the same him cry out,
• His punishment was greater courage. than he could bear;' or, as our bibles have it in And as to the manner of the murder : whom the margin, His iniquity was greater than have you destroyed ? a magistrate. For what? could be forgiven ; and it shall come to pass, for the execution of his office. One that was that whosoever meeteth me, shall slay me :' a conservator of the peace; and whose study being conscious to himself, that it was just and it was to preserve you in peace, on bim you lawful, that whosoever did meet with him have violated the peace, and nothing less should slay him. And God himself doth set would satisfy you than his precious life; an afforth the heinousness of this offence, when he front to the law, to the magistrate, to the king, tells him, “ His brother's blood cried to him;' to the nation ; yea, to God himself, upon whom that is, cried unto God from the earth for ven. an higher affront could hardly have been put. geance. Blood, it is of a crying nature, and for the magistrate is God's ordinance; God will never cease crying, tili it find out the man- bath set him up to avenge himself upon the slayer.
wicked, and to reward the good; and be It is an offence so heinous in the eye of God, doth not bear,' as it is a sign by you he hath that he will not endure it in a beast; God not born, the sword in vain.' saith, he will require it of a beast. And doth I might say much more concerning the heiGod require blood of a beast, a brutish crea nousness of this offence; but had I the tongue ture void of all reason, and will be not require of men and angels, I could not say enough to it much more of man, whom he hath endued set out the horror of it. And now let me tell with those two great faculties of reason and you, I do not speak this to insult and domineer onderstanding and certainly, if murder in over you ; I praise God I am of another spirit; general be enquired after, I may well say this he knows I have another end in what I say, of yours, there hath not been committed a and my end is merely this, to persuade you more impudent and bar barous murder in this from the foulness of your fact, to make a good civilized nation, by one subject upon another. use of it ; that the horridness of your siu may And observe how you did effect this murder, make the greater and deeper impressions on with baseness enough. See the baseness of it; your spirits; and so make your repentance as the devil was the father of lies, so he was a inore severe and eficacious. Had you as many murderer from the beginning; and you first years to live as you have hours, it were little beguo your murder with an hellish, studied, enongh to bewail this horrid offence. But on and premeditated lie. Knowing that this gen- the other side, as that will be little enough,
y rely upon rot upon ETT, not upon any ment of Eat De Sariour and we ans Christ. And I would ****s of that great Cardinal,
die geatest men of your cinean, who having made
be efest war for securhe conclusion thus: To Lad Jesus Christ for life
eladtise you to do. Ne post I intended to say to! i czte said, I spoke to deliver alon no other account. I 2.jadinent which the law
es apun such malefactors;
bra herce to the place from 24 and from thence to the , atere you shail be sere
kecil, till you are sererally Share bare mercy upon your
kohe favour, that I may
en ligee my wife and children, sure I die, sometimes.
lyse, iny lord?
petardsen, le: them lare ***** their friends, but do it
yet let me give you this comfort, you have time Green. I have no relations that are cathoenough, if you make a good use of it, to make lics, but two, and they are not priests. God your peace with God.
bless the king: and I desire all good people to Pray let me dehort you from one thing; and
pray for us. that is this, do not be of the opinion of those 1. C. J. Mr. Astry, let the rule be entred wicked miscreants the Jesuits, that have put for their execution on Monday next. you upon this matter; for I have so much Cl. of the Cr. Captain Richardson, you charity for you as to believe they made it a shall have the rule for their execution on Monmatter of religion to you, and justifiable upon day next. that account. Do not think so, for the law of Then the keeper carried away the prisoners God is indispensible, and no power under hea- to the gaol, to be reserved till their execution, ven can license to murder. So that though On Friday the 21st of February, the prithe offence in thein is abominable, yet in you soners, Robert Green, llenry Berry, and Lawit is an cilence too, and an horrid one. And rence 11i/l, were executed according to the when you bare considered it as such, I then sentence pronounced against them; they all desire you to take a right course to make your persisted to the last in denying the fact for peace with God: for you must pass under an. which they suffered. other judgment than that of inan, and that shortly; you must stand before the Judge of heaven and earth. And therefore, if by this | An Account of, together with, the Writiog means you can prevent that future judgment, itself, that was found in the pocket of you will have just cause to thank God that you LAWRENCE IIill, at the time be and had your punishment here on earth. There- Green were executed, Friday, the 21st of fore let me advise you to spend every minute February, 1678-9, for the Murder of Sir you have left, in a free acknowledgment of all Edmundbury Godfrey, knt. your otiences: for certainly some so went before, or this had never come after. One sin
It is very fit the world should have some
account of what was said at the Execution of dogs another, and makes way for the coinmisslog of another,
these men, and how they came to say what And wbat must you rely upon ? not upon
they did. Their Confession (as it is called) any trash or truinpery, not upon any merit of
was a denial of the fact, which was penned and your own; there'is but une Saviour and Me prepared in a very format mauner, and taken obator, the Lord Jesus Christ. And I would
out of the pocket of Hill, who had neither pen, advise you, in the words of that great Cardinal
, ink, nor paper, all the while he was in New be that was one of the greatest men of your gate ; fet, after he was dead, captain Richardreligion, Bellarmine I mean, who having made
son, the master of Newgate, saw the execua scrutiny, which was the safest way for secur
tioner take it out of his pocket; which is vering bearen, made the conclusion thus: · To
batim, as follows: trust only upon the Lord Jesus Christ for life “ I now come to the fatal place where I must and salvation; which I advise you to do. end my life, and I hope with that courage that
I bave now.done what I intended to say to become my - innocence: I must now apyou; and what I have said, I spoke to deliver pear before the Great Judge, who knows all my owu soul, and upon no other account. I things, and judges rightly ; and I hope it will nos pronounce the judgment which the law be bappy for ine, a sinner, that I om thug hath appointed to pass upon such malefactors; wrongtully put to death. I call God, angels, and that is this:
and men, to witness, that I am wholly ignorant " That you go from hence to the place from of the manner, cause, or time of the death of whence you came, and from thence to the justice Godfrey; although, on that account, place of execution, where you shall be seve- by the malice of wicked men, brought to this rally hanged by the neck, till you are severally shameful death, which, I hope, will give me a dead; and the Lord have mercy upon your speedy passage to eternal life: In this hope I Souls."
die chearfully because of my innocence, and Hill. I bumbly beg one favour, that I may the benefit of the precious wounds of my bare the privilege to see my wife and children, blessed Saviour, by whose merits I hope for and my brother, before I die, sometimes, salvation. I die a Roman Catholic, desiring L.C. J. God forbid else.
all such to pray for me: And I beseech God, Hill. Any day, I hope, my lord?
in bis justice, to discover this horrid murder, L. C. J. Captain Richardson, let them have with the contrivers thercot, i hat my innocence the liberty of seeing their friends, but do it may appear. And though from my beart I forwith care and caution.
give my accusers, yet I cite all such as have Jus:. Ilili. And I will say this more to you, bad a hand in this bloody contrivance, before if you will have any religious Protestant di- the great tribunal of God's justice, to answer vines to come to you, they shall be sent to you, for the wrong they have done the innocent ; but none of your priests.
and particularly the Lord Chief Justice, and Hill. I desire only my relations.
the brothers of sir Edmundbury Godtrey, with Jast. Wild. You shall bave them, and we jury, witnesses, and all their partakers. O ofer you the others,
Lord, bless and preserve his majesty, and be VOL, VII,
2. Yr. Berry, .Une egendous at Tascerei wt is to make him ki, ich if he ? 15 coc bopes of Zx confess it, be
od to bare bin sa * $ Do argul
merciful to this poor nation, and lay no innoc of the murder of sir Edmundbury Godfrey, cent blood to its charge. So I bid you all that God's justice might be glorified in his farewell in Jesus Christ, into whose havds I death ; and that he would not go out of the commend my spirit.”
world in his sin, unrepented of; which it inust
answered me, He knew not any thing of the
spoke with some asseveration. I hearing him
give this answer, asked him, what were the This Paper was shewn to Hill's wise; and particular things that were witnessed against she being demanded whether it was her bus- hins, for which he was condemned? As I did band's hand-writing, affirmed it was not : And conjecture then, I thought he seemed to be unbeing further asked, whether she conveyed it willing to speak of this matter ; nor did his to bin, she protested she knew not how he words seem to come freely from himn : But he came by it; and declared that she never saw it told me, that Mr. Praunce* had accused him before. Then Mr. Green said ;
An Account of the proceeding to sentence
against Miles PRAUNCE, for wilful Per“ I desire all your prayers : And as for sir JURY ; who was sentenced in the court of Edmundbury Godfrey, I know not whether he King's-Bench, Westminster, upon a convicbe dead or alive ; for in my days I never saw tion by his own confession, on the 15th of bin with my eyes, as I know of; and if false June, 1686, in wilfully forswearing himself at people will swear against me, I cannot help it. the trials of Robert Green, Lawrence Hill, pray God to bless my king, and all good and Henry Berry, &c. in relation to the mura
der of sir Edmundbury Godfrey. Then captain Richardson told him, he had a Miles Praunce, a silversmith, having been, fair trial, and wished bim not to reflect on the last Easter Term, arraigned upon an inothers, but to prepare himself for death : To formation of wilful perjury, exhibited against which Mr. Green replied, I pray God Almighty him in the court of King's Bench, for wilfully to forgive them all. I never saw sir Edmund- forswearing himself against Robert Green, bury Godfrey, to my knowledge in my life. Lawrence Hill, and Henry Berry, &c. in rela
Mr. Berry being a protestant of the church tion to their murdering sir Edmundbury God of England, was reprieved till the 28th of the frey; and for which, upon bis oath, &c. they same month, in hopes he would make some were executed for the said murder at Tyburn; discoveries. Nevertheless, when he came to and he confessing himself guilty of the perjury the galloivs, he absolutely denied all knowledge specified in the same information, was, on Tuesor concurrence in the fact for which be died; day, the 15th of this instant June, again brought as will be seen by the following Account of his to the court of King's Bench, to receive his senBehaviour.
tence. The Court having a while considered the
mind of it, told him, It was well he was so A Relation of Mr. Berry's Behaviour and sensible of bis offence, it being so great a Discourse, from seven o'clock in the one, as to extend to the taking away the lives
of innocent persons, which did aggravate it; Morning, untill he was executed. Written so soon as I got Home:* GEORGE though one that had before him been found Wilson.
guilty of two notorious perjuries in that court,
continued obstinate to the last; and, for aughe When I came to him in Newgate, I found appears, has not bitherto shewn any remorse. him upon his knees, at his prayers, with Dr. Yet seeing he (meaning the prisoner) was senPatrick's Devotions in his hands. He told me sible of his crime, and had confessed it, the he was glad I was come, and desired my as- Court bad considered his condition, and would sistance in prayer. After I had for some have some compassion on true penitent. while prayed with him, which he did very fer. The sentence of the Court was, “ That he vently, I believe, for almost all the time be should pay a fine of 1001. to the king : That he wept; we then rose up both together, and had should appear before each court in Westsome little discourse. I told bin, that as the minster-Hall, &c. with a paper upon his forelaw had condemned him, so I could not but head, expressing his crime : That on Monday conclude him guilty; and therefore did as- next he should stand at Westminster in the sure him, that there was a strict tribunal after pillory, between the hours of 11 and 1, for the this life, before which we must all appear; and space of an hour; on Wednesday the like, bein particular for hiin, that there were but two fore the Exchange ; and on the following or three hours before he must suiler death, and Monday, ac Charing Cross : And he was like come to judgment; and therefore I did desire wise sentenced to be whipped from Newgate bim, that he would reveal to me what he knew to Tyburns, and he to continue in prison until
all was performed." From a MS. in the library belonging to Praunce, upon the aforementioned exhortathe church of St. Martin's in the Fields. tion, declared, That his last confession was the
sza truko away ti LIRICO S9 100: iber z tel me ahat is tr Po bare been very I tell shat you ne ees again to spea
a says Mr. Ordina 2. Dė bat is truth; anc **atroth? Truth, says
to to speak that 3,04 this is troth. We cell me what thou k
do not damn t. 7. BE. I think you would 1993 pressing of me; for sing of at, for a fortnight
Tu tery sensible of,
A drae; upon which
sisse to continge bio so.
passed, the keeper of the greated to take back his
cordingly did, convey
se POD, where he nc