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as the Protestant religion; and it will be My lord, you will find, that there was a sumproved by some letters, when tbey were re mons of the principal Jesuits, of the most able jected by the duke, that he sent them in the head-pieces, who were to meet in April or May duke's name. And by this no man will doubt last, io consult of very great things, of a most bat he is a great traitor.
diabolical nature, no less than how to take Attorn, Gen. (Sir William Jones.) May it away the life of the king our sovereign. please your lordship, and you gentlemen of the My lord, you will find (as is usually practised jury, the king's serjeant hatti opened the ge- in such horrid conspiracies, to make alt secure, beral parts of our evidence ; and we have that there was an oath of secrecy taken, and reason to foresee that our evidence will be very that upon the Sacrament. You will find agreeJong, and will take up much of your time; ments made, that this most wicked and horand therefore I shall spend no more time in rible design should be attempted. You will opening of it than is just necessary; And find two villaius were found ainong them, who indeed, my lord, Mr. Coleman himself hath undertook to do this execrable work; and you aved me much of the labour, which otherwise will bear of the rewards they were to have : I should bare bestowed; for he hath left such money in case they did succeed, and masses elegant and copious narratives of the whole good store in case they perished; so that their desigo under tus owo band, that the reading bodies were provided for in case they survived, of them will be better than any new one I can and their souls if they died. My lord, What make.
was the reason they did not effect their design, But, my lord, some short account I shall but either that these villains wanted opporgive you, such as may shew you the course of tunity, or their hearts failed them when they oor Eridence, and will make our evidence, came to put in execution this wicked design? when it comes to be given, to be more intel Or, perhaps (which is most probable) it was lig ble.
the Providence of God, which over-ruled them, My lord, It will appear, that there hath been that this bloody design did not take its effect. for many years last past a more than ordinary But these gentlemen were not content with design and industry io bring in the Popish, and one essay, they quickly thought of another ; extirpate the Protestant religion. I doube not and there were four Irish-men prepared (men but this design, in some measure, hath been of very mean fortuves, and desperate condicontriving ever since the reformation, by the tions), and they were to inake the attempt no Jesuts, or some of their enissaries, but hath longer since, than when the king was last at often received interruption ; so that they have Windsor. proceeded sometimes more coldly, sometimes My lord, I perceive by the Proofs, that these inore hotly: and I do think, at no time since last 'assassinates went down thither ; but it the reformation, that ever this design was car- came to pass (for some of the reasons aforeried on with greater industry, nor with fairer said) that that attenipt failed likewise. bopes of success, than for these last years. My lord, These gentlemen, those wise
My lord. You will hear from our witnesses, heads, who had met bere in consultation, did that the first onset, which was to be made then, and long before, consider with themselves, upon as, was by whole troops of Jesuits and that so great a cause as this was not to be put priests, who were sent bither from the semina- upon the bazard of some few hands; they ries abroad, where they had been trained up in therefore proposed forces, aids, and assistances, all the subtilty and skill that was fit to work both at home and abroad, to second this upon the people.
wicked design, if it had succeeded as to the My lord, you will hear how active they have person of the king; and if that failed, then by been, and what insinuations they used for the their foreign and domestic aids and assistances, perverting of particular persons. After some to begin and accomplish the whole work of time spent in such attempts, 'hey quickly grew subverting our government and religion. And weary of that course ; though they got some berc we must needs confess, as to the former Proselytes, they were but few. Some bodies, part of this Plut, which we have mentioned, I in whom there was a predisposition of humours, wean the attempt upon the king's person, Mr. were infected, but their numbers were not Coleman was not the contriver, nor to be the great. They at last resolve to take a more executioner; hut yet your lordship knows, in expeditious way; for in trath, my lord, they all treasons there is no accessary, but every conld not far prevail by the former. And í man is a principal. And thus much we have wish with all oy, heart, that the bodies of Pro- against him, even as to this part of the design, testants may be as much out of danger of the which will involve himn in the whole guih of it, violence of their hands, as their understandings that Mr. Coleman consented to it, though his will be of the force of their arguments, But, band were not to do it. Mr. Colenian encoumy lord, when this way would not take, they raged a messenger to carry money down as a began then to consider they must throw at all reward of these murderers, that were at Windat once. No doubt but they would have been sor; of this we have proof against him, which glad, that the people of England had had but is sufficient. My lord, Mr. Coleman, as a man one neck; but they knew the people of England of greater abilities, is reserved for greater embad but one bead, and therefore they were reployments, and such wherein, I confess, all his mlved to strike at that.
abilities were little enough. There were negoSTATE TRIALS, 30 CHARLES II. 1678. Trial of Edward Colemnun, (12 tiations to be made with men abroad, money plausible reasons. As he did this without any to be procured, partly at home from friends direction, so he takes upon him to write a de here, and partly abroad from those that wished claration, as in the name of the king, without them well: and in all these negociations Mr. the least shadow of any command to do it, so Coleman bad a mighty hand; and you will he prepares a letter also in the name of the perceive by and by what a great progress he duke: and I would not affirm, unless I could made in them. This conspiracy went so far, prove it, and that from his own confession, as you will hear it proved, that there were ge- (being examined before the lords upon oath) neral officers named and appointed, that should that he had no manner of authority from the command their new Catholic army, and many duke to prepare such a letter; and when it were engaged, if not listed. There were not was written and brought to the duke, it was only in England, but in Ireland likewise, rejected, and the writer justly blamed for his where arms and all other necessaries were pro- presumption. By this you will perceive the vided, and whither great sums of inoney were forwardness of this man. Avd you must of returned to serve upon occasiou. But one necessity take notice, that in his letters he took thing there is, my lord, that comes nearest Mr. upon himself to manage affairs, as authorized Coleman : as there were military officers by the greatest persons in the kingdom, yet named, so likewise the great civil places and without the least shadow of proof that he was offices of the kingdom were to be disposed of; by them impowered to do it. I will not name to whom at this time, inore My lord, you shall find, Mr. Coleman than what is pertinent to the present business. thought himself above all; and such was bis
This gentleman, such were his great abilities, own over-weening opinion of his wit and pothe trust and reliance that his party had upon licy, that he thought himself the sole and suhim, that no less an office would serve his turn preme director of all the affairs of the Cathothan that of principal secretary of state ; and he lics. You will likewise perceive that he held. had a commission, that came to him from the intelligence with cardinal Norfolk, with Fasuperiors of the Jesuits, to enable him to exe-ther Sheldon, and the pope's internuncio at cute that great office. My lord, it seems Brussels. And I cannot but observe out of strange, that so great an office should be con- the proofs, that as we sball find Mr. Coleman ferred by no greater a man than the superior very ambitious and forward in all great affairs, of the Jesuits. But if the pope can depose so he had a little too much eye lo ihe reward ; kings, and dispose of kingdoms, no wonder if he looked too much a-squint upon the matter. the superior of the Jesuits can by a power de- of money: his great endeavours were not so legated from him make secretaries. "It is not much out of conscience, or out of zeal to bis certain what the date of this commission was, religion, as out of temporal interest ; to him nor the very time when be received it : but I gain was instead of godliness. And by his letbelieve he was so earnest and forward in this ters to the French confessur M. La Chaise, it Plot, that he began to execute his office long will be proved, that he got much money from. before be bad his commission for it; for I find the Catholics here, and some from abroad, but by his letters, wbich are of a more early date, still be wanted money. What to do? (í do that he had proceeded so far as to treat with not mean the greater sum of 200,0001. to proFather Ferryer, who was the French king's con- cure the dissolution of the parliament, but fessor, before he had actually received this somc 20,0001. only) to be expended by him commission. You will understand by the let- in secret service, I do not know what acters, which we shall produce, what he bad to count he would have given of it, if he had do with him, and what with the other con- been intrusted with it. But that he earnestly fessor that succeeded, father La Chaise. thirsted after money, appeareth by most of his There were two small matters they treated of, letters. no less than the dissolving the parliament; and My lord, you will observe, besides his in rhe extirpation of the Protestant religion. Nay, telligences, that be had with sather La Chaise, you will find, and you will bear enough, when and several others, one that deserves to be the letters come to be read, that Mr. Coleman named, and that is his negociation with sir made many strokes at the parliament, he had William Frogmorton, who was sent over into no good opinion of them. And we cannot France, and there resided a long time to problame bim; for without all peradventure they mote these designs. He is dead; therefore had made, and I hope ever will make, strong I will not say much of hin, as I would say resistance against such designs as these, But against him, if he was bere to be tried. But, a great mind he had to be rid of them; and my lord, I find in his letters such treasonable, he had hopes of great sums of money from such impious expressions against the king, such abroad, if it had been to be done that way. undutiful characters of him, that no good subAnd it is very remarkable (and shews the ject would write, and no good subject would vanity of the man,) he had such an opinion of receive and conceal, as Mr. Coleman hath the success of these negotiations, that he had done. My lord, it may pass for a wonder, penned a declaration prepared by him, and how we came to be masters of all these pawrit with his own hand, to be published in pers; it has in part been told you already. print, upon the dissolution of the parliament, There was an information given of the geto justify that action with many specious and neral design, nay of some of the particulars
against the king's life. And without all perad- Sir William Scroggs* L.-C. J. You cannot renture, Mr. Coleinan knew of this discovery; deny the premises, but that you have done and be knew that he had papers that could these things: but you deny the conclusion, speak too much, and he had time and oppor that you are a traitord tunity enough to have made thein away, and I Pris. I can safely and honestly. make no question but he did make many L. C. J. You would make a better Sectem away. We are not able to prove the conti- tary of State, than a Logician; for they never nuance of his correspondence, so as to make it deny the conclusion. clearly out; but we suppose that continued Pris. I grant it your Lordship : you see until the day he was seized. And there is the advantage great men have of me, that do this to be proved, that letters came for him, not pretend to Logic. though we cannot say any were delivered to L. C. J. The labour lies upon their him, after he was in prison. But without all hands; the proof belongs to them to make our peradventure the man had too much to do, too these intrigues of yours ; therefore you need many papers to concea!: then, you'll say, he not have counsel, because the proof must be might have burnt thern all (for many would plain upon you,t and then it will be in vain to barn as well as a few :) But then he had lost deny the conclusion. much of the honour of a great statesman; Pris
. I hope, my lord, if there be any point many a fine sentence, and many a deep in- of law that I am not skilled in, that your lordtrigue had been lost to all posterity. I believe ship will be pleased not to take the advantage that we owe this discovery to something of Mr.
Another thing seems most dreadful, Coleman's vanity : he would not lose the glory that is, the violent prejudice that seems to be of managing these important negociations about against every man in England, that is confessed so great a design: He thought it was no small to be a Roman Catholic. It is possible that a reputation to be intrusted with the secrets of Romau Catholic may be very innocent of these foreign ministers. If this was not his reason, crimes. If one of those innocent Roman CaGod (I believe) took away froin him that clear tholics should come to this bar, he lies under ness of judginent, and strength of memory, such disadvantages already, and his prejudices which he had opon other occasions. •
so greatly biasseth human nature, that anless My lord, I shall no longer detain you from your' lordship will lean extremely much on the rzading the papers themselves. But I cannot other side, justice will bardly stand upright, but account this kingdom happy, that these and lie upon a level. But to satisfy your lordpapers are preserved. For (my lord) we are to ship, I do not think it any service to destroy deal with a sort of men, that have that prodi- any of the king's subjects, unless it be in a very gious confidence, that their words and deeds plain case. (though proved by never so unsuspected testi- L. C. J. You need not make any preparamoay) they will still deny. But (my lord) no Lions for us in this matter, you shall have a fair, denial of this plot will prevail, for Mr. Cole- just, and legal trial : if condemned, it will be man himself bath, with his own band, recorded apparent you ought to be so; and without a this cunspiracy: and ve can prove his hand, fair proof, there shall be no condemnation. not only by his own servants, and relations, but Therefore you shall find, we will not do to you, by his own confession. So that (my Lord) I as you do to us, blow up at adventure, kill peodoubt not, that if there be any of their own ple because they are not of your persuasion ; party that hear this trial, they themselves will our religion teacheth us another doctrine, and be satisfied with the truth of these things. And you shall find it clearly to your advantage. We I believe we have an advantage in this case, seek no man's blood but our own safety. But which they will not allow us, in another you are brought here from the necessity of matter; namely, that we shall be for this once things, which yourselves have made; and from permitted to believe our own senses. Our your own actions you shall be condemned or Evidence consisteth of two parts: one is, wit- acquitted. aesses viva voce, which we desire (with the fa- Pris. It is supposed upon Evidence, that voor of the court) to begin with; and when the Examinations that have been of me in prin that is done, we shall read several letters o: son, are like to be evidence against me now; I negociations, in writing, and so submit the have nothing to say against it : but give me whole to your lordship's direction.
leave to say at this time, that when I was in
prison, I was upon my ingenuity charged; I Pris. I beg leave that a poor ignorant man, that is so heavily charged, that it seems a little See the character of this Chief Justice as unequal to consider the reason, why a prisoner, drawn by Burnet, ante vol. 6, p. 1495. And in such a case as this is, is not allowed counsel ; what opinion the House of Commons had of but your lordship is sopposed to be counsel for him by their votes Dec. 25, 1680. See Cobhim. But I think it very hard I cannot be bett's Parl. Hist. vol. 4. And see more of him admitted counsel ; and I bumbly hope your in a note to the trial of Mrs. Cellier for Higk. lordship will not suffer me to he lost by things Treason, June 21, 1680, infra. Lhat myself cannot answer. I deny the con- + See the Note to Don Pantaleon Sa's Case, clusion, but the premises are too strong and ante, vol. 4, p. 466, and that to Twyn's Case,' stificial.
ante, rol. 6, p. 319.
promised I would confess all I knew. And I at stake : let him be condemned by truth; you only say this, That what I said in prison is true, have taken an oath, and you being a minister and am ready at any time to gwear and evi- know the great regard you ought to have of the dence, that that is all the truth.
sacredness ot an oath; and that to take a man's L. C. J. It is all true that you say ; but did life away by a false oath is murder, I need not you tell all that was true?
teach you that. But that Mr. Coleman may Pris. I know no more, than what I declared be satisfied in the trial, and all people else be to the two Houses.
satisfied, there is nothing required or expected, L. C. J. Mr. Coleman, I will tell you when bac downright plain truth, and without any arts you will be api to gain credit in this matter : either to conceal, or expatiate, to make things you say,
that you told all things that you knew, larger tha. in truth they are : be must be conthe truth, and the whole truth. Can mankind demned by plain evidence of fact. be persuaded, that you, that had this negociation Oates. My Lord, Mr. Coleman, in the month in 1674 and 1675, left off just then, at that of November last, did entertain in bis own cime when your letters were found according to house John Keins, which John Keius was a their dates do you believe, there was no ne- Father-Confessor to certain persons that were gociation after 1675, because we have not found converted, amongst which I was one. My chemi bave you spoke one word to that? have Lord, I went and visited this John Keins at you confessed, or produced those papers and Mr. Coleman's house then in Stable-yard. Mr. weekly intelligence when you answer ihat, you Coleman inquiring of John Keius wbo I was? He may have credit ; without that, it is impossible : said I was one that designed 10 go over upon for I cannot give credit to one word you say business to St. Omers. My Lord, Mr. Coleman unless you give an account of the subsequent told me then he should trouble me with a letter negociation.
or two to St. Omers, but he told ine he would Pris. After that time (as I said to the House leave them with one Fenwick, that was procuof Commons) I did give over corresponding. rator for the society of Jesuits in London. I I did offer to take all oathis and tesis in the went on Monday morning and took coach, wene world, that I never had one letter for at least to Dover, and had his packet with me, which two years; yea, (that I may keep myself within packet when I came to St. Omers I opened. compass) I think it was for three or four. Now The outside sheet of this paper was a letter of I have acknowledged in the House of Com- news which was called Mr. Coleman's letter, mons, I hare had a cursory correspondence, and at the bottom of this letter there was this which I vever regarded or valued; but as the recommendation, Pray recommend me to my letters came, I burnt theni, or made use of them kinsman Playford. Io this letter of news there as cominon paper. I say, that for the general were expressions of the king, calling him tyrant, correspondence I have bad for two or ibree and that the marriage between the prince of years, they have had every one of them letters Orange and the lady Mary the duke of York's that I know of.
eldest daughter would prove the traitor's and Alt. Gen. Whether you had or no, you shall tyrant's ruin. have the fairest trial that can be. And we L. C. J. In what language was it written? capnot blame the gentleman, for he is inore Oates. In plain English words at length. used to greater affairs, than these matters or L. C. J. Directed to whom? forms of law, But my Lord, I desire to go Oates. It was directed to the Rector of St. unto evidence, and when that is done, he shall Omers, to give him intelligence how affairs went be heard, as long as he pleaseth, without any in England. interruption. If he desire it, before I give my L. C. J. Did you break it open ? evidence, let him have Pen, Ink, and Paper Oates. I was at the opening of it, and saw it, with your lordship's leave.
and read it. There was a letter to Father La L. C. J. Help him to pen, ink, and
Chaise, which was superscribed by the same Record. Then we desire to go on in our evi- hand that the treasonable letter of news was dence. We desire that Mr. Oates may not be written, and the same band that the recommendinterrupted.
ation to Playford was written in. When this Court. He shall noc be interrupted. letter was open there was a seal fixt, a flying Att. Gen. The first thing we will inquire, seal, and no man's name to it. what account he can give of the prisoner at the L. C. J. What was the contents of that letbar, whether he was any way privy to the mur- ter to La Chaise? der of the king?
Oates. My Lord, to give you an account of L. C. J. Mr. Qates, we leave it to yourself the import of this letter, it was writ in Latin, to take your own way, and your own method : and in it there were thanks giren to Father La only this we say, here's a gentleman stands at Chaise for the 10,0001. which was given for the che bar, for his life ; and on the other side, the propagation of the Catholic Religion, and that king is concerned for his life : you are to speak it should be employed for no other intent and the truth and the whole truth; for there is no purpose but thai for which it was sent, now that reason in the world that you should add any was to cut off the king of England; those words one thing that is false. I would not bave a sit- were not in that letter, but La Chaise letter, dle added for any advantage, or consequences to which this was the answer, I saw and read. that may fall, when a man's blood and life lieth It was dated the month of August, and as near
as I remember there was this instruction in it, , Mr. Coleman did acknowledge the receipt of That the 10,000l. should be employed for nó this letter from La Chaise in the same band other intent and purpose but to cut off the king with that of the news letter, and so it was unof England; I do not swear the words, but that derstood by all. I saw it. is the sense and substance; I believe I may L. C. J. How came you to see it? swear the words.
Outes. I by a patent from them was of L. C. J. To whom was that directed ? the consult. Oates. To one Strange, that was then pro
L. C. J. You saw the letter of the same vincial of the society in London, which Mr. hand which the news letter was of with Mr. Coleman answered.
Coleman's name subscribed ? L. C. J. How came Mr. Coleman tu an- Oates. The contents of the letter did own swer it?
the letter from La Chaise was received ; ibis Oates. Strange having run a reed into bis letter was presumed to be the hand-writing of finger, bad wounded his hand, and secretary Mr. Coleman, and it was understood to be Mr.' Mico was iil, so he got Mr. Coleman to write Coleman's letter. an answer unto it.
L. C. J. You say the letter was thanks for L. C. J. Did he write it as from himself? the 10,000l. what was the other contents ? Oates. Yes, by order of the provincial. Outes. That all endeavours should be used
L. C. J. What was the substance of that to cut off the Protestant Religion ruot and answer?
branch. Oules. That thanks was given to him in the L. C. J. You say you delivered this letter, name of the whole society for the 10,0001. from whom had you it? which was paid aod received here, and that Oates. From Fenwick, it was left in his it should be employed to the intent for which hand, and he accompanied me from Groves to it was received. It was superscribed from the coach, and gave it to me. Mr. Coleman.
L. C.J. Did you hear him speak to Mr. L. C. J. Was it subscribed Coleman ? Coleman to write for him?
Outes. It was not subscribed ; I did not Oates. Strange told me he bad spoke to see him write it, but I really believe it was by him. the same band. I went and delivered this L. C. J. He doth suppose it was Mr. Coleletter.
man's hand because it was just the same hand L. C. J. I understood you because of the that the news letter was. Are you sure the accident of his hand he had employed Mr. | letter was of his hand ? Coleinan to write this for him.
Oates. It was taken for his hand. Oates. He did write this letter then, the Justice Wild. Had he such a kingman body of the letter was written by Mr. Coleman. there? I did not see him write it, but I shall give an Oates. Yes, he hath confessed it. account how I can prove he wrote it. I deli- Alt. Gen. We desire your lordship he may sered tbis Letter to "La Chaise his own band. give an account of the consult here in May When I opened the letter he asked me how last, and how far Mr. Coleman was privy to & gentleman (oaming a French name) did the murdering of the king. do.
Oates. In the month of April old style L. C. J. When you carried this letter, in the inonth of May new stile, there was you carried it to La Chaise and delivered it to a consult held, it was begun at the Whitehim: then he asked you of the gentleman Horse Tavern, it did not continue there. Af of tbe French name, whom meant he by that ter that there they had consulted to send one name ?
Father Cary to be agent and procurator to Outes. I understood it to be Mr. Cole- Rome, they did adjourn themselves to several man.
clubs in coinpanies ; some met at Wild- House, L.C.J. Did he know him by some French and some at Harcourt's lodging in Duke-street name? What said you?
some met at Ireland's lodging in Russel-street; Oales. I could say little to this.
and some in Feuwick's lodying io Drury. Lane. L. C. J. Could you guess whom he They were ordered to meel by virtue of a brief meant?
from Rome, sent by the Father general of the Oates. He told me he was sometime secre. society : They went on to these resolves, that tary to the dutchess of York, which I under. Pickering and Groves should go on and constood to be Mr. Coleman.. I stuck at it, and tinue in attempting to assassinate the king's when he said he was sometime secretary to person by shooting, or other means. Groves the dutchess of York, I spoke in Latin to him, was to have 1,5001. Pickering being a religiand asked whether be meant Mr.Coleman, and ous man was to have 30,000 Masses, which at his answer I cannot reinember. He sends an 12d. a mass amounted much what to that
money. AASwer to this letter. I brought it to St. Omers This resolve of the Jesuits was communicated and there it was inclosed in the letter from the to Mr. Coleman in my hearing at Wild-House. society to Coleman; wherein the society My Lord, this was not only so, but in several expressly told him this letter was. delivered letrers be did mention it; and in one letter (I and ackow ledged. I saw the letter at St. think I was gone a few miles out of London) Omers, and the letter was sent to bim. he sent to me by a messenger, and did desira VOL. VIL