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cruelties of the prison, for which she gave him | meet her credulous. fancy) said he had been 2s.6d.: those she presented to the judges; but tortured. He would have his allowance made nothing came of it.

firin to him by writing. She sent him word he “ His next employ was to sist one Strode, should have his provisions continued, with her his fellow prisoner, to find out a subornation motto, • I never change,' adding some short inof the earl of Shaftsbury, who, as she presumed, structions. Then comes again the knight, with was abnut to launch that Strode for a new his myrmidons, ransacked her house, and, by a Plot-evidence: and, upon application, Strode wonderful sagacity, found the papers in the gave encouragement, pretending, by papers be Meal-tub; so she was sent to the Gate-house. had, to invalidate Bediow. The captain's next After this, she was brought to the council to be work was to filch these papers from Strode, examined, where she down of her knees to the and, for that end, she sent hiin a narcotic. And king, and begged she might not be tortured. she says that the papers were those that sir The king said it could not be done by law. William Waller found in her house upon search. Then she sets down her examination, by way She adds some affidavits and testimonials about of dialogue, most divertingly. As, for instance, this Strode, to shew his engagements with a certain lord, who spoke often, said nothing, Bedlow. Fellow padders, it seems. And one without-put up your hood, madam. In the end, may guess be and Dangerfield were as well ac- she was sent to Newgate, and there she was quainted, and these papers were the joint im- honoured with diverse visits from sir William posture of both; but Strode, being of another Waller. She writes the conversation in diaregiment, kept out of this, and left it wholly to logue, which is an excellent portrait to shew his fellow.

the method of working a witness ; for it seems “ Now Dangerfield is out of prison, by Mrs. there was great hopes of bringing her to what Cellier's charity, and, being a lowardly young was called confessing, or telling all. And, for fellow, was constituted a waiter upon the jesuits that end, Dangerfield, in the same prison, was at their trial; for which purpose he was put in perinteed to court ber at a window some disgood cloaths, and people wondered what tance off. That is dialogue also, and a choice double diligent fellow That was. He was set to piece. He shewed her gold, and moved ber to scout and bring her in intelligence of factious become the king's evidence, and to swear designs, and she tells what she understood was against the duke of York, viz. that bis royal intended, if the king had died at Windsur. So highness gave her the original of the papers in she encouraged him to trade on as a spy, and, che Meal-tub; and that his royal highness bid at several times, he wrote those papers, which her set him to hide those that were found at were found in her meal-tub, whereof the reve- Mansel's, and to kill the earl of Shaftsbury; lation is coming forwards. She carried him to telling her what vast advantages she should the earl of Peterborough, and he to the duke. I have from the lords, who were privy to all. He gave his paper to the duke, and he sent it The next day, he would have had her to own to the king, and the king to secretary l'oventry. that the lord Peterborough gave her the papers, Dangerfield was ordered to go with colonel and that sir Allen Apsley (the duke's servant) Ilalsall to the secretary's to be examined, and paid her 1,0001, which was to pay her for killing he had 40l. given irin. Then he brought word, ihe king and the earl of Shaftsbury, and for in good earnest, to Mrs. Cellier, of a Plot just raising soldiers ; and, at these passages, he breaking out, but it seems, in a drunken huff, would howl most hideously. he had made a quarrel, and swore be would go “ But, no good coming of this interview, the over to the Presbyterians; but this was hid windows, (as upon a secret commerce disfrom her. When he pretended the Plot-papers covered) were nailed up. Then she was exlodged at Mr. Mansels, and could not get a amined' again, and the dialogue no less cowarrant to search, she advised him to the cus.mical ; and her servants were brought to tom-house way.

oppose her. She begged the favour of the earl “ After that was over, he comes to her in a of Shaftsbury to protect her from sir William most lamentable condition, and tells her he Waller, and she says, that he said many good should be committed to Newgate. Alack a day! things to her. And sir William made her anothey both wept; and she sets down the mourn. ther visit, of which she gives the conversation ful dialogue betwixt them. He gave her his as before ; the sum of it was to make her a Plot-papers, great secrets! And she, as he witness. She was again at the council, and must observe, put them in her meal-lub. And was always urged to confess, and she was told it was from this cleanly conveyance, the Meal- that, otherwise, she should die for it. If these Tub-Plot had its denomination ; which single accounts of hers be true, as I see no reason to word is all that the author of our Complete doubt them, there never was a woman more History affords of the whole matter. Then magnanimous and undaunted than she appeared comes sir Willian Waller, the Middlesex jus- to be. tice, to search her house, and would have her “ She pressed hard to be tried, and, at length, straight to my lord Shaftsbury ; but, at length, in very good earnest, she was brought to the he took her parole, and let her alone at that bar in April 1680, and charged upon an indicttime. But Willoughby sent to her from New- ment of high treason, for consulting and ex. gate, for relief, in bis great distress. She dis- pending money in a Plot to kill the king, and patched a servant, to whom he howled, and (to to raise war for introducing popery, and turning the Plot on others, and for biring Danger- | things of him, as the court was soon satisfied field to kill the king, &c. There were two wit- to reject him for a witness. She proved that, nesses produced against her; one was Gadbury when she sent first to bin to get acquaintance the astrologer, who, agreeable to his profession, wich Strode, his answer was, that they had courted secrets to credit the stars. He, as was been long acquainted, having padded together, said, had been in the same trap with the earl and that he cared for neither fire, sword, nor of Peterborough, but upon terms, to swear hell, nor what he said or swore, for he had against Celler, got bis pardon ; but when he studied to be a rogue ever since he was ten came to, his memory was bruised, and he knew years old. But in this, she gave no very good nothing at all. But then, as soon as Danger- character of herself that, after such a declafield advanced, the woman charged with fury ration, trusted him as she did. But I think a upon him an whole battery of records, being roguy planet reigned at that time; so common convictions, outlawries and judgments, with was it to encourage and trust the worst of them. Arserde main, pillory, prison breach; and In fine, the fellow was exploded with ignominy, what not of villainy, and almost every species and sent home to Newgate again, and the priof crime? Then by proof shewed so many ill soner was 'acquitted."

266. The Trial of ROGER PALMER, esq. Earl of CASTLEMAINE, in

the Kingdom of Ireland, at the King's-Bench, for High

Treason: 32 CHARLES II. June 23, A. D. 1680. ROGER PALMER, esq. having been ar- hearken to his charge. You shall understand raigned of High Treason, and pleaded Not that he stands indicted by the pame of Roger Guilty, was this day brought to his trial. Palmer, esq. earl of Castlemaine, in the king

Cl. of Cr. Crier, make proclamation. dom of Ireland; for that he as a false traitor

Crier. O yes! Our sovereign lord the king against our most illustrious and excellent prince doth strictly charge and command all manner and lord Charles the 2d, by the grace of God of persons to keep silence, upon pain of im- of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland king, prisonment. O yes! If any one can inform defender of the faith, &c. and his natural lord; our sovereign lord the king, the king's Serjeant not having the fear of God before bis eyes, nor at law, the king's Attorney General, or this in- weighing the duty of his allegiance, but being quest now to be taken of the High Treason moved and seduced by the instigation of the whereof Roger Palmer, esq. earl of Castle devil, his cordial love, true, due and natural maine, in the kingdom of Ireland, stands in-obedience, which true and faithful subjects of dicted, let them come forth and they shall be our said sovereign lord the king ought to bear heard; for the prisoner stands at the bar upon towards him, altogether withdrawing; and conhis deliverance.

triving, and with all bis inight intending to disturb Cl. of Cr. Crier, make an O yes.

the peace and common tranquillity of this Crier. O yes! You good men that are im- kingdom, and to bring and put our sovereign pannelled to enquire between our sovereign lord the king to death and final destruction, lord the king, and Roger Palmer, esq. earl of and alter the true worship of God within this Castlemaine, within the kingdom of Ireland, kingdom established, to the superstition of the answer to your names.

Romish charch; and to stir up and move war Cl. of Cr. Roger Palmer, esq. earl of Cas. against our said sovereign lord the king within tlemaine, in the kingdoin of Ireland, hold up this realm of England, and to subvert the go. thy band : These good men that were lately vernment thereof; the 20th day of June, in the called, and now here appear, are to pass be- 30th year of the reigo of our said sovereign lord tween our sovereign lord the king and you upon Charles the 2nd, of England, Scotland, France your life or death; if you challenge any of and Ireland king, defender of the faith, &c. at ihem, you are to speak as they come to the the parish of St. Giles in the Fields, in the book to be sworn, and before they are sworn. county of Middlesex, with divers other false Sir John Cutler, kt. bart. ; sir Regilaud Foster, traitors to the jurors unknowo, did traitorously bart.; Henry Herriot; Richard Cheney; Tho- imagine and intend the killing, death and final mas Johnson ; John Roberts; Fr. Dorrington; destruction of our said lord the king, and to Hugh Squire; Charles Good; John Pulford ; change and alter, and utterly subvert the anci. Edw. Claxton, esquires ; Fr. Mayhew, gent. ent government of this kingdom, and to

Crier. O yes ! Our sovereign lord the king despose and wholly to deprive our said lord doth strictly charge and command all manner the king of his crown and government of of persons to keep silence, upon pain of impri- this realm of England, and to extirpale the sovinent.

true Protestant Religion: and to accomplish Cl. of the Cr. Roger Palmer, esq. earl of and fulfil the same most wicked treasons and Castlemaine, in the kingdom of Ireland, hold traiterous imaginations and purposes aforesaid, up your hand. You gentlemen of the jury that the said Roger Paliner, esq. earl of Castlemaine are now sworn, look upon the prisoner, and in the kingdom of Ireland, and other false trai

tors to the jurors unknown, the same 20th day stands indicted for High-Treason; that is, For of June, in the 30th year aforesaid, with force designing to murder the king, and alter the and arms, in the parish of St. Giles in the Fields government and law. And this is but a parcel aforesaid, in the county' aforesaid, advisedly, of the Plot, which hath been carrying on a devilishly, maliciously and traitorously did as- great while, and many persons tried for it, and semble, unite and gather themselves together, some have suffered and been executed for it: and then and there advisedly, devilishly, ma- and my lord, we will give your lordship evidence, liciously, subtilly, and traitorously did consult That 'my Lord Castlemaine hath at several and agree to ing our said sovereign lord the times conspired the death of the king, and he king to death and final destruction, and to death reproved persons for not doing it. And prive him of his crown and government of Eng. my lord bath been in consults among Jesuits, land, and to introduce and establish the religion where these matters have been carried on, and of the church of Rome, in this kingdom; and this whole design hath been negotiated ; and the sooner to fulfil and accomplish the same my lord Castlemaine hath been consenting and most wicked treasons and traiterous imagina- agreeing to all these matters. And my lord, when tions and purposes aforesaid, he then and there the trials were in hand, it did appear upon those did falsly, in aliciously and traitorously promise trials there were many persons brought from St. divers great rewards, and did pay divers sums Omers to be witnesses against Dr. Oates, to of money to several persons unknown; and prove he was not in England at that time when then and there falsly and traiterously did write he said in his depositions that he did consult. divers notes, to incite several other persons to with the Jesuits; and these persons my lord accomplish the treasons aforesaid, against the Castlemaine had the management and instruclife of our sovereign lord the king, his crown and tion of at that time : and all along at the Olddignity, and contrary to the form of the statute Bailey my lord Castlemaine was present there, in such case made and provided.

and did countenance these persons, and was an Cl. of the Cr. Upon this Indictment he hath intercessor for thein. These are but branches been arraigned, and hath pleaded thereunto and circumstances; what is material we will Not Guilty; and for his trial he puts himself prove by witnesses. upon God and his country, which country you Att. Gen. Come, Dr. Oates, pray tell what are. Your charge is to enquire, Whether be you know. be Guilty of the High-Treason whereof he stands Prisoner. My Lord, I have a long time wished indicted, or Not Guilty ? If you find him Guilty, for this day; and your lordship may very well you are to enquire what goods and chartels, remember it. The reason why I have so much lands and teneinents he had at the time when desired a trial is, because I thought it a means, the High-Treason was committed, or at any and the best means, and the only means to time since? If you find him Not Guilty, you shew to the world my innocency, and also to are to say so, and no more : and hear your évi- shew to the world how much I have been ca. dence.

lumpiated by this charge. Crier. O yes! If any one will give evidence L. C. J. (Sir William Scroggs.) What have on the behalf of our sovereign lord the king, you to say? Have you any thing to say against against Roger Palmer, esq. earl of Castle- | Dr. Oates? maine, in the kingdom of Ireland, let him Prisoner. No, my lord; I only say this, Here I come forth and he shall be heard; for the am a prisoner at the bar, and I have pleaded Not prisoner now stands at the bar upon bis delive- Guilty, and throw myself upon this court; and rance.

therefore I am very willing to hear what this Mr. Bonithon. May it please you, my lord, man will say. and you gentlemen of the jury, the prisoner at Dr. Oates. My lord, I humbly move the the bar stands indicted for High-Treason; for court, whether or no I may use my own that he intending to disturb the peace within method ? this kingrom established, to destroy, and alter L. C. J. Give your charge, we direct no. the government, and to bring the king to death thing. and final destruction, and to alter our religion Oates. My lord, in 1677, I was sent over into to the superstition of the church of Rome, did, Spain by the Jesuits that were here in England; on the 20th day of June, in the 30th year of the where I remained for several months, and transreign of our sovereign lord the king, consult and acted business for them, and, my lord, I retreat with several other persons, and that he curned from Spain in November, and brought with these persons did agree to destroy the king several letters from some English fathers there; and alter the religion, and cause rebellion ; among which there was one directed for my and further to accomplish these treasons, he lord Castlemaine. My lord, I did not deliver did promise and agree to pay several ac- the letter to him; but, my lord, the contents of counts, and deposit several sums of money, the letter was to this effect and did likewise write and publish several L. C. J. How came you to see the contents? books. To this he hath pleaded Not Guilty; Oates. My lord, I was at the writing of the if we prove these things, you are to find him letter, and so I did see the contents of it. Guilty.

L. C. J. Did the priests shew it you, or did Ait. Gen. (Sir Creswel Levinz.) May it you only see it yourself? please your lordship, my lord Castlemaine here Oates. No, my lord; it was shewn me by them: And the contents of this letter were, L. C. J. Was this the first ? “ That the Fathers in Spain were very zealous Oates. This was the first, as near as I can reto concur with the Fathers here in England in member. And, my lord, he gave an account the design; which was the subversion of the in that letter, that be had received a letter from government, altering the religion, and the de- Spain, and was glad the Fathers in Spain had struction of the king.'

so good an opinion of bis integrity in the cause. L. C. J. Was that in the letter?

L. C. J. Did be say from whom he had reOates. No, my lord, not in words at length. ceived it!

L. C. J. What was, as far as you know, the Oates. My lord, I cannot remember that; very expression of the letter?

that he had received a letter, I am certain. Oates. The word · design,' my lord.

L. C. J. Do you know what the purport of L. C. J. Only that, to promote the design? the letter was?

Outes. Yes, my lord; and under that word Vates. Yes, my lord, I will give you a plain we did comprehend all those things; that is, as account. My lord, he wrote be bad receired a we usually took it among one another.

letter from Spain, and that he was glad the L. C. J. Did you deliver this letter to my Fathers in Spain had so great confidence in his lord Castlemaine?

integrity. And, my lord, in March there came Oates. No, my lord, I did not deliver this let another letter from my lord Castlemaine; for ter; but when I went to St. Omers, we re- my

lord Castlemaine bad left some things at ceived an account from my lord Castlemaine of Liege, wherein he did complain of the Fathers, his receipt of this letter.

that they made no more haste for to send his L. C. J. What did you do with it?

things to him; some odd things he had left Oates. I left it with the proviucial, my lord, there; and, my lord, he gave an account of a who was then Mr. Strange.

certain letter he received from the rector of L. C. J. Was it not given to you to give it to Liege, whose advice he did not like: for the rechim?

tor of Liege and the rector of Ganı were mighty Oates. It was given me to give the lord zealous that the secular clergy should be perCastlemaine; but being then a stranger to him, sonally present io this affair. I was willing to send one of his own messengers

L. C. J. Did he write so? I would have you with it.

say what he writ. L. C. J. Where was my lord ?

Oates. My lord, I have told you he gave an Oates. I cannot tell, my lord; I did not see account, that be was unwilling to have the secuhim then; I went over to St. Omers in De- lar clergy engaged, because they were a loose cember 1677, or the latter end of November. sort of men, and of nu principles, and there

L C. J. Where were you when you gave fore he thought them not fit to be trusted. My this letter to the provincial?

lord, in April there was a consult; I came over Oates. I was in London, my lord.

from St. Ömers in April, some 3, or 4, or 5 L. C. J. Where did you receive this letter? days before the consult, I am not able to guess

Oates. In Spain, my lord, at Valladolid, of at the particular time, but it was near upon the one Armstrong

consult. My lord, this consult was divided into L. C. J. Who was it directed to?

several companies, after they had met at the Oates. To my lord Castlemaine; but I did White Horse Tavern, wherein they did some not then know him, and so I gave it the pro- things that did relate to the order, as to send vincial, my lord: I went over to St. Omers in Father Cary to Rome. And after they bad the latter end of November, or the beginning of divided themselves into several companies, December 1677, and after I had been there whcrein they did agree in ordering the death of some few days, there did arrive a packet from

the king. London to St. Omers, in which there was a let- L. C. J. You were by? ter from my lord Castlemaine.

Oates. My lord, I was employed by them to L. C. J. To wbom?

give an account of the sense of one company to Oates. To the Fathers of the Society of St. another. Omers; in which my lord Castlemaine gave L. C. J. Were you by when they concluded them an account of a letter that he had lately the death of the king? received from Spain.

Oates. Yes, my lord, I was then present. L. C. J. How did you know the contents of L. C. J. Did you sign amovg the rest ? this letter?

Oates. My lord, I do not come here to accuse Oates. My lord, I was privy to their letters. myself.

L. C. J. Was yoa acquainted with my lord L. C. J. You are pardoned, if it be so. Castlemaine's hand ?

Oates. My lord, I did consent. My lord, in Oates. My lord, I will give an account of this consult they met together, and an oath of that: I did not know it then, but only as it was secrecy was administered; my lord Castlegenerally said amongst us.

maine was there, too, within some few days L. C. J. How was it subscribed?

after the consult; That is, the gentleman whom Oates. Castlemaine, my lord; and some- I accuse for treason, I say, did come, and entimes, my lord, he subscribed himself Palmer. quired about the copies of some letters for to be

L. C. I. How many letters hare you seen? sent up into Germany, and did desire, that an Oates, Several letters,

agreement between them and the monks might

be made up, there being a difference between he had received out of the country; and Mr. them, so that they might have the assistance of Langworth was giving an account how forward that order to carry on the design.

the rector of Liege and the rector of Gant were L. C. J. What gentleman was this?

in offering to have the secular clergy engaged Oates. It was the prisoner, my lord, at the with them; and some other discourse they had bar.

which I can't remember, but about the deL. C. J. Would the gentleman let you hear sign. him say, that he desired assistance to carry on L. C. J. What did they talk of at that time? the design, and you are a stranger to him? You must, as near as you can, tell us what dis

Oates. My lord, I do not think I was a course they had. stranger to him so much as he was a stranger, Oates. I will give your lordship this, they to me; he knew I was their servant, and em- were speaking of the transactions of the consult, ployed by them.

and how unanimous the Fathers were in signing Ł. C. ). Would he say in your hearing, that the consult. he desired their assistance to carry on the de- L. C. J. Who were speaking of it? sign, and you did not know him?

Oates. Mr. Langworih and Mr. Fenwick, Dates. My lord, I did not well know him at

and
my

lord Castlemaine was present.
that time; and I brought several messages from L. Č. J. They did talk of it?
the fathers, and from Mr. Langhorn, and gave Oates. Yes.
them an account before bim.

L. C. J. Did they mention the particulars of
L. C. J. How often had you seen him? that consult?
Oates. That time he was there, my lord.

Oates. Yes.
L. C. J. How many messages had you? L. C. J. What was that?

Oates. I will tell your lordship where I had Outes. Laying aside the king. been: I had been at Mr. Simmonds's, who L. C. J. And what else? was then confessor to the earl of Arundel, who Oates. And bringing in the popish religion, is since turned protestant; confessor to him, as the catholic religion, I speak their own words. he pretended, and we looked upon him to be. L. C. J. And this discourse they had in the And I had been at Father Cain's, who was in hearing of my lord Castlemaine? Turomill street; and I had been, my lord, at Oates. Yes; and my lord Castlemaine said, Mr. Langhorn's in the Temple; and some other Now he should be revenged for the injuries places which I do not now remember, it is so done to him. long since. So, my lord, I gave thein an ac

L. C. J. Go on. count of my business, and I did see that gen- Oates. I have nothing else to say of my lord tleman, bul didn't know his name till, my lord, Castlemaine that I can think of at present. in June.

L. C. J. Now, my lord, you may ask him L. C. J. When was this?

what questions you think fit. Oates. This was, my lord, as near as I can

Prisoner. Mr. Oates, repeat your journey remember, in May.

again. L. C. J. So you did not know his name till Outes. My lord, I say this, I went a shipthree weeks or å month after.

board in April, I returned from Valladolid in Oates. No, my lord, it was in the latter part November, I arrived in London in November, of June.

and staid in London some time, and then I went Justice Jones. You saw him first in May? to St. Omers in November or December, New Oates. Yes, my lord.

Stile or Old Stile; I staid at St. Omers; from Justice Jones. And you did not see him till thence I went to Watton; then, my lord, in after the consult? I don't ask you whether he the month of March we went to Liege, and rewas there or no? But whether you saw him be- turned back again; in the month of April we fore the consult was signed?

came hither, some time before the consult, and Oates. No, iny lord.

staid here some time after. L. C. J. How did you come to know his Pris. What time were you at Liege, pray, name!

Sir? Ostes. My lord, in June Mr. Langworth and Outes. In March 1677. I were going over Lincoln's-inn-fields, intend- Just. Jones, The end of 1677? ing to go to the Fountain in Foller's-rents, be- Oates. No, my lord, we were at St. Omers cause there was a sort of drink that he lored, again in March. and we were to drink together, it was in the L. C: J. You returned in March 1677-8. evening; and so in our way as we went, we met Oates. Yes, my lord, the slile does so alter, with iny lord Castlemaine, whom Mr. Lang. Pris. That is before Lady-day. worth did salute, and then we came back to Oates. Yes, my lord, it was before Lady-day, Mr. Fenwick's chamber.

we arrived here in London in May or in L. C. J. With whom did you come back? April, and we staid here some few days. Oates. With my lord Castlemaine.

Pris. When did you come over again, pray, L. C. J. Did you know his name?

Sir? Oates. Mr. Langworth told me it was the Ontes. My lorid it is now two years ago, or prisoner at the bar, my lord, and the prisoner better, and I can't remember every particulas at the bar was giving an account of some letters time; my lord, we were here in May. VOL, VII.

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