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And then, his sending for his horse three times, to her mother's house, the night after her death, before he was examined by the coroner's inquest, and would have gone out of town then, if he could have had him, as he confessed to the lord chief justice Holt; but, at his trial, he said, he sent for him, for fear the lord of the manor should seize him.

Also, when it was taken notice of at his trial, that he never came after that night her death was, to give her mother any account, where he left her, or, in any wise, to give her satisfaction: To this he answered, it might be thought strange for bim to come and visit a woman, that he never had the least knowledge of; and yet he had several times lodged at her house, when her husband was living: and that night also, that he was examined by the coroner's inquest, when they asked him, if he discerned her daughter to be melancholy? He said, no, only he thought she was not so free in discourse at dinner, as sometimes he had seen her; for most of the discourse then was between her mother and him. Surely, he will be hard put to it to reconcile himself in this discourse.

Thus, in short, upon the whole matter, it may be concluded, that the defence he made for himself, and his three gentlemen, and the most material things he made use of, whereby they got off, and were acquitted, were proved false out of his own mouth, before he went out of the court, as it may be seen in the trial, where the counsellor for the king says thus :

• My Lord, said he, we insist upon it, that this is a different evidenes from what Mr. Cowper gave to the coroner's inquest; for then he said, he knew none she was in love with; nor any cause why she should do such an extravagant action, as to drown herself: But now he would make the whole scheme of things to turn upon a love-fit. And then he moved the court to give leave to call several persons of quality, and good repute, who were there present, to speak to her reputation, in contradiction to the letters produced, declaring, that he believed the whole town would do the same. Then the judge said, they would grant, and did not question that. So there was no proof, as to that particular.



In Parliament, Anno 1593; and io the thirty-fifth Year of her Reiga,



My Lords and Gentlemen, THI "HIS kingdom hath had many wise, noble and victorious princes;

I will not compare with any of them in wisdom, fortitude, or any other virtụes; but saving the duty of a child, that is, not to compare with his father in love, care, sincerity, and justice, I will compare with any prince that ever you bad, or shall have.

It may be thought simplicity in me, that, all this time of my reign, I have not sought to advance my territories, and enlarge my dominions; for opportunity hath served me to do it. I acknowledge my womanhood and weakness in that respect; but, though it hath not been hard to obtain, yet I doubted how to keep the things so obtained : and I must say, my mind was never to invade my neighbours, or to usurp over any ; I am contented to reign over my own, and to rule as a just princess.

Yet the king of Spain doth challenge me to be the quarreller, and the beginnes of all these wars ; in which he doth me the greatest wrong that can be, for my conscience doth not accuse my thoughts, wherein I have done him the least injury: but I am persuaded in my conscience, if he knew what I know, be himself would be sorry for the wrong that he hath done me,

I fear not all his threatenings; his great preparations and mighty forces do not stir me; for, though he come against me, with a greater power than ever was, his invincible navy, I doubt not (God assisting me, upon whom I always trust) but thạt I shall be able to defeat and overthrow him, I have great advantage against him, for my cause is just.

I heard say, when he attempted his last invasion, some, upon the sea-coạst, forsook their towns, and flew up higher into the country, and left all naked and exposed to his entrance: but, * I swear unto you, if I knew those persons, or any that should do so hereafter, I will make them know and feel what it is to be so fearful in so urgent a cause.

The subsidies, you give me, I accept thankfully, if you give me your good wills with them; bụt if the necessity of the time, and your

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: The Queen protests she will panish cowards.

preservations, did not require it, I would refuse them: but, let me tell you, that the sum is not so much, but that it is needful for a princess to have so much always lying in her coffers, for your defence in time of need, and not to be driven to get it, when we should use it.

You that be lieutenants and gentlemen of command in your countries, I require you to take care that the people be well armed, and in readiness upon all occasions. You that be judges and justices of the peace, I command and straightly charge you, that you see the laws to be duly executed, and that you make them living laws, when we have put life into them.






Necessarie to be read and marked of all, for the Eschuing of like


Fæcundi calices, quem non fecere disertum ?
By Philip Foulface of Ale-foord, Student in good Felloship.

Printed at London, for Henry Kyrkham, and are to be solde at his shop, at the

little North-dore of Paules Church, at the sigue of the Black-boy. 1593, Quarto in black letter, coutaining three sheets.

The Intention of this pamphlet was to expose the Sin of Drunkenuess and the folly

and danger of those who give themselves up to that chargeable, silly, and healthdestroying rice. A vice, in which a man Takes the utmost pains to drown his own reason, to commence a fool, the object of a sober man's resentment and reproach, aud to ruin both his own estate and constitution. And it plainly demonstrates, that drunkenness is not the peculiar vice of the present age, as some pretend, but that strong liquor was both as intoxicating, and as much abused in the reign of Queen Elisabeth, as in our days: Otherwise it could not bave given occasion to the severe satyr of this ancient treatise; which, I apprehend, may be as useful now to be published, as it was thought necessary to forewarn the temptations, as to anatomise the vice, by its reputed Author Mr, Philip Foulface, who, it appears, was a miracle of his age, for as much as he was a reformed drunkard; and, though he could not rub the alewife's-score out of his carbuncled face, was resolved to be no more ensnared with the goodness of þer alę.

To the right worthie and renowined Roister, Sir Richard Swash, Lord

and Master on Mount Maluorn, .cheefe Controller on Salisburie-plaine, Keeper of Accounts in the Cart-way, cheefe forester in the forest of Dalamere, high Generall of the Downes, Baron of Birlip-hill, Sergeant of the Shoares and Sea-side, and Vicar of the Vallies : Your dayly Orator, Philip Foulface, wisheth all Health, Wealth, Might, long Life, and prosperous Successe, in all your Affaires and Enterprises where so euer.

WHEN Iupiter's head was great with childe, and the time of trauaile nere at hand: he skorning to complaine, yet put to his shiftes, was faine to send for Vulcan the Smith, to crase his crowne, with a downedriving blow; not only to cause the swelling to cease, but also to prouide passage for the birth of his babe. Which thing when Vulcan had performed, in giuing him a sound pat 'on the pate, out starts Pallas at the opening of his head, and danced before him so maidenlike, that the present sight, so pleasant, expelled all former paines in the birth. Euen so (most worthie sir) when the confused chaos of this matter following was first inhabitant in my witlesse head; then feared I no such swellings, as since I did feele, por regarded those throwes, which now are ouerpast. Neuerthelesse, when my braines fell to their busines, and began to beate as though my head had been ready to burst, disdaining withall the help of Mother Crackfart the midwife; Iuno Lucina was as deafe as a dishclout, so that Volens Nolens I betooke myselfe to the hearbe Hellebore, whose pleasant operation produced so present a purgation, that forthwith there followed a most speedie deliuerance, excluding cares, renuing ioy. This young impe thus borne, being brought to the font, was named Bacchvs Boynty. Which Bovnty I willingly offer vnto your worthines ; doubting not at all, but that you will highly accept of him; not only because he is a bonny boy, and the gift of a welwiller : but also because he was begot by Bacchvs, your wel-bèloued friend ; conceaucd by me, and nourished euer since with the iụice of the grape; From Ale-foorde, this ninth of December, Anno Dom, 1592.

Bounden to your Bignes,


Philip Foulface to the courteous Reader.

SO many men (some say) so many mindes,
The bravest Gnatho cannot but offend;
Mens miņdes doe wayer like vnconstant windes,
Hard then sometimes to please our dearest friend.
Some bungrie curre may bark aboạe the rest,
But please, or displease, I haue done my best.


He, that delights to heare of mortall warres,
Is too austere to reade this little booke :
Bnt he that ioyes to heare of good ale iarres,
I licence him with leaue, herein to looke.
Here (gentle reader) maiest thou finde great sport
To ease thy cares, if hither thou resort.
And welcome all, which reade and meane none ill,
No further ill than I, and welcome all :

mery minde to mirth enclineth still,
If waightie causes doe not backward call.
Be mery then :. Reade here, and doe not spare,
And welcome still: Here is no better Fare.


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HE groutheaded Græcians, especiallie the annointed Achiues, I

meane the Beziladistes, those deuout doctors of Lob Libers canne ; these (I say) with their knight-like crue, thought it an high assumption to be as fathers in a frolicke feaste, or as base borne brothers, in bickering with the broth of bountifull Bacchvs. Which coppernosed crue, the knuckle-debunions of Rome, so assaulted with a fresh canuazado tbe citie of Vinosa, that the alarum of the Romans brake nectars necke, head, and shoulders ; insomuch that Vesta in great outrage rushed out of a rocke, and dedicated to sweet father Bacchvs as crimson a colour as was then seene in her peereles peticote, must fragrantlie fuming vp vnto Bacchvs; and likewise into the nostrills of all his nosled nouises wheresoeuer.

This newfound sacrifice, in this sort offered to this bursten-bellied God, lent such a sweet scept to the rest of the gods and goddesses, especially to platter faced Jupiter, that presently he appeased their furie, mitigated the afore offered iniurie, renewed nectar to former jollitie, and sent out Mercurie as ambassadour, to parle with Neptune, rector of the seas ; that Triton, bis trustie trumpeter, should sound along from shoare to shoare throughout the whole worlde the blessed bountie of Bacchvs.

Mercurie discharging himselfe, and Triton by commaundement of his king, tied to the aforesaid chardge, with clattering clang he thundred out such joyfull newes, that not only Mount Ætna yeelded forth fierie flames in signification of sodaine joyes : but also Olympus mcrily mounted, in hope that Permessus, that pleasant spring, should bee somewhat tainted, with the sweet taste of so louely a liquor.

The decreed tidings of lupiter are worde by worde in effect, as followe:

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