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choice ought to be made of proof, and not of fair semblance, but of constant perfection ; for such, as cast colours, or cunning devices, and always to cloke collusion, creep finely in favour, with simpering and smiling, to lead ready wits after their subtle intentions, by their needless babble, fruitless fawning, often change of visage, unmannerly boldness, and daily attendance, where no desert commands them, the .feigned friends of this world may be found ; and in a state of necessity all true friendship is tried. And, nrethinks, they take no great pains, that accompany men in their prosperity, and merit no great thanks, that desire to taste, at all times, of other men's good fortunes. So that, by thrusting and pressing after those we hope to pluck somewhat from, debates of itself it is no certain sign of friendship, that springs from a simple and plain affection.

Now many will hold question, and say, that fortune may be followed, sought for, waited on, Aattered, because she is a deceiver; and finely entertained, for that, with rude and rustical behaviour, both fortune and friends will fling us far behind, that would march before our fellows. But, I pray you, is not the long proof of crafty practices, the extraordinay dissimulation of fine people, a testimony, that they are no true dealers, that work with worldly wickedness and policy to be accepted as friends ? Then who should presently be called a faithful follower? Thus some men may demand. Such, I say, as, in men's meanest calling and credit, have begun to favour them, and, in their beiter estate, do honestly, in all causes of reason, equity, and justness of judgment, discharge their duties; and leave flattery, that openeth the door of doubleness, and fall flatly to the true order of plain dealing: such, I say, that neither for fear, favour, or fortune, but dare speak as they think, due reverence observed ; and do rather cut off the festered flesh, than feeds and nourishes a corrupted canker : such, whose love and fidelity look narrowly on all the bounds and limits. of friendship, and are so jealous over the friends they honour, that they cannot suffer any thing to sound out of frame, that may impeachi, hinder, or appale the good name and credit of them they follow : such, whose study, diligence, and waking regard stand as a watch, to give warning and advertise their friends of all inconveniences, dangers, slanders, and eminent perils and hazards : such are the members most meet to be about a friend, most worthy welcome, most to be liked, loved, and trusted : and such are the blessed birds of the bosom, that neither sing, nor say, nor make sign of other things than they present. And the rest, that loiter about crooked measures, sounding and searching by deceits, like fishers, that closely hide their hooks, to see whom they may catch, take hold of, and feel for their advantage: they are the sly swellers out of fortunate flowers, that grow in happy men's gardens; the prowlers after profit and preferment purchased by audacious practices; the busy-bodies, that never stand still, but turn like a top to betray the trusty ; the tossed white froth of the sea, that makes a fair shew' without substance, which vanishech away at the touch of every man's finger; and * bubbles of the troubled

with each little blast over * * *, neither sign from wh* * * *

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end and purpose they were. So, sir, seeing the swarms of feigned friends, the heaps of hollow hearts, the abuse of infected minds; the muzzled faces, covered with counterfeit good manners, and the effect of good friendship utterly mistaken, in many points and places of this world; I trouble you no farther with the reading of these lines, hoping in your favour and friendship, as your affection shall move, and my merits, without presumption, shall crave and require; making a further present unto you of a few verses (handled as well as I could) that. were devised for the setting forth of a paper-mill, which a great wellwiller of yours, as good cause he hath so to be, hath built by Dartford, and brought to perfect frame and form, I trust, to the great contentment of the Queen's Majesty, and benefit of her whole country, as knoweth God; who augment, maintain, and blessedly uphold her Highness long among us, and increase your good credit with all virtuous disposition.

N. B. The verses above mentioned, relating to the description and

commendation of a Paper-mill, then newly erected at Dartford, were not added as proposed.

A

PACKE OF SPANISH LYES,

SENT

ABROAD IN THE WORLD;

FIRST PRINTED IN SPAINE, IN THE SPANISH TONGUE,

AND TRANSLATED OUT OF THE ORIGINALL.

Now ripped vp, vnfolded, and, by iust examination, condemned, as

conteyning false, corrupt, and detestable wares, worthy to be damned and burned. Thou shalt destroy them that speak lyes, the Lord wil abhorre the bloody and deceitfull man.

Psal. v. ver. 6. Imprinted at London, by the deputies of Christopher Barker, Printer to the

Queenes most excellent Maiestie. 1588. Quarto, jo black letter, containing thirteen pages.

This curious Pamphlet, which, our correspondent informs us, has been sold by

auction at half a guinea, is an ancient specimen of those indirect means, which an ambitious court takes to support its drooping credit with the publick. How far such practices are now in vogue, every reader knows; and these are now published to oblige that judicious Gentleman Mr. R. Z. who apprehends, by 60 doing, we shall also gratify all our subscribers.

This is the eleventh in the catalogne, published with this collection; and contains

the artifices made use of by the Spanish court, to keep up the spirits of the people, at the time that the King of Spain attempted, in 1588, to invade England with bis invincible Armada, and dethrone Queen Elisabeth ; because, the fleet being beaten, dispersed, and gone north about, and almost jutirely destroyed by tempest, &c. they began to doubt of its success. See p. 47, &c. of this Vol. where you have a true and full account of this expedition in 1588.

A Packe of Spanish Lyes.

A Condemnation of the Spanish

Lyes.
From England.

From Spaine.

1. THE true relation of the 1,' IT is wel knowen to all succes of the catholike armie*, the worlde, how false all this against their enemies, by letters of relation is, and either falsly the post-master of Logrono of the coloured by the letters rememfourth of September, and by. bred, or els both the post-master of letters from Roan of the one-and- Logrono, and the writers from thirtieth of August, † and by Roan, ought to be waged as

t letters from Paris of the Kings intelligencers for the deuill, the embassadour there; wherein he father of lyes, whom they haue declareth the imprisonment of herein trulye serued ; and if they

1; Francis Drake, and other great so continue, in mayntenance nobles of England, and how the thereof against the knowen trueth, Queene is in the fielde with an their damnation is certaine, and armic, † and of a certain mutinie, hell is open foș them, which was amongst the Queencs armie, with the successe of the said Catholike armie since they entred in the Gruyne, till they came on the coast of England, with two ballets, coinpounded by

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'The Invincible Armada in 1588. * The letters from the Kings embassadour, whose name is Mendoza, agrerable to their masters name, being the reporter of Mendaciu Mendacissima; and considering that he hath written, that Francis Drake 19 imprisoned, and many nobles of England; if Mendoza will stand to his letters, so as he would gage, and, by his hande-writinge, assure but his worst iennet and his belles, be shall be answered for the said Sir Francis Drakes person, or any nobleman, gentleman, or page, so taken in the fight betweene the two arinies, for the ransona of every of the said prisoners fortie-thousande crownes in the Royal Eschange of London. But the trueth is, Sir Francis Drake was so farre off to be a prisover, that he was the taker; for he looke Pedm de Valdea, and four hundred more Spavish prisoners, at one time. And, to proue this to be trur. Mendoza shall haue, if he will require it, Pedro Valdez owne honde,' lo sbeve that he is prisoner to Sir Francis Drake, and four-hundred more taken with him, and not one Englishm.in laken in that service.

I It is so false, that there was any mutinie in the Queenes armir, that she her selfe was there, with the greatest honour, loue, and appluyse, received, that coulde be imagined for a lady and a queeue. She rode rounde about her arinie, and passed through every part thereof, to theus inestimable comfort; she lodged and did eat in the campe, as quietly as euer she did in her qwne bamber. In the armie was neuer any fray or discord; exercise of armes was daily used and shewed before her, to her great honour; yea, and with an vniuersall extolling of Gods same euery day, moruing and euening, in loude prayers and psalmes; and the like song, in her owne hearing, against all tyrannie by invasion of Gods enemies; and this eyery man may iudge to 60 farre from any colour of mytinie,

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A Packe of Spanish Lyes. A Corlemnation of the Spanish
From Spaine.

Lyes.
By a Letter of Diego Peres, chicfe
Post-master of Logrono, dated the

From England.
Second of September, 1588.

2. THE newes of England is 2. "THE gouernour of Roan is
confirmed here, by a Letter of the accompted a worthy noble man,
Gouernour of Roan. He writeth, and therefore he shall do wel to
he hath in his power the chiefe pi- make this report of him to be
lote of Captaine Drake, and that knowen for a lye; for so surely he
he knoweth that all the English knoweth it to be, that there was
armie remained oucrthrowen, hau- neuer, either a chiefe pilote, or the
ing sunke two and twentie shippes, value of a boy of Captaine Drakes,
and taken fourtie t, and imprisoned taken and brought to him as a pri-
Francis Drake, hauing given them soner.
chase almost as hie as Abspurge,

« The Gouernours of Bollen and and slaine many by the sword; and Calleis can informe the Gouernour likewise sayeth that there was found of Roan how false a report it was, in Captaine Drakes shippe, a piece that the English armie remained of ordinance of fiue-and-twentie onerthrowen afore Calleis: The foote long, which discharged a shotte English armie fought with the Spaof a bundreth weight at once, made nish; chased the Spanish, as a of purpose, with one onely shot, brace of greyhounds would a herde to siuke our Spanish Admirall; and of deere; the Spaniards ships were it pleased God, although she was beaten, spoyled, burnt, sunke, some somewhat battered, yet was she re- in the maine seas afore Dunkirke, paired againe, and ouerthrewe the some afore Flushing, and the rest English armie.

chased away; so as they fledde continually afore the English nauie in their best order for strength,

• It was a mcete occupation for a blinde man, to put lycs into songs; and, if he knewe how false his verses were, when he published them, it were to be wished that he had his eyes restored to see his lyes, and theu his tongue cutte out that yttered them, and his eyes cleane plucked out of his bead, that he should neuer see any more written lyes. As for his cares, it were good to have them open, to heare men call him iustly, a notable blinde lyar.

+ If Drakes shippe were taken, if there was such a piece of ordinance of such a length, in what port is that shippe? In whose possession is that piece? Drake is returned with honour, his slippe, called the Reuenge, is in Harburov, ready for a reuenge by a new seruice; no shippe lost, no ordinance missing.

The foolish lyar maketh niention of Abspurge in Scotland : In all Scorland is no such place; in Germanie is a countreg called Habspurg, but any wager may be layd, that none of the Spanish came ever thither. Every line, or euery sentence, conteineth a lye.

The Duke himselfe is returned, let him confirine this vntrueth, that he overthrewe the En. glish armie; it can not be imagined, that he, being a person of so great honour, will allow so notorious a Ige to be taken for a trueth; for if he had such a victorie, Why did he not land to couquere England ? Why did he neuer enter into any part of England? Why did he neuer cary any ensigne of England into Spaine to shew, as very many of the Spanislı vere brought into England.

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without daring to abide any fight: Yea, someone of the English shippes fought with three of their galleasses; the Spaniards neuer attempting to board any English, but, as many of them, as could saile away, fed with all their sailes, and were followed by the English, vntil they were chased out of all the English seas, and forced then to runne a violent course about Scotland, and so to Ireland, where a great number of their shippes are drowned, their men taken, and many killed by the sauage people for their spoyle; and the English nauie, vpon good consideration, left them, when they sawe them so hastily to flie desperatly into the northern daungerous seas, where, the English nauie did very certainely know, that there would be no safety for them to follow the Spanish. Why durst any report that twenty-two English shippes were sunke, and fortie were taken, when, in trueth, there was not any one of the English shippes sunke or taken? A strange disposition, to forge such great lyes, whereof there was no ground nor colour. If any one or two of the English had bene sunke, a lyar might have put the nomber of twenty for two, and excused the lye by error of figuring; but, of none in nomber, no nomber can be made, but by falshood. The Gouernour of Roan, being a man of great honour and vertue, ought to reuenge this shamefull lye made vpon him; for Lucian neu did, in all his lyes, vse more impudencie, then these Spanish lyar doe report of him.

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