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And we, that have done so valiantly at other times, when the quar. rel was but for money, or other small matters, is it possible, but we should be much more forward now in so great and weighty causes ? When had ever England so just a cause to fight as now? When did we ever more infinitely feel the mercies of God than now? When had we ever a more loving prince to her subjects than now? When were ever any subjects more obedient to their prince than now? When were there ever so many lusty and gallant gentlemen to defend the realm as now? When were we at any time better acquainted with the sleights and cunning of our enemies than now? When had we ever more skill in martial actions and trainings than now? Finally, when had ever our enemies more unjust cause to deal against us than now, and we more lawful cause to defend ourselves than now ; And, therefore, when should we ever have greater hope of victory than now? If ever, therefore, ye bare

any affection to your country; if ever any love to religion; if ever any obedience unto a good and natural prince; if ever you would venture your lives for your fathers and mothers, your wives and children, or best deserving friends; if you have any comfort in the promises of Christ Jesus; if you have any hope to receive salvation by his merits; and, as ye will answer before God at the coming of his Son, now shew yourselves like men, courageous and forward, prompt and willing to do all the parts of Christian soldiery.

Let now no more careless and negligent minds possess your bodies : let no more a few days security make you forgetful of so continual duties, Let neither the greedy desire of money, nor the lewd consuming of riches, nor the wanton excess of apparel, nor the superfluity of meats and drinks, nor the costly buildings and curious trimming of houses, be any hinderance to so honourable actions. Learn by those things that I have here declared, what wants there are in the realm that hinder the resolute defence of the same. Remember theremedies, supply the lakes, remove the impediments. Begin betimes to train up your youth, to amend and build your ships, to make plenty of shot and ammunition, to have store of victuals at all times ready, to breed and provide good horses; that all things, and in all the realm, may be ready upon the sudden, and when any need shall require. But especially put from you all private factions and divisions. Set apart all quarrels and debates among yourselves, Yield more to the safeguard of your country and religion, than to the obedience of your own af fections. Contend who shall be most forward and valiant, but envy not your equals if they attain to more honour.

By this resolution, if all the world freț and rage never so much against you, the Lord will fight for you. He will give the victory, and ye shall but look on. He will put a fear into their hearts, and they shall fly when no man followeth them. An hundred shall chace away a thousand, and a thousand ten thousand. Ye shall rob the Egyptians of their jewels, and their own weapons shall be turned against them

The glory of the kingdom shall remain as the sun in the sight of the Lord, and as the moon in the night-season, so shall pur Elizabeth give light unto her people. Her food shall be of the


tree of life, that her age may never decay. All the blessings of the
Lord shall plentifully be poured upon her, and by her shall be given
unto you. The right administration of God's word and sacraments
shall be with you for ever; neither shall the power of antichrist be.
able to wrest them from you. There shall be no decay, no leading
into captivity, nor complaining in your streets. Ye shall be blessed in
the city and in the field, at home and abroad; in your barns and in
your houses ; and in all your actions and enterprises. Ye shall be
feared, loved, and honoured of all nations. They, who now hate you
for your religion, shall then perceive that the ark of the Lord is with
you, and that it is in vain to strive with the Lord, and against you.
They shall have remorse in their conscience, and when they have well
considered the cause, and do perceive, that neither by the greatness of
their power, nor by the help of their riches, nor the assistance of their
holy father of Rome, nor of any other petty god, which they have
made to themselves, they can fulfil their malice against you, but that
God doth still defend you, they will be glad to forget all that is past,
and will rejoice themselves with you in amity. Yea, and when they
shall see your godly life joined with so excellent government of the
realm; it will make them draw more and more from the Roman, to
the right and true religion. But if ye shall still continue in your old
wonted negligence, wherewith you have ever been infected; if you shall
still complain of fortune, and say: jf we had come a little sooner, or
tarried a little longer, or had not wanted a little of this, or had too
much of that; thus and thus had it happened unto us; when all the
fault is in yourselves : if you shall think that time will work wonders,
though you yourselves follow your own pleasures: if you will not pro-
vide resistance before the enemies be at your gates; if you seek not to
take from them the strength and sinews of their commonweal, before
they have eaten you out of your own houses; finally, if you mend not
all faults, wherein the world hath ever noted you; that is to say, to..
have hereafter as good a fore-wit, as ye have been accounted heretofore
to have an after-wit: to have less liking to costly apparel, and all toys
and vanities, than to the profit of your country; than to the care of
religion, than to godliness, yea, than to the safety and preservation of
your own souls; God will utterly leave and forsake you, though you
were his own dwelling-place and inheritance; he will take from you
his truth and testimonies; he will deprive you of all those precious
jewels, for which, and whose sakes, he hath so long preserved you;
he will make you a prey unto all your enemies, and you shall become
a scorn and derision unto all nations. Yea, he will bring upon you
all the plagues that he did upon the children of Israel.

Amend, therefore, your faults, be diligent, faithful, and resolute, with all your power to defend her Majesty, the kingdom, and the true religion: and the Lord, for his Son's sake, will be gracious and merciful unto you,

His Prayers to this purpose, pronounced in her Majesty's Chapel, and


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O LORD God, heavenly Father, the Lord of Hosts, without whose Providence nothing proceedeth; and without whose mercy nothing is saved. In whose power lie the hearts of princes, and end of all their actions : have mercy upon thine afflicted church ; and especially regard thy servant, Elizabeth, our most excellent Queen; to whom thy dispersed flocks fly, in the anguish of their soul, and in the zeal of thy truth. Behold how the princes of the nations do band themselves against her, because she laboureth to purge thy sanctuary, and that thy holy church may live in security. Consider, O Lord, how long thy servant hath laboured to them for peace; but how proudly they prepare themselves unto battle. Arise, therefore, maintain thine own cause, and judge thou between her and her enemics. She seeketh not her own honour, but thine ; nor the dominions of others, but a just defence of herself; nor the shedding of Christian blood, but the saving of poor afflicted souls. Come down, therefore, come down, and deliver thy people by her. To vanquish is all one with thee, by few or by many; by want or by wealth ; by weakness or by strength. 0 possess the hearts of our enemies with a fear of thy servants. The cause is thine, the enemies thine, the afflicted thine, the honour, victory, and triumph, shall be thine. Consider, Lord, the end of our enterprises, be present with us in our armies, terrify the hearts of our enemies, and make a joyful peace for thy Christians. And now, since, in this extreme necessity, thou hast put into the heart of thy servant Deborah, to provide strength to withstand the pride of Sicera, and his adherents; bless thou all her forces by sca and land. Grant all her people one heart, one mind, and one strength, to defend her person, her kingdom, and thy true religion. Give unto all her council and captains wisdom, wariness, and courage, that they may speedily prevent the devices, and valiantly withsand the forces of all our enemies; that the fame of thy gospel may be spread unto the end of the world. We crave this in thy mercy, o heavenly Father, for the precious death of thy dear Son, Jesus Christ, Amen.


O HEAVENLY Father, we most bumbly beseech thee, with thy merciful eyes, look down from heaven upon thy church of England. And especially regard thy servant, Elizabeth, the defender of thy true faith, and protector of thy holy word. And here we prostrate ourselves before the throne of thy mercy, most truly confessing in our hearts, that, if thou shouldest deal with us according to our sins, we deserve nothing but shame, confusion, and utter desolation. But, when we remember the multitude of thy mercies in Christ Jesus, we, in humbleness of mind, and zeal of thy truth, with one heart and one mouth, in this our distress, do call for help from thy holy habitation. Now is the time, O Lord, now is the time, that, by a glorious victory in thine own cause, thy Son, Christ Jesus, and his holy word, shall be magnified in all the world. For, lo, thine enemies have sworn to lay waste thy sanctuary, and that thy servant, Elizabeth, her people and kingdom, shall be rooted out, and no more remembered upon the earth. And now, that we have long and earnestly sought unto them for peace, they are most proudly come forth by land and sea against us. In such wise, that if thy mighty Providence had not foreseen their dissembled malice, we had suddenly perished, and come to a fcarful end. Wherefore, make frustrate their devices, and fight thou with Israel, against all the host of the Assyrians. Stretch out the arm of Moses, that thy Christian soldiers may valiantly fight for their prince, their country, and thy true religion. Let the same weapons, which they have prepared against us, be turned into their own bosom. Destroy their armies, confound their forces, terrify their captains. Scatter, break, and sink into the sea, their huge and strong vessels. And, as it was with Pharaoh on the Red Sea, so let it be with them that seek the death of thy servants. We trust not in the multitude of horsemen, nor in the power of our own arm; but in the justice of our cause, and in the help, mercy, and assistance of thy heavenly power. Olet thy holy angel defend us. Put a fear into their hearts, that they, Aying before us, may be vanquished, and confess, that it is thy power, and thy right hand, that hath prevailed against them. And so they being sorry for their sins, and confessing their error, may fly from antichrist, unto the true shepherd, Jesus Christ. For whose sake, O heavenly Father, bow down thine ear to this our humble desire; and we that be thy people, and sheep of thy pasture, shall ever. more give thanks to thee, the Father of mercy. Which livest and reignest with the Son, and the Holy Ghost, ever one God, world without end, Amen.







Whereunto is joined the commodity of sundry Sciences, and the benefit

that Paper bringeth, with many rare matters rehearsed in the same. With a Description and Commendation of a PAPER-Mill, now of late set up (near the Town of Dartford) by an High German, called Mr. SPILMAN, Jeweller to the Queen's most excellent Majesty, written by Thom AS CHURCHYARD, Gent.

Nulla potest csse jucunditas, sublata amicitia. Cic. pro Flacc.

Printed at London, 1588.

To my Honourable Friend, Sir Walter Raleigh, Knight, Seneschal and

Chancellor of the Duchy of Cornwal and Exon, Lord Warden of the Stannaries, and her Majesty's Lieutenant of the County of Cornwal, 8c.

tude of causes) I stood studying how to requite a good turn received, and, confessing that no one thing is more monstrous in nature than an unthankful mind, I saw myself in debt, and bound either one way or other to pay that I owe, but not in such degree as I received, but in such sort as my ability serveth, and as a man might say, to make a cunning exchange, instead of due payment, to offer glass for gold, and bare words for friendly deeds. In good truth, my honourable friend, if my creditors will so stand contented, I am readier to depart from words, and discharge debt therewith, than to promise treasure, and offer that I have not. For if free-hearted people, fortunate in the world, through bounty of mind, toward my suits or preferment, bestow many speeches to do me good, where grace is to be gotten : I can but yield one ordinary thank, for a thousand benefits, except they ransack my storehouse of vain inventions, and find some pleasant papers, bepainted with verses, or polished pamphlets, beblotted with barren matter, where both verse and prose shall make but a bad restitution for the goodness I have stolen by fortune, or borrowed by friendship. Yet, weighing how little fortune hath done for me, and how few creditors I have,

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