The Earth's Atmosphere: Its Physics and Dynamics

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, May 14, 2008 - Science - 367 pages
The author has sought to incorporate in the book some of the fundamental concepts and principles of the physics and dynamics of the atmosphere, a knowledge and understanding of which should help an average student of science to comprehend some of the great complexities of the earth-atmosphere system, in which a thr- way interaction between the atmosphere, the land and the ocean tends to maintain an overall mass and energy balance in the system through physical and dynamical processes. The book, divided into two parts and consisting of 19 chapters, introduces only those aspects of the subject that, according to the author, are deemed essential to meet the objective in view. The emphasis is more on clarity and understanding of physical and dynamical principles than on details of complex theories and ma- ematics. Attempt is made to treat each subject from ?rst principles and trace its development to present state, as far as possible. However, a knowledge of basic c- culus and differential equations is sine qua non especially for some of the chapters which appear later in the book.

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Contents

II
3
III
4
IV
6
VI
9
VII
10
VIII
12
X
15
XI
21
CLII
169
CLIII
170
CLIV
171
CLV
173
CLVI
174
CLVIII
175
CLX
176
CLXI
177

XII
22
XIV
23
XVI
24
XVII
26
XIX
27
XX
28
XXI
30
XXIV
31
XXVI
33
XXVIII
36
XXX
38
XXXI
40
XXXIII
41
XXXV
42
XXXVI
43
XXXVII
44
XXXVIII
45
XXXIX
46
XL
48
XLI
50
XLIII
51
XLIV
53
XLVI
55
XLVII
56
XLVIII
59
XLIX
60
L
62
LI
64
LII
65
LIII
66
LIV
68
LVI
69
LVII
72
LIX
73
LXI
74
LXII
75
LXIII
76
LXV
79
LXVI
80
LXVII
81
LXVIII
82
LXIX
83
LXX
84
LXXIII
85
LXXIV
86
LXXV
88
LXXVI
89
LXXVII
90
LXXIX
91
LXXX
92
LXXXI
93
LXXXII
94
LXXXIII
95
LXXXV
96
LXXXVIII
97
LXXXIX
98
XC
99
XCI
100
XCII
102
XCV
103
XCVII
104
XCIX
105
C
107
CI
108
CIII
109
CV
110
CVI
111
CVII
113
CVIII
115
CIX
116
CX
117
CXI
118
CXII
119
CXIII
120
CXV
123
CXVI
124
CXVIII
125
CXIX
126
CXXI
127
CXXIV
128
CXXV
129
CXXVII
131
CXXVIII
132
CXXIX
133
CXXX
134
CXXXI
135
CXXXII
137
CXXXIII
138
CXXXIV
139
CXXXV
141
CXXXVI
145
CXXXVII
149
CXXXVIII
152
CXXXIX
155
CXL
156
CXLII
157
CXLIV
158
CXLV
159
CXLVI
161
CXLVII
162
CXLIX
164
CL
167
CLI
168
CLXII
178
CLXIV
179
CLXV
180
CLXVI
182
CLXVII
183
CLXVIII
187
CLXIX
188
CLXX
191
CLXXII
193
CLXXIII
196
CLXXVI
198
CLXXVII
199
CLXXVIII
200
CLXXX
201
CLXXXII
202
CLXXXIII
203
CLXXXV
204
CLXXXVI
205
CLXXXVIII
207
CLXXXIX
208
CXC
211
CXCI
212
CXCIII
214
CXCIV
217
CXCV
220
CXCVI
221
CXCVII
222
CXCVIII
224
CXCIX
227
CC
228
CCI
229
CCII
230
CCIII
231
CCIV
232
CCV
239
CCVI
240
CCVII
244
CCIX
245
CCX
246
CCXI
247
CCXII
250
CCXIII
251
CCXIV
253
CCXV
254
CCXVII
255
CCXXI
257
CCXXII
259
CCXXIII
260
CCXXIV
262
CCXXV
266
CCXXVII
268
CCXXVIII
270
CCXXX
271
CCXXXI
275
CCXXXII
276
CCXXXIII
278
CCXXXIV
279
CCXXXV
282
CCXXXVI
284
CCXXXVII
285
CCXXXVIII
288
CCXXXIX
289
CCXL
290
CCXLI
293
CCXLII
294
CCXLIII
295
CCXLIV
297
CCXLV
298
CCXLVI
300
CCXLVII
302
CCXLVIII
304
CCXLIX
306
CCL
308
CCLI
311
CCLII
313
CCLIII
316
CCLIV
317
CCLV
319
CCLVII
320
CCLVIII
324
CCLXI
326
CCLXII
327
CCLXIV
331
CCLXV
333
CCLXVI
334
CCLXVII
335
CCLXVIII
337
CCLXIX
338
CCLXX
339
CCLXXI
340
CCLXXIII
341
CCLXXIV
342
CCLXXV
343
CCLXXVI
344
CCLXXVII
346
CCLXXVIII
348
CCLXXIX
349
CCLXXX
350
CCLXXXI
353
CCLXXXII
359
CCLXXXIII
363
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Page 43 - I am the daughter of earth and water, And the nursling of the sky ; I pass through the pores of the ocean and shores ; I change, but I cannot die. For after the rain when with never a stain The pavilion of heaven is bare, And the winds and sunbeams with their convex gleams, Build up the blue dome of air, I silently laugh at my own cenotaph, And out of the caverns of rain, Like a child from the womb, like a ghost from the tombi I arise and unbuild it again.
Page 350 - T 109 giga G 106 mega M 103 kilo k 102 hecto h...
Page 26 - Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures states that the total pressure of a mixture of gases is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of the component gases of the mixture.
Page 4 - every body in the universe attracts every other body with a force which is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.
Page 60 - One aspect of this movement was a growing dissatisfaction with the empty formalism of much educational content in the latter part of the nineteenth century and the early part of the twentieth century; with stultifying drill and catechism-like methods of teaching; with the curriculum's lack of relatedness to the everyday experience of the child, his physical world, and social environment; and with pupils' rote verbalization and memorization of ideas for which they had no adequate referents in experience.
Page 86 - Stefan-Boltzmann law states that the total energy of a black body is proportional to the fourth power of its absolute temperature.
Page 3 - The line joining the planet and the sun sweeps over equal areas in equal intervals of time. 3. The squares of the periods of revolution of the planets are proportional to the cubes of their mean distances from the sun. All three of these laws can be derived, using the calculus as the main mathematical tool, from the "inverse-square" law of gravitational attraction and Newton's laws of motion.
Page 72 - Form b— Sheet clouds which are divided into filaments, or rounded masses, and which are often stable or in process of disintegration. Form c — More or less continuous cloud sheets, often in process of formation or growth.
Page 107 - Rayleigh's law the amount of light scattered by such particles is inversely proportional to the fourth power of the wave-length of the light.

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