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GEEAT BRITAIN,

DECLARED Br

ACT OF CONGRESS, THE 18th OF JUNE, 1812,
AND CONCLUDED BY PEACE, THE 15th OF FEBRUARY, 1815.

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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1852, by

LIPPINCOTT, GRAMBO & CO.,

in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, in and for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

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CONTENTS.

CHAPTER T.

NEGOTIATIONS AT GHENT TREATY AHD PEACE.

British surprised by War—Unprepared — Seek Peace—Foster, from Halifax,

proposes an Armistice — Accepted by Dearborn — Rejected by Madison —

Admiral Warren renews Pacific Overtures—Rejected by Madison—American

Terms of Peace—Rejected by Britain—British War Manifesto—Embittered

Hostilities — Congress exclude British Seamen, after War, from American

Vessels — Cartel, from England, offers to treat—Clay and Russel commis-

sioned— Original Instructions—British Triumph in Europe—Instructions,

changing Terms—Ghent substituted for Gottenburg, as Place of Conference

—First Conference—British Demands—Indian Basis sine qua non—Second

Meeting of Commissioners—No Maritime Topic—Altogether Territorial —

Castlereagh at Ghent—British Demands increased—Rupture threatened—

Suspension of Conferences — Correspondence—American Terms proposed,

24th of August—British Terms, 13th of October—Uti Possidetis—Rejected

by the Americans — Effect of the British Defeats at Plattsburg and Balti-

more—Change of Tone—Adoption of American Terms—Congress of Vienna

— Its Distractions — Maritime European Inclinations — Dissentiment at

Ghent between Adams and Clay—Fisheries—Navigation of the Mississippi

—Further Negotiations—Final Settlement—Subsequent Treaties, Offspring

of the Negotiations at Ghent — Indemnity for Spoliations — For Slaves —

Boundaries—Oregon—Louisiana—Congress of Vienna—Project of Treaty—

Dispute in the American Mission — Posterior Treaties—Fisheries—Missis-

sippi—Final Conferences—Treaty signed—Its European Effect—American

Welcome of Peace —Effects and Character Page 7

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