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We estimated, in our December number, the total receipts at the United States mints, of California gold, from the date of its discovery in 1848, at $90,000,000 ; the above official return shows the amount to have been $91,620,583 up to December 1st, so that the total, up to January 1st, 1852, amounts to about $100,000,000. This sum, it will be remembered, bas actually been added to our coin; the produce of the mines in addition, must be, as heretofore shown, full half as much more, making the total for the three years and a half about $150,000,000.

The average value of the gold as it comes from the mines and is sent to market, according to the returns from our mint, is about $17 50 per ounce, although some dirty parcels realize as low as $16 50. The promise of a good yield for the coming season is very flattering, and our mint receipts will doubtless exceed $5,000,000 per month. Some action on the part of Congress is necessary to modify the present legal comparative value of the precious metals, or all of the silver change will be abstracted from the country. It has been recommended, that a seignorage be taken from the silver coined at the mint, making the present coin, representing fractional parts of a dollar, about 7 per cent lighter in weight, and retaining gold as the sole legal standard for the country in all sums above five or ten dollars. There seem to be fewer objections to this plan than any other which has been proposed, and we see no good reason why it should not be adopted.

The imports into the country for December will probably exceed the entries for the corresponding month of last year, but the returns are not yet completed. For November there was a slight falling off at our principal ports. At New York the value of free goods entered was about the same, but the receipts of dutiable merchandise show a decline of $504,473, as will be seen by the following comparative statement:

IMPORTS THROWN UPON THE MARKET IN NEW YORK DURING THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER.

Years, 1851..... 1850..

Dutiable,
$5,776,185
6,280,658

Free.
$415,838
416,191

Specie. $218,473

13,580

Total. $6,410,496 6,710,429

Having before given the receipts of California gold, we have omitted it in this comparison, as it cannot properly be classed with foreign imports. The first item of dutiable goods includes $4,399,085 entered directly for consumption, and $1,377,100 withdrawn from warehouse. The value of goods entered warehouse during the month was $938,056 against $798,147 for the same period of last year; and for the previous month the entries also showed an increase of about $250,000. The withdrawals, however, have increased about $500,000, 80 that the stock left in bond shows no increase over last year. The imports for eleven months are still in excess of last year, both in dutiable and free goods.

IMPORTS THROWN UPON THE MARKET AT NEW YORK FOR ELEVEN MONTHS.

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This increase was most of it during the early part of the year, and consists wholly of merchandise other than dry goods, as will be seen by the following comparative statement, which for greater interest we extend back another year :

IMPORTS OF DRY GOODS AT THE PORT OF NEW YORK FOR THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER.

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We have again an excess of goods entered warehouse over the value withdrawn, a state of things which does not appear in the general merchandise account before given, showing that the quantity of dry goods in bond is greater than at the same time last year. This excess is more fully shown in the following comparison

IMPORTS OF DRY GOODS AT NEW YORK FOR ELEVEN MONTHS, BEGINNING JANUARY 1st.

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Total thrown upon the market...... $42,742,888 $56,806,465 $56,369,910

ENTERED FOR WAREHOUSING.

Manufactures of wool......
Manufactures of cotton...
Manufactures of silk....
Manufactures of flax.
Miscellaneous dry goods

1819.
$1,246,306

1,148,414
1,310,763

486,577
259,113

1850.
$2,079,980
1,850,928
1,329,806
712,912
166,919

1851. $2,155,437

1,513,372 2,461,450

819,971 498,298

Total......

$4,451,173 $6,140,545 $7,448,528 The receipts for duties at New York for the month of November were $1,488,740 09 against $1,642,125 27 for November, 1850. For eleven months at the same port, the receipts were $29,459,976 80, against $26,975,265 98, showing an increase for the first eleven months of the current year of $2,484,710 82.

The exports from New York for the month of November show a material decline in value from the amount for the same period of 1850, except in the item of specie :

EXPORTS FROM NEW YORK FOR NOVEMBER.

Year.
Domestic produce. Foreign.

Specie.

Total. 1851.......

$2,451,511 $459,965 $5,033,996 $7,945,472 1850... 3,677,657 714,419

905,394 5,297,470 The foreign goods include $62,368 free, and $397,597 dutiable. In domestic produce the decline is difficult to account for, as the quantities of most leading articles show little falling off from the shipments of last year. We annex statement of particulars.

EXPORTS FROM NEW YORK TO FOREIGN PORTS FOR FOUR WEEKS, ENDING NOVEMBER 30.

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Ashes, Pots.

Pearls.....
Beeswax.
Breadstuffs

Wheat flour..
Rye flour...

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e,263

100,499

428

... bales

1850.

1851. Corn meal...

2,838

2,016 Wheat.

....bushels 210,935 230,757 Rye..

100 Corn..

19,765 73,919 Cotton.....

13,887

13,971 Naval stores...

.barrels
25,310

23,835 Provisions Pork...

..barrels

4,157

2,962 Beef....

4,177

3,030 Cat meats

lbs. 151,965 183,189 Lard.

171,983 445,206 Butter..

48,286 71,177 Cheese,

1,730,992 1,567,713 Rice ...

..tcs.
1,095

1,579 Tallow...

. lbs. 268,169 210,368 Tobacco, crude...

..packages

908

2,233 Tobacco, manufactured..

. lbs. 136,611 353,317 Whalebone.....

241,624

10,286 The total exports from New York for eleven months show a large increase over the same period of 1850, but this excess is composed wholly of specie.

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Excess......

$24,342,176 Since our last the official statements concerning the Commerce of the country for the fiscal year ending June 30th, 1851, have made their appearance, and will be found under our statistical head. They fully corroborate our previous articles upon this subject, and confirm the fact that the country was never in a more prosperous condition.

COMMERCIAL STATISTICS.

COMMERCE OF BARCELONA,

GENERAL STATEMENT OF IMPORTATIONS ENTERED AT THE CUSTOM-HOUSE AT BARCELONA, DURING THE YEAR COMMENCING JULY 1, 1850, AND ENDING JUNE 30, 1851.

Ships.

Tonnage.
Destination.
National, Foreign. National.

Foreign.
St. Thomas..

2
7
136 87

669 04 Curacoa.

1
2
11 30

36 50 Trinidad

1

12 00 Comismos. Reparos ..

Total...........

160 23

725 54

CAPITAL

Destination. 6 per cent, 30 per cent. Total ad val.

Free. Specific. Total capital • St. Thomas... $112 82 $2,681 90 $2,794 72 $180 60 $73,102 50 $76,077 82 Curacoa. 40 10 549 25 589 35 13 00 3,080 14

3,682 49 Trinidad 39 50 39 50

1,291 92 1,331 42 Comismos

80 62

80 62 Reparos..

Total....... $152 92 $3,270 65 $3,423 57 $193 60 $77,655 18 $81,172 35

DUTIES.

Obligations Destination. and coin. St. Thomas.. $30,789 88 Curacoa.....

1,501 88 Trinidad.

522 39 Comismos.

35 30 Reparos....

7 56

Ext'rdy. Cont'bs.

Total 10 per cent. 4 per cent. 10 a 20 p. c. 15 per ct.

duties.
$3,078 91 $1,354 73 $7,451 11 $23 33 $42,697 76

150 18 60 09 346 94, 1 94 2,087 04
52 24
22 99 133 14

730 76
3 53
1 55
10 23

50 60 75 33

8 64

Total ... $32,856 81 $3,285 61 $1,444 69 $7,941 41 $25 28 $45,574 80

The exportations have been made in 31 vessels—five of them national-measuring in all 3,295 tons. The value of the merchandise exported sums up $115,767 50, the duties

upon which amount to $142 59. The principal articles exported were :-1,600 pounds cotton, 9,099 head cattle, 45,327 hides, 620,984 lbs. of meat, 12,808 lbs. cocoa, 262,428 lbs. of mulberry wood, 151,403 lbs. cheese, 3,559 lbs. of grease.

EXPORTS OF COFFEE FROM RIO DE JANEIRO.

In the Merchants' Magazine for December, 1851, (vol. 25, page 690,) we published an interesting article on “Coffee: and the Coffee Trade," written for our Magazine by John Gardner, Esq., an intelligent American merchant, residing at Rio De Janeiro, but at that time on a visit to the United States. We now subjoin a statement of exports of coffee from Rio De Janeiro, together with the receipts at the various ports of the United States and Europe, for the last ten years, and from January 1, to September 1, 1851 :

EXPORTS OF COFFEE FROM RIO DE JANEIRO, AND RECEIPTS AT THE VARIOUS PORTS OF THE

UNITED STATES AND EUROPE, FOR THE LAST TEN YEARS, AND FROM JANUARY 1 TO SEPTEMBER 1, 1851.

Years. 1841. 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850..

Baltimore.
112,120

95,786
143,044
131,119
118,311
152,622
110,818
221,062
176,287
157,593

Boston,
18,451
23,513
35,479
60,879
47,024
76,113
32,803
50,039
21,882
7,419

New York.
123,51
101,527
170,176
181,312
173,897
209,274
245,841
194,750
162,070
167,398

New Orleans. Philadelpa.
112,945

30,952 102,810 19,660 155,471 30,955 133,097 28,255 173,245

35,168 229,301

47,753 266,321 23,304 265,860 44,572 209,063

44,095 255,946 34,634

Total.... 1851.

1,418,762

197,399

373,602

7,225

1,729,760

179,791

1,904,059

180,296

339,349 51,178

Mobile.

Savannah,

Years. 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850

Charleston.

2,500
3,200
5,452
11,468
2,664
7,778
19,965
24,436
20,312
17,042

10,207
7,657
2,403
5,858
12,400
5,850

Total to
United States.

400,186
346,496
650,784
553,787
552,712
728,696
713,630
810,890
635,891
645,812

Total to Europe. 612,206 780,806 554,332 684,521 613,612

643,012 1,050,684

846,208 819,880 710,722

2,184 4,320 2,182 2,180

3,606

Total ....

114,817 47,975 10,866 5,939,190 7,515,983 1851 .....

9,939
3,900

2,180 631,903 599,642 Stock in Rio Janeiro, September 17, 1851, 120,000 bags, of which 70,000 was old crop, and 50,000 new.

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