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MINT LAW OF NEW YORK, The following act, “to exempt the Mint or Branch Mint of the United States, in the city of New York, from tax or assessment,” was passed March 3, 1852, by the “people of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly,” in anticipation of the establishment of a branch mint in the city of New York:

Section 1. No tax or assessment shall at any time be imposed, assessed, or collected upon the Mint or Branch Mint of the United States which may be authorized by act of Congress to be established in the city of New York; neither upon the land on which the buildings used or to be used therefor shall or may be erected, nor upon the buildings used or to be used therefor, nor upon the machinery used or to be used therein, nor upon bullion or metal deposited for coinage, nor upon coin deposited for recoinage, nor upon coin stamped at said Mint or Branch Mint of the United States in the city of New York,

This act will take effect after the removal of the Mint of the United States, or as soon as a Branch Mint is established in the city of New York by an act of Congress, should (as most probably will) such an event transpire.

WHAT ARE CONSOLS ?

Every one who reads the accounts of the European money markets, no doubt, desires to know what “consols” are; and here we have the thing correctly explained, we know not by whom:-" They are 3 per cent English stocks, which had its origin in an act of the British Parliament, consolidating (hence the name) several separate gov. ernment stocks into one general stock, called in the act,“ Consolidated Annuities," and commonly quoted, for brevity, as “consols.” When the consolidation took place, the principal of the several funds, thus merged, amounted to £9,137,821 ; but, by the funding of additional and subsequent loans and parts of loans into this stock, it amounted, on the 5th of January, 1836, to £356,768,258. Since that period, only one loan has been raised, that for compensation to the West India planters, on the emancipation of the slaves— £20,000,000-and a few millions have been paid off

. The total at the present time, is between three hundred and seventy and three hundred and seventy-five millions. This stock, from its amount and the immense number of its bolders, is more sensitive to financial influences than any other, and is, therefore, the favorite stock for the operations of speculators and jobbers. Its dividends are payable semi-annually."

SHIPMENTS OF GOLD DUST AT SAN FRANCISCO.

The following amounts of gold dust have been exported from San Francisco during the month of March, 1852, as per manifests deposited at the Custom-House :March 1st, Steamer Northerner, for Panama...

$1,500,000 March 1st, Steamer Independence, for San Juan..

29,071 March 3d, Dutch Schooner Diana, for Valparaiso.

11,000 March 13th, Steamer California, for Panama..

1,000,000

Total.......

$2,540,071 The Alta California says, “It would be a very moderate estimate to say that half a million has left the country in the hands of passengers during the same period; which would make over $3,000,000 exported during the first half the month!"

FINANCES OF NEW JERSEY IN 1852.

From the Message of Governor Fort to the Legislature of New Jersey, we take the subjoined summary of the finances of that State :

The receipts into the Treasury during the year were $139,166,20, which, with $13,002 30 on hand January 1st, 1851, makes the available funds $152,168 50. The disbursements for ordinary expenses of government $84,792 00. For State Institutions $66,112 69, leaving a balance in the Treasury of $1,263 12. The total revenue for 1852 is estimated at $136,648 13, and the disbursements $135,570 00, leaving a balance in the Treasury of $1,078 13.

The State owes the School Fund $36,346 07, and there is a State loan doe and unpaid of $35,000, making a total indebtedness of $71,346 07. There is a contingent fund of $200 000, being the amount of stock owned by the State in the Camden and Amboy Railroad, and Delaware and Raritan Canal. The amount of the Free Sebod Fund is $371,091 06, the increase last year being $1,161 25. There is due to said fund from iosolvent bauks $11,169 85. If the amount due the School fund were added to its present capital it would amount to $407,437 13.

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A METHOD OF COMPUTING INTEREST. A correspondent of the Baltimore Sun communicates the following simple plan for computing interest, at 6 per cent per annum, for any number of days, wlich he learned, he says, twelve years ago :

“ Divide the number of days by 6, and multiply the dollars by the dividend, the result is the interest in decimals; cut off the right band figure, and you have it in dolara and cents. Thus:- What is the interest on $100 for 21 days! "Twenty-one divided by 6 is 3}; 100 multiplied by 3} is 350, or 35 cents. Again—what is the interest on $378 for 93 days? Ninety-three divided by 6 is 15); 378 multiplied by 151 13 5,839, or $5 85 9-10. Let book-keepers try this rule, and they will find that it is so humbug."

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COMMERCIAL STATISTICS.

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Р. 1 7 G H

Stales.

States

9,033

In the Merchants' Magazine for May, 1852. (vol. xxvi, pages 619, etc.) we published statements of the export and import trade of the United States with foreign countries We now proceed to lay before our readers a variety of tables from the report of the Register of the Treasury, relating to the Navigation of the United States for the year ending June 30th, 1851:

NAVIGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
A STATISTICAL VIEW OF THE TONNAGE OF AMERICAN AND FOREIGN VESSELS ARRITINO
FROM AND DEPARTING, DURING THE YEAR ENDING 3012 JUNE, 1861.

American tonpage.

Foreign tourne
Entered Cleared from

Entered CIMA

United United Upiled
Countries.

Siates.

States. Russia ..

9,817 9,241

8,266 Prussia,

262 184

704 Sweden and Norway..

2,669 1,545 25,225 Swedish West Indies.

278 1,319 Denmark.

199 644 Danish West Indies

10,386 18,233

5,052 Hanse Towns

21.734 16,696 90.539 Holland.

11,417 9,239 18,262 Dutch East Indies

3,329 3,016

150 Dutch West Indies.

15,923 7,687 7,663 Dutch Guiana..

4,222 4,927

763 Belgium..

16,578 17,654 7,524 England.

619,592 621,566 Scotland.

18,219 18,508 Ireland.

5,488 3,142 Gibraltar..

509
3,900

1,114 Malta.

1,097

694 British East Indies....

29,907 49,216

2,813 Cape of Good Hope...

1,223 2,501 Mauritius..

69,744

26,014

411,611 074,983

46.215 74,021

19,618

300

238

TONNAGE CLEARED FROM THE UNITED STATES.

A STATEMENT OF AMERICAN AND FOREIGN TONNAGE CLEARED FROM THE UNITED STATES YEAR ENDING JUNE SO, 1851.

No.

American

Crews.
No.
Tons.

Men. Boys.
602 120,887 4,616 11
2,386

67 7
477 104,114 4,315
1,154 279,863 13,149 505
109 19,838 929

26
99 22,534 1,316 161
3,592 1,588,313 61,024 2,588

869

78
310
2,848

36

53
4,206

9
173
148

Foreign.

Crews.
Tons. Men. Boys.
74,854 4,218 67

5,307 385 39
17,734 1,128 2
346,937 16,297 250

3,747 215

8,127 354
878,819 46,619 1,349
928

52
38,051 1,818 1
30,383 1,461

357

37

38

2
2

6

Total American and Foreign.

Crews.
No.
Tons.

Men. Boys.
1,471 195,741 8,834 78

82 7,693 452 46
787 121,848 5,443 2
4,002 626,800 29,446 755

145 23,585 1,144 26
152

30,661 1,670 161
7,798 2,467,132 107,643 3,937
9
928

52
630 140,174 5,816
457 105,789 4,476
9 1,859

174
315 65,347 2,733 8
275 42,388 1,918
398 140,508 5,387 56
157
69,709

2,188 81
102 29,303 1,161
232 121,265 4,009 165
967 421,566 14,665
255
30,586

1,542
492
52,357

4,063
9 2,308

91
12 2,337 107
1,330 430,170 385

1

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309

9
172
198
211
93
70
129
645
156
60
8

56
81

102,123
75,406

1,859
34,161
28,420
81,336
34,963
20,254
69,747
292,954
18,720
7,255
2,093

858
293,435

3,998
3,015

74
1,437
1,304
3,031
1,117

735
1,980
9,756

920
365
82
35
375

87

143

77
187
64
32
103
322

99
432

1

7
515

78

31,186
13,968
59,172
34,746

9,049
52,518
128,612
11,866
45,102

215
1,479
136,735

1,296

614
2,356
1,071

426
2,029
4,909

622
3,698

9
72
10

1

States.
Maine
New Hampshire
Vermont...
Massachusetts
Rhode Island.
Connecticut
New York..
New Jersey..
Pennsylvania
Maryland..
District of Columbia.
Virginia
North Carolina.
South Carolina.
Georgia
Florida..
Alabama
Louisiana..
Ohio
Michigan
Illinois
Texas
California

5
815

Total.

9,274 3,200,519 113,640

3,427 10,712 1,929,535 89,659 1,929 19,986 5,130,054 203,299 5,356 TONNAGE ENTFRED INTO THE UNITED STATES.

A STATEMENT OF AMERICAN AND FOREIGN TONNAGE ENTERED INTO EACH STATE AND TERRITORY FOR YEAR ENDING JUNE 30, 1851.

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A STATEMENT EXHIBITING A CONDENSED VIEW OF THE REGISTERED, ENROLLED, AND LI

CENSED TONNAGE OF THE SEVERAL DISTRICTS OF THE UNITED STATES, JUNE 30, 1851.

Districts.
Passamaquoddy
Machias...
Frenchman's Bay
Penobscot.
Belfast....
Bangor...
Waldoborough
Wiscasset
Bath..
Portland
Saco..
Kennebunk.
York
Portsmouth..
Burlington
Newburyport.
Ipswick..
Gloucester.
Salem ...
Beverly
Marblehead.
Boston....
Plymouth
Fall River.
New Bedford...
Barnstable..
Edgartown..
Nantucket.
Providence
Bristol.....
Newport
Middletown..
New London.
Stonington.
New Haven.
Fairfield..
Champlain...
Sackett's Harbor
Oswego...
Niagara..
Genesee
Oswegatchie..
Buffalo Creek..
Sag Harbor.
Greenport
New York.
Cape Vincent..
Cold Spring.
Perth Amboy..
Bridgetown..
Burlington.
Camden.
Newark
Little Egg Harbor..
Great Egg Harbor..
Philadelphia.
Presque Isle
Pittsburg..
Wilmington.
New Castle.

Enrolled

Total Registered. and licensed. tonnage. .Maine 13,680 86 11,668 47 25,349 38

2,884 03 19,992 85 22,876 88 2,041 94 32,857 87 34,899 86 6,173 52 34,635 68 40,809 25 11,909 01 32,926 21 44,835 22 11,130 72 16,440 87 27,571 64 46,258 90 57,334 56 103,593 51

6,782 90 12,935 31 19,718 26 78,130 12 25,665 27 103,795 91 69,857 28 27,714 42 97,571 70 1,165 58 1,660 30

2,825 88 8,366 36 2,838 08 11,204 44

1,263 66 New Hampshire

1,263 66 17,850 17 7,577 37 25,427 54 Vermont

3,932 31

3,932 81 .Massachusetts 18,766 11 7,940 69

26,706 80 492 55

492 55 1,825 61 21,610 45 23,436 11 21,190 22 9,308 14 30.498 36

3,948 78 3,948 78 860 68 3,490 78 4,351 51 296,657 51 46,278 53 342,936 09

2,989 56 7,733 40 10,723 10

2,030 60 10,040 00 12,070 50 122,530 90 8,878 51 131,409 46

8,035 46 64,961 93 72,997 44 5,907 61

2,171 53 8,079 19

23,533 19 3,169 52 26,752 71 .Rhode Island 8,183 25 7,369 30 15,552 55

10,229 39

1,948 24

12,177 63 5,784 78 4,535 36 10,320 19 .Connecticut

12,757 53 12,757 53 23,073 52 17,334 15 40,407 67 13,191 37 7,111 14

20,302 51 5,541 00 12,767 44 18,308 44

24,403 60 24,403 60 New York

4.207 70 4,207 70 7,105 93 7,105 93 26,323 21 26,323 21 605 94

605 94 686 01

686 01 1.985 34

1,985 34 43,603 13 43,603 13 8,672 52

4,135 43 12,808 00 3,088 18 4,302 88

7,391 11 504,309 27 436,884 47 931,193 74

2,496 19 2,496 19 2,505 90

102 17

2,608 12 214 44 22.551 45 22,765 89

14,835 07 14,855 07

6,797 05 6,797 05 15,663 41 15,663 41 5,773 33 5,773 33

6,639 26 6,639 26

163 36 16.258 43 16,421 79 Pennsylvania 69,425 42 153,003 48 222,428 90

8,210 35 8,210 35

53,734 34 53,734 34 Delaware

663 23 6,152 44 6,816 67 5,064 19

5,064 19

.New Jersey

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