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HOLYHEAD NEW HARBOR WORKS. Some idea of the vastness of the operations now being carried on may be gathered from the fact that nearly six million tons of material will be required to form the breakwater and sea-pier; and of this quantity about five-and-a-half million tons have been deposited to form the fore-shore of the breakwater; this latter will be six hundred feet in width at the base, ard the proper settlement of the material thus deposited is ascertained by the engineer-in-chief and his staff

. The fore-shore will extend twenty-six hundred feet to the seaward. The breakwater will inclose an area of three hundred and sixteen acres, three-quarters of a mile in length, in five-and-a-half fathoms of water, with a sea-pier two thousand feet in length, and the cost of the whole will be about seven hundred thousand pounds.

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The blood-stained Car of the Juggernaut, Then sing no more, as they sang of old,
Oe'r millions of necks hath rolled,

To the tones of the late and lyre,
And its priests have cried, 'Such a triumph as ours, But sound the praise of the Iron Age--
The world shall never behold!

of the age of Steam and Fire,
But wo! when this harnessed Dragon,

And sing to the glory of Science-
Comes vomiting smoke and fire,

Exult in the downfall of War-
For the Priests, with their Car and Idols,

And shout for the fiery Dragon,
Shall perish beneath his ire!

As he flies with the Railway Car

OPERATIONS OF THE RAILWAYS OF MASSACHUSETTS, 1851,

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COMPILED FOR THE MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE FROM THE ANNUAL REPORTS TO THE LEGIS

LATURE, BY DAVID M. BALFOUR. In the following tables, “ Interest," and “ Amount paid other Companies,” in tolls for passengers and freight, are not considered running expenses, and are, therefore, deducted from the total of expenses. And the amount paid other companies “in tolls,” &c., and the amount received for “ Interest,” are deducted from the total receipts. The returns from the Providence and Worcester, the Boston and Providence, the Norfolk County, the Stoughton Branch, the Nashua and Lowell, the Fitchburg, the Vermont and Massachusetts, the Harvard Branch, and the Newburyport Railways, exhibit the operations of those companies for eleven months, ending November 30th, 1851. In the returns from the New Bedford and Taunton, and the Cape Cod Branch Railways, the operations of the month of December, 1860, are included.

32

VOL. XVIII.-NO. IV.

LENGTH IN MILES
RECEIPT9

EXPENSES.
Double

Net of of traok From

Income main br'cb- and From merchandiae, From malle, Of Of motive Miscel.

per ct. roads. cs. sidings. Cost. Passengers. gravel, &c.

rents, de Total.

road bed.

power. laneous. Total Net income. on cost.
45 24 58 $4,862,748 $403,363 $318,933 $21,627 $743,923 $66,935 $75,694 $251,058 $393,687 $350,236 $7 20
156
62 9,953,759 603,207 714,363 36,324 1,353,894 122.719 107,020

368,017

597,756 756,138 7 60 43

13 1,820,065 117,043 82,123 3,724 202,890 15,777 10,179 61,003 86,959 115,931 6 37 46

6 1,309,564 85,208 62,443 6,141 153,792 10,217 11,644 55,100 76,961 76,831 5 87 14 1 305,410 16,087 11,863

1,405 29,355 2,807 1,238 10,263 14,308 15,047 4 93
50

1,801,592 111,861 76,579 11,455 199,895 21,194 23,145 57,846 102,185 97,710 5 42
18
443,678 17,132 19,482 900 37,514

4,499

1,646
21

9,867 16,012 21,502 4 85
600,000
42,000

560 41,440 7 00
448,700
3

31,409

31,409 7 00
41,516

1,763
41 12

1,773

21

21 23 3,469,599

4 20

1,742 236,730 133,422 11

7,245 1 1

377,397 42,452 21,966
307,136

113,297 177,715 199,682 5 76
42,843
1
20

27.941
1

2,187
510,263

72,971
9,102
9,171 27,697 45,970

8 79

27,001
68,217
26

33,553
1,213,452

10,223 111,993 11,771 12,667 34,184 58,622 53,371 10 46

26,792 4 1

16,921 93,433

1,458 45,171

5,860 5,877

17,085 22,945 22, 226 26

4,358 38 1,945,647

10,235

4,279
174,241 226,054

4,279 5,956 6 37
15
17 651,215

8,850 409,153 52,538 53,916 160,582
47,363

7 30
12

267,036 142,117
60,554
343,467

8,455

8,378 116,295 26,645

8,181 38,809 55,445

9 37 6,310 17

60,850 1 344,221

3,356 36,311 3,079 2,675 14,138

12,524 18,278 18,033 5 25 13 1 265,762

22,502

36,640

18,934 8,604 27,538 9,102 2 65
74 9 45
4,090,452 408,815
16,236

16,236 6 11
8

192,575 1 293,760 28,838

181.952 29,184 630,574 86,781 36,335

305,068
51

325,506 7 96
9,689
17
65 3,612,487

3,708 42,235
240,713

4,518 6,461
259,259

18,843
69

29,822 12,413
8 5 3,450,005 73,881 86,090

16,040 516,012 50,766 60,178 194,163 305,107
1

210,905 5 84
25,701

20,647 5,853

180,618 21,230 11,937 66,974 100,141 80,477 2 33
240,368

5,853
14

6,831
55
264,115
7,480

400 7,000 2 95
20 17
20
3,632,340

15,847
372,168

8,029 1 60,005

8,029

7,818 2 96 3

69,882 602, 136 15

15,311

502,055 35,296 29,777 130,326 195,399 306,656 8 44 200,009 37

39,960 4,879 27,560

761 33,200 6,760 1 12
3
203,599

7,112
100,507

3,635 6,177

1 74

3,477
129,390
11

310,283 37,284 23,487 153,891 214,662 95,621 4 17

7.530 5

5 79

7,488
28
133,393

15,318

91,095
633,677

15,318 3 58
7,834 232,322
18,533

32,218
732

27,259
72,636

9 55
56,737

132.113 100,209
7,554 4,430 19,014 30,998

25,739

4 06
803 595

6,586 7,181

Names of Railways.
Worcester..
Western
Providence and Worcester.
Worcester and Nashua....
Fitchburg and Worcester..
Connecticut River......
Pittsfield and North Adams.
Berkshiret
Stockbridge and Pittsfield I.
West Stockbridgel.
Providence
Taunton Branch
New Bedford....
Norfolk County
Sloughton Branchg.
Lowell..
Nashua.....
Lawrence
Salem and Lowell.
Stony Brook
Boston and Maine
South Reading Branch.
Fitchburg..
Vermont and Massachusetts,
Harvard Branchtt.
Lexington and West Cambridge ft.
Peterboro' and Shirley ...

24,649
8 16 2,293,535

427,689
1,050,000

36,472

919,397
1,044 106 284 852,595,288 $3,525,128 $2,650,465 9280,248 86,599,376 $652,666 $591,360 $2,083,411 $3,338,905 $3,260,671 av6 20

** Interest received (82,521) dedncted from receipts. • Including the Albany and W. Stockbridge Railway, # Operated by the Housatanic Railway Company.

tt Operated by the Filchburg Railway Company. (N. Y.) 38 1-4 miles, which is owned and operated Operated by the Berkshire Railway Company.

11 Operated by the Fitchburg Rallway Company.

Operated by the Providence Railway Conapany: + Operated by the loantonic Railway Company.

Operated by the Nashua, and Lowen Railway Co.

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Weight in tons Weight in ton

of passenger of freight Total No. of Total Total Net

Tons of Tons of trains (not trains (not By freight receipta expenses Income Passengers Passengers

tone (not

mrehndse mrendse including By passed- and gravel By other

per mile per mile per mile carried in carried

including carried in

including

carried passengers) Names of Railway

freight) ger traine,

Passengers) run. the cars.

one mile.

the cars. one mile. hauled I mile. hauled 1 mile. hauled 1 mile.
Worcester

285,546 166,902 14,075 466,523 $1 60 $0 85 $0 75 1,100,720 20,236,684 242,789 9,051,119 14,912,790 12,986,779 36,950,688
Western ...

270,926 459,323 44,360 774,609 1 75 0 77 0 98 479,905 22,582,614 250,766 23,304,050 20,342,960 42,160,500 85,807,510
Providence and Worcester
101,230 29,340 2,154 132,724 1 53

0 66 0 87 356,943 4,878,260 Worcester and Nashua.. 87,753 37,326 2,710 127,789

49,812 1,252,033 3,000,000 5,150,000 9,402,033 1 20 0 60

0 60

186,301 2,809,001 73,901 2111,960 2,470,964 3,033,111 7,616,035
Fitchburg and Worcester

32,142 0 91 0 44 0 47 52,548 542,921 17,371 226,833 295,688 365,264
Connecticut River
113,115 35,248 8,072 156,435

887,785
1 28 0 65 0 63 263,706 3,676,863
Pittsfield and North Adams.

64,215 1,557,408 4,450,280 2,889,830 8,897,518
16,826 6,482 2,104 25,412 1 48 0 63 0 85 36,538 576,812 19,454
Berksbire ......

301,055 485,000 1,256,800 2,042,855
48,134

56,128 866,976 20,855 344,102 269,568 344,102
Stockbridge and Pittsfied.

957,772
20,658 13,772 2,640 37,070

23,475 258,225 7,085 113,360 117,375- 106,987 West Stockbridge.

337,722 4,438 588 2,793 7,819

4,693 9,176 2,617 5,176 23,456

29,786 58,418
Providence

252,927 1 49 0 70
Taunton Branch

079 611,020 9,261,282 121,320 2,554,170 11,500,000 8,500,000 22,554,170
19,602 7,348 1,090 28,040 2 60 1 64 0 96 126,400 1,346,821 43,093 446,937 996,212
New Bedford
34,388 13,128 1,316

993,782 2,436,931
48,832 2 29 1 20 1 09 123,602 2,087,961 38,685 550,553 1,750,840 982,900 3,284,293
Norfolk County

63,374 0 71 0 36 0 35 58,802 1,245,975 22,367 551,531 464,329 864,927 1,880,787
Stoughton Branch
Lowell...

162,120 70,333 18,105 250,558 1 63 1 06 0 57 569,784 8,968,904 249,468 6,140,947 6,069,773 6,593,719 18,804,439
Nashua

35,432 26,486 2,725 64,643 1 80 0 86 0 94 223,888 2,686,656 128,136 1,537,632 1,264,832 1,386,472 4,188,936 Lawrence

32,125 1 13 0 57 0 56 88,288 1,066,926 17,640 160,368 411,190 234,750 806,308 Salem and Lowell

40,444 0910 68 0 23 31,260 423,453 25,538 539,053

198,617 Stony Brook

723,456 1,461,126 Boston and Maine .... 340,863 87,862 33,131 461,856 1 37

0 66

0 71 1,449,421 23,513,081 156,700 4,632,473 8,347,080 8,033,223 21,012,776
South Reading Branch.
38,545 6,520 3,240 48,305 0 87 0 62 0 25 180,585 1,369,544

23,508 * 199,583 535,400 129,376 864,359
Fitchburg

244,627 120,752 6,520 371,899 1 39 0 82 0 57 1,261,159 14,204,109 313,713 7,345,035 8,251,920 11,652,056 27,249,011
Vermont and Massachusetts.
78,721 40,776 8,475 127,972 1 41 078

0 63 138,381 2,504,593 93,863 1,761,944 305,760
Harvard Branch

655,200 2,722,904
Lexington and West Cambridge.
Peterboro' and Shirley*
Easternt .....

239,994 34,330 44,576 318,900 1 57 0 61 0 96 993,256 10,654,945 61,952 1,468,484 3,623,616 2,806,132 7,898,232
Essex..

41,816 5,497 3,160 50,473 0 79 0 66 0 13 90,726 764,495 17,667 317,562 541,630 553,473 1,412,665 Newburyportt.

10,206 0 70 0 36 34 15,445 119,550 1,622 14,061 114,278 8,246 136,585 Old Colony..

225,851 1 37 0 95 0 42 630,589 9,161,762
Dorchester and Milton .

88,342 1,352,910 3,888,179 1,996,350 7,237,439
South Shoreg..
Fall River....

86,767 52,864 868 140,499 1 65 0 94 071 285,756 5,735,415
Cape Cod Branch
34,806 18,003

74,999 2,079,599 3,335,012 3,858,288 9,272,899 52,809 1 07

0 58
0 49 71,539 1,363,179 32,868 285,372

800,000
Grand Junction,

400,000 1,485,372
Total.

2,760,888 1,424,209 203,067 4,398,370 avl 50 avo 76 avo 74 9,510,858 152,916,183 2,260,346 70,205,310 98,766,749 118,695,509 287,667,568 Operated by the Fitchburg Railway Company.

Operated to Bradford September 23, 1851. + Including Eastern (N. H.) Railways, 17 miles, which

Operated by Old Colony Railway Company. is operated by Eastern (Mass.) Railway.

$ operated by Old Colony Railway Company.

NUMBER OF MILES RUN

Total. trains, trains.

25,836 6,306

22,812 24,369 953

184,180 68,747

48,502 14,872

31,600 525

32,724 7,720

157,061 68,790

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To. cts, m. fr.

cts. m. fr.

On grease...

0

0

RATES OF TOLLS ON THE CANALS OF NEW YORK. The Canal Board of the State of New York, have adopted the following rates of toll for the season of 1852. TOLLS PER 1,000 POUNDS PER MILE IS CHANGED.

From. On butter, tallow, beer, cider, and vinegar..

0 4 0 0 3 0 On salted pork, bacon, lard, and lard.oil..

0 30 015

4 0 0 1 5 On bloom iron ("going towards tide-water," struck out,)... 0 3 0 0 2 0 On gas pipes and water pipes......

04 0 2 0 On pot and pearl ashes and window glass (“ manufactured in

this State," struck out,)...... On pig copper.....

0 4 0 0 2 0 On broken casting, scrap and pig iron...

0 3 0 0 2 0 On barilla and bleaching powders, (not enumerated heretofore,) .....

0 4 0 On stoves, ("cast" erased,) iron car wheels, ("and car axles

added,) bed plates for steam engines, plough castings, and all other iron castings except machines and parts thereof.

0 4 0 0 3 0 On stove pipe and furniture for stoves, not cast iron, (“ going from tide-water," struck out).

0 8 0 0 60 On timber, squared and round, if carried in rafts, if cleared

“ between the 15th of June and 15th of August," changed to “after the 1st of June, and arriving at tide-water before

the 15th of August.”.. On white pine, white wood, bass wood and cedar...

0 1 8 0 1 5 On boards, plank, scantling and sawed timber reduced to

inch measure, all kinds of red cedar, cedar posts, all siding, lath, or other sawed stuff less than one inch thick, car

ried in boats, per 1,000 feet per mile, when not weighed. 0 5 0 0 4 0 On ship knees....

0 2 0 0 1 0 On shingles carried in boats.

0 1 8 016 On cotton...

0 2 0

0 1 0 On rags and junk...

0 4 0 0 3 0 On manufactured tobacco, going towards tide-water.

0 4 0

0 1 0 On rye, peas, and beans....

0 4 0 8 0 On flour starting and going from tide-water..

0 3 0 0 1 0 On iron in sheets, steel, horseshoes, crockery, and glassware, and tin in sheets and boxes, going from tide-water......

0 5 0 0 4 0 On rosin, tar, pitch, turpentine, oil, manufactured tobacco, anchors, chain-cables and oakum, going from tide-water...

0 8 0 0 4 0 On all other merchandise..

0 8 0 0 4 0 On railroad iron..

02' 5 0 1 5 On railroad chairs (not enumerated before).. On all articles not enumerated or excepted, passing from tide-water..

0 8 0 0 4 0

0 1 5

THE PROPOSED HUDSON RIVER TUNNEL. A diagram and description of the proposed tunnel under the Hudson River at Albany, made by R. Higham, civil

engineer, has been published in the Albany Argus, The tunnel it appears is to commence at Quackenbush-street and descend southerly with an open cut as far as Columbia-street, with a grade of 150 feet to the mile. At the latter street it will enter the earth, and passing

under lands belonging to the Albany and Schenectady Railroad, will curve to the right and enter under the river near the foot of Steuben-street, the street on the south side of the Delayan

House. Thence it passes under the basin and river, crossing Green Island with

an open cut and emerging at the buildings of the Boston and Hudson River Railroads on the east side of the river. The tunnel is to be of brick, 27 inches thick; the form, two circles connected together by a range of cast iron pillars, extending through the centre of the tunnel, There is to be a double railway track, sidewalks, a chimney of 160 feet

on the pier for ventilation, a lateral tunnel opening on Broadway between Maiden Lane and Steu

ben streets, &c.: the whole work estimated to cost $517,720. It is to be built part of the way by means of cofler-dams, but under the channel of the river by dredging out a place and then sinking iron tubes, temporarily closed at the ends, within which the workman are to build the arch, the materials being passed down through perpendicular pipes. Then the connections of the tubes are to be made water tight, the ends removed, and the arches joined.

POSTAGE BY OCEAN STEAMERS.

F. W. Farrelly, Auditor of the Treasury for the Post-Office Department, has furnished the subjoined statement of the amount of postage on letters and papers received and sent by ocean steamers, during the year which ended 30th June, 1851, and also during the quarter ending on 30th September, 1851, forCunard line, for the year..

$536,037 61 quarter

132,890 17

66

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$1,131,776 87 The total amount of United States postages during the fifteen months comprised in this statement is, it will be seen, $1,131,776 87; or assuming the different quarters to have been equal, $905,421 48 and a fraction, for twelve months.

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