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dise into this port, in 1851, the amount of duties collected, &c., as follows, namely:Foreign merchandise imported into St. Louis in the year 1851, and entered here, the foreign value of which amounts to....

$757,509 00 Foreign merchandise entered at other ports in 1851, and now in trans

portation under bond for the payment of duties at St. Louis, the eniries being received, the foreigo value of which is....

107,902 00 Amount of duties on foreign merchandise collected in 1851...

239,318 68 Amount of duties un paid on foreign merchandise-on goods in store, 31st December, 1851

8,261 89 Amount of duties unpaid on foreign merchandise in transit from other ports, destined to this port......

32,679 20 Amount of duties paid and accruing on merchandise imported for this port in 1851.....

$280,259 77 of the above, exclusive of the said merchandise in transit, there was

imported from England, merchandise, the foreign value of which .. $406,113 From France......

38,404 From Germany and Holland.

23,239 From Spain and dependencies..

220,770 From Brazil....

68,989

Total foreign value .....

$757,509 The general description of merchandise imported, entered for consumption and warehoused in the year, and foreign value thereof, is as follows, namely :Sugar and molasses ..

$289,753 Brandy, wines, gin, cordials, &c $94,119 Hardware, &c. 133,401 Burr stones

2.959 Railroad iron. 100,211 Drugs and medicines

2,618 Earthenware.

98,786 Tin plates, tin, iron, copper, &c. 81,482 Total ...

$757,509 Dry goods and fancy goods.. 24,287 Hospital money collected at this port in 1851....

$2,941 03 Ditto expended in this port in 1851 for the relief of sick and disabled boatmen...

3,441 44 TABLE SHOWING THE QUANTITY OF LIQUORS, OILS, MOLASSES, ETC., INSPECTED DURING THE YEAR 1851, AS REPORTED BY THE INSPECTORS TO THE CITY REGISTER. Whisky. Molasses.

Oils.

Turpentine. Liq'rs. Vin'gr.
Bbls.
Bols. H'Ibbls. Bbls. Casks. Bols.

Pkgs.

Bols January

4,288
3,084 137 466

73 244
February
4,252 2,090 384 508

284

51

100 March.

6,921 4,406 924 303 60 110 509 26 April 6,683 4,543 748 461 19 83

32 May 6,760 5,715 625 608

82 142

60 June 2,887 3,174 346 473

133 July 3,775 4,052 726

306

84 119 231 August....

4,992 2,952 328 432 7 165 171 September.... 5,470 1,686 434

417

7 41 157 October ..... 5,621 854 28 781 5 November 5,416 3,267 502 659

3

16 27
December ..
4,017 1,899

301
425

39 213

94 95

18

62

52

[blocks in formation]

5,639 Whisky. 25,668 61,082

1,273 1,666
Molasses.
21,113
40,484

3310 5,904

Inspected in 1849..

...bbls. Inspected in 1851.

IMPORTS Into St. Louis DURING THE PAST YEAR. The following table comprises all the important and many of the minor articles of Merchandise, Groceries and Produce, received by the river during the past year, from all sources I has been compiled with great care to accuracy, and to merchants and others, it will be a source of ready reference, as to the extent of the trade to this port during the year:

162

Bacon ...

***.....tcs & casks

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Beeswax....

Articles.

January. February. March. April. May. June. July. Ale

bbls. 455 238 2,221 2,014 3,078 162 320 Apples, green.

323 631 2,907 722 Bacon....casks & hbds. 366 722 4,272 4,206 4,020 696 320 .boxes 260

1,068 42

67
12

18 Bacon .pieces 5,597

2,700 330 Bagging.

54 107

359

175 120 432 Bale rope.........coils 325 602

4,558 3,628 4,603 3,256 3,453 Barley and malt..sacks 3,405 7,140 5,242 1,080 8,454 4,393 1,134 Beans, w. and c....bbls. 65 64 120 265 198 251

10 Beans, w. and c... sacks 106 157 391

351 175 347 585 Beef

831 2,015 Beef. ...bbls. 20 726 1,001 178 197

14 Beeswax. ..pkgs. 48 10

81
56 40

84

5 .bbls. & bxs.

2
82
59
51
23

15 Butter..

.bbls. 312 170 318 156 77 197 259 Butter....kegs & firkins 246 264 492 218 498 604 679 Candles.

.bxs

120 220 759 541 303 250 104 Cheese.

.cks

3
2
99 71 40

3

33 Cheese.

.bxs 663 410 3,022 4,492 1,594 2,230 1,713 Cider.. .bbls. 45

17 221
64 186

8 Corn..

.bush. 119,662 165,544 222,199 337,011 313,477 169,731 159,889 Cotton yarn..

...bags 190 128 1,155 355 1,000 1,345 1,299 Coffee

5,384 7,094 12,422 9,513 7,007 5,989 9,581 Dried apples..sks & bbls. 982 2,116 9,017 4,114 1,119 135 281 Dried peaches :

484 310 821 927 204 232 197 Flaxseed... bbls. & sks. 54 868 826 407 135 187

65 Flour...

.bbls. 15,848 7,232 14,827 19,456 28,519 13,848 3,740 Feathers .bags 47 40 76 71

45
51

72 Hay..

.bales 1,308 790 2,482 2,970 3,720 1,789 1,851 Hemp..

27 1,078 4,796 9,461 12,142 12,064 6,350 Hides..

5,540 3,446 22,476 18,605 8,931 2,745 3,629 Iron.

·pig. to s. 921 395 1,132 744 825 461 770 Lard.

.tcs. 2,987 2,962 3,657 1,617 1,262 176 440 .bbls.

6,130 3,426 12,173 7,922 1,175 523 180 Lard.

. kegs

2,322 1,807 1,670 2,489 906 245 382

1,621 4,731 18,724 73,620 73,072 48,330 55,158 Leather. .pkgs & bxs 471 1,196 2,169 1,465 1,004 649

690 Molasses

.bbls. 3,843 2,661 4,166 5,038 5,482 4,952 3,875 Nails

. kegs 2,421 3,736 14,138 13,492 9,263 4,875 1,414 Oakum..

66
60 842

156
30 100

100 Oats..

...bush. 20,886 65,410 102,834 130,179 100,627 58,408 64,969 Oil, linseed .....bbls. 135 114 215 71

49 157

58 Oils, other kinds.

207 110 400 220 321 113 491 Onions....sks and bbls. 91 74 82 20 10

18 Pork.....casks and tcs. 3,010 1,982 4,740 1,957 387 358 99 Pork...

..bbls. 11,831 12,672 24,736 34,176 5,676 267 748 Pork, bulk.

.pcs. 38,918 272,553 321,045 107,343 24,128 450 Pork, pickled. .tons

108 Potatoes. ..sacks 610 322 3,818 14,413 10,988 5,402

1,924 Potatoes.. ..bbls. 459 473 600 2,500 259

16 57 Powder packages 5,625

7 1,624 64 2,751 900 tcs. & bbls. 380 320 404 499

27

34 294 Rye.

13 280 111 1,018 218 184 106 Salt..

..bhls. 560 957 125 2,574 13,146 8,377 759 Salt.. .sacks 12,941

810 6,919 10,483 16,350 27,500 8,704 Starch. ..bxs. 110 163 350

25 80

50 356 Soap

175 67

529
440 79 251

35 Sugar..

.hhds. 1,821 3,997 5,582 4,536 3,497 2,045 1,003 Sugar.

..bbls. 165 804 2,614 1,764 1,570 1,645 713 Sugar.

.boxes 864 118 995 1,322 2,452 4,105 1,115 Tallow....tes. and bbls. 17 137 176 209 53

32

74 Tar. ..bbls. 606 848 1,403 683 204 553

630

Lard...

Lead...

· pigs

.bales

Rice...

...bush.

Articles

January. February. March. April. May. June. July. Tar...

, kegs 639 1,352 1,246 711 478 346 300 Tobacco

..hhds. 27 39 218 672 1,356 2,037 1,768 Tobacco .bxs. 31 564 735

1,319 846

758

413 Tin plate.

296 1,320 849 525 265 849 705 Rope...tarred & Manilla 36 275 495 203 157 61

42 Vinegar.

bbls.

10
30

2
54 161

20

253 Wheat

.bush. 61,720 50,913 122,622 140,135 192,087 94,948 107,179 Whisky

.bbls. 2,529 3,592 5,920 4,879 4,960 3,520 2,324 Wool.

18
15
11

19 39 427 690

... bales

IMPORTS INTO ST. LOUIS-CONTINUED.

Bale rope ::

.....bbls.

Butter ...

Articles.

August. Septber. October. November, December. Total. Ale....

.bbls.

332
270

68 134 709 10,031 Apples, green.

1,015 611 2,120 5,417 397 14,305 Bacon

casks & bhds. 319 402 369 378 621 16,791 Bacon. .boxes 25

30 26 16 1,564 Bacon.. ..piec's

6,627 Bagging.

372 277 459 186 196 2,746 ..coils 4,366 2,399 3,709 2,536 793

34,083 Barley and malt.. ..sacks 1,654 11,859 23,087 50,857 3,669 101,674 Beans, w. and c.........bbls.

5

2 826 3,136 1,730 Beans, w. and c.........sacks

732
662 48 608 43

4,205 Beef.. tierces & casks

10

1,761 1,023 5,640 Beef.. .... bbls.

346 4,366 2,024 8,878 Beeswax

· packages
10 17

14
12

388 Beeswax.. .bbls. & boxes 16

29
23 28

5

333 Butter..

100

210 134 76 2,009 kegs & firkins 266 525 1,440 2,029 247 7,598 Candles.. ..boxes 193

30
165 69

2,763 Cheese..

..casks
2

43
25

321 Cheese..

.boxes 2,400 2,143 1,145 6,712 4,964 31,488 Cider. .bbls. 13

1
7
20

582 Corn ..

.bush. 144,206 68,322 62,120 45,866 42,782 1,840,909 Cotton yarn. ..bags 1,034 305

451 Coffee,

9,071 8,511 14,289

8,405

4,638 101,904 Dried apples....sacks & bbls. 142

14

68 987 700 18.648 Dried peaches.. 207 165 249 628 151

4,576 Flaxseed. .bbls. & sacks 218 523 640

784

139 4,064 Flour ...

..bbls. 16,653 19,158 22,543 21,390 8,678 193,892 Feathers .bags 106 190 123 139 40

1,000 Hay

bales 1,242 982 2,000 3,160 1,423 23,717 Hemp..

8,660 7,894 2,292 438 264 65,366

3,360 4,253 5,401 16,453 4,897 99,736 Iron. ·pig. to s. 888 360

304 7,145 Lard. .tierces 254 133

6

94 877 14,465 Lard..

.bbls. 768 1,581 726 1,538 1,601 37,743 ,kegs 643

94 30 2,766 1,096 14,450 Lead.

.pigs 63,711 57,070 41,681 58,264 7,589 503,571 Leather....packages & boxes 868 873 959 1,406

658

12,409 Molasses

.bbls. 2,494 1,020 1,730 2,473 2,497 40,251 Nails

...kegs 2,004 1,180 985 1,024 3,330 57,862 Oakum.

, bales.

5
33
98

1,490 Oats.

... bush. 43,070 64,376 60,717 77,027 15,938 794,421 Oil, linseed ...bbls. 156 124 171

60

1,513 Oils, other kinds. 88 195 113 45

20

2,328 Onions..

.sacks & bbls. 596 7,630 9,073 4,118 88 21,800 Pork. .casks & tcs. 116

13

448

2,238 15,293 Pork..

Hides...

345

Lard....

203

....bbls. 1,340 411 107 2,201 8,848 103,013 Pork, bulk.. ..pieces

2,047

2,335 768,819 Pork, pickled. 39

147 Potatoes. ..sacks 8,402 4,748 14,605 12,560

670 73,468 Potatoes ..bbls. 35 121 237 269

21 4,747

.tons

277

...bbls.

Articles.

August. Sept'ber. October. November. December. Total. Powder.. ...packag's 4 1,553 759 907

14,194 Rice, .tcs & bbls. 273 51

40 221

2,820 Rye. ... bush. 392 2,856 1,516

756

7,450 Salt...

1,692 8,899 824 2,373 5,964 46,250 Salt..

..sacks 17,689 23,254 8,704 11,287 12,292 216,933 Starch

boxes 214 184 185 225 288 2,233 Soap..

62 17

31

1,686 Sugar. hhds. 2,600 725 596

1,279
1,595

29,276 Sugar

..bbls. 2,570 1,849 4,037 964 1,959 20,854 Sugar.

..boxes 2,252 1,047 1,338 671 54 15,835 Tallow, tcs & bbls. 57 79

80 335

198 1,444 Tar..

...bbls. 1,260 185 345 185 100 6,899 Tar .kegs. 200 393

5,965 Tobacco

...hhds. 1,680 1,597 719. 150 108 10,371 Tobaco. 912 480 685 1,200 437

8,380 Tin plate....

53 386 803 547 507 7,105 Rope... tarred and Manilla 221 114 180 13

1,747 Vinegar. ...bbls. 109

651 Wheat..

... bush. 252,875 176,349 226,455 194,677 80,758 1,700,708 Whisky..

...bbls. 4,684 3,685 3,996 5,700 2,202 47,991
... bales
120 117

75

1,128

..boxes

13

Wool.....

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COMPARATIVE STATEMENT, SHOWING THE IMPORTS INTO ST. LOUIS OF EIGHTEEN OF THE

PRINCIPAL ARTICLES OF PRODUCE, PROVISIONS, GROCERIES, ETC., FOR THE PAST SIX YEARS, NAMELY, 1851, 1850, 1819, 1848, 1817, AND 1846--COMMENCING JANUARY 1st, AND ENDING DECEMBER 31st, OF EACH YEAR.

1851. 1850. 1819. 1818. 1847. 1846. Wheat ... bush. 1,700,708 1,792,074 1,792,535 2,191,789 2,432,377 1,838,926 Flour..

.bbls. 793,892 292,718 306,412 887,314 308,568 220,457 Corn.

...bush. 1,840,909 963,028 305,383 699,693 1,016,318 688,649 Oats

794,421 697,432 252,291 243,700 202,365 95,612 Barley and malt.. 101,674 69,488 46,263 55,502 57,380 10,150 Pork. ......cks & tcs. 15,298 2,969 Pork.. ..bxs & bbls. 103,013 101,762 13,862 97,642 43,692 48,981 Pork, bulk...

· pcs.

768,819 449,556 Pork, bulk.....

tons

147 Salt

..sacks 216,933 261,230 291,709 204,741 106,302 177,724 Salt. .bbls. 46,250 19,158 23,553 38,809

41,380 58,948 Hemp .. bales 65,266 60,862 46,290 47,270 72,222 33,853 Lead

.pigs 503,571 573,502 590,293 705,718 749,128 730,829 Tobacco .hhds. 10,371 9,055 9,879

9,014 11,015 8,588 Beef.

.tcs &cks. 5,640 2,586 10,687 9,569 5,735 Beef

.bbls. 8,872 6,019 12,336 7,806 4,720 1,716 Hides..

90,736 94,228 68,902 62,097 71,877 63,396 Whisky

.bbls. 47,991 25,959 29,085 29,758 22,239 29,882 Sugar..

.hbds. 29,276 25,796 26,501 26,116 12,671 11,603 Sugar .bbls. 20,854 5,034 )

11,929}

7,348 14,812 20,111 5,752 Sugar..

..boxes 15,833 Coffee ..

..sacks 101,904 3,673 67,353 78,842 77,767 65,128 Molasses

.bbls. 40,231 29,518 29,214 21,943 21,554 14,996 Lard.

14,465 61,535 58,279 67,339 32,021 26,462 Lard

37,743 17,925 15,801 6,579 2,150 Lard..

kegs 14,450 11,549 18,845 14,180 8,595 14,730 Bacon .cks & tcs. 16,701 30,035 16,280 29,423 14,425 11,803 Bacon

...boxes 1.564 1,320 3,245 6,622 1,289 1,648 Bacon. .... pieces 6,629 49,321

...tcs.

Art. 1.THE CURRENCY-GOLD AND SILTER.

as

it

by the

The tardiness with which great speculative truths often make their way in legislative bodies, would form a curious chapter in the annals of human knowledge. Is it that these bodies share in the ignorance of their constituents, or, from flattery or timidity, show it a respect they do not feel. Be this

may, the progress of truth is sometimes marvelously slow; and Error may

not seldom boast of its hundred victories on the battlefield of legislation, before Truth finally prevails. Adam Smith had demonstrated that the corn laws of England, instead of securing to the people a more certain supply of bread, made it scarcer and dearer, nearly three-fourths of a century before the British parliament profited by bis reasoning. It has been almost as long since Bentham conclusively proved that usury laws, (which,

way,

had the sanction of Adam Smith,) besides other objections to them, increased the very evil they were meant to cure. Beccaria bad shown, that severe punishments were less efficacious in repressing crime than mild ones, because they were more uncertain, some forty or fifty years before Pennsylvania had the honor of first testing his wise and humane system by a penitentiary; and, lastly, though Locke, as far back as 1691, had made it clear that a double standard of value is both absurd and inconvenient, it was more than a hundred years before the legislature of his country conformed to his theory. Very few States, have, however, yet followed her example most of them seeming to think that a single standard, which they aim at in all other measures, would be unsafe in a measure of value.

We have adopted this mistaken policy, and have found the inconvenience of it. At one time gold was rated too high by law; then it was rated too low, and now it is confessedly too high again; and in all those discrepancies between the legal and the market relative value of the precious metals, which no regulation can permanently prevent, the undervalued metal is sure to be drawn out of circulation, by being exported, hoarded, or melted up. This is the case at present with silver.

But the Secretary of the Treasury proposes to remedy the mischief by adopting the English monetary system, by making silver a legal tender for no sum exceeding ten dollars, after subjecting it to a heavy seignorage, and making gold the sole legal tender for all sums exceeding that amount. Without doubt this course would remedy the evil for the time. The country would be adequately supplied with silver coin, which would not be advantageously exported. The remedy, however, would be but temporary. The immense yield of gold from the mines of Siberia, of California, and of Australia, leave no doubt that gold will continue to depreciate, and thus, in no long time, the silver currency, notwithstanding its proposed adulteration, will be, as at present, worth more than its legal price in gold, in which case it will, as at present, be withdrawn from circulation. The legislature must then resort to the same expedient, of the further debasement of the silver coin--for if it is wise now it will be wise then-and continue to repeat the same legislative botching, as gold continues to grow cheaper, until they discover that they must do at last what they ought to have done at first.

But again : is this a time for imitating the English system in making gold the principal legal tender, when, in addition to the arguments used by Locke and others, in favor of silver as the sole standard of value, the recent unprecedented influx of gold, insuring its great depreciation, no longer

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