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By W. JILLARD HORT,
THE NEW PANTHEON," &c.
LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN,
UNIVERSAL experience testifies that man is a social creature. That his great and glorious Creator intended him to be such, is evident from his being furnished with mental powers and corporeal organs which fit him to live in a state of mutual intercourse.
By the combined operations of the larynx, the tongue, the palate, the teeth, and the lips, men are enabled to utter articulate sounds, or modulations of simple voice; by which they can convey to one another their respective ideas. This faculty is called speech. Convenience and necessity impelled men to go still farther, and to invent means of communicating their thoughts and desires mutually, not only, when present, by words; but even when absent, by marks presented to the eye. This invention is called, Writing.
It consists of two kinds of characters, hieroglyphical, or signs for things themselves : alphabetical, or signs for sounds, the combinations of which express those things.
The first attempts at writing were undoubtedly