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the writer, of a large and important educational institution, numbering 270 pupils, together with other professional engagements, will probably cause some imperfections to attach to the work ; but it is hoped that those for whose use it is specially designed will see in it, if no more, the one merit of making a step in a right direction, and of, at all events, seeking to aid the great cause of popular education.
GREENWICH, May, 1854.
PAGE INTRODUCTORY REMARKS
1 ON THE Noun....
ib. First Declension
2 Second Declension
ib. Third Declension
3 Fourth Declension....
ib. Fifth Declension
ib. Exercises on the Declension of Nouns
4 ON THE ADJECTIVE..
6 Declension of Adjectives
ib. Comparison of Adjectives..
7 Exercises on the Declension of Adjectives
8 ON THE PRONOUN
9 ON THE VERB
11 First Conjugation Second Conjugation
14 Third Conjugation .
16 Fourth Conjugation
19 Conjugation of Verbs Passive-First Conjugation.
24 Second Conjugation
26 Third Conjugation
28 Fourth Conjugation
30 Exercises on the Verbs..
32 Irregular Verbs..
35 Defective Verbs.
39 TAE ADVERB
41 THE PREPOSITION
42 THE CONJUNCTION
ib. THE INTERJECTION
ib. Definitions and Explanations of Terms used in the Latin Construction and Translation
43 LATIN CONSTRUCTION AND TRANSLATION
44 First Set of Rules thereon
ib. Sentences illustrative thereof
ib. Questions on the Analysis of the foregoing Sentences
Third Set of Rules ...,
Sentences illustrative thereof
DICTIONARY OF WORDS..
1. All the words of the Latin language are subdivided, for the sake of convenience, into eight heads, called classes of words, or parts of speech.
2. These are—noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction, interjection.
3. Of these the four first admit of inflexion; the adverb, in some instances, admits of comparison ; and the three last named are not modified in any form whatever.
4. The inflexion of a word is the change, generally of termination, it undergoes in order to the expression of a difference of idea.
5. This change, when the noun, pronoun, or adjective is referred to, is usually called declension; when the verb, conjugation. On the Noun, i.e. the name for any being or thing which
may serve as the subject of discourse. 6. To nouns belong gender, number, person, and case.
7. The genders of nouns are three-masculine, feminine, and neuter.
8. Some nouns, the names of animals, which may be masculine or feminine, are called common, as parens, a parent.
Note.—The doubtful gender has no existence in reality, and only means that a particular word is treated by one writer as masculine, by another as feminine.
9. The number of nouns is twofold, singular and plural; the former is used when one object is denoted, the latter when two or
10. The persons of nouns are three-first, second, and third. A noun standing for the speaker is said to be of the first, and for the
person spoken to, of the second person ; all other nouns, however used, are said to belong to the third person.
11. The case of a noun, pronoun, or adjective is the form it takes in its declension.
12. There are six cases in the Latin language-nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, vocative, and ablative.
Note.—The participle is sometimes regarded as a distinct class of words, but, practically considered as to its functions and declension, belongs to the class adjective.
13. The nouns of the Latin language, as regards their declension, are subdivided into five classes, distinguished by the termination of their genitive singular.
FIRST DECLENSION. The genitive singular ends in @.
mensis Acc. mensam
mensis. Note 1. The nouns of this declension, with few exceptions, are of the feminine gender.
Note 2. Filia, nata, anima, socia, serva, and asina make the dative and ablative plural to end in is or abus; and dea, mula, equa, and liberta terminate in these cases in abus only.
magistris. Note 1. When the nominative singular of this declension ends in us, the vocative will end e: as, nominative, dominus ; vocative, domine. Deus, however, makes deus in the vocative.
Note 2. Proper names, that is, the names of particular individuals, ending in ius, form the vocative by omitting the us : as, Virgilius; vocative, Virgili. Filius and genius follow this rule in the formation of their vocative.