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The Religious Tendencies of the Times. By tive capacity that the Holy Ghost is especi

JAMES Grant. Mackintosh. (Concluded ally present, and that He as infallibly confrom page 166.)

ducts them to right conclusions in relation Mr.Grant has five chapters on the heresies to matters under their consideration, as he of the Plymouth Brethren, in which he not conducted the church at Jerusalem to only discloses their doctrinal views but right conclusions (see Acts xv. 28). This brings under notice their origin, divisions, principle they apply to all their assemblies policy, numbers, principal persons, manners, for important business, no matter how reand spirit towards other denominations, criminatory or aspersive those assemblies and towards one another in their different have been. In the early part of the presections, particularly the Darbyites, so sent year (March, 1869), one of the most called after Mr. Darby, who joined Mr. extraordinary scenes of religious discord Newton in 1832 or 1833, but who after- ever witnessed occurred in the Freemasons' wards separated from him, as he had pre- Hall, when between four and five hundred viously done from the Church of England, “Brethren were invited from all parts of being “ bent on ruling," "avd placed in a the country to hold a conference, in order minority.”

that the Holy Ghost might direct them as It has been supposed that Mr. Darby to what they should say and what they was the inventor of this new sect; but the should do when assembled. The conference principle of union on which brethrenism is lasted three days, and to say the conduct based originated with Mr. A. N. Groves, an of these brethren, and more particularly of earnest-minded young man, then living at the Darbyite party, was neither gentleExeter and intending to enter the ministry manly nor Christian, would give no correct as a clergyman of the Establishment. But view of the case. They had not met more though Mr. Darby did not originate the than an hour or so before they began comprinciple, or bond of union, laid down as bating each other with a fierceness of the distinguishing characteristic of the language and demeanour scarcely credible. new party, he introduced that party to the Scenes of indescribable uproar, lasting four public by the designation of “Brethren,' or five hours, occurred on each successive as a fitly descriptive term to represent those day. A lady who witnessed the uproar who had left other denominations and said she could have "wept tears of blood;" joined their gatherings on the ground of and a gentleman of education and social knowing only one Master, and being all position said, “ It was enough to have made “ brethren" in Him. As Plymouth was even angels weep.” But the saddest of all the first place in which a church was is the fact, that these deplorable scenes are formed on the principles of Brethrenism, in substance ascribed by the Darbyites, if the name of the town was soon used as a not by the other sects, to the Holy Ghost, prefix to the word “Brethren,” and hence who was supposed to be present in the fixed phrase of “Plymouth Brethren." his special guidance! It is a fundamental Their meetings for worship they call principle with the Darbyites, that where

gatherings,” as being more scriptural you acknowledge the existence of an than “assemblies,” meetings," or "assembly," you must accept its action as gregations ?" Opposed to the pastoral that of the Holy Ghost. office, which they derisively term the“ Space will not permit us to bring before

system, they believe that their our readers the "heresies ” of the Plymouth meetings are under the direction of the Brethren, the Darbyites, respecting the Holy Spirit, and that, in so far as public person, sufferings, and obedience of Christ, teaching is concerned, every one who which comprise errors more fearful than believes that he possesses gifts suited to we had imagined. The zeal with which edify the church, and whom the church the brethren seek to make proselytes, the regards as an acceptable teacher, is at liberty manner in which they“creep into houses,” to speak. But neither pastors nor deacons, the means they employ to effect their purfind office within the sects of the "Brethren,' pose, and the social unhappiness they often who profess unfeigned faith in the presence cause, together with the temper and spirit of the Holy Ghost to guide and to minister | they manifest towards one another in their in the assembling of the saints. But it is different sections, and towards other deonly when the church meets in its collec- nominations, are somewhat graphically





described by this courageous author. sands of formerly happy homes have been Speaking of them, he says, “Plymouth made the reverse by the simple fact of Brethren have no feeling wherever their Brethrenism being brought into the do. principles are concerned. I know, indeed, mestic circle by some influential member of of no sect or denomination so utterly the household !” Thus writes the author devoid of kindness of heart. It is the of “the second and concluding volume of most selfish religious system with which I the Religious Tendencies of the Times,” am acquainted. It is entirely wrapped up and we should like to know in what way in itself.” Again,“ The Plymouth Brethren the Brethren mean to deal with these are as intolerant as Popery itself. They crushing charges, alleged without hesitawill have no communion with any but those tion against them. Do they mean to rebut, who belong to their own body. They in. explain, or modify them? Or will they let terdict their own members from even judgment go by default? As the Brethren entering the Church of England ;” and the now stand before the public, they must cease Darbyite party, from communion with even to be regarded as a loving, spiritual, unother sections of the Brethren. “I say,” selfish, humble-minded people, walking writes Mr. Grant, "that no tongue can tell not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.' what an amount of domestic unhappiness Churches and Christian families will view bas been caused by the circumstance of them with coldness, suspicion, and dissome leading members of a family adopting trust, and their existence will be viewed in Darbyite opinions, when the other mem. the light of a religious scandal or a social bers of the family are opposed to those misfortune. opinions. Darbyism, as a rule, changes one's own character, as regards the social The Reverence due to the Son of God. By relations of life. The party is no longer, G. PHILLIPS, of Evenjobb, Radnor. as regards what is called amiability of manners,

the same as before.” “It is a This is a sermon which the author de. curious fact,” says the author of these livered to his congregation, at strictures, “that a generous, open, agreeable Midway-place Chapel, Rotherhithe, to neighDarbyite is very rarely to be met with. bouring congregations, and to the Baptist Plymouth Brethrenism changes the most Missionary Society in London.

It has, kind, courteous, and winning manners into moreover, been printed by the express the opposite—even where the family pre- desire of several of the author's friends, viously lived in perfect Christian harmony and may therefore be supposed to possess and happiness.” Illustrative of these re- more than ordinary merit; and certainly marks, three examples are adduced. One | if an exhibition of free-will principles to is the case of an amiable Christian lady the exclusion of sovereign grace, particular becoming a convert to Darbyism, which redemption, and the official work of the led her to refuse all connection with family Holy Spirit be characteristic of extraworship, nor would she longer kneel with ordinary merit, it would be idle to say her husband in private worship, -a practice neither the sermon nor the author can she had always observed from the day of claim more than ordinary merit; for a her marriage till the evil hour when she more Arminian sermon we never read. If “ fell into the hands of a Plymouth sister." this sermon fairly represents the religious Another “ Plymouth sister,” whose family principles of the author, of the neighbourhas no sympathy with her views, express- ing congregations, and of the London ively dissents from every act of family Missionary Society, so much the worse for worship, and turns away her face when a them all. They must be General Baptists, blessing on the family meal is sought; not Particular : baptized Arminians, and while « a mother and daughter," having nothing else. The sermon, however, has adopted different views on Brethrenism, one recommendation : it is consistent with refuse to sit together at the same table of itself. One cannot say, it is neither Whitby the Lord ! ! “Nor are these cases rare. nor Gill; nor Whitby and Gill rolled into They are of every day occurrence. Thou. one compound mass. It is “Whitby entire."


WHY WAS CHRIST A MAN OF SORROWS ?—Why was the “Bread of life" hungry, but that he might feed the hungry with the bread of life? Why was Rest” itself weary, but to give the weary rest ? Why was the “Prince of peace" in trouble, but that the troubled might have peace !--Noue but the Image of God could restore us to God's image. None but the Prince of peace could bring the God of peace and the peace of God to poor sinners.



went to hear Mr. A. preach, whose earnest THE Eighth Annual Meeting of this prayer on the occasion was blessed by God Mission was held on Tuesday evening, to his conversion. On May 30th, also, July 6th, at Zion Chapel, Wilderness-row, Mr. A. had the additional pleasure of Clerkenwell. Mr. Hewlett, the pastor of baptizing three more, making seven in all. the church, occupied the chair. After One of these candidates had been a Pres. singing and prayer, the Chairman excused byterian for many years, and a lay himself from making a speech on account preacher; another an Episcopalian, but & of ill health and domestic affliction. He regular attendant on the Wesleyans; the said, however, that he had felt a warm third a young printer, whose father and interest in the missionary cause for more brother are Baptists. than forty years, and had on one occasion The friends at Colombo have formed an been deeply disappointed io not being per- Auxiliary to the Mission, and have raised mitted himself to go out and carry the £26 14s. 9d. during the year. gospel to heathen lands. With reference In connection with each of these stations to this Society the special feature of day and Sunday schools have been estab. which is direct communication on the lished. Those at Madras are carried on part of those who subscribe with the by the missionaries themselves; that at missionaries they support, dispensing with Colombo is under the care of Mr. Fernando. the expensive machinery of large organiza- The children receive scriptural and general tions, the Chairman expressed his entire education, both in English and their approval. He had formerly been a member vernacular languages. Boxes of useful of Mr. Bulteel's church at Oxford, where articles, school requisites, &c., have been a dentist gave up a practice of £800 a- forwarded for their use, through the kiud year, to go out as a missionary, and the liberality of some of the Sunday-schools church at Oxford collected what they supporting the Mission. could and sent it to him direct, on the ** In our last report we spoke of prossame principle as that on which this pective liabilities as well as present engageMission was based.

ments, by which our balance in hand would One of the Secretaries then read the be considerably diminished. Our friends Report, from which it appeared that the will see that our anticipations have been Mission had supported four native agents,- verified. With three missionaries to suptwo at Madras, and two in Ceylon: one of port, and three mission schools to keep up, the latter, however, had recently resigned. and the rent of rooms at the Mission

MADRAS.--Mr. Thomas, of St. Thomas's stations, our liabilities are in advance Mount, had been laid aside by indisposition of our present income. It is, however, but was now again actively engaged in the with great satisfaction that we are able to four departments of his work, viz., preach state that none of the funds entrusted to ing, tract distribution, house to house visit

are expended in salaries or ation, and school teaching, amidst the mission-house rent at home. All work for various encouragements and discourage the Mission is done GRATUITOUSLY, and we ments usually incidental to missionary feel persuaded that in no other instance is labour.

a mission to the heathen carried on in so Mr. Coopoosawmy Row, recently station economical a manner in proportion to the ed at Perambore, has received pleasing number of agents employed.” indications of usefulness. He has four en- The balance sheet was then presented by quirers of whom he entertains good hopes. Mr. Cooper, the Treasurer. The receipts

At CEYLON, Mr. Andriesz was publicly (including a balance of £133 9s. 4£d. at last ordained on February 2nd last, and on audit) amounted to £287 148. 9d. The February 7th he had the pleasure of total expenditure during the year had been baptizing the first-fruits of his labours,— £179 (s. 2d. ; so that the balance in hand a young man, a tailor by trade, and a was £108 14s. 7d. young lady. On the 25th of April he was Mr. S. MILNER (president of the Society), again favoured to administer the solemn in the absence of Mr. Wilkins, of Soho, ordinance to two candidates, one of whom, through family bereavement, then moved a widow, had been for many years a that the Report be adopted, printed, and Wesleyan; the other, a jailor in the princi. circulated. Mr. M. said, that previously to pal gaol of Colombo, had been a direct foe the existence of this institution, he had to Mr. A., until, prompted by curiosity, he not been much connected with missionary

our care

movements, -not because he had no sym. After votes of thanks to the Secretaries, pathy with them, for he thought nothing and to the Chairman, the meeting was could be plainer than the Divine commis- closed with the doxology and benediction. sion, “Go ye into all the world, and preach We are glad to observe that this Mission the gospel to every creature ;" but partly shows pleasing signs of progress and prosbecause he was not altogether with the perity. It is supported by an increasing Baptist Foreign Mission in sentiment, and number of churches and Sunday-schools, partly because he strongly disapproved of both in London and the country, and rethe great home expenditure of that institu- quires only to be better known to be more tion. Mr. M. expressed his entire concur- largely supported. Copies of the Annual rence in the views of Dr. Stock, as reported Report, of which the above is an abstract, in a letter written by him, and inserted in may be bad upon application to Mr. G. the Gospel Herald for the present month. Pearson, Dartmouth Villa, York-road, As regarded missionary work itself, be held Upper Holloway; or to Mr. Josiah Briscoe, that sin, the soul, and salvation, being the 17, Arlington-square, Islington, London, N. same all the world over, the gospel was adapted to every pation under heaven. He cordially moved the adoption of the Report. ZION CHAPEL, NEW CROSS ROAD, This motion was briefly seconded by

DEPTFORD. Mr. P. W. WILLIAMSON, of Notting-hill. Mr. J. HAZELTON, of Chadwell-street, then minds of the people at Deptford of the

If anything were wanting to satisfy the made a few remarks, by request, from appropriateness of the step they took in Matt. xxviii. 18—20. He pointed out (1) welcoming their former pastor into their The supremacy of Christ. The world is midst, it has been abundantly presented to mine, go ye into it. (2) The universality them in the tide of prosperity which is now of his interest : I have a people to save in fairly set in at Zion. For the second time all nations. (3) The unity of his kingdom: since Mr. Anderson's return the baptismal Teaching all nations the same things. pool was open on Lord's-day, June 27th, (4) The perpetuity of his authority: Con. when nine persons (four men and five tinue in the same course to the end of the women) were immersed, who had in a most world. (5) The necessity for a public enthusiastic manner professed their belief avowal of discipleship:“baptizing them,"&c. in our Lord Jesus Christ, – love to his (6) The promise to be expected in the use people and to the ordinances of his house. of scriptural instrumentalities : "Lo, I am on that evening the chapel was more than with you.” To which the Saviour had added usually crowded with attentive and devout his own “Amen."

listeners. The service was commenced by Mr. J. T. BRISCOE, of Lever-street, then singing the hymnspoke from the words contained in Matt. xxiv. 14: “This gospel of the kingdom

“Jesus, and shall it ever be." shall be preached in all the world for a Then Mr. A. read part of Acts ii., making witness to all nations." He observed that God had a witness in Nature, a witness in a few pertinent comments adapted to the man's Conscience, and a witness in the Law; picture the desolation of the convinced

occasion. It was not easy, he said, to but the Gospel was to be preached for a

sinner without the witness in order that God might be more

hope" which the fully made known than either of the Scriptures afford. That even with the former, and particularly to bear witness of Bible we are not unfrequently like storm. his character as a Saviour in all nations. tossed mariners at sea without compass or The law bore witness that he was a just rudder to guide. This office

the Spirit of God, but the gospel that he was a just God God performed, for he leads to the fair and a Saviour; the former revealed more

light of truth, which alone can direct us,

whenof his justice than his mercy, but the latter the harmony of both. It was a witness to

“ Tossed on life's tempestuous shoals,

Where storms arise and ocean rolls, man, for and against him,- for him when

And all is drear." its truths were received into his heart by the faith that is the operation of God; The 39th verse of that chapter had been against bim if hardened and impenitent. construed to sanction infant baptism, but He beld that the gospel must succeed: its it would not hold water as would be seen success was secured alike by the purpose if we took the whole verse in connection and promise of God, and finally, when the with the 25th verse of the chapter followkingdoms of this world should become the ing, and Joel ii. 28. These were added to kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ, the church after they had believed, and Jesus would be crowned Lord of all. after baptism, and they continued in the


Apostles' doctrine, -not the doctrine of, to be God's order of things for all the that synod or this church, but apostolic complimentary phrases of a society that is doctrine, which doctrine alone it was their ashamed of it, and that because we are ensincere desire to follow in observing that couraged by the approval of our conscience ordinance. After singing the hymn and the hope of the reward which the

Master will give to all them that obey him. “How glorious is the watery way,”

The consequences of that conduct are reMr. A. announcing for his text, Mark vealed : "Of him also shall the Son of viii. 38, said, As Christ in the days of his Man be ashamed,” when he cometh in the flesh was accustomed to call his disciples glory of his Father with the holy angels around him with a multitude of people to in flaming fire taking vengeance on them speak to them words of instruction and con- that know not God.” When the angel solation, so there at that time were Christ's shall stand with one foot on the sea and disciples gathered together, and likewise a another on the earth, commissioned from multitude of people. And were they not above to swear by him that liveth, that there in obedience to his summons ? And time shall be no more. When the elements was not Jesus himself there present? Yes, shall melt with fervent heat, and all things as surely as that he was once present with be dissolved, and this conduct of Christ his followers in the flesh, so certainly was

will not be a mere retaliation, but will he there in the pulpit, and there amidst follow as a natural consequence upon all the people, and these were his words to all, who are ashamed to confess him before not the preacher's words, but the message

men who, like the Jews of old, repudiated of Christ himself, “Whosoever therefore his doctrine, and shall be ashamed of me and of my words,

“Seized fast the hand held out to set them free, in this adulterous and sinful generation, of

From a worse yoke, and nailed it to a tree." him also shall the Son of Man be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father There is also a contrast implied, --That with the holy angels.” There was the there were some who were not ashamed of conduet supposed. Of whom is it some him; they had been humbled at his feet, are ashamed? Of Christ. But, obviously, they had been taught his value-to them not of Christ himself, his character, or he was precious; and therefore, upon the reputation, but of his doctrine. All at occasion of some departing from him, and tempts to make the truth of God palatable that Divine voice asking in plaintive acto fallen and depraved man had failed. If cents, “Will ye also go away ?” they re. Christ had not so forcibly depicted and so sponded, “Lord, to whom shall we go? thou truly showed to man his lost condition he hast the words of eternal life.” They saw would not have so much incurred the ire in him whom others rejected all that could of his contemporaries, but he outraged the save and bless, and were thankful that it finely strung and too polite sensibilities of was given them not only to believe on him, the self-righteous pharisees by truths that but to suffer shame for his sake. were much “ too rough to suit ears long And lastly, the subject had hitherto been accustomed to the pleasing lute.” He told considered as applicable to the general con. the men of his day and now tells us that duct of Christians; but might not the text we must renounce our own righteousness, be repeated with special reference to the and be brought into that state of mind como service in which they were about to engage, pletely to submit to receive the justifying and to those who were that day come forrighteousness of another. He pointed out ward to testify of their love to Christ' and the way to bappiness and heaven, and put obedience to his commands ? They were down every pretension that would at- not ashamed of him or his words, and of tempt to attain it in any other way. It them he would not be ashamed when he must be the one way. It might be a comes in the glory of his Father, with the thousand ways, but the end would not be holy angels. what they vainly hoped. But they des

RUFUS. pised the only way. They were ashamed of his doctrine and of his followers, and it P. S.-On the following Lord’s-day, Mr. we are like them and him we shall be Anderson received the above nine persons despised. And hence the gospel is a touch and six others into the fellowship of the stone-a kind of test,-if one professes it church at the Lord's-table, and in his ad. he is most likely to be despised; and thus dress mentioned the interesting fact, that it is that so few embrace it so beartily. amongst the fifteen new members we had But although what we practice and preach three husbands with their wives, a sister of of gospel truth gives offence, yet we dare one of these, also the husband of a member not renounce or lay aside what we believe and a mother and daughter and daughter

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