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the number of inhabitants such a country as Canada possesses, the greater will be the amount of its productions, and the better market will it be for the manufactures of the mother country. The more industrious and enterprising the people are, the better; because over and above their own wants, a large surplus produce will be found for exportation, raising thereby a fund to pay for manufactures imported. It is this which will make Canada of consequence to Britain; and the most expeditious method of bringing about such an end would naturally be adopted, were there no political considerations to be attended to; but Britain, in order to increase the productions of Canada, and open a larger market for her manufactures, must not adopt means which would have a tendency to deprive her of the country altogether.

Canada is a desirable country for emigrants, particularly the south-west parts of it, where the climate is moderate, as is the case in Upper Canada. In fact, population increases fast both in Upper and Lower Canada, as you may well be convinced of, since, in the course of little fejoice to get possession of Canada: h& Wants colonies and commerce. It is thought that a few thousand French trOops, could they find thtir way into Canada, would be well received by the Canadians, and -would very soon possess themselves of the country: at least, they would unhinge our government, and confine our power to Quebec. In this point of view the Canadians are as dangerous as the Yankees.

I should suppose we need not be under any apprehensions from either. Let the Canadian endeavour to eradicate from his mind any remaining partiality for France; for surely no nation has so Completely vilified itself. Well may the descendents of old France say, "You are a reproach amongst the nations—we know you no more!" The Canadian ought to fraternize with those around him: he ought to be thankful for the blessings he enjoys under the auspices of Great Britain—a nation which rears its head amongst the nations of the earth; because honor, energy, and good faith, are in her councils;—virtue, integrity, and industry, amongst her people.

The policy of the mother country, in regard to the management of colonies, is complex. The principal object is to preserve their allegiance and dependence, and have such command of their resources, as to be able to bring them forward at any time, when the mother country may have -occasion for them. Every thing will naturally be done by the mother country to increase those resources, and promote the general prosperity of the colony, so long as the primary objects are not endangered.— Were there any risk of that sort, I should have no hesitation in adopting a line of conduct calculated to preserve these primary objects in full force, though the growth of the colony might thereby be checked.

It has been said, that we have lost nothing by the United States becoming independent, because they take our manufactures to a greater amount than they did before they became independent. Suppose they do, the conclusion does not follow as a matter of course. I am inclined to think, that our losing the sovereignty of the United States has been a very great

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misfortune. It probably would have been better for Britain to have preserved America in due allegiance, and to have had the command of her resources, and of her market, though her population, instead of six millions, had only reached to four, and that our exports had not been half of what they have been for some 'years past. Better half a loaf than no bread.—We should not have been annoj'ed by non-importation acts and embargoes,commercial interferences, disputed treaties, &c.—Let us look well to our remaining North American colonies, lest the same thing should befal us.

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APPENDIX.

No. I.

Duties payable in Canada, on Importation, under several Acts of the British Parliament.

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Ditto, from Colonies in America

Brandy, or other foreign spirits, imported from Britain

Rum, orspirit, the produce of Colonies in America, not under

■ the dominion of his Majesty, imported from any other place than Great Britain

Molasses, in British bottoms ■ D.tto, in any other

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