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thereof-the long continuance of winter may re-
tard the improvement of Canada, but not pre-
vent it-comparison between Russia and Canada
-and between the Neva and the St. Lawrence-
effect of winter on the habits of the people 312

inter

LETTER XXII.

The constitution of Canada—the legislative council

-the house of assembly-observations on the pro-
priety of having given to Canada a representative
form of government-complaints of the Canadians

:-unfounded-civil list of Canada--disposition of

the mass of the people - - - 322

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LETTER XXIV.

Canadian tenuresen fief- en roture-the seigneu-

ries-grants or concessions of land townships

held in free and common soccagem grantees bound

to have a certain number of settlers on their lands

in a given time—the boundaries of Canada--ex-

tract from the definitive treaty of peace with Ame-

rica-situation of the river St. Croix-Bay of Pas-

Page

samaquoddy-sovereignty of the islands therein
disputed — river Ponobscot - route from Nova
Scotia to Quebec-in the grants of townships the
crown makes certain reserves-roads leading from
Canada to the United States-numbers of Ame-
ricans settled on the townships-reflections there-
on-policy of the mother country in her manage-

ment of colonies - - - -

No.

Page

1. DUTIES payable in Canada on goods im-

ported - - - - - 371

II. Allowances at the Custom-house - - 373

III. Post-office regulations

374

IV. Roads and distances in Canada - .

V. List of governors of Canada

- 377

VI. List of the counties—number of representa-

tives—and of parishes - - - 378

VII. Account of provisions and lumber imported

into the West Indies in the years 1804, 1805,

and 1806.

VIII. Account of the value of exports from Eng-

land to America and the West Indies, exclusive

of the United States, in 1806, 1807, and 1808 379

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At Sea, May, 1806. I PROMISED to write you, my worthy friend, on my arrival in Canada ; I will do more; I will write you before I get there. You may perhaps say, What can be found worthy of notice on the face of the trackless ocean? Not so much, I grant you, as in the cultivated vale, or crowded city. But on the ocean even, we meet with occurrences which highly excite our curiosity, and merit our attention. Our approach to the American shore ; our crossing the Gulf of St. Lawrence; our progress up that noble river; cannot fail to furnish objects well deserving remark.

The promise I have made you, to communicate whatever is new and interesting, will act as a stimulus to observation, and keep my attention on the alert. Canada is a most important country to Great Britain. It claims our attention from its geographical position relative to the United States ; from its extent of territory ; from its numerous productions; and from its rising value as a British colony. Few subjects are likely to be more interesting than the topographical description of a country so little known to us, presenting every where features peculiar and striking, and phenomena well deserving the attention of any one the least acquainted with natural history. It is very interesting also to trace the character of a people up to its origin, in the nature of the government and laws; the state of the administration of justice; and the peculiarities of their local situation, and of their climate; from all which, nations receive a bias in their manners, customs, and pursuits. It shall be my endeavour, during my residence in Canada, to elucidate these

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