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.Britain and Ireland, and the Government i namely, the 0,1th of allegiance required j the mode of appointing bishops to vacant sees; and the revision of rescripts, &c. front Rome. With respect to the first, the Pope grants permission to take one of'three forms of oath annexed, each of which solemnly engages the juror to obedience and fidelity to the King, to the disclosure of any plot against the .Government, and to abstaining from any attempt to disturb the public tranquillity. As to the second, his Holiness, besides an earnest exhortation to all who have been accustomed to nominate bishops, that they should be extremely careful to admit none into the number of candidates who are not of approved fidelity to the King, does not hesitate to permit that the list of candidates be exhibited to the King's ministers, that if any of them be disliked or suspected, they may be expunged, provided a sufficient number be left for the Pope to choose from. With regard to the point of revising, sanctioning, or rejecting rescripts from Rome, it is affirmed to be inadmissible, even as a matter of discussion; for although that power has been claimed and ■exercised by some Catholic Sovereigns, " it is an abuse which the Holy. See, to prevent greater evils, is forced to endure, but can by no means sanction." Some explanations and assurances are however given in another form, which, it is hoped, will be deemed satisfactory by the British Government.
In the result it appeared that «ven the Pope's allowance of a kind 0/ veto respecting the no
mination of bishops, could not reconcile the Irish Catholics to that measure. An address to the Prince Regent was drawn up by the Catholic Prelates of Ireland, and transmitted through the medium of the Lord Lieutenant, in wliich, after their congratulations on the success of his Majesty's arms, and their grateful acknowledgments for the relaxation of the penal laws against those of their communion in the present reign, which they hope will terminate in a total emancipation, they express their surprise and alarm, that under the pretence of securing the loyalty of their body, an intention has been manifested of compelling them, in direct opposition to the dictates of their consciences, on the event of Catholic emancipation, to submit to the interference of persons of a different religious persuasion in the appointment of the principal ministers of their church. Such a measure, they affirm, would only substitute for one mode of servitude, another still more galling and oppressive. This address was received by his Royal Highness in Septemher. What will be the event of this and the intended applications to the other branches of the legislature, can only be known at the ensuing session of parliament. In the mean time, the Court of Rome appears to be in considerable embarrassment on the subject; and the Pope has declined giving an answer to the Irish Catholics, till it shall be known whether Parliament designs completely to emancipate the Catholics in the next Session. He has however observed, that the letter from Genoa wa3 conditional, ditional, and by no means compulsory; whence it is much to be doubted whether he will think it expedient finally to sanction the veto.
The victory at Waterloo, as the most glorious in modern times to the British arms, was welcomed by every expression of national congratulation; and private mourning for the numerous losses in the field was scarcely noticed in the general triumph. A call was made by the Prince Regent upon the characteristic bounty of the nation under the claims of humanity, by directing collections to be made in every parish for the benefit of the wounded soldiers, and the widows und orphans of the slain, which proved to be amply productive. Every additional burden imposed by the unexpected renewal of war was borne without murmuring, in the conviction that a strong and immediate effort to extinguish the flame without a possibility of its revival was the wisest policy; and hardships were alleviated by a proud sense of national glory, and confidence in final success.
A return of prosperity to various branches of trade and manufacture which had suffered from war, was the first consequence of the peace with America, from which country large demandswere received for supplying the wants incurred by a long suspension of intercourse; and it was gratifying to observe that mutual connections and interests appeared at once to reunite two nations who had been so lately plunged in bitter animosities. The liberal commercial treaty since concluded between them, affords a reason for hoping, that the Governments of both,
countries are become fully sensible of the reciprocal advantages which will result from a future undisturbed friendship.
The still unsettled condition of Europe, and the financial embarrassments which pressed upon many of its states in consequence of past disasters, impeded the return of the British commerce to its usual channels, and promoted a spirit of vague speculation, which, after the American market was fully stocked, occasioned numerous failures; so that much distress was undergone in the latter part of the year by the trading portion of the community. This source of private calamity was unfortunately coincident with an extraordinary decline in agricultural prosperity, immediately proceeding from the greatly reduced price of corn and other products, which bore no adequate proportion to the exorbitant rents and other heavy burdens pressing upon the farmer. This circumstance has already been noticed under the parliamentary debates on the corn laws. It may be added, that seldom has there been a more general depression of spirits in any class of people, than was apparent about the close of the year among that most useful part of the community; and that the number of farms thrown up in consequence of the insolvency and despair of the occupiers was truly lamentable. There is no doubt that the evil will in time remedy itself; and, it may be hoped, without depriving the nation at large of the benefits of plenty, but rather by lightening the pressure upon the cultivators. A circumstance took place in the royal family which has occasioned
sioned present embarrassment, and may possibly in future produce important consequences. Thiswas the marriage of the Duke of Cumberland to a daughter of the reigning Duke of Mecklenburg Strelitz, niece to her Majesty, and relict of the Prince of Salms Braunfels. The marriage was first solemnized at Berlin; but it being determined by the great law officers of the Prince Regent, that in order to render it valid in this country, it must be repeated here with the ceremonial of an English marriage, the same took place in August at Carlton-house. (See Chronicle.) Although the union was fully sanctioned by the consent and presence of the Regent, objections to it had operated so strongly upon the mind of the Queen, that she declined any concurrence in the nuptials, and has not admitted the bride to her presence. It appears that the lady had previously been an object of attachment to the Duke of Cambridge, and that an intended marriage between tlicin had, from sonic cause, been
obviated. A correspondence has been made public, in which the Queen seems to express at least no disapprobation of an union between her son the Duke of Cumberland, and the Princess her niece; but of this document different interpretations have been given. The impression made by this event on the public in general, has been shewn by the result of a motion in parliament for an addition to the Duke's income on the occasion. (See Parliamentary Transactions.) Whether the court and the nation will hereafter become better reconciled to the measure, will greatly depend upon tha conduct of the parties.
The state of his Majesty appears to have acquired a nearly uniform and decided character. The official reports have been, that his bodily health is unimpaired, that his mind is usually tranquil and composed, though not without interruptions, but that the alienation of his rational faculty a}* ways subsists in full force,
AFRICAN SurEKsTiTioN.-*A Special Slave Court was held at the Alley, in Vere, on the 6th of December, For the trial of the following slaves, viz.—Aberdeen, Adam, and Preston, belonging to Salt Savannah Estate, charged with the murder of another slave, named Thomas, the property of John Holmes, Esq. by burying him alive. It appeared from the evidence, that the parties were all Congees, and had made a play according to the custom of their country, when Thomas dug a grave in -which he laid himself down, desiring his companions to cover him up for the space of one hour; but that if he did not rise again in another place, in that time, they were to open the grave. Aberdeen and Preston were appointed to close up the grave, and Adam to play on the gombah (African music), all of which was punctually performed. Some other negroes belonging to the estate appeared, however, before the ceremony was completely finished, and had sense enough to open the grave; but it was too late, the unfortunate victim of his own credulity heing dead. His Honour the Custos charged the Jury on the crime, when they Vol. LVII.
found them guilty of Manslaughter • and the following sentence was passed, viz.—each to receive 30 lashes on the spot where the catastrophe took place, in the presence of all the estate's negroes, then to be severally burnt in the hand, and to suffer one month's solitary confinement in the county gaol.—(Jamaica Paper.)
A Mr. Daniel Zimmerman, a merchant of Koenigsberg, who died lately in his 73d year,' seems to have rivalled, in charitable donations, many of those characters for which England is so famous. He was a native of Dantzic, and was the sole maker of his own fortune. During the course or his life, among other acts of liberality, he had given 12,000 florins to the Church School of the Old Town of Koenigsberg; 12,000 florins to the Reformed Church School, and another sum of 12,000 florins for the erection of a school on the Haberberg. He also gave 4,500 florins to the c immunity of the Old Town church, for the purchase of a burial-ground. By his last will, he increased the capital of a hospital for widows, established by his wife, with a sum of 15000 florins: he left also to the poor of the Mennonitc community, of which he was a member, 15,000 florins; and to the B city