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made between Lord Burghersh, the English minister at Florence, and Captain Campbell of the Tremendous man of war, the latter, in the beginning of May, sailed with his ship, accompanied by a frigate and a sloop of war, to the bay of Naples. On his arrival, he declared to the Neapolitan Government, that unless the ships of war were surrendered to him, he would bombard the town. Madame Murat having sent Prince Cariati to negociate for the surrender, the terms dictated by Captain Campbell were, that the ships of the line in the bay should be given up; that the arsenal of Naples should be delivered over, and an inventory taken of its actual state, and that these captures should be at the joint disposal of the English government, and of Ferdinand IV. of Naples. The ships were then taken possession of, and were sent off to Sicily. The war was now near to a conclusion. On the 18th, General Bianchi received a message from the Duke de Gallo, requesting an interview for the purpose of communicating proposals from Joachim. The first meeting was merely preliminary;, but on the 20th, a military convention was entered into by General Caracossa, commander in chief of the Neapolitan army; Gen. Niepperg on the part of Austria; Gen. Coletta on that of Naples; and Lord Burghersh on that of Great Britain. The abdication of Murat was first insisted upon. Coletta having wished to s;cure for him a safe retreat to Fiance, and being informed that such a condition was inadmissible, he declared that he had no authority from that per

son to treat with respect to him. By the articles of the convention, an armistice was declared between the allied and the Neapolitan troops in all parts of the kingdom of Naples. All fortified places were to be given up in their actual state at specified periods, for the purpose of being made over to Ferdinand IV; but Gaeta, Pescara, and Ancona, being under blockade by the allies, and out of the line of the operations of Caracosa's army, nothing was decided respecting them.' Naples, with its citadel and forts, was to be taken possession of by the allies on the 23d, and after its occupation, the whole territory of the kingdom was to be surrendered to thein. Prisoners of war to be given up on both sides; and permission granted to all persons, natives or foreigners, to quit the kingdom during the space of a month.

The disturbances which broke out in Naples, caused the possession of it by the allies to be anticipated by one day. The popular feeling was manifested in such a manner, that Murat left the city for Ischia, and his wife took refuge on board an English ship of war. General Bianehi's cavalry occupied Naples on the night of the 22d, at which time the city guard, assisted by a detachment of marines sent by Admiral Lord Exmouth, who was arrived in the bay, .were defending the royal palace from a furious mob; and upon that day Prince Leopold of Sicily entered at the head of the Austrian troops in the midst of genend acclamations. Ferdinand had previously issued a proclamation, promising an universal

versal amnesty; and all the authorities of the kingdom, civil and military, were requested, for the present, to remain at their posts. Madame Murat sailed in the Tremendous for Gaieta, to receive her children, who had been sent thither for safety, whence she was to be conveyed to Trieste. On the 23d, the English and Sicilian expedition, consisting of about six. thousand troops, under the command of General Macfarlane, appeared in the bay of Naples. The remains of Murat's army dissolved of itself, so that not a single division was to be found complete.

On June the 17th, the King of the Two Sicilies, after an absence of nine years, made his entrance into Naples, and was greeted with a popular enthusiasm, which apparently was not the mere temporary homage paid to existing power. His manners, however void of dignity, had always ingratiated him with the Neapolitan people; and the vices of the Government were not attributed to him, who, in fact, took little part in it. What will be the future character of that Government, time must discover; but the Neapolitans will scarcely be losers by changing a soldier of fortune, ambitious, without abilities, for an hereditary Sovereign, under whom they will probably enjoy quiet at home and peace abroad.

Murat made his escape to Toulon, where he remained, till finding his residence there becoming daily more insecure, he determined to try his fortune in Corsica, where there was still a strong attachment to the cause of Buonaparte. An asylum had been

offered to him by the Emperor of Austria in his dominions, with honourable treatment, on the condition that he should not quit his place of residence without the Emperor's consent; but the projects he had formed, probably induced him to decline the proposal.

Having purchased a boat at Toulon, he embarked with two naval officers, but had not proceeded far before he was overtaken, by a violent storm, in which his small vessel was reduced to imminent hazard of sinking. In this state he was taken up, with his companions, by a ship which landed them in-Corsica. He then repaired to the country-house of General Francescetti, who declared to the authorities of Bastia, that Murat had a sure retreat among the mountaineers, in which he would remain, till his negociations with Austria should permit him to rejoin his wife in that country. Intelligence was received at Leghorn from Bastia, dated September 18, that he was at the head of about one hundred and fifty armed men in one of the most refractory districts in Corsica. He fixed his head-quarters at Vescovato, where he was resorted to by all the Corsicans who had served under him at Naples; but in consequence of a proclamation from the commander of that military division, Verrier, declaring his partisans rebels, he took refuge at Ajaccio, where he continued to hold six hundred men in pay. He quitted that place on the 28th, and adopted a design which appears to have been suggested by the success of that of Buonaparte, but which the difference.

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ference of men and circumstances rendered in him the height of folly and desperation. Although the Neapolitan coasts were guarded by a line of armed vessels, he. ventured to embark with six small vessels, two of which, on October the 8th, reached the coast of Pizzo, in the Ulterior Calabria, where he landed with thirty persons, among whom were General Franccscetti and Marshal Natali. Proceeding to the village, he attempted to raise the people in his favour, by crying, "1 am your King, Joachim; it is your duty to acknowledge me." The effect, however, was only to bring

upon him the whole armed neighbourhood; to avoid whose attack, Murat and his followers threw themselves into the mountains, whence they attempted to make their way back to the vessels which were in waiting. Being surrounded in their march, after a sharp conflict, some were killed, and the rest made prisoners. A military commission was assembled, which condemned Murat and his followers to be shot, and the sentence was executed on the 15th. The whole of his rash enterprise Was disapproved by his family, and his death appears to have been little regretted.

CHAPTER

CHAPTER VIII.

Russian and Austrian Troops arrive on the Borders.Their Advance.The Chambers remain sitting.Declaration of that of Representatives. Message from the Provisional Government, and the Chambers dissolved.— Entrance of the King into Paris.—Ministry appointed.Paris occupied by the Allied Armies.Animosity of the Prussians.Arrival of the Sovereigns.—Election of new Deputies.—Proceedings of Buonaparte.—Goes on board an English Man of War.—Brought to Torbay, and embarked for St. Helena.—Progress of the Allies, and submission of the French Generals.Royal Ordinances, and Proceedings against the culpable and disaffected.—Restrictions on Periodical Publications.Disbanding and re-organization of the Army.Proceedings against Traitors.—Labedoyere condemned.The Peerage rendered hereditary.Disturbances in the South of France.Protestants persecuted at Nismes.Royal Proclamation.Change in the Ministry.Opening of the Chambers.—The Museum of the Louvre stript of the fruits of conquest.—Letter to the King by the late Ministers.—Reflexions.—Lau> for the Suppression of Seditious Cries.—Cour Royal opened, and Speech of the President.—Ney's Trial and Condemnation. —Further Outrages at Nismes.—Final Treaty between the Allied Powers and France.

THE military convention of Paris effected no more than putting the capital in the hands of the allies, and still left a considerable body of French regular troops at liberty to act as inclination or interest should prompt themin thedifferencesof their country, besides a number of others, either in the field under separate leaders, or in garrison at the fortified towns on the horders. It was therefore necessary, in order to bring France into that state of submission which was thought requisite for securing the peace of Europe, that the whole stipulated force of the confederates should be brought to action. The two {reat powers of Russia and AusVol. LVII.

tria, though their remoteness from the first scene of action had prevented them from contributing to the successes already gained, were by no means slack in hastening their troops to the frontiers, and commencing warlike operations. Towards the end of June it was announced from Germany that Prince Wrede had attacked the French near Landau, and defeated them with great loss; that Prince Schwartzenberg had routed a French corps near Besancon, and had invested that town and Befort j that Marshal Frimont had passed the Simplon, and that hostilities had commenced on the whole line as far as Basle. The Russian troops were at this time [G] passing

passing incessantly through Mentz and Frankfort. Alsace and Lorrain were presently over-run by the allied armies, against whom there were no French forces in the field capableof makinga stand. The peasantry of Alsace, however, shewed a spirit of animosity against their Austrian invaders, which brought upon them some severe chastisement.

At Paris the chambers remained assembled after the signature of the convention, and flattered themselves with the idea that they were still invested with the authority of the nation. 'That of representatives issued a declaration, in which it announced the intention of continuing to sit where the will of the people had called them, and made a solemn appeal to the national guard for their protection. It then declared its full confidence in the honour and magnanimity of the allied powers, and in their respect for the independence of the nation, so positively expressed in their manifestoes that the government of France, whoever be its chief, ought to unite the wishes of the nation, legally expressed—-and that a monarch cannot oiler substantial guaranties without swearing to observe a constitution deliberated on by the national representation, and accepted by the people. At subsequent sittings the chamber passed votes of thanks to the French armies, and occupied itself with discussions on the plan of a constitution. This display of independence was, however, short-lived. On the 7th the following message was received by both chambers from the committee of provisional govern

ment :—" Hitherto we had believed that the intentions of the allied sovereigns were not unanimous upon the choice of the prince who is to reign in France. Our plenipotentiaries gave us the same assurances on their return. But the ministers and generals of the allied powers declared yesterday in the conferences they had with the president of the commission, that all the sovereigns had engaged to replace Louis XVrILI« on the throne, aind that this evening or to-morrow he is to make his entrance into the capital. Foreign troops have just occupied the Thuilleries where the government is sitting. In this state of affairs we can only breathe wishes for the country; and our deliberations being no longer free, we think it our duty to separate."— When this message was read in the chamber of peers, the members rose spontaneously, and retired without deliberation. The chamber of representatives refused to consider their mission as terminated, and resolved' to continue their sittings till separated by force. Both the chambers were, however, shut up on the following day by order of general Desolles, commander of the national guard.

On July 8th the King re-entered his capital, and was received, according to the authorized accounts, with demonstrations of joy and attachment which proved that the mass of population were well affected to the restoration of the Bourbon government. Paris, however, was no longer her own mistress. The military points of the city were occupied by the allied troops; and orders had been

given

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