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ruler. To this chief he gave his envoy a letter, with charge of two colts; the one to be presented to his friend, the other to Beggee Jan. But the particulars of his mission will be best told in the words of this intelligent writer.
"1 was introduced," he observes, "to Ishan l.ukeeb, who was seated at the further end of a magnificent tent. He was a man of handsome appearance, uncommonly fair, but had a thin beard. He nsked after my health, and then after that of Mameish Khan; adding, 'Why has he not come himself?' On making some excuse, he added, 'I understand the reason: had 1 been alone, he would have paid me a visit, but he is afraid of Beggee Jin." After these observations, he rose and retired to another tent, desiring me to repose myself where 1 was. A rich sleeping dress was brought nie, and every person went away: but 1 lind hardly laid down when I was sent for to attend Ishan Nukeeb, who very graciously insisted upon my dining with him. The repast was luxurious: and an hour after dinner tea was brought, and the favourite drank his in a cup of pure gold, ornamented with jewels. The cup given to me was of silver, inlaid with gold. Three hours after noon, he carried me to a large tent with live poles, where a number of persons were saying their jirr.yers; we did the same; and aft: wards returned to his tent, which we had hardly entered, *vhen a servant in waiting announced Utkhoor SoofTce. This religious.personage, for such he
was, irom the moment he en. tered occupied all the attention of Ishan Nukeeb, who appeared to treat him with the profomidest respect; and, when tea and ooffee were served, he held the cup while Utkhoor SoofTee drank. We had not sat long, before an officer came into the tent, and told Ishan Nukeeb that Beggee [Jia desired that he would wait upon him, and bring his guest. The moment this intimation was made, we arose, mounted our horses, and proceeded with him. After riding a short distance we came to a one-pole tent, which I judged, from its size and tattered appearance, to belong to some cocks or water carriers. An old man was seated on the gras.*, so near it as to be protected from the sun by its shade. Here all dismounted, and advanced towards the oH man, who was clothed in green, but very dirty. When near him, they stood with their hands crossed, in a respectful posture, and made their salutation. He returned that of each person, and desired us to sit down opposite to him. He appeared to shew great kindness to Ishan Nukeeb, but chiefly addressed his conversation to Utkhoor Sooffee.
"After some time, the subject of my mission was introduced. I gave my letter to Ishan Nu. keeb: he presented it to the old man in green, who, I now discovered, was Beggee ikn. Thtt ruler opened it, read it, and put it in his pocket. After a short pause, lie said, 'No doubt M»mcish Khan has sent me a prrd horse;' and desired him to be •brought. After looking atteu:.vt
ly at the animal, he began to whisper and to laugh with those near him: then addressing himself to me, said, 'Why has not your master sent the horse, KArra-Goz, as 1 desired?"—'That horse has defects,' I replied, 'or lie would have been sent.'—'With all his defects,' said Beggee Jan, . smiling, 'he is twenty times better than the one you have brought.'
"While we were conversing, a great number of nobles came iu; and I could not help observing the extraordinary richness and splendour of then arms and dresses. Beggee Jan returned the salute of every one of these in a kind and affable manner, and bade them be seated: but the shade of his small tent did not protect one half of them from the rays of the sun. Soon after their arrival, their chief fell into a deep reverie; and, till evening prayers were announced, he appeared wholly absorbed in religious contemplation. At the time of prayer all arose, and retired. 1 slept that night at the tent of Ishan Nukeeb. At day-light the army marched, and passed within a few miles of the fort of Chinnaran. After Beggee Jan had reached his enciunpment, he sent for me, and honoured me with a private audience, at which he was very affable. 'Your master, Mameish Khan, is, I hear, always drinking wine.'—' I have not seen him drink,' 1 replied, 'and cannot speak to that point.' —' You are right, said he, 'not to state what you have not seen. Tell Mameish Khan/ he continued, 'I have a regard for
him: but as to Nadir Meerza, (the ruler of Mushed), he is a fool. Bid Mameish Khan,' he added, 'write to Jaaffer Khan, of Nishapore, and advise that chief to solicit my friendship, if he wishes to save his country from destruction." After this observation a handsome dress was brought for me, with a present in money. Every article of the dress was good, excepj the turban, which was of little or no value. This, however, Beggee Jan took himself, giving me his own in exchange, which was a great deal worse than the one brought for me. I took my leave, and returned to the tent of Ishan Nukeeb, to whom I repeated all that had passed. He laughed very heartily at the account, made me a handsome present; and I was on the point of retiring, when two men came, at full gallop, with a letter from Mameish Khan, stating, that, notwithstanding the protection lie had received, some of his followers had been taken by the Usbegs. Ishan Nukeeb took me again to Beggee Jan, whom we found seated in his small tent, upon a goat's skin. He directed the captives to be brought, and made them over to me. He had before written a letter to Mameish Khan, which he re-opened, wrote what he had done, and again committed it to my charge. As this affair was settling, his cook, a diminutive person, with weak eyes, came into the tent. 'Why do not you think of dinner?' said Beggee Jan, 'it will soon be time for prayer.' The little cook immediately brought a large pot, and making a f. re
a fire-place with stones, put four or five kinds of grain, and a little dried meat, into it. He then nearly filled it with water; and, having kindled a fire, left it to boil, while he prepared the dishes: these were wooden platters, of the same kind as are used by the lowest orders. He put down thtee, and poured out the mess. Beggee J sin watched him; and the cook evidently understood, from his looks, when more or less was to be put into a dish. After alt was ready, he spread a dirty cloth, and laid down a piece of stale barley bread, which Beggee Jan put into a cup of water to moisten. The first dish was given to, the ruler of the Usbegs^ the second was placed bctwecu Ishan Nukeeb and me, and the cook took the third for himself, sitting down- to eat it opposite to his jnaster. As 1 had dined, I merely tasted what was put before me. It was very nauseous, the meat in it being almost putrid: yet several nobles, who came in, eat the whole of our unfinished share, and with an apparent relish, that could only nave been derived from the pleasure they had in partaking of the same fare with their holy leader.
"After dinner I obtained leave to depart. On my return to Chinnaran, Mameish Khan was pleased with the result of my mission: but he afterwards informed me, that, notwithstanding the fair promises of Beggee Jan, eightyt*\o of his people were, during this season, carried away by the Us.bcgs.''
ANECDOTES OF THE PRESEST XIVS OF SPAIN.
Extracted from a Spanish Sensm delivered at a Grand Function celebrated at Cadiz, by Don Bl-az de Osloloza, Chaplain Major, and Confessor to his Majesty.
The confessor begins by giving a picture of the life of the king at Valency:
"The king," says he, "rose at eight o'clock, heard mas;, breakfasted, made afterwards a party at billiards, entered his closet to read his letters or some portion of holy writ, embroidered at the tambour till two o'clock, at which time he took a short airing in a carriage—he dined on his return—made a short prayer, received his brothers, or those who were admitted to pay their court to him, supped, and before going to bed recited with all his household the Litanies, which he toned himself.
"An agent of Napoleon, whose impious presence he was forced to endure, employed all means of seduction to draw the Infant from his holy occupations. He brought a' troop of female dancers from Paris, and even his own wife, to endeavour to charm the king ; but I perceived by certain signs (adds the confessor, whose words we translate literally,) that the breasts of these women, indecently exposed, were beginning to have a dangerous effect on the prince, who was ready to fall into the seventh deadly sin. I admonished him in time, and, like the slave of Potiphar, Don Ferdinand escaped these new sirens.
"The king was above all things Incensed at the poverty of the chief altar of the parish of Valency j and at there being in the Chateau, a play-house, while there was neither a chapel nor an oratory—while the people were luxurious in their furniture and feasts, and miserable in the decoration of their temples. The king embroidered, himself, a beautiful robe of white silk, with gold palJets and gold fringe, for the Virgin. He had raised a superb altar, gilt,, and lie sometimes served, himself, the mass at the feet of the Queen of the angels. The Queen of the angels was must sensible of these royal attentions, and manifested to him her content by many signs. It happened in particular, that one night an ecclesiastic of the district being overcome with sleep in the church, the Virgin appeared to him as coming out of the
altar,—she advanced towards the ecclesiastic, made several turn* round him, to display the elegance of her toilette, and said to him, sighing, that her son received the vows of the king in recompenc* of the fine robe that he had givea her; that the Spanish princes would not remain long without being delivered; and that they must form an Order of the HolySacrament, with which all the knights should be armed for his defence.
"The priest, much touched by this speech, awakened, and came to me to reveal the miraculous vision; but 1 answered by assuring him that the Holy Virgin had already said as much to the king himself—who in thanking her had promised, that on his return t* Spain he would make her worship flourish over all the provinces tvkjected to hit dominion."
MANNERS The Wahabess.
MANNERS, CUSTOMS, &c.
NATIONS And CLASSES os PEOPLE.
(From Sir J. Malcolm,'t History of Pertia.J
THIS sect was founded near ft century ago, by an Arab of the name of Shaikh Mahomed, the son of AbdoolWahab, whose name they have taken. Shaikh Mahomed connected himself in the attempt to reform the religion of his country with Ebn-Saoud, the Prince of Dereah, the capital of the province of Nujuddee. Through the efforts of the saint, and the aid of the temporal power of Ebn-Saoud, and his son and successor Aikiooi Azeez, the religion of the Wahabees is now established all over the peninsula of Arabia. The tenets of this sect are peculiar, and merit notice. They profess that there is one God, and Mahomed is his prophet: but as the Supreme Being neither has nor can have any participator in his power, they sar, that to profess that either Mahomed, the Imuums, or any saints, can have
any superintendence over the affairs of men, or render them any aid hereafter, is blasphemy. They deem Mahomedans who deviate in any way from the plain, literal meaning of the Koran, infidel*; and maintain, that to make war upon all such is the imperious duty of every Wahabee. It is one of their tenets, that all titles meant to shew respect and honour to men are odious to God, who alone is worthy of high name: and they assert, that in conformity to what is revealed in the Koran, true Mahomedans should wage continual war against unbeliever;, till they are converted, or agree to pay the tribute imposed on infidels; and that in the latter case they should be compelled to wear the coarsest garments, not to be allowed to ride on horses, nor to live in splendid dweUings. They maintain that the taxes (including zukaatand khums) levied by Mahomed are alone Lawful: that swearing by Mahomed or Aly, or any other person, should be prohibited, since an oath is calling