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their full powers, found to be in good and due form, have signed the following articles :—
Article 1. The frontiers of France shall be the same as they "were in the year 1790, save and except the modifications on one side andon the other, which are detailed in the present Article. First, on the northern frontiers, the line of demarkation shall remain as it was fixed by the Treaty of Paris, as far as opposite to Quiverain, from thence it shall follow the ancient limits of the Belgian Provinces, of the late Bishopric of Liege, and of the Duchy of Bouillon, a* they existed in the year 1790, leaving the territories included within that line, of Phillipeville and Marienbourg, with the fortresses so called, together with the whole of the Duchy of Bouillon, without the frontiers of France. From Villers near Orval upon the confines of the Department Des Ardennes, a.nd of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg as far as Perle, upon the great road leading from Thioaville to Treves, the line shall remain as it was laid down by the Treaty of Paris. From Perle it shall pass by Launsdorftj Walwich, Schardorff, Niederveiling.Pelweiler (all these places with their Banlieues or dependencies remaining to France) to Houvre; and shall follow from thence the old limits of the district of Sarrebruck, leaving Saarelouis, and the course of the Sarre, together with the places situated to the right of the line above described, and their Banlieues or dependencies, without the limits of France. From the limits of the district of Sarrebrtick the line of demarkation shall be the same which at
present separates from Germany the departments of the Must-lie •and of the Lower Rhine, as far as to the Lauter, which river shall from thence serve as the frontier until it shall fall into the Rhine. All the territory on the left bank of the Lauter, including the fortress of Landau, shall form part of Germany.
The town of Weissenbourg, however, through which that river runs, shall remain entirely to France, with a rayon on the left bank, not exceeding a thousand toises, and which shall be more particularly determined by the Commissioners who shall be chaiged with the approaching designation of the boundaries. Secondly, leaving the mouth of the Lauter, and continuing along the departments of the Lower Rhine, the Upper Rhine, the Doubs, and the Jura, to the Canton de Vaud, the frontiers shall remain as fixed by the Treaty of Paris. The Thalweg of the Rhine shall form the boundary between France and the States of Germany, but the property of the islands shall remain in perpetuity, as it shall be fixed by a new survey of the course of that river, and continue unchanged, whatever variation that course may undergo in the lapse of time. Comraisiouers shall be named on both sides, by the High Contracting Parties, within the space of three months, to proceed upon the said survey. One half of the bridge between Strasbourg and Kehl shall belong to France, and the other half to the Grand Duchy of Baden. Thirdly, in order to establish a direct communication between the Canton of Geneva and Switzerland, that part of the Pavs
de de Gex, bounded on the east by the lake Leman; on the south, by the territory of the Canton of Geneva; on the north by that of the Canton de V'aud; on the west, by the course of the Versoix, and by a line which comprehends the communes of Collex Bossy, and Meyrin leaving the commune of Ferney to France, shall be ceded to the Helvetic Confederacy, in order to be united to the Canton of Geneva. The line of the French custom-houses shall be placed to the west of the Jura, so that the whole of the Fays de Gex shall be without that line. Fourthly, from the frontiers of the Canton of Geneva, as far as the Mediterranean, the line of demarkation shall be that which, in the year 1790, separated France from Savoy, and from the county of Nice. The relations which the Treaty of Paris of 1814 had re-established between France and the Principality of Monaco, shall cease for ever, and t.ie same relations shall exist between that Principality and his Majesty the King of Sardinia. Fifthly, all the territoties and districts included within the boundary of the French territory, as determined by the present Articles, shall remain united to France. Sixthly, the High Contracting Parties shall name, within three months after the signature of the present Treaty, Commissioners to regulate every thing relating to the designation of the boundaries of the respective countries, and as soon as the labours of the Commissioners shall have terminated, maps shall be drawn, and landmarks shall beerected, which shall point out the respective limits.
2. The fortresses, places, and districts, which, according to the preceding article, are no longer to form part of the French territory, shall be placed at the disposal of the Allied Powers, at the periods fixed by the 9th Article of the Military Convention annexed to the present Treaty; and his Majesty the King of France renounces for himself, his heirs. and successors for ever, the rights of sovereignty and property, which he has hitherto exercised over the said foitresses, places, and dbtricts.
3. The fortifications of Huniiigen having been constantly anolject of uneasiness to the town of Basle, the High Contracting Parties, in order to give to the Helvetic Confederacy a new proof of their good will, and of their wlicitude for its welfare, have agreed among themselves to demolish the fortifications of Huningen, and the French Government engages from the same motive not to reestablish them at any time, and not to replace them by other fortifications, at a distance of less than that of three leagues from the town of Bale. The neutrality of Switzerland shall be extended to the territory situated w the north of a line to be drawn from Ugine, that town being included to the south of the Lake of Annecy, by Faverge, as far a* Lechcraine, and from thence, by the Lake of Bourget, as far as the Rhone, in like manner as it was extended to the Provinces of Chablais and of Fauc:gny, by the 92d Article of the final Act of the Congress of Vienna.
4. The pecuniary part of the indemnity to be furnished by
Trance to the Allied Powers, is fixed at the sum of seven hundred millions of francs. The mode, the periods, and the guarantees for -the payment of this sum, shall be regulated by a Special Convention, which shall have the same force and effect as if it were inserted, word for word, in the present Treaty.
5. The state of uneasiness and of fermentation, which, after so many violent convulsions, and particularly after the last catastrophe, France must still experience, notwithstanding the paternal intentions of her King, and the advantages secured to every class of his subjects by the constitutional charter, requiring, for the security of the neighbouring States, certain measures of precaution, and of temporary guarantee, it has been judged indispensable to occupy, during a fixed time, by a corps of allied troops, certain military positions along the frontiers of France, under the express reserve, that such occupation shall in no way prejudice the Sovereignty of his Most Christian Majesty, nor the state of possession, such as it is recognized and confirmed by the present Treaty. The number of these troops shall not exceed one hundred and fifty thousand men.— The Commander in Chief of this army shall be nominated by the AUied Powers. This army shall occupy the fortresses of Conde, Valenciennes, Bouchain, Cambray, Le Quesnoy, Maubeuge, Landrecies, Avesnes, Rocroy, Givet, with Charlemont, Mezieres, Sedan, Montmedy, Thionville, Longwy, Bitsch, and the Tetodc-Pont of Fort Louis. As the
maintenance of the army destined for this service is to be provided by France, a Special Convention shall regulate every thing which may relate to that object. This Convention, which shall have the same force and effect as if it were inserted word for word in the present Treaty, shall also regulate the relations of the army of occupation with the civil and military authorities of the country. The utmost extent of the duration of this military operation, is fixed at five years. It may terminate before that period, if, at the end of three years, the Allied Sovereigns, after having, in concert with his Majesty the King of France, maturely examined their reciprocal situation and interests, and the progress which shall have been made in France in the re-establishment of order and tranquillity, shall agree to acknowledge that the motives which led them to that measure have ceased to exist. But whatever may be the result of this deliberation, all the fortresses and positions occupied by the allied troops shall, at the expiration of live years, be evacuated without further delay, and given up to his Most Christian Majesty, or to his heirs and successors.
6. The foreign troops, not forming part of the army of occupation, shall evacuate the French territory within the term fixed by the 9th Article of the Military Convention annexed to the present treaty.
7. In all countries which shall change Sovereigns, as well in virtue of the present Treaty, as of the arrangements which are to be made in consequence thereof, a period of six ycai-s from the
date date of the exchange of the ratifications shall be allowed to the inhabitants, natives or foreigners, of whatever condition and nation they may be, to dispose of their property, if they should think fit so to do, and to retire to whatever country they may choose.
8. All the dispositions of the Treaty of Paris of the 30th of May, 1814, relative to the countries ceded by that treaty, shall equally apply to the several territories and districts ceded by the present treaty.
9. The High Contracting Parties having caused representation to be made of the different claims arising cut of the non-execution of the 19th and following Articles of the Treaty of the 30th of May, 1814, as well as of theAdditional Articles of that Treaty signed between Great Britain and France, desiring to render more efficacious the stipulations made thereby, and having determined, by two separate Conventions, the line to be pursued on each side for that purpose, the said two Conventions, as annexed to the present Treaty, shall, in order to secure the complete execution of the above - mentioned Articles, have the same force and effect as if the «ame were inserted, word for word, herein.
10. All prisoners taken during the hostilities, as well as all hostages which may have been carried off or given, shall be restored in the shortest time possible. The game shall be the case with respect to the prisoners taken previously to the Treaty of the 30th of May, 1814, and who shall not already have been restored,
11. The Treaty of Paris of the
30th of May, 1814, and the final Act of the Congress of Vienna of the 9th of June 1815, are confirmed, and shall be maintained in all such of their enactments as shall not have been modified by the Articles of the present Treaty.
12. The present Treaty, with the Conventions annexed thereto, shall be ratified in one act, and the ratifications thereof shall be exchanged in the space of two months, or sooner, if possible.
In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereunto the seals of their arms.
Done at Paris this 20th day
The High Contracting Powers, sincerely desiring to give effect to the measures on which they deliberated at the Congress of Vienna, relative to the complete and universal abolition of the Slave Trade, and having, each in their respective dominions, prohibited, without restriction, their colonies and subjects from taking any part whatever in this traffic, engage to renew conjointly their efforts, with the view of securing final success to those principles which they proclaimed in the Declaration of the 4th of February, 1815, and of concerting, without loss of time, through their Ministers at the Courts of London and of Paris, the most effectual measures for the entire and definitive abolition
lition of a commerce so odious,
Done at Paris this 20th day
Convention. Concluded in conformity to the Fourth Article of the Principal Treaty, relative to the Payment of the Pecuniary Indemnity to be furnished by France to the Allied Powers.
The payment to which France has bound herself to the Allied Powers as an Indemnity by the Fourth Article of the Treaty of this day, shall take place in this form and at the periods prescribed by the following Articles.
Art. 1. The sum of seven hundred millions of francs, being the amount of the indemnity, shall be discharged day by day, in equal portions, in the space of five years, by means of Bons au Porteur on the Royal Treasury of France, in the manner that shall be now set forth.
2. The Treasury shall give over immediately to the Allied Powers fifteen engagements for forty-six millions and two-thirds
each, forming together the sum of sewn hundred millions; the first engagement payable on the 31st of March, 1816, the second on the 31st of July of the same year, and so on, in every fourth month, during the five successive years.
3. These engagements shall not be negotiable, but they shall be periodically exchanged against linns au Porleur, negotiable, drawn in the form used in the ordinary service of the Royal Treasury.
4. In the month which shall precede the four, in the course of which an engagement is to be paid, that engagement shall be divided by the Treasury of France, into Bons au Porteur payable in Paris, in equal portions, from the first to the last day of the four months.
Thus the engagement of fortysix millions and two-thirds, falling due the 31st of March, 1816, shall be exchanged in the month of November, 1815, against Bons au Porteur payable in equal portions from the 1st of December, 1815, to the 3d of March, 1816; the engagement of fortysix millions and two-thirds, which will fall due the 31st of July, 1816, shall be exchanged in the month of March, in the same year, against Bons au Porteur payable in equal portions from the 1st of April, 1816, to the 31st of July, of the same year; and so on, every four months.
5. No single Bon au Porteur shall be delivered for the sum due each day, but the sum so due, shall be divided into several Cou-t pure* or bills of one thousand, two thousand, five thousand, ten thousand, and twenty thousand francs,