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States, shall be sent thither from the Netherlands.

VI. By Dutch proprietors must be understood, 1st, all subjects of his Majesty the King of the Netherlands, residing in his European States, and now being landed proprietors in the aforesaid colonies.

2d. All subjects of his said Majesty who, in course of time, may come into possession of plantations in them, now belonging to Dutch proprietors.

3d. All such landed proprietors as, now residing in the said colonies, were born in the Netherlands, and who, in conformity to Art. VIII. of this Convention, may declare, that they wish to be considered as Dutch proprietors in future; and

4th. All subjects of his said Majesty who may be holders of mortgages on plantations in the said colonies before the date of the ratification of this convention; and wjio, in consequence of their deed of mortgage, possess the right of exporting the produce of the said plantations to the Netherlands, under the restriction stated in'Art. IX.

VII. In all cases where the right of supplying the wants of mortgaged plantations, and the right of exporting the produce of the same to the Netherlands is not actually secured to the mortgageholder, the latter shall be permitted to export from the colonies only such quantity of produce as, estimated by the price current of the colony, shall be sufficient to pay the amount of interest or. capital yearly due to liiin, and on the other hand to introduce into the colony articles of necessity in -'■-^lie same proportion.

VIII. All proprietors, being subjects of his Majesty tbe Kins of the Netherlands, now resident in these colonies, shall be bound, in order to be entitled to the benefits of this Convention, within three months after its publication in the said colonies, to declare whether they are satisfied to be considered as such in future.

IX. In all cases where both Dutch and British subjects shall have a mortgage on the same plantation, in the said colonies, tbe amount of the produce to be consigned to the different mnrtgage>holders, shall be in proportion to the amount of the debt due to eacli respectively.

X. In order that the dispositions of the present Convention may be the more readily brought into and kept in operation, it is determined that, every year, by order of the King of the Netherlands, correct and specific lists shall be made out, containing the names and places of residence of proprietors resident in the Netherlands, together with the names and descriptions of the plantations to them respectively belonging, with the addition of whether the last mentioned be sugar or other kind of plantations, and whether the first mentioned are owners in whole or only in part of the plantations. Similar lists,.shall alio be made out of the mortgages vested on the plantation, in so far as these mortgages are in the possession of Dutch subjects, specifying the amount of the debt or mortgage, as they at present exist, or as they are to be paid in virtue of Art. IV.

These lists shall be given to the British Government, and sent to the aforesaid colonies., In order

that,, with the addition of the list of Dutch Proprietors resident in the said colonies, they may serve to ascertain the whole amount of the Dutch population and property or interest in the aforesaid colonies. •

XI. His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, and his Britannic Majesty, having considered, that the Dutch merchants and shareholders, known under the name of the Societeit van de Berbice, have a just claim to certain plantations formerly cleared by them, in the colony of Berbice, and of which they were dispossessed by the Revolutionary Government of Holland, and which on the last occupation of the said colony by the British arms, were considered as Government property, — his Britannic Majesty therefore binds himself to restore to the said Company of Berbice, within the period of six months after the exchanging of the ratifications of the present Convention, the plantations Dageraad, Dankbarrheid, Johanna, and Sandvoort, with their negroes and other appurtenances at present actually employed upon them; and this in full satisfaction of all claims which the said Company may have, or claim to hate, chargeable on his Britannic Majesty or his subjects, on the aceount of any property which formerly belonged to the said Company in the colony of Berbice.

XII. All questions that may arise between private persons in relation to rights of property as determined by the present Convention, shall be decided by the competent tribunal according to the laws in force in the said colonies.

XIII. His Britannic Majesty engages, in all cases where the rights and interests of Dutch proprietors are concerned, to proceed with the greatest equity and impartiality.

XIV. The two contracting parties reserve to themselves the power to make, in future, such modifications of the present Convention as experience may suggest to be required by the interests of both Powers.

XV. Finally, it is agreed, that the stipulations of this Convention shall be of force from the d<iy of the exchanging of the ratifications of it.

XVI. The present Convention shall be ratified, and the ratifications exchanged at London, within three weeks after the signing of the same, or earlier, if possible.

In testimony whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and thereto affixed the seal of their arms.

Done at London the 12th of August, in the year of our Lord, 1815.

(L. S.) H. Fagel.

Treaty between Gieat Britain and Russia, respecting the Ionian Islands, signed at Paris the 5th of November, 1815,

In the name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity.

His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, his Majesty the Eiiit perorof all the Russias, his Ma? jesty the F>mperor of Austria, Kini? of Hungary and Bohemia, and his Majesty the King of Prus

sia, animated by the desire of prosecuting the Negotiations adjourned at the Congress of Vienna, in order to fix the destiny of the Seven Ionian Islands, and to insure the independence, liberty, and happiness of the inhabitants of those islands, by placing them and their Constitution under the immediate protection of one of the Great Powers of Europe, have agreed to settle definitively by a Special Act, whatever relates to this object, which, grounded upon the rights resulting from the Treaty of Paris, of the 30th of May, 1814, and likewise upon the British declarations at the period when the British arms liberated Cerigo, Zante, Cephiilonia, Santa-Maura, Ithaca, and Paxo, shall be considered as forming part of the General Treaty concluded at Vienna on the 9th of June, 1815, on the termination of the Congress; and in order to settle and sign the said act, the High Contracting Powers have nominated Plenipotentiaries: that is to say, his Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Honourable Robert Stewart, Viscount Castleseagh, &c.; and the Most Illustrious and Most Noble Lord Arthur, Duke, Marquis, and Karl of Wellington, Marquis of Douro, &c. and his Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, the Sieur Andre Prince of Rasoumoffsky, &c, and the Sieur John Count Capo d'Istria, &c.j who, after having exchanged their full powers, found to be in good and due form, have agreed upon the following terms ;—

Art. 1. The islands of Corfu,

Cephalonia, Zante,Maura, Ithaca, Cerigo, and Paxo, with their dependencies, such as they are described in the Treaty between his Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias and the Ottoman Porte, of the 21st of March, 18O0, shall form a single, free, and independent State, under the denomination of the United States of the Ionian Islands.

Art. 2. This State shall be placed under the immediate and exclusive protection of his Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, his heirs and successors. The other Contracting Powers do consequently renounce every right or particular pretension which they might have formed in respect to them, and formally guarantee all the dispositions of the present Treaty!

Art. 3. The United States of the Ionian Islands shall, with the approbation of the protecting Power, regulate their internal organization ; and in order to give to all the parts of this organization the necessary consistency and action, his Britannic Majesty will employ a particular solicitude with regard to the legislation and the general administration of those States, his Majesty will therefore appoint a Lord High Commissioner to reside there, invested with all the necessary power and authorities for this purpose.

Art. 4. In order to carry into execution without delay the stipulations mentioned in the Articles preceding, and to ground the political re-organizaiion which is actually in force, the Lord High Commissioner of the Protecting Potrer Power shall regulate the forms of eonvocation of a Legislative Assembly, of which be shall' direct the proceedings, in order to draw up a New Constitutional Charter for the States, which his Majesty the King of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland shall be requested to ratify. .

Until such Constitutional Charter shall have been so drawn up, and duly ratified, the existing constitutions shall remain in force in the different islands, and no alteration shall be made in them, except by his Britannic Majesty in Council.

Art. 5. In order to ensure without restriction to the inhabitants of the United States of the Ionian Islands, the advantages resulting from the high protection under -which these States are placed, as Avell as for the exercise of the rights inherent in the said protection, his Britannic Majesty shall have the right to occupy the fortresses and places of those States, and to maintain garrisons in the same. The military force of the said United States shall also be under the orders of the Commander in Chief of the troops of his Britannic Majesty.

Art. 6. His Britannic Majesty consents, that a particular Convention with the Government of the said United States shall regulate, according to the revenues of those States, every thing which may relate to the maintenance of the fortresses already existing, as 'well as to the subsistence and payment of the British garrisons, and to the number of men of which they shall be composed in time of peace.

The same Convention shall like

wise fix the relations which are to to exist between the said armed force and the Ionian Government.

Art. 7. The Trading Flag of the United States of the Ionian Islands shall be acknowledged by all the contracting parties as the flag of a free and independent State. It shall carry with the colours, and above the armorial bearings thereon displayed before the year 1807, such other as his Britannic Majesty may think proper to grant, as a mark of the protection under which the said Ionian States are placed, and for the more effectual furtherance of this protection, all the ports and harbours of the said States are hereby declared to be, with respect to the honorary and military rights, within British jurisdiction. The commerce between the United Ionian States and the dominions of his Imperial and < Royal Apostolic Majesty shall enjoy the same advantages and facilities as that of Great Britain with the said United States. None but Commercial Agents or Consuls charged solely witli the carrying on commercial arrangements, and subject to the regulations to which Commercial Agents or Consuls are subject in other illdependent States, shall be accredited to the United States of the Ionian Islands.

Art. 8. All the Powers which signed the Treaty of Paris of the 30th May, 1814, and the Act of the Congress of Vienna, of the 9th of June, 1815; and also his Majesty the King of the Two Sirilies, and the Ottoman Porte, shall be invited to accede to the present Convention.

Art. 9. The present act shall


be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged in two months, or sooner, if possible.

In witness whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed it, and have affixed thereunto the seals of their arms.

Done at l'aris the 5th day of November, in the year of our Lord 1815.

(Signed) (L.S.) Castlereagh. (L.S.) Wellington. (Signed) (L.S.) Le Prince de

Rasoumoffsky. (L.S.) Le Cointe Cafod'istria.


In the name of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity,

The Allied Powers having by their united efforts, and by the success of their arms, preserved France and Europe from the convulsions with which they were menaced by the late entcrprize of Napoleon Buonaparte, and by the revolutionary system re-produced in France to promote its success j participating at present with his most Christian Majesty in the desire to consolidate, by maintaining inviolate the lioyal authority, and by restoring the operation of the constitutional charter, the order of things which had been happily re-established in France, as also in the object of restoring between France and her neighbours those relations of reciprocal confidence and goodwill, which the fatal effects of the revolutions and of the system of conquest had for so long a time disturbed; persuaded, at the same time, that this last object can only be obtained by an arrangement framed to secure to the

Allies proper indemnities for the past, and solid guarantees for the future, they have, in concert with his Majesty the King of France, taken into consideration the means of giving effect to this arrangement; and being satisfied that the indemity due to the Allied Powers cannot be either entirely territorial or entirely pecuniary, without prejudice to France in the one or other of her essential interests, and that it would be more fit to combine both the modes, in order to avoid the inconveniencics which would result, were either resorted to separately: their Imperial and Royal Majesties have adopted this basis for their presenttransactions; and agreeing alike as to the necessity of retaining for a fixed time in the frontier Provinces of France, a certain number of allied troops, they have determined to combine their different arrangements, founded upon these bases, in a Definitive Treaty. For this purpose, and to this effect, his Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, for himself and his Allies on the one part, and his Majesty the King of France and Navarre on the other part, have named their Plenipotentiaries to discuss, settle, and sign, the said Definitive Treaty; namely, his Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the Right Hon. Robert Stewart Viscount Castlereagh, &c.; and the most illustrious and mostnobleLord.Arthur, Duke, Marquis, and Earl of Wellington, &c. j and his Majesty the King of France and of Navarre, the Sieur Armand Emanuel du Plessis Richelieu, Duke of Richelieu, &c. who, having exchanged


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