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Proclamation of the King of Prussia to the Inhabitants of Prussian Saxony.
By the patent which I have this day signed, I have united you, Inhabitants of Saxony, with my subjects, your neighbours and German countrymen. The general agreement of the powers here assembled at the Congress has assigned to me your country, subjected by the fate of war, by way of indemnity, for the loss which has on one side diminished the circuit of the states guaranteed to me. Now separated, by the course of events, from a house of Princes with whom you have been faithfully connected for centuries, you pass over to another, which is allied to you by the friendly ties of neighbourhood, language, manners, and religion. When you beheld with pain your old connections dissolved, I respected that grief as furnishing an earnest of the German character, and a pledge that you and your children will obey me and my House with equal fidelity. You must be convinced of the necessity of your separation. My old subjects have made great and severe sacrifices. They have gained before the world and posterity a claim that the dangers of the days of Gros Beeren and Dennewitz should ever be far from them in future. They have given proof, that by their valour and fidelity to their King, Germany also has been delivered from the disgrace of Servitude. But that they may maintain their own independence and the freedom of Germany, that the fruits of severe toils and bloody victories may not be lost, the duty
of looking to their own independent existence, and that of care for the common weal of Germany, equally require that your provinces should be united to my States, and yourselves with my |ieople. Germany has only won what Prussia has earned. This you must be convinced of; and I place confidence in your German and honest minds, that the oath of your fidelity will proceed equally from the feelings of the heart, as when I take you for my people Through your union with my States rich resources are opened to your industry. The wounds of war will be healed, when the present danger and the necessity for new efforts in defence of our independence are over. My cares for your welfare shall anxiously meet your own exertions. A beneficent constitution equally dividing the burthens of the State, a moderate government, well weighed laws, a correct and punctual distribution of justice, shall promote your domestic prosperity. Your military youth will faithfully join their brethren in arms. The minsters of religion will in future be1 the venerable instructors in the religion of your ancestors. Upon your literary estu! lishments, for many years the nur-eries of German science and learning, I will bestow especial attention; and when the Prussian throne, after the lapse of a century, has been fit inly founded on the virtue* of peace and war, and the freedom of our native Germany guarded, then you will partici| ate in the distinguished ra k which the Prussian name will hold, and history will also write your names,
brave ■brave Saxons, in the annals of Prussian glory.
(Signed) Frederick Wicliam. Vienna, May 22, 1815.
To the Inhabitants of the Ceded
Parts of the Kingdom of Sarony.
By. the Treaty of Peace concluded on the 18th of this month, and ratified on the 21st, between me and the courts of Austria, Russia, and Prussia, 1 have consented to the cession of that part of my Hereditary States of which the Congress at Vienna had disposed, which had at the same time added the clause, that the rest of my hereditary States would not be restored till I had consented to the cessions demanded.
During my long government I .have been guided in all my operations solely by my solicitude for the good of the subjects who were entrusted to me. The issue of all human enterprises is in the hand of God. All my efforts to avert so painful a sacrifice have been in vain. I must part from you, and the bonds which your fidelity and your attachment to my person rendered so dear to me, the bonds which have formed for ages the happiness of my House, and of your ancestors, must be broken. Conformably to the promise made to the Allied Powers, I release you, subjects and soldiers, of the provinces separated from my kingdom, from your oath to me and my House, and I recommend you to be faithful and obedient to your new Sovereign.
My gratitude for your fidelity,
my love and my ardent wishes for your welfare, will always attend you.
Prussian Decree respecting the Representation of the People.
We, Frederick William, by the Grace of God, King of Prussia, &c.
By our decree of the 30th of last month, we hare ordained a regular administration for our monarchy, taking into consideration at the same time the former relations of the provinces.
The history of the Prussian State shews, indeed, that the happy state of civil liberty, and the duration of a just administration founded upon order, has hitherto found in the character of the Sovereigns, and in their union with their people, all that security which the imperfection and uncertainty of all human institutions would allow.
In order, however, that these advantages may be built on a still firmer basis, and that we may give to the Prussian nation a pledge of our confidence, and to posterity an authentic document of the principles upon which our ancestors and ourself have conducted the government of our kingdom with constant regard to the happiness of our subjects: and that those principles may be durably recorded by a written document, as the Constitution of the Prussian Monarchy, we have resolved as follows:
2 C 9 1st. A
1st, A Representation of the people shall be formed.
2d. For this end,
(a) The Provincial Assemblies, where they still exist with more or less influence, are to be reestablished and modelled according to the exigencies of the times.
(6) Where there are at present no Provincial Assemblies they are to be introduced.
3d. From the Provincial Assemblies, the Assembly of the Representatives of the Kingdom is to be chosen which will sit at Berlin.
4. The functions of the National Representatives extend to the deliberation upon all the objects of legislation which concern the personal rights of the citizens and their property, including taxation.
5. A Committee is to be formed at Berlin without delay, which is to consist of experienced Officers of State, and inhabitants of the provinces.
6. This committee shall employ itself,
(a). On the organization of the Provincial Assemblies.
(bJ..The organization of the National Representation.
(c). On the framing of a Constitution according to the principles laid down.
7. It shall meet on the 1 st of September this year.
8. Our Chancellor is charged with the execution of this decree, and is to lay before us the labours of the Committee.
He names the members of it, and presides at its meetings, but is authorised, in case of need, to name a-Deputy in his room.
Given under our hand and Royal
Seal. Done at Vienna, May 25, 1815.
(Signed) L. S. Fkedekick Wiilum. Countersigned) C. F. V. Habdenbkcg.
Protest of the Spanish Ambassador against the Decisions of the Congress of Vienna.
The undersigned, Ambassador of his Majesty the King of Spain, has remarked, that no mention appears in the Protocol, of that conference which took place yesterday evening. He presumes, that, instead of a conference, it was rather an act of courtesy which Messrs. the Plenipotentiaries of Austria, Great Britain, France, Russia, and Prussia shewed towards him, in order to communicate to him the act with which they have resolved to terminate their labours, and in which they, as he is told, haTe irrevocably agreed among themselves alone respecting the rights of his Majesty the King of Spain, and his Majesty the King of Etruria, in Italy, as well as respecting the singular recommendation made to his Catholic Majesty, in an article of the treaty, respecting the cession of Olivenza to Portugal, an afiair with which the Plenipotentiaries of the abote powers must surely have interfered by mistake, since it has at no time become the Congress, and much less of any of its parts, to interfere in that business. And as it is of the greatest importance, that either in the Protocolf, or in the diplomatic archives, some record should remain of what the undersigned yesterday declared declared verbally, therefore, he lias the honour now to repeat it In writing. He then declared, that all that he could do, out of respect tx> the Powers whose Plenipotentiaries were assembled yesterday evening, was, that he must leave to his own Court the decision in relation to the communicated treaty, and till then, cannot subscribe it.
1. Because his instructions forbid him to subscribe any agreement contrary to the immediate and complete restoration of the three Duchies of Parina, Piacenza, and Guastalla, as he had the honour to make known to Prince Metternich in a note of the 3d of April, which has remained unanswered, and which has not been imparted to Congress, contrary to the express wishes therein set forth.
2. Because, while Spain has desired of Austria, in its own name, the restoration of Tuscany, and subsidiarily of Parma, and while besides his Catholic Majesty takes an immediate interest
'in the fate of his Majesty the King of France, even had the undersigned not been summoned, like the Plenipotentiaries of other powers who signed the treaty of Paris, and admitted to the Congress of Vienna, in no way could the Plenipotentiaries of Austria, Britain, &c. legitimately decide respecting the fate of Tuscany and Parma, without this concert. And certainly it will be impossible to persuade any man that can be called entering into negotiation between two powers, when the Plenipotentiary of the one is
merely invited to adopt that which the mediating powers have irrevocably fixed with the other, and which is then made the formal article of a treaty.
3. Because, among the great number of articles of which the treaty consists, there is only a small number, respecting which information was given in the conferences to the Plenipotentiaries of the eight powers who signed the peace of Paris, and as all these Plenipotentiaries are reciprocally equal, and the Powers whom they represent equally independent, it cannot be admitted that a part of them have the right of deciding and concluding, and the rest of them only that of subscribing, or refusing subscription, without an open contempt of the most essential forms, without the most manifest subversion of all principles; and without the introduction of a new law of nations, to which the Powers of Europe cannot submit without ipso facto renouncing their independence, and which, however general it may become, shall never be so on the other side of the Pyrennees.
The undersigned requests his Highness Prince Metternich, in his capacity of President of the Congress, to lay this note before the other Plenipotentiaries, and, to permit its insertion in the Protocol of conferences.
He embraces this opportunity of renewing to his Highness the assurance of his high considers* tion,
(Signed) P. M. Gomez Labrador. Vienna, June 5, 1815.
German German Act of Confederation.
Ar. 1. The Sovereign Princes and free cities of Germany, including their Majesties the Emperor of Austria and the Kings of Prussia, Denmark, and the Netherlands, namely, the Emperor of Austria and the King of Prussia, for those of their possessions which formerly belonged to the German Empire, the King of Denmark for Holstein, the King of the Netherlands for the Grand Duchy of Luxemburg, unite theuise Ives into a perpetual league, which shall be called the German Confederation.
2. The object thereof is the maintenance of the internal and external security of Germany, and of the independence and inviolability of the different German states.
3. The Members of the Confederation have, as such, equal rights; they bind themselves, all equally to maintain the act of confederation.
4. The affairs of the Confederation shall be managed by a general assembly, in which all the Members of the Confederation shall be represented by their plenipotentiaries, who shall each have one vote either severally, or as representing more than one member, as follows :—
Austria 1 vote, Prussia 1, Bavaria 1, Saxony 1, Hanover 1, Wurtcmberg 1, Baden 1, Electorate of Hesse, 1, Grand Duchy of Hesse 1, Denmark for Holstein 1, the Netherlands for Luxemburg 1, the Grand-Ducal and Ducal Sfixon Houses 1, Brunswick and Nassau 1, Mecklenburg
Schwerin, and Mecklenburg Strelitz 1, Holstein Oldenburg, Anhalt, and Schwartzburg 1, Hohenzollern, Lichtenstein, Reuse, Schaumberg Lippe, Lippe and Waldeck 1, the free cities of Lubeck, Frankfort, Bremen, and Hamburgh 1; total 1" votes.
V. Austria has the presidency in the Diet of the Confederation; every member of the league is empowered to make propositions and bring them under discussion; and the presiding member is bound to submit such propositions for deliberation within a fixed period.
VI. When the:-e proposition* relate to the abolition or alteration of the fundamental laws of the Confederation, or to regulations relating to the Act of Confederation itself, then the Diet forms itself into a full committee, when the different component members shall have the following votes proportioned to the extent of their territories:—
Austria, Prussia, Saxony, Bavaria, Hanover, and VVurtemburg, four votes each; Baden, Electorate of Hesse, Grand Duchy of Hesse, Holstein, and Luxemburg, three votes each; Brunswick, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and Nassau, two votes each; Saxe Weimar, and a great number of minor German Princes, with the free towns, one vote each; total 69 votes.
VII. Questions in the Diet shall be decided by a simple majority of votes, on ordinary occasions, the President to have the casting vote; but when in full committee, the question must be decided by a majority of at least three fourths.
VIII. The Diet of the Confe