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■seeu to pronounce, without hesitation, on the events of which f ranee is the theatre; and boldly profess sentiments so honourable, by repelling the proposals made by the pretended Government of that country to all the States, and ■which were every where rejected with indignation.
"In tins unexpected and unparalleled crisis, the Helvetic Confederation, guided by its ancient integrity, has joined of itself the system of Europe, and embraced the cause of social order, and of the safety of nations. It has felt the conviction that so long as the volcano, rekindled in France, should threaten to influence and convulse the world, the inestimable advantages which the high allied powers take a pleasure in seeing enjoyed by Switzerland, its welfare, its independence, its neutrality, would be always exposed to the encroachments of that illegal and destroying power which no moral restraint is able to check.
"United by the same wish, of annihilating this power, the Sovereigns assembled ut the Congress of Vienna have proclaimed their principles in the treaty of the 25th of March, as well as the engagements they contracted to maintain them.
"All the other States of Europe have been invited to accede to it, and they have readily answered this invitation. Thus, the moment is arrived, when the august Sovereigns, whose orders the undersigned are commmissioned to execute here, expect that ihe Diet, on receipt of the present official communications, will, by a formal and authentic declara
tion, adopt the same principles, and in concert with the undersigned, resolve on the measures which may become necessary to oppose the common danger.
"But at the same time that the powers expect without any doubt, that Switzerland, agreed with them on the principal object, will make no difficulty in declaring that it is armed to attain it, and that it has placed itself in the same line of policy, they are very far from proposing to it to display any other force than such as is proportioned to the resources and the usages of its people. They respect the military system of a nation which, remote from all ambition, puts forces on foot only to defend its liberty and its independence; they know the value which Switzerland attaches to the principle of neutrality; it is not to infringe upon it, but solely to accelerate the period wben this principle may be applied in an advantageous and permanent manner, that they propose to the confederation to assume an energetic attitude, and adopt vigorous measures commensurate to the extraordinary circumstances of the times, but without forming a precedent for the future.
"It is conformably with these principles that the undersigned have received from their respective courts,, the necessary instructions to regulate by a Convention which cannot but be agreeable to Switzerland, the footing upon which its adhesion is to subsist to the sacred cause which it has already embraced. They have, therefore, the honour to invite the Diet without delay to name Plenipotentiaries to enter into a negociation ciation with them upon this subject.
"The allied Monarch* impose upon themselves the greatest sacrifices ; nevertheless, they require from Switzerland, only those from which it cannot possibly withdraw itself in a crisis in which its dearest interests are at stake; and to alleviate the burden of putting on foot the forces necessary for the vigorous defence of their frontiers, as well as to insure its success, they propose to keep at the disposal of Switzerland all the assistance which the general operations of the war shall permit them to dedicate to this object.
"The Monarclis desire in this manner among' this nation (the object of their particular regard and esteem) those sentiments of attachment, confidence, and gratitude to which they believe themselves sojustly entitled, sentiments which they vtould have at heart still to increase and strengthen at the time of a general peace, by paying particular attention to the interests and the safety of Switzerland.
"The undersigned renew to his Excellency the President, and to Messrs. the Deputies to the Diet, the assurance of their dis ■ tinguished consideration.
AWSWER OF THE DIET.
"At the moment when a new political convulsion shewed itself in France, Switzerland, struck with the dangers of its situation,
took with vigour and celerity the measures <»f safety which the importance of the circumstances required. The Diet has made known by a proclamation, the object of these armaments; it has avuhk'i all connection with the man who has taken the reins of the French government, and has refused to recognise him.
"The Ministers of the Allied Powers justly infer from this conduct, that Switzerland, united ix interest and intentions with the other States, must oppose with all its might a power which threatens the peace, the tranquillity, the independence, and the rights of all nations. Such arc, in fact, the resolutions of the Diet.
"The relations which it maintains with the high allied powers, and even with them alone, lea\e no doubt respecting its disposition or its designs; it will abide by them with that constancy and fidelity which have beju at all times honourable feature in the Swiss character.
"Twenty-two little republics, united among themselves for their security and the assertion of tbeir independence, must seek their national strength in the principle of their confederation. This is what is prescribed by the nature of things, by the geographical situation, the constitution and the character of the Swiss people.
"A consequence of this principle is its neutrality recognised in its favour, as the basis of its future relations with all states. It equally results from this principle, that in the great contest which is on the eve of commencing, the part of Switzerland must naturally saturally consist in the vigorous defence of its frontiers. By remaining on this line, it does not «strange itself from the cause of the other powers; on the contrary, it embraces it the more sincerely, and serves it with the more advantage, as this cause becomes immediately its own. Considered in itself, the defence of a fnontier 50 leagues in extent, which serves as a point d'appui to the movement of two armies, is a co-operation not only very effectual, but even of the highest importance. Thirty thousand men ami more have been put on foot for this purpose. Resolved to maintain thus developement of force, Switzerland thinks on its side that it way expect from the kindness of the powers, that their armies will respect its territory, till it shall imelf call for their aid. Assurances on this head are absolutely necessary to tranquillize the people, and to induce them to bear with courage so great a burthen. The Diet believes that it has answered, by these explanations, the expectations of their Excellencies the Ministers, at the same time that it shews its confidence in the justice and magnanimity of the Monarch* who have but lately a*oken such an interest in the fate of this country, and thus acquired fresh claims to its gratitude.
"If there is now anything to be done according to the principles above explained, in order to fix in a more precise manner the political relations of the confederation with the allied powers, during the continuance of the present war, and at the same time to agree on the conditions of its system of defence, the Diet is
ready to hear these overtures: it. has commissioned Messrs. the Burgomaster Wyss, the Avoyer Merlineu, and the Burgomaster Weiland to enter into a negotiation with Messrs. the Ministers upon these two points, which are essentially inseparable. But in every case the right is reserved to the Cantons, to take a definitive resolution on this head, and to give these arrangements legal validity by constitutionally, confirming them."—(Zurich, May 12.)
Proclamations of the King Prussia on resuming possession of his Polish Provinces.
"Inhabitants of the Grand Duchy of l'osen,—At the same time that, according to my letters patent of this day's date, 1 restore to their original state those parts of the late Duchy of Warsaw which belonged originally to Prussia, and now revert to my dominions; 1 have also had it in view to fix your political relations: you have now also obtained a country, and at the same time a proof of my esteem for your attachment.
"You are incorporated with my Monarchy, but without being obliged to renounce your Nationality. You will participate in the Constitution which I intend to give my faithful subjects, and yon will have a provisional constl» tution, like the other provinces of my kingdom. Your religion shall be maintained, and a suitable dotation be assigned to its servants. Your personal rights and your property shall return under the protection of the laws, upon which you will also be called upon in
future future to deliberate. Your language shall be used with the German in all public transactions, and every one of you, according to his abilities, shall be eligible to public employments an the Grand Duchy, and to all the offices, honours, and dignities of my kingdom.
"My Governor, who was born among you, will also reside with you. lie will inform me of your wishes and your wants, and you, of the intentions of my Government. Your fellow citizen, my high President, will organize the Grand Duchy according to my instructions, and till the organization is complete, govern in every department. He will on this occasion employ the men of business, found among you, according as they are qualified by their knowledge and your confidence. When the organization is finished, the different branches •f administration will be introduced.
"It is my firm resolve that the past be consigned to perfect oblivion. My care belongs exclusively to the future, in which I hope to find the means to bring back the country, which has been tried beyond its strength, and is quite exhausted, to the road of prosperity.
"Since experience has matured
you, I hope that I may depend on
at Vienna, the 15th of May, 1815.
To the Inhabitants of the City and Territory of Dantzic, the Circle of Culm and Michelan, the Town of Thorn, aad its Territory.
"By my letters patent of today, I have restored you to your ancient connections; I have given you back to the country to which you originally belonged, and to which you are indebted for your former prosperity. In this reunion, you will participate in the Constitution which I intend for all my faithful subjects in the Provincial Government of the Province of West Prussia.
"This reunion affords you protection and security for your property, the certainty that you will again enjoy yourselves the fruits of your industry, and the prospect of future tranquillity. With paternal care I will exert myself to assist in replacing on a firm foundation your welfare, which has suffered so severely. Exclusively occupied with the future, it is my will that every past error be forgotten.
"The circumstances of the moment prevent me from receiving in person the renewed oath of your allegiance, and I have, therefore, appointed my high President of East Prussia, Von Auerswald, to receive the homage from you, in my name, in the city of Dantzic, and to take the necessary measures to this effect.
"Given at Vienna, May IS, 1815.
(Signed) Frederick. William-'
Treaty of Peace between Saxony and Prussia conchided at FienM on the 18 th of May. Article 2. The cessions of Saxony prescribed by the Congress are confirmed and settled ane*i so that from the Elbe to the Bishopric
= 1iopric of Merseburg, the Bailiwicks of Torgau, Eileuburg, and [*russian Delitsch, are cut off, with -lie exception of some reciprocally enclosed districts. The enclaves in the principality of Reuss, which ■with the circle of Neustadt become Frusaian, are, Gefall, Blintendorf, Sparenberg, and Blankcnberg.
4. The King of Prussia assumes, on account of Ills new provinces, the title of Duke of Saxony, Landgrave of Thuringia, Margrave of t»oth Lusatias, and Count of Henri eberg.
5. Within a fortnight after the ratification, Prussia evacuates those parts of Saxony which 6he does not continue to hold.
6. Both divisions reciprocally renounce all feudal connections or dependence.
7". The deeds, &c. iu the Archives with regard to the ceded provinces generally, shall be delivered up within three months: in regard to the divided provinces, the originals shall belong to the larger portions, and authentic copies shall be given to the others.
8. As to the .Savon army, the officers and foreign soldiers of every rank shall have their choice whether they will enter the Prussian, or remain in the Saxon service: subalterns and privates whose birth-place falls to Prussia enter the Prussian service.
9. The debts of the undivided provinces become a charge on that government to which they are assigned; those of the divided provinces are taken by each proportionally.
10. The engagements entered into by the Central Tax-Coinmittee, on account of the kingdom
of Saxony, shall be performed by both governments.
11. The Treasury Bills shall also be provided for as a common debt.
13. The King of Prussia promises to settle on the most liberal footing, all that relates to the property and interests of the subjects on both sides, especially to the commerce of Leipsic.
14 and 15. A committee, common to both parties, and sitting at Dresden, shall equalize all claims under Austrian mediation.
17. The principles adopted by the Congress of Vienna, with regard to free navigation, shall especially apply to the Elbe, the Elster, and to canata.
19. Prussia furnishes yearly to Saxony, free of export duty, 150,000, or if required, 250,000 quintals of salt, at a price, which without raising the present retail price to Saxon subjects, may secure to the King of Saxony the enjoyment of a salt tax, approaching as near as possible to that which he had before the last war.
20. Grain, timber, lime, and stone, shall be reciprocally free from exjwrt duty.
21. No one shall be called to account for any sliare he may have had in military or political events.
22. The King of Saxony renounces all claims on the Duchy of Warsaw, and has therefore nothing to do with its debts.
23.Withregard to the2,550,000 Polish guilders which the Siixon treasury furnished to that of Warsaw, means shall be taken for their liquidation, at Warsaw.
1 C Proclamation