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volunteer companies of yagers be formed; and the landwehr called together. The youth of the chief classes of the citizens, from the age of 20 upwards, are at liberty to join cither the landwehr first called out, or the yager corps of the regular army. Every young man who lias completed his 17th year, may, if possessing the requisite bodily strength, join the army of his own choice. I publish a particular regulation on this subject. Concerning the formation of the single corps, and of the landwehr, a notice will appear in every province from the constituted authorities.
"Thus united, with all Europe in arms, we again enter the lists against Napoleon Buonaparte aud his adherents. Arise, then, with God for your support, for the repose of the world, for order, for morality, for your King and country.
"Frederick William." "Vienna, April ~, 1815.
Proclamation of the Emperor of
Vienna, April 14. We, Francis the First, by the Grace of God, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, Bohemia, Lombardy, and Venice, Galicia and Lodomiria, &c. &c. Archduke of Austria. In consequence of the treaties concluded with the Allied Powers, and further Conventions concluded with them, the Provinces of Lombardy and Venice, in their whole extent, as far as Lago Maggiore, the river Ticino, and the Po, together with part of the ter
ritory of Mantua on the rigbi bank of the latter river, also the province of the Valtelin, the counties of Chiavenna and Bcrmio, are incorporated with the Austrian imperial dominions, and united for ever to them as an integral part.
Animated with the most ardect desire to confer on the inhabitants of these provinces and districts an unequivocal proof of our imperial affection, and the high value we set upon this union, aw) also to give them an additional guarantee for the close ties which henceforth bind them to us, we have thought fit to create the above mentioned provinces and districts into a kingdom, by the title of the kingdom of Lombardy and Venice, and have, therefore, published these presents for the purpose of making known to every one this our Imperial determination.
[Here follow the Articles, 15 in number.—Among other provisions it appears, that the Iron Crown and the Order with that Title are to be retained, that the kingdom is to be governed by a Viceroy, and divided into two Governments, of which Milan and. Venice shall be the capitals.]
Substance of a Proclamation, if William, Prince of Orange, Duke of Luxemburg, 8;c. Sic.
Art. 1. All those who manifest themselves partizans or instruments of a certain foreign power, whether by their discourse or by any action or document, and finally, all those who attempt to create distrust or jealousies
ajnongst the inhabitants, to promote mote disunion or disturbance, to excite disorder and sedition, by persuading the people to rebellion in the streets and publio places, or by any othor act inconsistent •with good order, according to the enormity and circumstances of the offence, shall be punished, separately or collectively, by being exposed for from one hour to six, by privation of their rank, by marks of ignominy, by imprisonment from one hour to ten, and by a fine of from 100 to 10,0000 francs.
2. In case of crimes not mentioned in the preceding article, those who may have rendered themselves culpable by disturbing the public repose, as well .is their accomplices, shall be condemned, besides being fined, to hard lahour for a certain time, to be marked.
3. A special court, composed of eight counsellors, selected from our superior court of justice at Brussels, (if the Attorney-General, or one of the Advocates General, who fill the functions of the public officers, and of the registrar of the court, is specially charged to take cognizance of, and pass judgment on, all crimes and misdemeanours on the process issued by our Attorney-General.
4. The process takes place without delay, or any previous information by the Judge of Instruction; these decrees shall not be open to appeal, nor can they be repealed.
5. These decrees shall be put into execution 24 hours after their being pronounced.
Our Attorney-General is charged with their execution; and with transmitting an accurate
copy of any decree executed to our Commissary General of Justice.
(The same proclamation orders that its several decrees be published in the papers of the day; and commands the Commissaries General, and other authorities, to see to their prompt and strict execution.)
Dated Brussels, April 20,1815,. and the second year of our reign. (Signed)
Additional Convention (concluded at Vienna April 30, 1815,) to the Treaty between his Britannic Majesty and his Majesty the King of Prussia, &c. signed Marches, 1815:—
His Britannic Majesty engages to furnish a subsidy of five millions sterling, for the service of the year ending on the 1st of April, 1816, to be divided in equal proportions amongst the three powers, namely, betweenhis Majesty the King of Prussia, his Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, and his Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias. The subsidy above stipulated of five millions sterling shall be paid in London by monthly instalments and in equal proportions, to the Ministers of the respective powers, duly authorised to receive the same. The first payment thereof, to become due on the first day of May next, and to be made immediately upon the exchange of the ratifications of this present additional convention. In
case peace should take place, or be signed between the Allied Powers and France, before the expiration of the said year, the subsidy calculated upon the scale of five millions sterling, shall be paid up to the end of the month in which the definitive treaty shall have been signed; and his Britannic Majesty promises in addition, to pay *o Russia four months, and to Austria and to Prussia two months, over aiid above the stipulated subsidy, to cover the expenses of the return of their troops within their own frontiers.
The present additional convention shall have the same force and effect as if it were inserted word for word in the treaty of the "25th of March.
It shall be ratified, and the ratification shall be exchanged as soon as possible.
In faith of which the respective plenipotentiaries have signed it, and have affixed thereunto the seals of their arms.
Done at Vienna this 30th day of April, in the year of our Lord 1815.
(L. S.) Clancarty.
(L. S.) Le Prince Dehar
(L. S.) Ln Baron De HumBoldt.
Proclamation of Ferdinand IV. King of the Two Sicilies, Bsc to the Neapolitans.
At length I reascend the throne of Naples. Every thing concurs to make my return happy. Your unanimous wishes recall me. The general wish of the Great Powers lenders justice to my rights. The
firm and vigorous assistance of my august allies animates and supports me.
1 put myself in march at the head of an army, not like usurpers, to deceive and disturb nation'., or like adventurers, to carry off, in the disorder of the tempest and the shipwreck, that which the calm could not procure for them. I return to the bosom of my dear family: I bring to it consolation and peace: I come to restore its ancient serenity, and to efface the recollection of ail past evils.
No, you are not made to carry the flame of revolt among those who are not your enemies. You are not made to debase yourselrea by that sort of greatness which is born of destruction and of terror. The history of your ancestors is far more glorious. You, descendants of the Bruttians, the Campanians and the Samnites, you should cause to tremble those foreign disturbers of your prosperity, and your internal tranquillity: but never could you be the instruments of their ambition, or the victims of their artifices. Yow children should not perish in frozen climates. It is for you alone to enjoy your substances, the fruits of your labours, and the produce of your happy climate.
Neapolitans, come and throw yourselves into my arms. I was born among you; I-know, I appreciate your habits, your character, and your manners. I desire ojily to give you the most striking proofs of my paternal kne, and to make the new period of my government the most fortunate epoch of the well-being and happiness of our common coun
try. One single day should dissipate all the misfortunes of many years. The most sacred, the most invariable pledges of moderation, of gentleness, of reciprocal confidence, and of entire union will he the guarantees of your tranquillity.
Neapolitans, second with all your efforts an enterprize whose object is so great, so just, so benevolent, and which enters into the common cause of Europe, of which all enlightened nations have undertaken the defence with immense forces.
I promise you that I will not preserve the least recollection of all the faults committed by-whatever person, without any exception, against the duties of fidelity towards me, during my absence from this kingdom, at whatever time committed, whether after my first or second departure. An Unpenetrable and eternal veil shall cover all past actions and opinions.
With this view I promise, in the most solemn manner, and on my sacred word, the niost complete, most extensive, and general amnesty, and an eternal oblivion.
I promise to preserve to all individuals, Neapolitan and Sicilian, who serve in the armies by land or sea, all the pay, the rank, and military honours which they now enjoy.
May God, the witness of the rectitude and sincerity of my intentions, deign to bless them with success. Ferdinand.
Palermo, May 1, 1815.
Louis, by the Grace of God, King of France and Navarre.—
To all our subjects, greeting,—
France, free and respected, was enjoying, by our care, the ]>eace and prosperity which had been restored to it, when the escape of Napoleon Buonaparte from th« Island of Elba, and his appearance on the French territory, seduced to revolt the greatest part of the army. Supported by this illegal force, he has made usurpation and tyranny succeed to the equitable empire of the laws.
The efforts and the indignation of our subjects, the majesty of the throne, and that of the national representation,.have yielded to the violence of a mutinous soldiery, whom treacherous and perjured leaders have seduced by deceitful hopes.
This criminal success having excited in Europe just alarms, formidable armies have been put in march towards France, and all the Powers have decreed the destruction of the tyrant.
Our first care, as our first duty, has been to cause a just and necessary distinction to be recognised between the disturber of the peace and the oppressed French nation.
Faithful to the principles which have always guided them, the Sovereigns, our Allies, have declared their intention to respect the independence of France, and to gunrantee the integrity of its territory. They have given us the most solemn assurances, that they will not interfere in the internal government, and it is on these conditions we have resolved to accept their generous assistance.
The usurper ha? in vain attempted to sow disscntions among them, and, by a feigned modera
s tion, to disarm their just resentment. His whole life has for ever deprived him of the power of imposing upon good faith. Despairing of the success of his artifices, he seeks, for the second time, to precipitate with himself into the abyss, the nation over which he causes terror to reign; he renews all the departments of administration in order to fill them wholly with men sold to his tyrannical projects; he disorganizes the National Guard, whose blood he intends to lavish in a sacrilegious war; he begins to abolish rights which have been long since abolished; he convokes a pretended Field of May to multiply the accomplices of his usurpation; he promises to proclaim there, in the midst of bayonets, a derisory imitation of that constitution, which, after 25 years of disorders and calamities, had, for the first time, founded on a solid basis the liberty and the happiness of France. Finally, he has consummated the greatest of all crimes towards our subjects, by attempting to separate them from their Sovereign, to tear them away from our family, whose existence, which for so many ages has been identified with that of the nation itself, is still at this moment the only thing that can guarantee the stability of the legitimacy of the government, the rights and the liberty of the people, the mutual interests of France and of Europe.
In these circumstances we rely with entire confidence on the sentiments of our subjects, who cannot fail to perceive the dangers and the miseries to which they are exposed by a man whem assem
bled Europe has devoted to public vengeance. All the Powers know the dispositions of France. We are assured of their amicable views and of their support.
Frenchmen! seize the means of deliverance which are offered to your courage. Rally round your King, your father, the defender of all your rights—hasten to him to assist him in saving you, to put an end to a revolt, the prolongation of which might become fatal to our country, and by tue punishment of the author of so many evils, to accelerate the era of a general reconciliation.
Given at Ghent, the 2d day of the month of May, in the year of our Lord 1815, and the 20th year of our reign.
Note delivered to the Diet by tke Ministers of the Four Great Poicert, which was read in the Sitting of the 12th of May.
"From the moment that Buonaparte returned to Fiance, all Switzerland resolved by an unanimous and energetic determination to take up arms to defend its frontiers, and to keep off those disorders of all kinds with which Europe is menaced by the return of this Usurper.
"Thismeasure, which fully displayed the energy of the Diet, and the wisdom of its delibera^ tions, was perfectly in harmony with the sentiments of all Europe, which openly applauded the conduct of a people, who, though the nearest to the danger, was